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San Francisco City Hall after the 1906 earthquake
The earthquake of 1906 and the fire that followed razed the city of San Francisco to the ground.
The U 1 is the first German submarine to be launched
The U 1 is the first German submarine to be launched in the
Germania shipyard in Kiel .

Roald Amundsen crosses the Northwest Passage with the Gjøa after three years
Roald Amundsen crosses the Northwest Passage
with the Gjøa after three years .
1906 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1354/55 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1898/99 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Baha'i calendar 62/63 (turn of the year 20/21 March)
Bengali solar calendar 1311/12 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2449/50 (southern Buddhism); 2448/49 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 76th (77th) cycle

Year of the Fire Horse丙午 ( since January 25th , before that Wood Snake乙巳)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1268/69 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4239/40 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1284/85 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1323/24 (February 24/25)
Japanese calendar Meiji 39 ( 明治 39 年);
Koki 2566
Jewish calendar 5666/67 (September 19-20)
Coptic Calendar 1622/23 (September 10/11)
Malayalam calendar 1081/82
Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire) 1321/22 (March 1st)
Seleucid era Babylon: 2216/17 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2217/18 (turn of the year October)

Suriyakati Calendar (Thai Solar Calendar) 2448/49 (April 1)
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1962/63 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Deutsches Reich


  • March 21: Tsar Nicholas II drastically restricts the rights of the planned Duma in Russia through decrees .
Tsar Nicholas II opens parliament with a speech from the throne

Austria-Hungary / Balkans

Proposal for the United States of Greater Austria by Popovici


Other events in Europe





science and technology

HMS Dreadnought



The Wiener Postsparkasse

Visual arts

Kaplumbağa Terbiyecisi - The turtle


Music and theater

Spoken theater
Musical theater
Instrumental music






Market Street after the earthquake
Destruction after the earthquake in Valparaiso
  • August 16: An earthquake measuring 8.2 on the Richter scale shakes Valparaíso , Chile; around 4,000 people are killed.

More natural disasters

  • April 7th: A violent eruption from Vesuvius affects life in Naples . The collapse of a market hall costs many victims.
  • September 18: Hong Kong is hit by a typhoon followed by a tidal wave, killing around 10,000 people.

Shipping disasters

The stranded Valencia
  • January 22nd: The American passenger steamer Valencia collides with a reef in heavy seas off Vancouver Island . Because of the bad weather conditions and the churned sea, rescue ships cannot do anything for the castaways. 136 people are killed. It is one of the worst shipping accidents in the Pacific Northwest .
  • August 4: The Italian passenger steamer Sirio rams a reef off Cabo de Palos on the south coast of Spain, capsizes and sinks within a few minutes. 442 passengers and crew drown. It is one of the greatest tragedies in the history of Italian steam navigation.
  • November 18: In the collision of the ferry Dix with the schooner Jeanie , 45 people, more than half of the people on board the Dix , are killed in Puget Sound .

Collapse of structures

Relatives wait for the miners to be rescued
  • March 10: A coal dust explosion triggers the Courrières mining disaster in northern France, killing 1,099 people, including numerous children. The force of the explosion damaged headframes and shafts . Around 600 miners trapped underground can be rescued in the next few weeks. It is the worst mining accident in the history of Europe. At the funerals there were protests against the operating company, which was accused of deliberately delaying the opening of the blocked shafts in order to limit the deposit losses.
The rescued miner Auguste Berton
The collapsed inn
  • April 5: The Hirsch disaster occurs while an attempt is made to raise the “Hirsch” inn in Nagold, killing over 50 people. The responsible building contractor Erasmus Rückgauer was sentenced to six months in prison in October.

Minor accidents are listed in the sub-articles of Disaster .

nature and environment

Devils Tower


The 1906 Cup

For entries of athletics world records, see the respective discipline under athletics .

