Madeleine Bourdouxhe

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Madeleine Bourdouxhe (born September 25, 1906 in Liège , † April 16, 1996 in Brussels ) was a Belgian writer .


Madeleine Bourdouxhe moved with her parents to Paris in 1914, where she lived for the duration of the First World War . Then she returned to Brussels and studied philosophy. In 1927 she married a math teacher, Jacques Muller. The marriage lasted until his death in 1974. On the day the Germans attacked Belgium in May 1940, they had a daughter. All three of them fled to a small village near Bordeaux . They followed the order issued by the Belgian government in exile Hubert Pierlot in London for the return of all refugees to Belgium. The family then stayed in Brussels until the end of World War II and Bourdouxhe became active in the Belgian Resistance .

After the war Bourdouxhe was regularly in Paris and had contact with writers such as Simone de Beauvoir , Raymond Queneau and Jean-Paul Sartre , but also with painters such as René Magritte and Paul Delvaux . “À la Recherche de Marie” (1943) was the last novel she published. In the mid-1980s, Bourdouxhe was rediscovered by feminist literary criticism , which resulted in new editions and translations of her work.

Works (in German)

  • Vacances. The last big vacation. ("Vacances"). Piper, Munich 2003 ISBN 3-492-23880-7
  • Gilles' wife. (“La Femme de Gilles”, 1937) Translated by Monika Schlitzer. Piper, Munich 2002 ISBN 3-492-23549-2 (double volume, together with "Search for Marie"; individually first 1999). New edition Wagenbach, Berlin 2017
  • Looking for Marie. (“À la Recherche de Marie”, 1943) Translated by Monika Schlitzer. Piper, Munich 2001 ISBN 3-492-23385-6 (in double volume see previous); again Edition Five , Graefelfing 2013
  • When the morning comes. Stories. (“Sept Nouvelles”, 1985) Translated by Monika Schlitzer, Sabine Schwenk. Piper, Munich 1998 ISBN 3-492-22067-3
  • The Seine flows under the Pont Mirabeau. Stories. ("Sous le Pont Mirabeau", 1944) Translated by Sabine Schwenk. Piper, Munich 2001 ISBN 3-492-23352-X


  • Faith Evans: Epilogue to In Search of Marie . Piper, Munich 1998, pp. 170-186; reprinted again in Edition Five, 2013
  • Faith Evans: Afterword to Vacances. The last big vacation . Piper, Munich 2002, pp. 143-152
  • Cécile Kovacshazy (ed.): Relire Madeleine Bourdouxhe. Regards croisés sur son œuvre littéraire (Collection Documents pour l'histoire des francophonies, 25). Peter Lang, Brussels 2011 ISBN 978-90-5201-794-5 (conference contributions)
  • Jacques Layani: Écrivains contemporains. Madeleine Bourdouxhe, Paul Guimard , Maurice Pons , Roger Vaillant . L'Harmattan, Paris 1999 ISBN 2-7384-7483-7

Film adaptations

  • 2004: Gilles' wife, produced by Frédéric Fonteyne, screenplay by Philippe Blasband
  • 2004: Une lumière dans la nuit. Portrait de Madeleine Bourdouxhe. TV film RTBF . Production Artémis, realization Nadia Benzerkri

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Obedience is explained by the contrast between the Belgian king, who was ready for unconditional collaboration with the Nazis, and remained so until 1945, and the legal (exile) government, which called for resistance on the side of England and later the Free Of France. Obeying her was therefore also resistant.
  2. ^ Bourdouxhe, "A Nail, a Rose," and other stories. , Women's Press, 1989, as stated in the foreword by Faith Evans, p. 4, according to the translator after direct discussions with the author
  3. Written in 1934/1935, published in 1936 in excerpts in a Belgian anarchist magazine
  4. Pan in the translator database of the VdÜ , 2019
  5. ^ Epilogue, German in Google books
  6. ^ Granddaughter of the author