Fritz Stavenhagen (writer)
Fritz Ernst August Stavenhagen (born September 18, 1876 in Hamburg ; † May 9, 1906 near Hamburg) was a German playwright and storyteller . Today he is essentially only known because of his popular drama "Mudder Mews" , written in Low German .
Fritz Stavenhagen was born in Hamburg as the son of a coachman who came from Mecklenburg and initially trained as a chemist in Blankenese . In Munich and Berlin he continued his education as an autodidact and was soon able to make a living with literary sketches and stories for newspapers .
In Berlin, Stavenhagen was sponsored by Otto Brahm , the director of the Deutsches Theater , after the Schiller Foundation had already noticed him. With this financial support (Brahm offered him an annual salary), Stavenhagen's living situation improved.
In 1905 he became dramaturge at the Berlin Schillertheater , but was unable to pursue this activity for long due to his early death. Stavenhagen died in 1906 at the age of 29 of a gallbladder disease and was buried in the Ohlsdorf cemetery in Hamburg. In 1926, a tomb was built on his grave, for which Paul Hamann created the medallion .
After Stavenhagen's death, the influential völkisch - anti-Semitic literary journalist Adolf Bartels in particular campaigned for the spread of the narrow Low German theater work. Bartels Aesthetic Appreciation was published as early as 1907 and "secured the dramas the attention of a wider ... public. Stavenhagen's plays are" promising approaches, "according to Bartels," which give us the courage to purify German theater ... for its peers.
In Groß Borstel (a district of Hamburg since 1913), a Herme by the writer Fritz Stavenhagen was erected by the sculptor Hermann Georg Haas (1864–1912) in 1910. Today it stands at the Stavenhagenhaus , which was named after him in 1962.
The Stavenhagen Prize awarded by the Lower Saxony Stage Association in the 1930s and the Fritz Stavenhagen Prize awarded by the Alfred Toepfer Foundation FVS in Hamburg from 1959 to 1982 are also associated with Stavenhagen .
Stavenhagen's most important work, the play Mudder Mews (1904) has occasionally been compared with the naturalistic dramas of Gerhart Hauptmann , who was the resident poet at the Deutsches Theater. The piece belongs to this day, partly in arrangements - e.g. B. by Günther Siegmund -, to the "classical" repertoire of Low German theaters.
- Gray and gold. Hamburg Stories and Sketches , 1904 ( online - Internet Archive )
- The guide. Hamburg drama in one act, 1904
- Mudder Mews. Low German Drama in 5 Acts, 1904 ( online - Internet Archive )
- Jürgen Piepers. Low German folk piece in 5 acts, 1905 ( online - Internet Archive )
- De German Michel. Low German Peasant Comedy in 5 Acts, 1905 ( online - Internet Archive )
- De ruge Hoff. Low German farmer comedy in 5 acts, 1906
- 1924: CMudder Mews. Low German drama in five acts - Director: Not specified
- 1925: CMudder Mews. Low German drama in five acts - Director: Hans Böttcher (2 broadcasts)
- 1925: Jürgen Piepers. Low German folk piece in 5 acts - Director: Hans Böttcher (2 broadcasts)
- 1926: Jürgen Piepers. Low German folk piece in 5 acts - Director: Hans Böttcher
- 1926: CMudder Mews. Low German drama in five acts - Director: Not specified
- 1927: The pilot. Drama in one act - Director: Not specified ( NORAG (Hamburg) )
- 1927: Mudder Mews. Low German drama in five acts - Director: Hans Böttcher (guest performance by the Low German Noragbühne Hamburg at the Südwestdeutschen Rundfunkdienst AG in Frankfurt am Main)
- 1927: The pilot. Drama in 1 act - Director: Karl Wilhelm Bink ( ORAG (Königsberg) )
- 1950: Mudder Mews - Director: Hans Freundt
- 1951: Mudder Mews - Director: Eberhard Freudenberg
- 1951: De dütsche Michel - Director: Hans Freundt
- 1956: De Lots - Director: Günter Jansen
- 1956: De ruge Hoff - Director: Hans Tügel
- 1956: De dütsche Michel - Director: Eberhard Freudenberg
- 1957: Jürgen Piepers - Director: Eberhard Freudenberg
- 1960: De ruge Hoff - Director: Eberhard Freudenberg
- 1985: Mudder Mews - adaptation and direction: Jochen Schütt
Radio play about Fritz Stavenhagen
In 1956, the NDR produced a dialect radio play by Albert Mähl under the title: Fritz Stavenhagen - An audio series about the work and life of the first Low German playwright on the 50th anniversary of his death on May 9, 1956 with samples from "Der Lotse" , "Mudder Mews" and "De dütsche Michel".
