Wilhelm of Christ

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Wilhelm of Christ

Wilhelm Christ , since 1876 Ritter von Christ (born August 2, 1831 in Geisenheim in Hessen-Nassau , † February 8, 1906 in Munich ) was a German classical philologist .


The son of a baker and a miller's daughter attended high school in Hadamar and studied from 1850 in Munich with Karl Halm , Friedrich Thiersch , Karl von Prantl and Leonhard Spengel , then in Berlin with Friedrich Adolf Trendelenburg , August Boeckh and Franz Bopp . In 1853 he received his doctorate in Berlin with a thesis on Aristotle and went to teach at the Maximiliansgymnasium in Munich. In 1860 Christ became an associate professor for classical philology at the University of Munich , in 1863 a full professor. In 1891/1892 he was rector of the university. He kept a connection to the school system as a member of the Supreme School Council in Bavaria (1872) and the Reich School Commission (1890).

Since 1858, Christ was an extraordinary member of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences , and since 1864 a full member , in whose series he published numerous treatises. From 1870 he was an honorary member of the Greek Philological Society in Constantinople . When he was awarded the Bavarian Crown Order in 1876, he was raised to the personal nobility as a Knight of Christ . In 1893 the German Archaeological Institute appointed him a full member. In 1894 he was awarded the Bavarian Maximilian Order for Science and Art .


Christ dealt with numerous subjects from both Greek and Latin literature. He published text editions a. a. from Pindar , Aristotle and Homer's Iliad . Above all, his work on metrics and his history of Greek literature for the Handbuch der Altertumswwissenschaft , which appeared in several editions, was continued by Otto Stählin and Wilhelm Schmid after his death .

In 1886 Wilhelm Christ first put forward the thesis that the so-called Sea Peoples were identical to the Atlanteans of Plato. Later this thesis was taken up again and again with different interpretations. a. by Theodor Gomperz , Spyridon Marinatos , Jürgen Spanuth , John V. Luce or Herwig Görgemanns .

Fonts (selection)

  • Studia in Aristotelis libros metaphysicos collata . Diss. Berlin 1853.
  • Basic features of the Greek phonology . Teubner, Leipzig 1859.
  • On the Significance of Sanskrit Studies for Greek Philology . Weiss, Munich 1860.
  • Metric of the Greeks and Romans . Teubner, Leipzig 1874; 2nd edition 1879. Reprint: Gerstenberg, Hildesheim 1972.
  • (with Franz Joseph Lauth): Guide through the K. Antiquarium in Munich . Franz, Munich 1870 (several new editions).
  • History of Greek literature up to the time of Justinian . Beck, Munich 1889; 4th edition 1905.
  • Reform of university teaching . Wolf, Munich 1891 (Rector's inaugural speech).
  • Pindar: Carmina . Teubner, Leipzig 1869. Numerous new editions.
  • (with Matthaios K. Paranikas): Anthologia Graeca carminum Christianorum . Teubner, Leipzig 1871. Reprinted by Olms, Hildesheim 1963.
  • Aristotle: Ars poetica . Teubner, Leipzig 1878. Numerous new editions / reprints.
  • Homer: Iliad . Teubner, Leipzig 1884.
  • Aristotle: metaphysics . Teubner, Leipzig 1886. Numerous new editions / reprints.


Web links

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Wikisource: Wilhelm von Christ  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. Hans Körner: The Bavarian Maximiliansorden for science and art . Munich 2001, p. 88.
  2. Wilhelm Christ: Platonic Studies: The Critias a historical novel , in: Treatises of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences , XVII. Volume II. Department, Munich 1886, pp. 451-512.