|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||North Rhine-Westphalia|
|Administrative region :||Detmold|
|Height :||230 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||168.84 km 2|
|Residents:||23,076 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||137 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||34414|
|Primaries :||05641, 05642|
|License plate :||HX, WAR|
|Community key :||05 7 62 036|
|LOCODE :||DE WAG|
|City structure:||16 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Tobias Scherf ( CDU )|
|Location of the city of Warburg in the Höxter district|
Warburg [ ˈvaːɐ̯bʊʁk ] is a town in the Höxter district in the east of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia . It is a medium-sized center and with around 23,000 inhabitants the largest city on the Warburger Börde .
Warburg was first mentioned in writing around 1010; the first mention of the city as a closed place comes from the year 1036. In the Middle Ages Warburg belonged to the Westphalian Hanseatic League . From 1815 to 1974 the city was the seat of the Warburg district . Since March 19, 2012 Warburg has been allowed to use the official addition of Hanseatic City .
The cityscape is characterized by historical buildings, stone and half-timbered houses and the location on a ridge. Warburg is also known as the Rothenburg of Westphalia due to the largely still existing city wall and city towers .
Warburg is located in the eastern part of North Rhine-Westphalia in the south of the Höxter district and thus belongs to the southeastern area of the Ostwestfalen-Lippe region . It is located in the eastern border region of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, around 27 kilometers southwest of the three-country triangle Hesse-Lower Saxony-North Rhine-Westphalia. In the south, the city borders on the state of Hesse . In terms of natural space , Warburg is located in the south of the Warburg Börde , a fertile lowland with loess soil and few trees. The Börde is mainly used for agriculture. In the south-west the urban area touches the foothills of the Sauerland , in the north-west that of the Egge Mountains . In the north and northeast the actual Warburger Börde joins, to the south the West Hessian mountains . The closest regional centers are Paderborn (northwest: 27 kilometers of country roads, 40 kilometers of motorway), Kassel (southeast: 35 kilometers of country roads / motorway) and Göttingen (east: 76 kilometers of country roads, 98 kilometers of motorway).
The most important bodies of water in the urban area are the Diemel , which, coming from Hesse, flows through the southern part of the urban area from west to east, as well as the Twiste which flows south of the city into the Diemel , which previously flows through the villages of Welda and Wormeln in the south of the core city. The Hörler Bach flows into the twist at Welda. The Diemel takes up the Calenberger Bach . Another tributary of the Diemel in the area of the city is the Eggel , which flows through Warburg in the east and drains large parts of the Warburg Börde, coming from Daseburg, to the south. A few mills on the rivers used water power, which today operates an electricity company. The stream flow serves to supply fresh water for fish farming in the ponds of the Warburg villages.
The location on the Diemel characterizes the old and new town of Warburg. The old town is in the valley of the Diemel, the new town at an altitude above the river. Old town and Diemel are at an altitude of around, the new town reaches almost .
Desenberg , a little northeast of the city center, is the most striking elevation of the otherwise relatively flat Warburg Börde. It is a mountain cone of volcanic origin towering over the surrounding area by 150 meters and a total height of . The ruins of Desenberg Castle are on its summit . However, the mountain is not the highest elevation in the urban area, this is the Humbertsberg at in the Warburg Forest west of Scherfede . The lowest point is in the southeast of Warburg in the Diemeltal.
From the northeast to the southwest, increasingly older rock layers form the subsurface. The formations made of red sandstone , shell limestone and keuper were created by sediments that were deposited there during the Triassic .
In numerous uplift and subsidence areas running from south-east to north-west, delimited by rock failure lines, older rock layers were shifted towards much younger ones. Especially in the deeply cut Diemeltal and in the Warburger Börde, loose rocks from the Ice Ages cover this rocky subsoil. The ice ages did not shape the area around Warburg, as the boundary of the glaciation ran a little to the north. In addition to sand and gravel , it is especially the aeolian deposited loess , which makes the flange to a fertile landscape and its high fertility favors the agricultural character of the region. There are also remains of Chernosemen in certain areas of the Warburg Börde; In most areas, however, these were eroded by erosion , favored by centuries of economic use. On the steep slopes of the Diemel valley, shallow soils at risk of dehydration, the rendzinen , have emerged from shell limestone rubble that is used as pasture. In the northwestern urban area, the loess is only present in a thin blanket and only in places. There are weathered limestone soils like the already mentioned rendzines and base-rich brown earths . On the Varenberg, west of Bonenburg, the Lower Cretaceous sandstones of the Eggekamm come to light . The high levels of precipitation there favored the leaching of iron hydroxides into the subsoil, where they solidified to form soil. There developed sauergebleichte, nutrient-poor Podsol -floors.
The rocky subsoil between Klingenburg and Hohenwepel consists of clay , marl , dolomite and sandstones from the Keuper . From Herlinghausen via Welda to Scherfede and further north there are limestone as well as clay and marl stones from a former shell limestone sea. There are also smaller deposits of clay, silt and partly sandstones from the red sandstone , Keuper or Jurassic periods . Further south and south-east around Bonenburg and in the area west of Scherfede there are also silt and sandstones from the red sandstone period. On the Schurenberg and Humbertsberg in the west of the city there are clay marl and marl limestones from the Upper Cretaceous Sea. To the east of the urban desert of Blankenrode and on the Bentenberg, sandstones from the Lower Cretaceous Period occur . The sandstone and claystone deposits are used in places as plastering and wall sand or as brick raw materials.
In the urban area there are several extinct volcanoes , the magma of which broke through the mountains in narrow chimneys about 19 million years ago. The two most striking basalt cones in the area are the Desenberg and the Dörenberg near Daseburg as well as the three basalt cones in the north, albeit outside the urban area, Hüssenberg (near Eissen ), Tannenkopf (Wörtenberg, near Lütgeneder ) and the flat, wooded hilltop of the Weißholzes.
Flora and fauna
As Warburg is located in one of the regions of Westphalia with the least rainfall and has many semi-dry limestone areas, a variety of arable and medicinal herbs that are very rare in Central Europe grow there. Fruit trees thrive outdoors. Several parcels have been designated as nature reserves.
The limestone semi-arid grassland area is of outstanding importance as a habitat for butterflies and the very rare rams , which no other habitat in Central Europe can match. The population can be found mainly in the area around the Diemel Valley. According to the Fauna-Flora-Habitat Directive , the orchid-rich limestone lawn is one of the habitat types to be protected.
Expansion of the urban area and land use
The area of the city extends over an area of 168.71 km². The city area extends 12.4 km in north-south direction and 25.4 km in west-east direction.
The area of the city of Warburg, especially the Börde, is mainly used for agriculture. In addition, there are still relatively large forest areas, especially in the direction of the Egge Mountains. Compared to the North Rhine-Westphalian national average of 49.4%, the agricultural area in Warburg is almost 60%, while the forest area with 29.5% and the settlement area with 11.7% are about half (22.1%) of the national average and is significantly below the average for municipalities of the same type (14.2%). The following table provides an overview of the land use:
according to type of use
and traffic areas
Surface of water
|Area in ha||9,739||4,907||1,970||157||98|
|Share of total area||57.7%||29.1%||11.7%||0.9%||0.6%|
In a clockwise direction, starting in the north, Warburg is bordered by the municipalities or cities of Willebadessen , Borgentreich (both in the district of Höxter , North Rhine-Westphalia ), Liebenau , Breuna (both in the district of Kassel , Hesse ), Volkmarsen , Diemelstadt (both in the district of Waldeck-Frankenberg , Hessen), Marsberg ( Hochsauerlandkreis , North Rhine-Westphalia) and Lichtenau ( Paderborn district , North Rhine-Westphalia).
According to Section 3 (1) of its main statute, the city of Warburg is divided into seven districts and nine localities, which were independent municipalities before 1975 and are referred to as districts. City districts are districts with more than 1,000 inhabitants. There are district committees for the city districts, the number of members of which is based on the number of inhabitants.
|Residents||Districts and localities of the city of Warburg|
|Core city of Warburg||05641||38.89||10,900|
These figures (as of 2009) are information from the city of Warburg and also include residents with second homes.