Nobel Prizes

price person country Reason for awarding the prize image
Nobel Price for physics Joseph John Thomson
United Kingdom 1801United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland United Kingdom "In recognition of the great merit he has earned through his theoretical and experimental investigations into the passage of electricity through gases" Joseph John Thomson
Nobel Prize in Chemistry Henri Moissan
FranceFrance France "In recognition of the great merit he has earned through his investigation and isolation of the element fluorine and through the introduction of the electric furnace named after him in the service of science" Henri Moissan
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Camillo Golgi
(1843 or 1844–1926)
Italy 1861Kingdom of Italy (1861-1946) Kingdom of Italy "In recognition of her work on the structure of the nervous system " Camillo Golgi
Santiago Ramón y Cajal
Spain 1875Spain Spain Santiago Ramón y Cajal
Nobel Prize in literature Giosuè Carducci
Italy 1861Kingdom of Italy (1861-1946) Kingdom of Italy (born in Valdicastello , Grand Duchy of Tuscany ) "Not only in recognition of his rich erudition and his critical research, but above all as a tribute to the plastic energy, the freshness of the style and the lyrical power that characterize his poetic masterpieces" Giosuè Carducci
Nobel Peace Prize Theodore Roosevelt
United States 45United States United States mediated the peace treaty between Russia and Japan in 1905 Theodore Roosevelt



  • 0January 1: Emanuel Larisch , German politician and resistance fighter against National Socialism († 1944)
  • 0January 3: Lothar König , German Jesuit and active in the resistance against National Socialism († 1946)
  • 0January 3: William Wilson Morgan , American astronomer († 1994)
  • 0January 4th: Stefan Rachoń , Polish violinist and conductor († 2001)
  • 0January 4th: Walter Reuter , German photographer and resistance fighter, fighter from Spain († 2005)
Wild Bill Davison
Albert Hofmann, 2006 at the age of 100
Aristotle Onassis, around 1970


Clyde Tombaugh
Dietrich Bonhoeffer, 1939
Hans Bertram
  • February 25: Helene Jacobs , resistance fighter against National Socialism († 1993)
  • February 26th: Hans Bertram , German aviation pioneer, aerial photo publisher, film director († 1993)
  • February 26: Heinz Gemein , German politician († 1958)
  • February 27: Milo Barus , strength athlete († 1977)
  • February 27: Erwin Damerow , German sculptor († 1978)
  • February 27: Erich Kern , Austrian writer and publicist († 1991)


Shin'ichirō Tomonaga


Samuel Beckett, 1977



Josephine Baker, 1949

Heinrich Heidersberger
Ernst Boris Chain
Billy Wilder


Hans Bethe
Herbert Wehner, 1966
Vladimir Prelog
Thelma Todd 1933


Franz Josef II.


Joaquín Balaguer (1977)
Max Delbrück
Memorial plaque on Shostakovich's birthplace, 2 Podolskaya Street, Saint Petersburg
  • September 25: Dmitri Shostakovich , Soviet composer († 1975)
  • September 25: Hendrik Leendert Heijkoop († 1995), Dutch tax advisor, preacher, Bible teacher and author of the Brethren movement
  • September 29: Henry Nash Smith , American cultural and literary scholar († 1986)
  • September 29: Charles Wolcott , American music director, composer and film composer († 1987)
  • September 30th: Michael Innes , Scottish crime novelist († 1994)


Sayyid Qutb


Luchino Visconti
Rolf from Goth
Klaus Mann, 1944


  • 0December 2: Garland Grange , American football player († 1981)
  • 0December 2: Franz Reichleitner , member of the criminal police and the NSDAP († 1944)
  • 0December 4: Toni Babl , German motorcycle racer († 1936)
Marian Spychalski
Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev, 1967

Exact date of birth unknown


January to March

Bartolomé Miter around 1900
Hermann Rogalla von Bieberstein

April to June

Pierre Curie
Henrik Ibsen
Eduard von Hartmann

July to September

Ludwig Boltzmann

October to December

Paul Cézanne, around 1861
Josephine Butler

Exact date of death unknown


Web links

Commons : 1906  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files