Kunsthochschule Kassel

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Kunsthochschule Kassel
founding 1777, 1946, 1971, 2000
Sponsorship state
place kassel
state Hesse
country Germany
Rector Joel Baumann
Students 783 WS 2012/13
Website www.kunsthochschule-kassel.de

The Kunsthochschule Kassel is a college for fine arts in Kassel . The university is a semi-autonomous department of the University of Kassel . The first art academy was founded in Kassel as early as 1777 and existed until 1931. The college has existed in its current form since 2000 and is located on the edge of the Kassel Karlsaue .


Kassel Art Academy

First seat of the academy in Bellevue Palace , painted by Louis Kolitz
Art Academy Kassel 1912

After the Seven Years' War (1756 to 1763), Friedrich II , Landgrave of Hessen-Cassel, began to set up industry and manufacture in Hessen and brought artists and scholars to Kassel. On October 18, 1777, he released the "Académie de Peinture et de Sculpture de Cassel" from the Collegium Carolinum and in 1779 opened the Fridericianum as one of the first public museums on the European continent. In the same year the academy got its first statute, in which the role of art promotion still outweighed that of teaching. Johann Heinrich Tischbein (1772–1789) was co-founder and teacher of painting .

The change to the art school took place in 1838 after responsibility for the academy was transferred to the government in 1832. Towards the end of the 19th century, academic teaching separated more and more from training in commercial art. An own arts and crafts school was established. Essential aspects here were training as an art teacher and the introduction of the first workshops.

In the 1920s, the academy also introduced workshops to do justice to the increasing importance of craftsmanship in art. The attempt of the Prussian government to merge the academy and the arts and crafts school failed. After the academy closed in 1931, its buildings were destroyed in 1943 by British aerial bombs during World War II. After the NSDAP seized power in 1933, the arts and crafts school was transformed into the “State Master School for German Crafts”.

New foundation and comprehensive university in Kassel

North building of the Kunsthochschule Kassel

After the war, both the arts and crafts school (1946) were reopened under the name “School for Crafts and Art”, later “Werkkunstschule”, and the academy (1947) under the name “Werkakademie”. In 1960 this became the "State University of Fine Arts". Thanks to the patronized position of the professor and documenta founder Arnold Bode , after his success in 1962, it was expanded to include the didactic interpretation of practice and application within the Kassel school . During this time, the Werkkunstschule achieved a good reputation under the director Jupp Ernst . In 1962 they moved to a new building by Paul Friedrich Posenenske on the edge of the Karlsaue. In 1968 the State University followed in a building in the immediate vicinity. Two years later the so-called "University of Fine Arts" merged.

In 1971 the Kassel University was founded and all similar institutions in Kassel and Witzenhausen were integrated into the new university. Initially, in the founding phase of the “University of Fine Arts”, the organizational units 04 design theory, 05 painting / sculpture, 06 architecture / landscape architecture, 07 graphic design, 08 industrial design and 09 art studies. In 1977 the OE architecture / landscape architecture moved from Karlsaue to Holländischer Platz. This heralded the separation of architecture from the other artistic / design subjects, although some areas of architecture remained at Karlsaue until the end of the 1990s.

During the development phase in 1978, departments were formed from the organizational units: FB 10 Art and FB 11 Design (as of the course catalog of the SS 1979). The architecture / landscape architecture unit has already been merged with the architecture unit of the former university of applied sciences (the engineering school) and the architecture, urban planning, landscape planning unit has become the architecture unit 12 and the urban planning unit 13 landscape planning. These two faculties were incorporated into the University of Kassel as study area I and later into the University of Kassel as FB 06 ASL - architecture, urban planning, landscape planning outside the art college. The artistic / design area lost landscape / architecture, even if the interdisciplinary collaboration continued for a long time.

During this time, the Technical Center was founded as an interdisciplinary unit, which unites workshops and laboratories, especially for students of artistic and design courses. Spatially, perceptibly and as a lively school, the “HbK” still existed in the old buildings on Karlsaue, while the growing comprehensive university filled several locations and the new, central campus on Holländischer Platz.

The university stood out over the years as a "university for fine arts" through experimentalism, especially in architecture and openness. The protagonist of this phase is the "earth building pope" Gernot Minke , who aggressively succeeded in combining targeted discussion and applied practice. Also Eberhard Fiebig was a representative of this phase until the late 1980s. During this time, the school developed its own, integrated system of presentation and communication. At the same time, Lucius Burckhardt , socio-economist and urban planner, who for many years cultivated open space and walking studies, is a representative of this time, even if he belongs to the department of architecture, urban planning, landscape planning.

In the 1980 summer semester, the artistic / design area was transformed into the three departments FB 22 Art, FB 23 Visual Communication and FB 24 Product Design (counting initially FB 10 / 1–3). This structure was maintained for 20 years until the late 1990s.

University and way to art college

In the 1990s, the Kassel University went from the build-up to the consolidation phase. This was accompanied by tight funding, which fell short of expectations, particularly in terms of jobs. The university management now focused on the concentration of the departments. At the same time, the discussion on the formation of profiles and the presentation of universities began in the university landscape. The University of Kassel (GHK) initially renamed itself to the University of Kassel (UGK) in 1993 and later to the University of Kassel in 2003. The artistic faculties wanted to be able to present and assert themselves better as the Kassel art college. At the end of the 90s, a commission was set up to prepare the Kassel Art College. Finally, in 2000, the departments 22 art (fine arts, art studies, art education), 23 visual communication and 24 product design were combined into FB 20 as a semi-autonomous department. This was granted the right to a rector. The official name was "Kassel Art College in the University of Kassel". Reiner Kallhardt became the founding rector , Karin Stempel was elected first rector in 2004, followed by Christian Philipp Müller in 2011. In 2013 Joel Baumann became rector of the art college.

Course offer


The Kunsthochschule Kassel offers the following courses:


The Kunsthochschule Kassel offers interdisciplinary workshops in addition to the course-specific facilities. In doing so, she continues traditions such as that of the Bauhaus to constructively combine technical and artistic skills.

  • Photo workshop
  • Wood workshop
  • Plastic workshop
  • Study workshop for books and paper
  • Study workshop printing and print design
  • Study workshop for digital media
  • Study workshop ceramics
  • Study workshop metal
  • Study workshop model making
  • Serigraphy study workshop
  • Textile study workshop
  • Study workshop for cartoon and animation films
  • Typography study workshop
  • Original graphic workshops

Partner universities

The Kunsthochschule Kassel maintains exchange programs with the following universities:



























Founding of the Kassel art college


Web links

Commons : Kunsthochschule Kassel  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Federal Statistical Office: Number of students by type of university, state and university, WS 2012/13, pp. 66–113 (accessed on November 3, 2013)
  2. “The Art School in Historical Review”. Accessed on January 21, 2014.
  3. "From the organizational units to the departmental structure", organizational history of the University of Kassel , accessed on January 21, 2014.
  4. Karin Stempel can now be appointed as a temporary professor and take up her post as rector ( memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Press release 17/2000 of February 24, 2000 from the University of Kassel  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.uni-kassel.de
  5. Kunsthochschule: Christian Philipp Müller is designated rector , HNA from July 5, 2001
  6. Biography from p. 4 in "Marie-Louise von Rogister: a retrospective" , Kunstverein Buchholz, 2014

Coordinates: 51 ° 18 ′ 15 ″  N , 9 ° 29 ′ 21 ″  E