Warburg lies in the transition area between the predominant maritime climate and the less pronounced continental climate . Therefore, the temperatures and rainfall are relatively balanced during the year. The summers are rather cool compared to the highly continental climate, the winters are rather warm. In addition to this large-scale climatic classification, the local climate is significantly influenced by the special location between the Eggegebirge and the foothills of the Rothaargebirge ( Sauerland ). In both mountains, high precipitation and low average temperatures are registered. In Warburg, on the other hand, the climate is much milder and the average annual rainfall is less than 700 mm. The relatively low rainfall is mainly due to the location on the leeward side of the Egge Mountains. The mountains, which extend in a south-north direction, shield Warburg largely from the humid air, which mostly penetrates from the west towards central Germany and already rains down on the windward side in the Paderborn region . Compared to other areas of North Rhine-Westphalia, Warburg is relatively far from the sea and is one of the regions with the lowest rainfall in Westphalia, even before northern East Westphalia ( Mindener Land ). In the southern part of the city, especially in the Twist valley up to the Weldaer Berg, the amount of rain is again 15–20% lower and the temperature 0.5–1 ° C higher than in the rest of the city. The annual average temperature, which is mainly influenced by the altitude, is around 8 ° C and is therefore lower than in the protected Weser Valley further east near Höxter, but significantly higher than in the altitude in the western Egge Mountains and Sauerland.
Precipitation for Warburg, temperature for Bad Driburg 30 kilometers north
Source: Precipitation: DWD ; Temperature: Climate Bad Driburg
Origin of the place name
The origin of the place name Warburg is derived from Ward (Old High German: Warta) Platz, where people peek, waiting, Latin statio or -berg or -burg. The Neustadt of Warburg is located on a large rock spur (), which was previously used as a guard position because of its natural protection and its overview of the surrounding land. There are different historical spellings: Wartberg, Wartberc (h), Wartberg (h) (i), Wardburg or Wartborch, Warberghe, Waretberg, Wardberch. In Low German the place is called Warb (e) rich. In Latin the city is called Warburgum or Varburgum .
Prehistory and early history
In the urban area of Warburg, finds from prehistory and early history were made during excavations . A dagger found near Warburg was assigned to the late Neolithic , as was an earthwork near Rimbeck . Megalithic graves from the 4th millennium BC are among others with the gallery grave of Warburg-Rimbeck . Received.
A find of large stone graves from around 3200 BC. Near the Lütkefeld in the northern part of the city is in the Westphalian Museum of Archeology in Herne. The copy of one of the huge wall stones recovered there with "engraved" symbols, which give an insight into the spiritual and religious world of the people of the Neolithic Age, is in the Stadtmuseum Museum im Stern .
In the vicinity of Daseburg near Warburg, the remains of a settlement with blacksmith workshops from the Roman Empire were found. A Germanic settlement with an area of 110 meters by 80 meters existed south of the Desenberg . In addition to traces of residential buildings, there were bronze smelting furnaces and racing furnaces for smelting iron ore. Coin finds indicate that there was a trade route near the Warburger Diemelfurt in the 2nd to 4th centuries.
In the 8th century there was a Saxon aristocratic seat west of the city . After the subjection of the Saxon Hessengau north and south of the Diemel under the Frankish empire of Charlemagne and the destruction of the Irminsul in 772, Christianization began and the area was divided into counties. The Wartberg , today's castle hill , became the seat of the count and gave the city its name. In Warburg in the Middle Ages there was a Gogericht and in the district Wormeln a kangaroo court . In 1191 the Holsterburg was built southeast of the old town of Warburg , which - almost 100 years later - was destroyed in 1294. In 1358 the city of Warburg entered into a protective and defensive alliance with the cities of Stadtbergen (Marsberg), Hofgeismar, Volkmarsen and Wolfhagen.
The castle on the Wartberg
The first mention of the city is a document from around 1010. In the Vita Meinwerci , the biography of Bishop Meinwerk of Paderborn, a Count Dodiko is named who administered large parts of the Hessengau , Ittergau and Nethegau from the Wartberch around 1000 . It contains a representation of his castle from the 11th century. According to Meinwerk's report, it is said to have been of impressive size and strongly fortified as early as the time of Dodikos. To supply the castle, three farms were built in the immediate vicinity: to the southeast the curia inferior (lower court), to the north the curia superior (upper court) and to the east, presumably later, the curia media (middle court). These courtyards were of great importance for the economic development of the city and the settlement, because other people settled under the protection of the castle.
From the Wartberg and its castle you had a good overview of the Diemel valley. In this way, the ford could be monitored, which had to be passed by the merchants moving to Warburg and Paderborn . The Diemelfurt was an intersection of several long-distance trade routes and was decisive for the development of the city. The sub- settlements of Berna an der Diemelfurt, Molhusen an der Diemel, Bußdorf in the direction of today's district of Dössel , and Papenheim in the direction of today's district of Menne were established in what was later to be the urban area .
Transfer of the county rights to Paderborn
The castle was first owned by Count Dodiko , whose property fell to the Bishop of Paderborn in 1020 . The advantageous location of the castle and its impressive size had attracted the attention of the Paderborn Bishop Meinwerk some time before , who wanted it to be incorporated into his diocese. Dodiko's preferred heir was his illegitimate son, who allegedly came from a relationship with a nun. However, he was probably killed in a riding accident in 1018. Without an heir, the count was ready to transfer his goods and property to the bishop in the form of a precariousness . The bishop granted the count the use of his former property, including church property, for life. However, Dodiko died on August 29, 1020, so that the entire property fell to the diocese of Paderborn.
In the following year, Emperor Heinrich II transferred the count's rights to Bishop Meinwerk. As a result of an intrigue emanating from the Archdiocese of Mainz , Konrad II withdrew it from him , but gave it back to him in 1033 because of his loyal support. Thus, the castle retained its protective function against Mainz claims for a long time.
Development of the city and creation of the old town
In 1036, Bishop Meinwerk first testified Warburg as a closed village. To the southeast of the castle was a settlement with the same name, Wartberch . This is where the ministerials and working class women lived. In addition, residents of the surrounding villages settled near the castle, so that a suburb ( suburbium ) was created, which together with the castle formed the town center. The market area on the plateau of Ikenberges was towards the end of the 11th century, the midpoint of a street in the sack for merchants and craftsmen on both sides of the old trade route.
With the relocation of the ruling power by the Hohenstaufen to the south, the diocese of Paderborn got into a peripheral position and was involved in regional conflicts with the archbishopric of Cologne as the fiercest opponent. The settlement at the foot of the mountain forced the Bishop of Paderborn to lay out a town in order to be able to continue to protect the growing number of settlers and to secure his political position against the neighboring rulers. Thus the old town of Warburg was built from 1168 to 1187 as a plan by the city lord on an even strip of land below the southeastern suburbium and the curia inferior (lower courtyard). The city count, who oversaw the settlement, trade and construction work, was in charge of the new old town.
Development of the new town
In the northern part, near the curia superior (upper court), settlers settled who came mainly from the farming villages of Molhusen, Bußdorf and Papenheim. With the involvement of the curia superior and the surrounding area, the Neustadt Warburg was founded in 1228/1229 by Bernhard IV zur Lippe to secure his political position in the Diemel area against the advance of the Archbishop of Cologne. Like the old town, the new town was a planned town, but it was not laid out on a rectangular area, but as a spindle-shaped three-street system .
The Neustadt was settled by immigrants from the Bördeland north of the Diemel and the Nethegau as well as by merchants from a little further away such as Horhusen (today Niedermarsberg ). The farming settlements of Molhusen, Bußdorf and Papenheim merged with the Neustadt.
By 1239 the Neustadt was fully developed as an urban community and also had its own town hall . After the death of Count Dodiko and the loss of the city count's office, an independent city council was formed under episcopal rule. The gentlemen who were able to advise came primarily from families of craftsmen and traders. The citizens subsequently took over the office of city judge and thus had full civil rights based on the Dortmund and Marsberg model. The bishop preferred the new town, the old town only received the same rights as the new town in 1256. In 1260 the new town received the right to build a city wall , which also ran between the two towns. The old town of Warburg and the new town were two independent cities, between which there was tension until modern times.
The archbishop of Cologne and diocese administrator of Paderborn, Dietrich von Moers , seemed to be favored by the city of Warburg. On September 26, 1430, he held a meeting of the collegiate councils of the Principality of Paderborn in the Dominican monastery . He expanded the system of the Warburg field watchdogs with an important watch tower and had several land defenses built around Warburg. The reason for preferring Warburg was probably Dietrich's conflict with the Paderborn cathedral chapter . In 1436 he tried to settle his official Heinrich Bode in Warburg. This failed because of the resistance of the Paderborn clergy; because an official was not intended for the Paderborn, but only for the Cologne diocese . The Paderborn cathedral chapter saw this as an attempt to incorporate the diocese into the archbishopric of Cologne despite the papal ban.