Under the direction of Hans Tügel spoke among others:
- Hartwig Sievers : 1st speaker
- Günther Siegmund : 2nd speaker
- Otto Lüthje : Brenner, pilot - the pilot
- Heidi Kabel : Mine, his wife - the pilot
- Aline Bußmann : Mudder Mews - Mudder Mews
- Heinz Lanker : Willem - Mudder Mews
- Heinz Klevenow : Count Maling - De German Michel
- Walter Klam : From Maltzahn - De dütsche Michel
- Georg Pahl : Mattens - De German Michel
- Hilde Sicks : Ivanak, daughter of Plessens - De dütsche Michel
It was first broadcast on May 7, 1956. The playback time is 60,000 minutes. The audio document is still preserved.
- Adolf Bartels : Fritz Stavenhagen. An aesthetic appreciation. Dresden u. a .: Koch 1907.
- Arthur Becker: Stavenhagen and its position in the development of German drama. Oldenburg: Schulze 1927. (= research on literature, theater and newspaper studies; 2)
- Ulf-Thomas Lesle : Fritz Stavenhagen . In: The Low German Theater. From "völkischer Not" to literary comfort . Hamburg 1986, pp. 63-77.
- Josef Plate: Fritz Stavenhagen as a Low German playwright. Univ. Dissertation Münster 1923.
- Walter Johannes Schröder: Fritz Stavenhagen's peasant comedy "De dütsche Michel". History and appreciation according to form and content. Leipzig: Eichblatt 1935. (= Form and Spirit; 35)
- Walter Johannes Schröder: Fritz Stavenhagen. Life and work. Neumünster i. H .: Wachholtz 1937.
- Carl Stolle: Fritz Stavenhagen's "Mudder Mews". Marburg: Elwert 1926. (= contributions to German literary studies; 27)
- Otto Weltzien: The Low German Drama. Its becoming in poetry and representation. Rostock iM: Kaufungen-Verl. 1913. (= contributions to the history of Low German poetry; 3)
- Literature by and about Fritz Stavenhagen in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by Fritz Stavenhagen at Zeno.org .
- Works by Fritz Stavenhagen in the Gutenberg-DE project
- Fritz Stavenhagen in the Internet Archive
- CV as a fictional interview (PDF file; 8 kB)
- Secondary literature on Fritz Stavenhagen
- Maike Bruhns : Hamann, Paul. In: The new rump. Lexicon of visual artists from Hamburg, Altona and the surrounding area . Ed .: Rump family. Revised new edition of Ernst Rump's lexicon ; supplemented and revised by Maike Bruhns, Wachholtz, Neumünster 2013, ISBN 978-3-529-02792-5 , p. 173
- Ulf-Thomas Lesle: The Low German Theater. From "völkischer Not" to literary comfort . Hamburg 1986, p. 66.
- Adolf Bartels: Fritz Stavenhagen: An aesthetic appreciation. Dresden / Leipzig 1907, p. 101
- Maike Bruhns: Haas, Hermann Georg. In: The new rump. Lexicon of visual artists from Hamburg, Altona and the surrounding area . Ed .: Rump family. Revised new edition of Ernst Rump's lexicon; supplemented and revised by Maike Bruhns, Wachholtz, Neumünster 2013, p. 165
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Stavenhagen, Fritz Ernst August (full name)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German playwright and narrator|
|DATE OF BIRTH||September 18, 1876|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Hamburg|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 9, 1906|
|Place of death||at Hamburg|