Lorenz Humburg

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Lorenz Humburg (born November 19, 1906 in Herne ; † August 27, 1994 in Warburg ) was a German painter and art teacher .


Humburg was born on November 19, 1906 as the son of a teacher in Herne. He grew up in Lippstadt and studied after high school in 1928, first at the Westphalian Wilhelms University in Münster art history and later at the University of Kassel Art and from 1932 at the University of Arts in Berlin . There he studied with Rudolf Großmann and Erich Heckel . In 1934 the renowned Nierendorf Gallery in Berlin showed three watercolors by the student alongside works by the Brücke artists Erich Heckel, Emil Nolde and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff in the Deutsche Landschaftsmalerei exhibition ; the art critic Paul Fechter praised in a review Humburgs "very own, elegant, dreamy landscape mood."

While the Brücke painters were soon defamed as degenerate by the National Socialists and largely excluded from the art world, Humburg was able to pass the first state examination for the artistic teaching position at secondary schools in 1935 without being disturbed. As an active member of the Catholic youth movement Quickborn , however, he kept his distance from his National Socialist fellow students. Humburg became an art teacher at high schools in Gelsenkirchen and Dortmund . He was a soldier from 1939 to 1945 and was taken prisoner by the British towards the end of the war in Rheinberg am Niederrhein . During the months of imprisonment in the camp, hundreds of pencil sketches were made on small pieces of paper, Humburg's only works on war and imprisonment .

At the end of 1945 he was back in Gelsenkirchen, where he took part in the first group exhibitions in Essen in 1946 and 1947 . In 1948 he moved to Warburg (southeast of Paderborn ), where he worked as an art teacher at the Marianum grammar school and the Hüffert grammar school until 1979 . At the same time he created numerous oil paintings and watercolors, drawings and prints in his studio , which were shown at exhibitions in Kassel , Paderborn, Bonn , Marburg and Göttingen . In the pictures taken in Warburg, the human subject has almost disappeared. The work is dominated by quiet, calm landscapes and still lifes . In the harmonious interplay of clearly set colors and firmly structured forms, the painter wanted to get to the bottom of the inner essence of nature and things beyond actually experienced or suffered reality. On August 27, 1994, the art teacher, extremely popular with his students, died in Warburg after a long illness. In the same year the Warburg Museum dedicated a retrospective to him in the Stern .

For Lorenz Humburg, an important didactic means of his art lessons were community work that demanded “of the gifted” not to “stand out and encourage the weak” to “make their contribution within the overall work”.

His older brother Josef Humburg (1905-1967) worked from 1942 to 1945 and from 1950 to 1967 as an art teacher at the middle school, later the Von-Fürstenberg-Realschule, in Paderborn.


“What you intend to carve out of a piece of wood or a piece of stone, you imagine as perfect, still hidden, but ultimately already contained. Your job is only to peel it out, layer by layer, all around, until the real shape is revealed. "

Exhibitions (selection)


  • Kay Heinrich Nebel - hand drawings . Lometsch, Kassel 1954


  • Paul Fechter, exhibition review 'Deutsche Landschaftsmalerei' in the Nierendorf Gallery , in: Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung of August 1, 1934
  • Lorenz Humburg, retrospective, painting and graphics. September 4 to October 16, 1994 , Museum im "Stern" Warburg (catalog for the exhibition)

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Lorenz Humburg: Community work in art classes at the Marianum high school. In: Lorenz Humburg and Heinrich Renner (eds.): Festschrift des Gymnasium Marianum Warburg 1963. Association of former students, Warburg 1963, pp. 109–114.
  2. ^ Hans Sachs House Gelsenkirchen