With the founding of the Cistercian monastery Hardehausen by Bishop Bernhard I of Paderborn in 1155, the greatest economic power in the area of the bishopric emerged in the immediate vicinity of Warburg. From 1258 Hardehausen ran a monastery courtyard in Warburg-Neustadt.
In Warburg the handicrafts organized in guilds established themselves, whereby the canvas weaving, the leather and wool industry and some artisans like Antonius Eisenhoit gained supraregional importance.
In 1364, both cities joined the Hanseatic League and achieved an economic boom through this and the neighboring Cistercian monastery.
Union of the two cities
The old town and the new town merged into one town in 1436. The constitution was laid down in the Groten Breff (Great Letter) and the seals of the two cities of Wartberg were given. Two fortified towers with double walls are visible on the cast seal, the Paderborn bishop stands under the city gate with a staff, the inscription reads: “Sigillium burgensium in wartborch”. The Grote Breff , a particularly extensive legal document, is written in Middle Low German , the language of the German Hanseatic League.
The council meetings took place every six months in the old town hall and in the new town hall on the market square. There were two mayors who each chaired the meeting for six months. The common town hall between the cities was not built until 1568, 132 years after the merger.
In addition to the political decisions, regulations on economic life were also made in the Groten Breff . The guild masters of the Warburg guilds of merchants, wool weavers and bakers had a say in the new statutes. In the Middle Ages, Warburg was given the right to mint its own coins. During the Staufer period (approx. 1140 to 1270), the city had a coin shelf for a short time. The mint was located on the market square in the old town. The currency is called around 1327 Warburg denariums and around 1366 also old Warburg pfennigs and munte or heavy stamps and pfennigs. In 1622, the city of Warburg had the princely concession to mint 4000 Reichstaler copper coins for the Oberwald district (this roughly corresponds to today's Höxter district without the former Corveyer Land, i.e. the city of Höxter).
In Braun-Hogenberg's city book from 1581, Warburg is praised as "elegans Westphaliae oppidum", the elegant city of Westphalia.
At the beginning of the 17th century Warburg was a rich trading town. Outside the city wall, the Hüffert emerged as a new district. Beginning in 1621, large parts of the Hüffert and villages in the area were looted and destroyed in the Thirty Years War , and the city became impoverished. The population decreased from around 16,000 (before 1618) to around 2,000 (after 1648). Around 1622, after it had been destroyed, Warburg was once again granted the right to mint its own coins, as in the Middle Ages.
In 1622 the Duke of Braunschweig , Christian von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel ("the great Christian") took Warburg. From 1628 onwards the lords and the crew changed several times ( Hesse , Imperial , Sweden ). In 1648, at the end of the war, the city was in the hands of the Imperialists. Warburg became an agricultural town after being heavily destroyed. Membership in the Hanseatic League had ended and the economic heyday was over. Mayor Johann Fischer (1695–1697) was able to reduce part of the high debt burden and contributions caused by the war through negotiations . The debts could not be finally repaid until the 19th century. In 1628, with financial support from Heinrich Thöne, the Dominican monastery school became a higher school, from which the later Gymnasium Marianum emerged .
During the Seven Years' War , on July 31, 1760, the battle of Warburg took place near the villages of Ossendorf and Warburg. The allied army from Kurbraunschweig-Lüneburger, Braunschweig-Wolfenbütteler, Hessen-Kasseler and British troops fought against a French army division under General Lieutenant Comte du Muy. With their victory, the Allies succeeded in defending the Diemel line and thus Westphalia, while at the same time having to give up Hessen-Kassel.
19th century and industrialization
Prussian troops entered Warburg on August 3, 1802. From 1807 to 1813 the city belonged to the Kingdom of Westphalia and was the seat of the Canton of Warburg . After the Congress of Vienna , Warburg fell back to Prussia in 1815. A year later, in 1816, Warburg became the district town and thus the seat of the district administration. The district area extended to the present-day districts of Willebadessen, Borgentreich, Warburg and parts of Brakel.
In 1810 the grammar school and the Dominican monastery were partially closed by the French administration and finally in 1824 by the Prussian administration. From 1815 the school served as a courthouse and prison. With the influx of Prussian officials, the number of Protestants in Warburg increased. The newly formed Protestant parish received the former Dominican monastery church. A Protestant school was built in the monastery building, which was reopened in 1826 as the Königliches Progymnasium zu Warburg, initially with three classes.
In 1841 the Warburg-Land Office was set up in Warburg, which administered the surrounding localities (excluding Warburg City). In 1865, a new courthouse for the district court with over 50 employees was inaugurated in the Neustadt Auf'm Pfuhl . The Warburger Kreisblatt was founded in 1839, and a new post office building was built in 1894. Citizens and rural population were exposed to high burdens through the wars, plus the transfer fees for exemption from serfdom and the tax bills introduced by the Prussian state in 1822. Poverty and need caused a wave of emigration to North America around 1830.
Industrialization started late. The connection to Kassel was the first railway line to be completed in 1851 ; two years followed by the railway line to Paderborn . Warburg became a traffic junction for passenger and freight traffic, and the railways an important employer. In 1890 the railway line to Arolsen was opened. The Warburg paper mill, built in 1863, mainly produced straw cardboard for over a century. In 1882 the sugar factory was founded in Warburg , which was the oldest sugar factory in East Westphalia (older than the factory in Lage (Lippe) ) until its closure at the end of the 2019 harvest campaign . Steam grinding mills were added later. In the 19th century Warburg was a center for grain, livestock and iron trade. It was not until 1892 that Warburg had paid off the debt of the Thirty Years' War .
In addition to the commercial enterprises, the educational institutions and the infrastructure were expanded. The planning of a girls' school for higher education, the later Hüffertgymnasium , began in 1856. The school was run by the poor school sisters. The Warburg Agricultural School for the education and training of farmers and housekeepers was founded in 1885 and existed until 1974. The number of jobs decreased due to the change in work processes and the later motorization in agriculture. People of working age migrated to the metropolitan areas until the 1960s.
At the turn of the 20th century, an economic recovery began. Many houses were built or expanded. A few construction companies and construction material companies (quarries, brickworks, lime works) settled in the area around Warburg, some of which gained supra-regional importance.
First World War and Weimar Republic
Hundreds of soldiers from Warburg were killed in the First World War. Agriculture supplied grain, sugar, vegetables and fruit to the metropolitan areas. Bells, organ pipes and other metal objects, also from private individuals, were melted down for war material. During and after the war, Russian prisoners of war were used to work on the surrounding estates. Immediately after the war, inspired by the council movement across the empire, there was also a movement in Warburg that wanted to form farmers 'and farm workers' councils. After the First World War there was a tax office, a post office, the district court, the railway company, a traffic office, a Reichsbank branch and a customs office.
The predominantly Catholic area was a stronghold of the Center Party . In the 1928 elections, the NSDAP received only eight votes. The local media showered the NSDAP and its representatives with scorn and ridicule. Four years later there were 339 votes (about 7%) in the Reichstag elections of 1932 in Warburg Stadt.
time of the nationalsocialism
In the elections on March 5, 1933, the Center Party in Warburg received 67.2%, the NSDAP 21.8% (1,027 votes in the city of Warburg and 4203 in the Warburg district). After the election, the civil servants of the Center Party were either transferred or sidelined by the government in Minden, and others were intimidated. The first council meeting was staged by the NSDAP, the Center Party dissolved. The other councilors were asked to join the NSDAP faction as guest students, which most of them did. The SA -Sturmbannführer Schlötel from Bielefeld was introduced as mayor on July 27, 1933. In the forest between Warburg and Kleinenberg the arrested in March political journalist and poet was in August 1933 Felix Fechenbach during transport to the Dachau concentration camp allegedly shot on the run.
National Socialist policies had a devastating effect on the important Jewish community in Warburg . In 1933 there were 160 citizens of the city of Jewish faith. Some of them emigrated to Palestine, America or Great Britain before 1939, so that in 1939 their number was reduced to 96 in what is now the core city of Warburg. The synagogue of the Warburg community in the old town and the synagogue in Rimbeck were largely destroyed by an SS commando stationed in Arolsen during the Night of the Reichspogrom in November 1938 . After that, most of the Jewish men were sent to the Buchenwald and Dachau concentration camps and were released again in mid-November and mid-December of that year. In December 1941, 50 Jewish citizens were initially deported to the Riga ghetto . In 1942 more citizens were deported to Minsk , Theresienstadt and Auschwitz in three transport trains. A total of up to 148 people of Jewish faith were deported from the Warburg area, 136 of whom died in ghettos, were murdered in extermination camps or are missing. After 1945 five Jews from Warburg and seven from Rimbeck came back. Three of them rebuilt an existence in Warburg; the others emigrated to North America and Palestine.
