Joseph Pascher (born September 26, 1893 in Härtlingen , † July 5, 1979 in Wiesbaden ) was a German theologian, Roman Catholic liturgical scholar , professor at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich , director of the Georgianum and council theologian .
After attending school in Friedberg in Hessen , Oberlahnstein and Hadamar , Pascher attended the seminary in Fulda . In 1916 he was ordained a priest . In the same year he became a member of the KDSt.V. Hasso-Nassovia Frankfurt am Main in the CV. From 1916 to 1920 he was chaplain in Willmars . At the same time he studied for teaching mathematics , Oriental Languages and Education and a doctorate in 1921 in Frankfurt am Main to Dr. phil. From 1920 he worked as a teacher at the municipal secondary school in Wiesbaden. In 1928 he received his doctorate as Dr. theol. in Würzburg .
After his habilitation in fundamental theology in 1929, he was a private lecturer in apologetics at the University of Würzburg . After the Würzburg Catholic Theological Faculty closed, he moved to Munich in 1936 to take on a teaching position for religious education . When the Munich faculty was also closed in 1939, he accepted a call to the University of Münster as an associate professor for pastoral theology in 1940 , where he became dean of the Catholic theological faculty in 1945 and a full professor in 1946 . From the summer of 1946 he was professor for liturgical science , homiletics and pastoral theology in Munich and director of the Georgianum . During his time in Munich he was dean of the faculty twice and from 1958 to 1959 rector of the Ludwig Maximilians University. Joseph Pascher retired in 1960.
Joseph Ratzinger was one of Pascher's students, along with other eminent theologians .
After retirement: Council advisor and liturgical reformer
After the end of his university work, Pascher was a member of the preparatory council commission for liturgical questions of the Second Vatican Council and theological advisor to Cardinal Julius Döpfner in its first two session periods . After the end of the council, he worked in the consilium for the implementation of the liturgy constitution on the reform of the book of hours and advised the German Bishops' Conference on questions of the upcoming liturgical reform . Pascher's participation in the liturgical commission of the German Bishops' Conference, of which he had been a member since 1955, ended in 1970, but he continued to contribute to innovations in the German-speaking area.
Positions on the liturgy and ecumenism
A central concern of Pascher was that the liturgy should be designed in such a way that the interrelationship between liturgical and private piety is taken into account; in addition, from Pascher's point of view the liturgy had to be brought into harmony with modern times.
With regard to the Liturgy of the Hours, he drew the conclusion that the breviary obligation should be relaxed enough so that the priest can comply with it and has enough freedom and time to let it flourish for his own inner edification - which is especially strong for him claimed pastors of modern times to be of particular importance. For similar reasons, Pascher advocated the use of the mother tongue in the liturgy as early as 1958 in order to spare believers the problem of understanding the Latin texts.
His practical orientation in his work on the liturgy was also related to Pascher's central concern. During his work in the translation of the Roman Missal , it was important to him that the text did not conflict with a setting in terms of rhythm. Given his age, he admitted that suggestions from younger people with a more modern understanding of the language might take precedence. The Liturgical Yearbook , which Pascher helped initiate and which was initially under his editorial management, was initially focused on questions of the practice of worship.
Pascher's ecumenical work - already in 1946 he was a member of the newly founded Ecumenical Working Group - had the same roots in the emphasis on the practice of faith: He advocated greater uniformity among Catholics and Protestants in the practice of faith, even with difficult to overcome differences in doctrine, - for example through the standardized translation of the Bible and a standardized text of the Our Father .
- Papal Honorary Prelate
- Bavarian Order of Merit (1959)
- Large Federal Cross of Merit
- Full member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences (1966)
- The plastic power in the religious design process according to Joseph von Görres : A study on the psychology of religion . CJ Becker, Würzburg 1928 (theological dissertation)
- Inner life in the danger of work . Erich Wewel Verlag, Krailling before Munich 1940, 2., verb. Ed. Erich Wewel, Freiburg i. Br. 1952
- Eucharist. Form and execution . Aschendorff, Münster / Westphalia and Erich Wewel, Krailling before Munich 1947, 2nd, verb. Ed. Aschendorff, Münster / Westphalia and Erich Wewel, Freiburg i. Br. 1953.
- Form and change of form of sacramental celebration: A contribution to the design theory of the holy signs . Aschendorff, Münster 1949.
- The liturgy of the sacraments . Aschendorff, Münster 1951.
- The liturgical year, Hueber , Munich 1963.
- The Third Reich, experienced at three German universities. In: The German University in the Third Reich. A series of lectures by the University of Munich. Munich 1966, pp. 45-69.
- Evaluation and treatment of the signs in the reorganization of the Roman Eucharistic celebration. Publishing house of the Bavarian Academy of Science, Munich 1976.
- Reiner Kaczynski : In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 20, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-428-00201-6 , p. 84 f. ( ).
- Markus Roth: Joseph Pascher as a liturgical reformer. In: Jürgen Bärsch , Winfried Haunerland (ed.): Liturgical reform on site. For the reception of the Second Vatican Council in the diocese and parish. Friedrich Pustet, Regensburg 2010, ISBN 978-3-7917-2250-4 , pp. 43-61.
- Markus Roth: Joseph Maria Pascher (1893–1979). Liturgical scholar in times of upheaval. EOS, Sankt Ottilien 2011, ISBN 978-3-8306-7494-8 . (MThSt I / 39)
- Christoph Schmitt: Joseph Pascher. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 16, Bautz, Herzberg 1999, ISBN 3-88309-079-4 , Sp. 1196-1202.
- Union Diplomatique Mondiale (ed.): Munich prominence 1962–1963 . UDM-Verlag, Munich without a year.
- Joseph Ratzinger, From My Life , Autobiography, 1997.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German theologian and director of the Georgianum|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 26, 1893|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Härtlingen|
|DATE OF DEATH||5th July 1979|
|Place of death||Wiesbaden|