Warburg celebrated its 900th anniversary in 1936; the city was decorated with swastika flags. The event was described in the National Socialist magazine Heimat und Reich .
Two people were killed in a bomb attack on March 27, 1945 in Warburg. Three residential buildings, a commercial building, a commercial enterprise and an agricultural building were destroyed. Nine residential buildings were destroyed in Ossendorf and four in Rimbeck. Three people were killed in the two places.
From Good Friday to Holy Saturday , April 1, 1945, the city was surrendered largely without a fight to US troops who had unexpectedly advanced from the southwest while the line of defense was in the northern county area. British soldiers took over the city command due to the Allied territorial regulation.
The district of Warburg belonged to the British zone of occupation . When new federal states were formed, the Warburg district became part of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, which arose from the northern part of the Prussian Rhine province and the province of Westphalia .
Due to numerous refugees and displaced persons from the former German eastern areas, the number of inhabitants increased considerably. First, barracks were built on Schützenplatz to accommodate them; This was followed by the development of new residential areas and the construction of apartments, especially on the Hüffert , also on Wiesenberg, on Daseburger Strasse and on Volkmarser Weg on the other side of the Diemel.
In the 1950s, Kurt Hollbach founded Warburger Nahrungsmittelwerke , which produced canned fruit and vegetables under the Warburg brand name until the end of the 1990s .
In the early 1950s, land consolidation was carried out in the Warburger Land . The office for agricultural regulation responsible for implementation in the region of southern East Westphalia was established in Warburg. The new building of the office, together with the adjacent building of the former district police authority, was built in the early 1970s on Landfurtweg and the corner of Prozessionsweg.
At that time, elementary school teachers were trained in short courses at the Warburg agricultural school. The school on Alten-Bahnhofsweg was closed in the early 1970s. The imposing staircase on the southern side of the building remains a garden architectural jewel. The building is privately owned.
In 1955 the girls' higher school was expanded to include an upper level.
At the beginning of the 1990s, the Dominican Order gave up its convent of St. Mary's Assumption in Warburg, which was only built between 1903 and 1908 in Klosterstrasse . Two monasteries within the order, the convent in Warburg and the convent St. Paulus in Worms, were up for discussion, which was ultimately decided in favor of the Wormer convent. The Syrian Orthodox Church acquired the convent building in 1996, which has since been used as the seat of the Syrian Orthodox Archbishop of Germany and a Syrian Orthodox monastery under the name of St. Jakob von Sarug Monastery.
In the years 1947, 1948, 1964, 1965 (so-called Heinrichsflut ), several catastrophic floods occurred on the two rivers Diemel and Twiste, which caused damage amounting to tens of millions in some Warburg towns. As a result, two Diemel water associations were founded on both sides of the state border to implement flood protection measures.
On December 31, 1974, the Warburg district, which had existed since August 1, 1816, was dissolved and merged with the old district of Höxter. With that the city lost its status as a district town. The population of Warburg did not agree with the merger and still has resentment against it today. In the joint area change agreement of the districts of Warburg and Höxter of July 24, 1974 on the reorganization of the district, it was agreed in Section 1 to name the joint new district as the Brakel district with its seat in the town of Brakel, which is centrally located in the district . This contract was accepted by the Höxter district council at the meeting on July 23, 1974 with regard to § 1 with 24 yes- against 18 against and 1 abstention, as well as §§ 2-19 with 2 against and 1 abstention. Despite the consent of the Warburg district council to this area change agreement, the state parliament decision on November 5, 1974 on the Sauerland / Paderborn law there decided with a narrow majority in favor of the new district name Höxter district with its seat in Höxter and thus against the previously agreed area change agreement. Naming the new district as Höxter-Warburg district , comparable to the new Minden-Lübbecke district in the previous year, was not approved by the Düsseldorf state parliament.
On December 31, 1974, the WAR license plate was issued for Warburg for the last four decades . At its 7th meeting on April 23, 2015, the Höxter district council voted with 15 votes in favor and 23 against (with three abstentions) against the reintroduction of the WAR label (in addition to HX ).
In 1983 the city of Warburg was a founding member of the Westphalian Hanseatic League. Warburg is also a member of the New Hanseatic League, founded in 1980 .
In 1986 the city celebrated its 950th anniversary with a year-round festival program.
At the end of 2008, the city council decided to redesign the historic Warburg town center as a model project to be barrier-free. The start of the multi-year redesign was originally planned for the beginning of 2010, but was then postponed to spring 2011. At the end of 2011, most of the construction work for the first construction phases was completed.
From 2009 to 2019 Warburg was the location of part of the Ostwestfalen-Lippe University of Applied Sciences . The study center was located in the former Agricultural Regulation Office , which was relocated to Bielefeld in 2009.
In 2010, the Holsterburg between Warburg and Calenberg in the Niederung or Feldmark am Roten Graben was excavated by an archaeological team. The castle has so far been classified as a so-called motte , but it is a low-rise castle built as an octagon in the Staufer period , a very rare design for castles. It is one of only three octagonal castles in Germany and the only one of its kind in Westphalia . This type of castle wall has so far only been found in Hohenstaufen areas, for example as the corner tower of Castel del Monte in Apulia (Italy). Limestone was used as the material for the double wall. A canal was found in the walls, which probably served as a heating system.
In 2011 the city celebrated its 975th anniversary with a year-round festival program.
After a change in the municipal code for North Rhine-Westphalia in October 2011 allowed official designations for city names, the additional designation Hanseatic City was approved for Warburg . On April 26, 2012, the first new entrance sign with the name was put up.
At the district council meeting of the Höxter district on October 1, 2019, the reintroduction of the old WAR label (for the former Warburg district) was resolved with 28 yes and 3 no votes (with 5 abstentions) . After the approval of the Federal Ministry of Transport, the license plate was first reissued on Friday, November 8, 2019. Since then, vehicle owners have been able to make their connection to the city of Warburg recognizable.
In the late summer of 2020, planning and public participation will begin for a new, so-called 'combi' pool on the site of the previous whale swimming pool, which will replace the previous pools as a new outdoor and indoor pool.
In January 2021, the city of Warburg was selected by the Hertie Foundation as a participant in the 'Youth Decides' project, a program in which local politics are made tangible and tangible for young people.
On January 1, 1975, during the North Rhine-Westphalian territorial reform with the Sauerland / Paderborn Act of November 5, 1974, the old district of Höxter and the district of Warburg were merged to form the new district of Höxter and the towns and communities of the district of Warburg were reorganized. According to Section 31 of the same law, the city of Warburg, the 14 previously independent municipalities of Bonenburg, Calenberg, Dalheim, Dössel, Germete, Herlinghausen, Hohenwepel, Menne, Nörde, Ossendorf, Rimbeck, Scherfede, Welda and Wormeln from the Warburg-Land office as well the community Daseburg from the Amt Borgentreich the new city of Warburg. The offices were dissolved; The legal successor to the Warburg-Land office is the city of Warburg. The incorporated communities correspond to today's districts.
After the city was merged with the municipalities of the Warburg-Land Office, in addition to the Town Hall Between the Cities, there was the Warburg-Land administrative office on Kasseler Strasse, which was given up after the district authorities withdrew. Instead, they moved into the administrative building on Bahnhofstrasse.
The following overview shows the population of the city of Warburg according to the respective territorial status, with some figures also according to the current territorial status . It concerns census results up to 1970 and 1987 and from 1975 official updates of the State Office for Data Processing and Statistics . The figures from 1975 to 1985 are estimated values, the figures from 1990 onwards based on the results of the 1987 census. From 2011 onwards, the figures are based on the 2011 census again. From 1871 and 1946, the figures relate to the local population , from 1925 on the resident population and from 1985 on the population at the place of the main residence . Before 1871, the population figures were determined using inconsistent survey methods. Before 1618, 16,000 citizens are said to have lived in the city, in 1648 there were only 2,000 inhabitants. Warburg had the highest population in 1950 with almost 26,000 inhabitants, followed by 2000 with 24,200 inhabitants.
Warburg according to the territorial status at that time
Warburg according to today's territorial status
In the 1987 census, 77% of the respondents said they were Roman Catholic, 18% were Protestant, around 1% belonged to an Islamic religious society, 1% of other religious societies and 1.5% said they did not belong to any religion or did not do any Specification.
In the Saxon Wars of Charlemagne, the region on the Diemel was subjugated by the Frankish Empire . On behalf of Charlemagne, Sturmius , the founder and abbot of the Fulda monastery, evangelized the area around Diemel and Weser in 774 . In 805/806 Hathumar was appointed as the first bishop for the newly raised diocese of Paderborn, which at the beginning was still under the sovereignty of the diocese of Würzburg . In the course of time the diocese of Paderborn was legally upgraded, from 822 it received judicial powers in the territory and immunity, from 885 the right of free election of bishops by the cathedral clergy. In 822, the Benedictine Abbey Corvey was founded nearby (near Höxter), which was secularized in 1802 . From 1321 to 1806 Warburg belonged to the Principality of Paderborn , in which the city made up half of the members of the Estates Council.
Warburg is considered a possible location for Irminsul , an old Saxon main sanctuary column.
With the exception of the Herlinghausen district, today's urban area is traditionally Catholic. From 1816 onwards, the Prussian administration and the posting of civil servants steadily increased the proportion of residents with Protestant beliefs. In 1826 a Protestant parish was founded in the city center. In 1890 the Protestant parish had 948 members (including about 350 in Herlinghausen), in 1937 there were around 1400, after the war (peak in October 1947) at times 3650 (the city of Warburg accounted for 2200, 400 were housed in a refugee camp in Dössel) . After there were not enough jobs in Warburg, many of the refugees moved on to the industrial conurbations, so that the number of Protestant believers fell sharply again. In the 1980s and 1990s, ethnic repatriates added more. However, the Protestants remained in the minority. In 1975 the number of Catholics in the urban area increased again through the incorporation of the surrounding villages.
The oldest preserved architectural monument is the crypt of the earlier Romanesque St. Andrew's Basilica . It belonged to the castle of Count Dodiko, was built as an upper and lower church in the 11th century and destroyed in the Thirty Years War. In 1681 the preserved crypt was built over with a pilgrimage church of St. Erasmus. After Count Dodiko had no descendants, his inheritance fell to the diocese of Paderborn around 1020, which was elevated to a prince-bishopric in 1321 and existed until the end of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806. In 1929 it came to the Archdiocese of Paderborn . The Paderborn bishop founded the Warburger Neustadt in 1228–1230 in order to defend his territorial claim against the Archbishop of Cologne.
The main churches today are the Catholic New Town Church of St. Johannes Baptist , built in 1264, and the Catholic Old Town Church of St. Mary's Visitation , built in 1299. The Dominicans came to Warburg in 1281. The Dominican Convent Warburg was located "between the cities". In the Middle Ages, several Kaland brotherhoods settled in Warburg, the majority in Neustadt. Kalandstrasse is named after them. The former parish church in the old town was the Dominican church Maria in vinea from 1283 . The Neustadt and Old Town parishes each have a parish center in Böttrichhaus and Arndoldihaus, two late Gothic Flettdeelen houses from the 16th century. Each parish is responsible for two kindergartens. With the exception of Dalheim and Herlinghausen, there is a local Catholic church and a parish hall in the surrounding villages. The parishes in the urban area of Warburg are united in a pastoral association and belong to the Höxter-Warburg deanery.
The Reformation did not leave the Warburg citizens and clergy untouched, as the then cathedral cantor discovered in the spring of 1570, who carried out a visitation in his archdeaconate Warburg, which then comprised 25 parishes. During the Reformation, Warburg had always remained Catholic on the whole. The theologian Otto Beckmann, the Dominican Order and the Kaland Brotherhoods contributed to this development . The settlement of Jesuits in Warburg in 1664, which the Paderborn bishop had requested, was not necessary and was reversed in 1700. In 1628, with financial support from the Warburg-based Canon H. Thöne from Mainz, a municipal high school, the Marianum grammar school , was founded and set up in the Dominican monastery ; the Dominicans provided the teachers. The Dominican Convention was suppressed in 1810 by the government of the Kingdom of Westphalia under Napoleon's influence; the school was still run by the Dominicans. The Dominican Convention was finally repealed by the Prussian government in 1826. After the Kulturkampf , the Dominicans came back to Warburg to train their novices there and to send them to grammar school. After the construction of the neo-Gothic Dominican monastery of St. Mary's Assumption (1906–1915), the Dominicans moved to the new monastery building that was built nearby at the train station. They gave up their convent in Warburg in the early 1990s. In addition to the Dominicans, there were other religious orders. The Catholic Order of Women, Poor School Sisters , directed the middle school for girls on the Hüffert, which has been today's Hüffert grammar school from 1900 and since 1955 . In the old town there was the order of the Sisters of Saint Vincent , the nursery school, nursing and care for the elderly and a sewing school. There was a beguinage each in the old town and in the new town .
There are 15 Catholic church buildings and some chapels in the Warburg city area. The Catholic Church was originally the sponsor of the St. Petri Hospital , which was located first in the city center and later on Hüffert and in which a Catholic Order of St. Vincent's Sisters had taken care of the sick. In 2008 the sponsorship of the hospital was sold to Rhön-Klinikum AG . The Evangelical parish is housed in the Corvinushaus today. The church founded the St. Laurentius Home for adolescents with physical or mental disabilities and is its sponsor. The Catholic Church and Catholic congregations are responsible for various ecclesiastical institutions such as the Caritas station and old people's and nursing homes, for example the St. John's House of the Vincentines and the Hainberg of the Serviam Sisters. The Bonenburg Way of the Cross was laid out in the Bonenburg district around 1935 . The two pastoral associations Warburg - City and Country and Egge-Börde-Diemeltal were merged in 2012 to form the Pastoral Association Warburg - City and Country . The faithful in Wrexen, Orpethal and the chapel community in Engar are also provided for by the pastoral team.
Since the Reformation there has been an evangelical congregation in Herlinghausen, today a district of Warburg. Herlinghausen and Hagedorn were the only two places in the former prince-bishopric of Paderborn that became mostly Protestant after the Reformation . Herlinghausen received pastoral care from the pastors of the neighboring Hessian town of Ersen until the 19th century .
After the conquest of Westphalia by the Prussians in 1802 until the French founding of the Kingdom of Westphalia, and when Warburg became Prussian again after its dissolution, Protestant believers moved to Warburg, most of whom worked as Prussian officials in the local authorities. After the founding of a committee for the formation of a Protestant community in 1820, the Bielefeld Superintendent Scheer was commissioned to find out whether an independent church community was possible in Warburg. This was founded in 1826. The superintendent was amazed at the existence of the Herlinghauser community, which belonged to his district, but of which he knew nothing. The Dominican Church Maria-in-vinea (Maria in the Vineyard) , built around 1200, was approved on December 21, 1824 by royal cabinet order of Friedrich Wilhelm III. assigned as property to the Protestant community and contractually assured that the Marianum grammar school, which is dominated by Catholicism, can use it for school masses. In this respect it is still a simultaneous church today. The community owns the Corvinus House as a community center, the Evangelical Family Center Arche and the church in Herlinghausen. The Christian leisure center Kirchberghof in Herlinghausen is an independent cooperation partner of the parish. For the Protestant believers in the western city of Warburg there is another parish in Rimbeck with a church and parish hall and the Haus Phöbe retirement and nursing home.
There has been a Free Evangelical Congregation in Warburg since the 1990s, which was founded by ethnic German repatriates. So far there are two independent communities Warburg-Herlinghausen and Scherfede-Rimbeck in the city area. Believers in Blankenrode and Borlinghausen are also looked after beyond the city limits. Both municipalities should merge in 2012. There are around 4800 Protestant believers in total in Warburg. There are three church service buildings in Rimbeck, Herlinghausen and Warburg.
Syriac Orthodox Monastery
The Archdiocese of Germany of the Syrian Orthodox Church has had its bishopric in the former Dominican monastery in Warburg since 1997. The monastery has been called St. Jakob von Sarug since the change of ownership . Since the acquisition of the monastery by Archbishop Julius Yeshu Çiçek and the renovation, it has served as a Syrian Orthodox center in Westphalia. Around 60 Syrian Orthodox families have settled in Warburg.
A synod of the Syrian Orthodox Church decided in mid-September 2010 to divide the Archdiocese of Germany into two dioceses. In fact, at the end of 2012, Archbishop Mor Julius Hanna Aydın, who was previously responsible for the Diocese of Germany, moved to Delmenhorst , from where he looks after the political and ecumenical relations of his church in the Federal Republic, a kind of nunciature . Aydin had previously been the abbot of the monastery and head of the affiliated seminary in Warburg. At the same time, in December 2012, Bishop Philoxenos Matthias Nayis was appointed Metropolitan and Patriarchal Vicar of Germany by the Patriarch of the Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch Ignatius Zakka Iwas . In addition to seminarians, visitors and staff, there is also a nun and monk priest Stefan Fidan living in the monastery.
Other Christian religious communities
The settlement of Russian Germans and ethnic repatriates from Southeastern Europe in the 1980s / 1990s brought Christians with Orthodox and Catholic denominations and supporters of free churches. Today there is a Free Evangelical Congregation, an Evangelical Free Church Baptist Congregation and a New Apostolic Church in Warburg. There is no information on the number of community members or how many of them live in the Warburg city area.
Jewish life in Warburg
Warburg had an important Jewish community and the highest proportion of Jewish population in the prince-bishopric of Paderborn. Around 1800 of the 2000 inhabitants of Warburg, around 200 and around 1900 of 5000 inhabitants around 300 were Jewish . In the 19th century the state rabbinate had its seat in Warburg. The Jewish school was a public institution from 1861 and had its own school building from 1909. There were also small rural communities (communities) in Rimbeck, Ossendorf, Daseburg, Herlinghausen and Hohenwepel. There are still Jewish cemeteries in Warburg, Ossendorf and Rimbeck. Another reason for the high proportion of Jews in the population may be that Warburg waived missionary requirements, unlike e.g. B. in Kassel, where Jewish citizens had to regularly listen to missionary lectures by clergy after the Reformation. Some Warburg Jews gained international fame.
Immediately after the seizure of power of the Nazi party in 1933, the rabbi and city councilor Julius Cohn was arrested and later murdered. The synagogue in the old town was largely destroyed by an SS commando stationed in Arolsen during the November pogroms in 1938 . Today the rebuilt building serves as a residential building. The door of the synagogue has been preserved. Many Warburg Jews were deported to Riga .
Some Jewish families returned to Warburg from 1945. Attempts were made to rebuild a Jewish community; this failed because of the necessary number of male parishioners. Today only a few Jewish citizens live in Warburg.
Buddhism in Warburg
In the building of the Warburg train station there has been a Buddhist temple of the Wat Buddhametta Warburg e. V. chaired by Houa Kouang Tu. A prayer room with a Buddha statue is located on the ground floor of the station building . The Buddhist monks live on the first floor. For the Khao Phansa festival , the monks invited interested parties to an open day in the newly opened temple for the first time.
The following table shows the composition of the city council and the local election results since 1975:
|Warburg City Council: Share of voters and local councils since 1975|
|Percentages rounded. Sources: State database NRW; State Office for Information and Technology NRW|
For mayor was elected in the local elections in 2020 Tobias Scherf (CDU) with 54.42 percent of the vote. Michael Stickeln ( CDU ) was previously in office . In 2004 he prevailed against the candidates from the SPD and FDP with 69.4% of the votes in the first ballot. In 2009 he was re-elected with 89.51% without a competitor. In the 2014 election it received 53.8% of the valid votes cast.
The council and mayor were elected annually until 1803.
The municipal budget for the 2007 financial year was EUR 35,181,902.73 (adjusted accounting result). The city was in debt with around 13 million euros. The debts resulted in part from previous commitments such as to the former city hospital sponsoring company and other expenses such as the city music school. At times the municipality was unable to balance the budget, which is why a budget security concept was necessary from 2004 to 2007 . For the budget year 2008, the budget target was 33,368,000 euros and the operating-adjusted accounting result was 36,194,855.04 euros. For the financial year 2009, the income amounted to 34,661,280 euros and the expenses to 37,962,610 euros. The debt level in 2009 (excluding municipal companies) was 14.3 million euros. As a result of the 2015 financial year, the total amount of income is 40,637,130 euros and expenses to 43,041,020 euros.
coat of arms
The lily consists of three stylized leaves that are held together by a ribbon. The District President of Detmold granted the right to use this coat of arms on June 30, 1977. The lily appeared on the city's coins for the first time in 1227. In the Middle Ages, Warburg was known as the Liliengrund. The meaning of the coat of arms colors and the lily have not been handed down, the lily may be interpreted as a symbol of Mary.
There was also another coat of arms with a red city gate on a gold background, the city wall, a wide gate tower and two narrow side towers. The blue hipped roof of the gate tower is crowned by two silver lilies; There are silver lilies on the blue pointed roofs of the side towers. In the blue gate opening is a silver heraldic lily. In the seal in the open city gate there is a bishop, probably the bishop of Paderborn . The oldest forms of this coat of arms appeared in 1254 and 1257. The city gate coat of arms was used for large seals, the small seals always only showed the lily.
Before 1977, a combination of both coats of arms was in use. The bishop was replaced by the lily on a blue background that filled the entire archway. Smaller lilies were on the tower roofs. With the inscription Stadt Warburg - Kreis Höxter , this coat of arms is still used as part of the official seal of the city. Since 1977, the city's coat of arms has only been the lily on a blue background without city fortifications.
City partnerships and friendships
The city of Warburg maintains city partnerships with Prochowice (Parchwitz) in the Polish Voivodeship of Lower Silesia and Ledegem in the Belgian province of West Flanders . In addition, friendships are maintained with the Brandenburg towns of Falkenberg / Elster and Luckau as well as Walchsee in the Austrian state of Tyrol .
Each of the twin cities in Warburg has its own street named after it. In addition to Parchwitzer Strasse , which has existed since the 1950s, Falkenbergstrasse , Luckaustrasse , Ledegemstrasse and Walchseestrasse were added at the beginning of the 2010s in the new development area "Auf'm Profit I" .
|Second World War , around 600 displaced persons from the area around Prochowice (Parchwitz) in Powiat Legnicki , Poland came to Warburg and were housed in the Dössel camp or in the surrounding area. In Warburg there were regular meetings of the displaced persons from Parchwitz. In 1996 the mayoress of Prochowice took part for the first time and contacts with representatives of politics were established. On February 25, 1997, the Warburg City Council decided on an official town twinning. In the same year a development association was founded and the partnership certificate was signed on October 10, 1998. The partnership lives through mutual visits in the fields of politics, culture, music, dance and sport.|
Ledegem in West Flanders, Belgium. Regular mutual concert visits created private friendships. On March 24, 1998, Warburg's city council decided to establish a town twinning. The partnership documents were signed during two festival weekends, from May 1 to 3, 1998 in St.-Eloois-Winkel and from October 9 to 11, 1998 in Warburg. In this friendship, music is in the foreground with joint concerts and mutual visits.
Another partnership exists between the Hohenwepel fire fighting group of the Warburg volunteer fire brigade and the Brandweer Ledegem. Visiting trips are made at regular intervals, most recently in October 2010.
|German reunification in 1990, contacts arose between Warburg and Falkenberg / Elster in Brandenburg. Initially, the relationship consisted of support in the administration and parliament. In 1991 an official city friendship was founded. From 1992 onwards, relations intensified, particularly in the areas of culture and tourism. For the tenth anniversary in 2001 a tree was planted in Falkenberg and a memorial stone was set up. Warburger Platz has existed in Falkenberg since 2005 .|
|Walchsee in Tyrol, Austria for a long time . On September 15, 1991 the district committee Scherfede decided to enter into an official partnership. The partnership certificate was signed on May 23, 1992 in Scherfede.|
Luckau in Brandenburg be supported in the redevelopment of its historic city center. The city of Warburg followed the suggestion. From this a friendship developed between cities. In 1992 the friendship certificate was signed.
In Luckau there is the Warburger Weg street .
Warburg was a Hanseatic city in the medieval Hanseatic League. This federation was brought back to life in 1980 as the Neue Hanse and Warburg was accepted as a member.
Today High German is spoken in Warburg and the surrounding area . Warburg is located near the southern border of the Low German language area . The dialect in the Warburger Land is characterized by the Southeast Westphalian dialect or Low German (Low German language in the former Hochstift Paderborn). The Low German language is only spoken by a few elderly people in the Warburger Land . In the 19th century, the Low German language practically died out in Warburg Stadt. In the surrounding villages fewer and fewer young people learned Low German from their parents until the Low German language acquisition by their parents was completely lost around 1950. In addition, there are only a few courses offered to learn the Low German language. Occasional events are organized in which the participants speak in Low German. Some authors wrote some Low German texts and a dictionary. The moderate diphthongization of the old long î or the Westphalian break is characteristic of the Warburger Platt . There are East Westphalian and Lower Franconian elements in the language. Vocabulary and linguistic usage as they were to be found in Warburg between 1945 and 1975 were described separately.
In the pedagogical center (PZ) there are 550 places available for seasonal theater performances, which are organized by the adult education center . Both pieces with professional performers and amateur pieces, for example by students, are performed. From 2000 to 2010 there were four performances per season, each of which was sold out with 2200 visitors.
Warburg has a Cineplex cinema on the Upper Hilgenstock with six cinemas and a total of 1,000 seats. The Cineplex Warburg is in 2011 the first fully digital cinema Cineplex Group.
It continues the tradition of the former Desenberg-Lichtspiele (deli) cinemas on Kasseler Straße.
The Museum im Stern , Sternstrasse 35, is the city museum with a collection from prehistory and early history, city history, economic and art history. Temporary exhibitions take place there regularly. In the city history collection, documents and letters as well as the Grüninger Bible from 1485 from the property of the former Dominican monastery are shown. The art history department contains works by Antonius Eisenhoit and the artistic and architectural development in the buildings of Johann Conrad Schlaun . The city archive is also housed in the museum. There is also an art library in which a collection of works of art by artists such as Marcel Marceau and Günter Grass is brought together.
The private bakery museum , Lange Straße 6, was closed in 2007.
There are several local history collections in the surrounding villages. Most of the churches in Warburg and the other parts of the city have exhibits that are interesting in terms of art history. In the adjoining room of the old town church, some exhibits by the Warburg artist Antonius Eisenhoit are on display.
The Warburg City and Youth Orchestra was founded on September 12, 1979 by the Warburg Local and Tourist Association as a separate association. Since then, the orchestra has developed into the largest association of its kind in the Höxter district with 150 members. There is also the Warburg men's choir. There are music associations or village orchestras in almost all parts of the city, and church choirs in the parishes.
Concerts and festivals
Concerts with individual artists, orchestras and bands are offered throughout the year under the title Warburger Meisterkonzerte . The concerts take place in the auditorium and in the courtyard of the Marianum high school.
The Kulturforum Warburg e. V. aims to convey culture in rural areas and organizes concerts, performances by artists, exhibitions, etc.
The Art of Darkness has been a metal festival that has been held annually since 1994 and later in irregular succession in Warburg-Scherfede and Warburg-Germete , presented by the melodic death metal band Burden of Grief . So far, Tankard , Hatesphere , End of Green and Disillusion have performed , among others .
The Rock Against Rain festival was first held in Warburg itself from 1995 and later in Warburg-Scherfede. It has been taking place in Grebenstein ( Hesse ) since 2006 . The festival's musical focus is on rock , punk and ska , with local up-and-coming bands performing alongside national artists.
In 2011, the city won first place in the WDR 2 campaign for a city on the WDR 2 radio station . As a result, on July 16, 2011 an event with concerts by the artists Milow , Mike & the Mechanics , Alphaville , Sunrise Avenue , Selig , I Blame Coco and Gone Astray was held on the Warburger Schützenplatz.
Special buildings and monuments
In cooperation with the city of Warburg, the Regional Association of Westphalia-Lippe created a documentation of almost 500 objects on the monuments in the area of the city. It was published in 2015 as the first volume from Westphalia in the series " Monument Topography of the Federal Republic of Germany ".
Castles, palaces and manor houses
Desenberg Castle is a ruined castle on the Desenberg , which was probably built in the 8th century. Among other things, an accessible tower has been preserved. The Holsterburg is located southeast of the core city of Warburg and is an octagonal low castle from the 12th century.
The Welda Castle was built in 1734 as a representative baroque palace. In 1754 an orangery was added. A previous building may have existed as early as 1588. Dalheim Palace (also known as Gut Dalheim ) was built in 1698. The Wilhelminian style Villa Rothenburg in Daseburg from 1896 had a previous building around 1520. The Rothehaus estate in Daseburg below the Desenberg was probably built in the 16th century and rebuilt in the 19th century. The estate ( Haus Riepen ) in Dössel from 1667 was given its present form in 1896. A mansion from 1703 is the oldest part of the Übelngönne estate in Daseburg.
The Wartburg castle of Count Dodiko on the Warburger Burgberg (Wartberg) is partially built over and included in the fortifications.
Of the original hilltop castle of Calenberg Castle (also: Calenberg Castle), which was rebuilt in Baroque style in 1299 and 1880 , only the Palas and the Zehnthaus remain. Small remains of the Asselerburg in Ossendorf from the 12th to the early 14th century are still preserved, while only the location of the Asler Castle can be traced . From the castle Rozdehusen at Bonenburg and Wallburg on Gaulskopf in Ossendorf exist rudimentary remains of another castle on Gaulskopf is nothing left.
The city fortifications, built in the 14th century, have been partially preserved with the remains of the medieval city walls of both cities, five defense towers and two city gates and are one of the main attractions for tourists. In the Middle Ages, Warburg was largely surrounded by a double ring of rubble stones through which the city gates of the old and new towns led.
The old town's citizens first built the connecting wall from the castle to the Johannistor tower . The Chattenturm was built halfway up the castle hill . The round Sack Tower (Sachsenturm) next to the Sack Gate , built around 1300 , was not erected until 1443. It is the most massive and tallest tower and was the landmark of Alt-Warburg. From 1446 it also served as a prison. The sack gate was near the western entrance to the episcopal castle and at the highest point of Sackstrasse. There, episcopal people competed with the interests of old and new town citizens. By 1830 the city of Warburg had around ten city towers and nine city gates. There were five town gates in the walls of the old town and four town gates in the new town, of which only the Sack Gate and the Johannistor Gate have survived. The other gates were demolished between 1801 and 1840, the shape of which has been partially handed down. The shape of the gate system was determined by the city fence , the space between the inner and outer walls. The Sack Gate or Petritor was developed as a typical twin gate, the outer arch of which was not rebuilt after it fell into disrepair. Today a memorial for victims of the Second World War has been set up in the Sack Tower, which can be visited via the castle cemetery.
Originally there were over twenty defense towers in the ring of the medieval fortifications. Five of them have been completely preserved: Biermanns , Chatten , Johannis and Sackturm in the old town and Frankenturm in the new town. The Efeuturm, only preserved with its tower stump, is located on the western double wall of the Neustadt between the Göringsgraben and the Bußdorfer Tor. The round buildings Sackturm and Biermannsturm have hexagonal skylights, the towers with a square floor plan, Johannis and Frankenturm , have a rectangular roof. The chat tower at the castle cemetery is open at the top and offers a wide view over the Diemeltal into the neighboring Hesse .
Churches and monasteries
The Catholic Old Town Church of St. Mary's Visitation is the second old town parish church. It was built from 1288 to 1297 and consecrated in 1299 after the Dominicans took over the Church of St. Maria in vinea . Inside the church there are works of art from different eras, such as B. a baroque cross altar.
The early Gothic Protestant church of St. Maria in vinea (Maria in the vineyard) was the parish church of the old town of Warburg until 1283. After a lengthy dispute between Paderborn's bishop Otto von Rietberg and the citizens of the old town, they took over the Dominicans who lived in Warburg in 1286 . It was the church of the first Dominican monastery until secularization in 1803. Since 1824 it has been the church of the Protestant community.
Today's Gymnasium Marianum has been in the former first Dominican monastery since 1628. At that time it was run by the Dominicans. After the monastery was dissolved by the Prussian government in 1826, it was expanded into a Prussian Progymnasium and in 1874 as a grammar school. Together with the town hall and the Protestant church, it is a building that shapes the cityscape of the old town. The Gothic cloister in the Marianum is one of the most important artistic legacies of the Dominicans along with the old town church.
The second neo-Gothic Dominican monastery of St. Maria Himmelfahrt was built from 1906 to 1915. After the Dominicans left again in 1995, it serves as the monastery of the Syrian Orthodox Church in Germany and the seat of an archbishop.
The Erasmus Chapel ( called Burgkapelle ) on the site of the former Wartburg on the Burgberg, today's castle cemetery, was built in the 11th century and contains the oldest preserved monument in the city with the Romanesque crypt of the former St. Andrew's Church in the basement . The chapel was renovated as a pilgrimage church in 1681.
In Warburg itself there was a beguinage in both the old town and the new town . The house in Beginenstraße was first mentioned in 1357 and probably went down at the end of the 15th century. In 1474 the Neustädter Beguinage in the Papengasse next to the rectory was first mentioned, which probably went down at the end of the 16th century.
There are three monasteries outside the city center:
- The monastery Hardehausen in the district Scherfede was founded in the 12th century. Today it serves the educational work of the Archdiocese of Paderborn .
- The Wormeln Monastery in Wormeln was founded as a women's monastery in the 13th century.
- A building in the direction of Ossendorf, which is used as a family recreation center, belongs to the motherhouse of the Serviam sister community in Germete, which was founded in 1922 .
The town hall between the cities was built in 1568 as the joint town hall of the combined old and new town with two separate entrances for old and new towners on the border between the two towns. The Renaissance building was extended with a half-timbered floor in 1902/03. It stands on the site of the former Liebfrauentor, the only inner connection between the two cities. The town hall serves as a registry office and for celebrations.
The former old town hall is a large stone building made of limestone with three- stepped gables from 1336/37 and is located on the market in the old town of Warburg. Today the building, which was renovated in 1973, is used for catering and residential purposes.
The former Neustädter Rathaus was, comparable to that of the old town, also a large stone building and was located on the northern side of the Neustädter Marktplatz. It was demolished in 1803 and its stones a.o. used to pave the market square and the streets of the new town. During the urban redevelopment in 1983–1986, the foundation walls were briefly exposed. Today, floor markings in the pavement and a memorial stone remind of this former town hall.
Bourgeois residential buildings
In Warburg there are some well-preserved half-timbered buildings, some of which are among the oldest in North Rhine-Westphalia.
The Eckmänneken in the old town, Lange Straße 2, was built in 1471 and is one of the oldest half-timbered buildings in Westphalia with a four-column construction. The house takes its name from the figures on the corner pillars. The former baker's guild house is now a restaurant.
In the bell tower from the 16th century (Bernhardistr. 23), 2011, a Jewish ritual bath ( mikveh ) by the owner Wiebke Jassmeier found using the Warburgers Peter Cherry. It can be viewed by appointment.
The Corvinushaus at Sternstrasse 19 dates from the 15th century. Originally it was a lower room house made of stone with two- stepped gables that expands in the years 1488/89 with a rear building and was raised above the 1490/91 season with half-timbered gables.
The Hirsch pharmacy is located in a Gothic stone building, the original stepped gable of which was changed by a Baroque renovation in 1705.
The Old Town Arnoldihaus is a late Gothic half-timbered house that was built in 1513 and renovated in 1970. It is named after Johannes Arnoldi, who was born in Warburg, and is considered to be the most stately late Gothic town house in Warburg. Today it is used by the Catholic parish in the old town as a parish center .
The Goldschmidt House, built in 1538 by the butcher Johannes Assooer at Joseph-Kohlschein-Straße 28, was a typical craftsman's house. From 1722 to 1943 it was inhabited by the Berg and Goldschmidt families.
The Böttrich house at Sternstraße 13, today's parish center of Neustadt, is a half-timbered house from the Renaissance and was built from 1558 to 1560. It was renewed from 1980 to 1982.
Parks, cemeteries and nature
Eight parks in the villages outside the city center near monasteries, a castle, castles and manor houses are not open to the public. The only public park is in the Germete spa town .
The 2 ha large spa Germete , together with the construction of the treatment - and bathhouse in the 1970s in the valley of calves stream created. The park is located in the northern part of the village and is planted with perennials and native trees; there is a water treading pool and a pond.
The Gutspark Haus Riepen (Dössel) (1 ha) is a historic landscape park . It was probably established at the end of the 19th century, planted with foreign wood and possibly planned as an arboretum . Striking solitary trees are a pyramid oak , a tulip tree and a plane tree . A grotto is located below the slope towards the southeast. It is believed that the historic park was much larger.
The Übelngönne manor park (Daseburg) (originally 18 hectares, today 4 hectares) is located around the manor house on a hill above a pond. The green area had its own gardening facility. Part of the area was converted into arable land, and a county road now divides the area. There is a historic tea house by the pond . There is still a sandstone retaining wall with an ice cellar (portal and coat of arms).
The Calenberg Castle Garden (about 1.5 hectares), located on a hilltop, is a historical landscape garden, of which some old trees, a water basin, a grotto and a pavilion have been preserved. The lavish garden from the 19th century has been simplified considerably.
The Forsthaus Calenberg Park (about 4 hectares) is a historical landscape park, which was probably created in the second half of the 19th century and consists of meadows and many old solitary trees. A forester's house stands south of the park, which is bordered by a stream and fences with an old garden gate.
The Schlosspark Welda (approx. 1 ha) is a baroque and landscape garden, which was laid out between 1738 and 1758 by the garden artist Carl Hatzel. On the southern access road to the castle there is an avenue of lime trees with a roundabout in front of the castle entrance . A baroque garden wall in the northern part of the garden has partially collapsed.
For Kloster Hardehausen included a historical Barockgarten, vegetable garden and landscape park (about 18 ha). The park is enclosed by a garden wall. In the courtyard garden a pond (formerly with four fountains ) and old trees have been preserved. The baroque prelate garden gives an idea of the splendor of the garden, although it no longer exists in its original form.
The Park Klostergut Wormeln is a historical landscape garden, which was probably created around 1887 when the villa was built. It is believed that the area was previously a kitchen garden. The abbess house was the garden house. Most of the park is surrounded by a high wall.
The Warburg castle cemetery is laid out like a park on the site of the old castle between the cities. The entrances to the cemetery can be reached from the old town (uphill) and from the new town. From the cemetery you can see the south-eastern districts and areas as far as Hesse. In the immediate vicinity, outside the former city wall, is the historic Jewish cemetery in the core city of Warburg. There is also a Jewish cemetery in the Rimbeck district.
Each district has its own cemeteries. Mostly there were historical cemeteries around the local churches, later new cemeteries were opened on the outskirts.
Warburg is located in the Teutoburg Forest / Eggegebirge nature park . There are 21 nature reserves in the city . Around 1,600 hectares (including cross-border areas) are protected , which corresponds to around 10% of the urban area. This means that around 25% of the nature reserves in the Höxter district are in the city of Warburg. Some areas, e.g. B. the Weldaer Berg , were placed under nature protection in the 1950s. On 22 September 1983, presented district government Detmold the Desenberg first time and on 3 December 2003 re-protected. It is an area of 32 hectares with semi-arid grassland and ruderal meadows, which serves as a biotope for various protected animal species.
In 1958 , the state forest administration of North Rhine-Westphalia set up a bison enclosure near Hardehausen as a breeding and maintenance gate. In addition, a wild boar enclosure was created. In 2003 the park was expanded to become a forest adventure area.
The old district of Warburg declared the upper summit of the Desenberg a natural monument in October 1974. Other natural monuments are in the districts z. B. in memory of the desert Altwelda and on the Donnersberg in Wormeln in memory of the former Vote Court .
Monuments and historical monuments
The Eckmännecken half-timbered house in the old town is a monument that is not only one of the oldest buildings of this type in Westphalia, but also significant for the development of half-timbered buildings. The four-column construction, which was new at the time, resulted in greater stability, which made it possible to build an upper floor and a storage facility for the first time. This construction method from the Warburg region influenced the development of half-timbered buildings in northern Germany as far as the North Sea coast.
In 2005, the Warburg Heritage and Tourist Association erected the tanners' monument in front of the Johannisturm in Warburg's old town . It shows a Warburg tanner at work and is reminiscent of the craft that used to be common in the old town.
A memorial for the fallen students of the Marianum high school (called Marians) and victims of National Socialism, designed and executed by Professor Kurt Lehmann, is attached to the outer wall of the Marianum.
On the Brüderkirchhof (school grounds of the Marianum High School) there is a memorial on the wall facing the old town in memory of the two former Marians and victims of National Socialism, Josef Wirmer and Wilhelm Freiherr von Ketteler .
The historic Jewish cemetery is located on the outer old city wall next to the Sack Tower.
In May 2016, after months of work, the Warburg Water Art memorial stone, believed to be lost, was made accessible to the public again by the Warburg Local Authority and Tourist Office. The memorial stone contains an inscription and a representation of the earlier water lift, which was first mentioned in 1463 to supply the Neustadt. The certificate says: “The council buys the right to a water art from the Wollenamt for seven talers a year.” More than 50 meters of altitude had to be overcome, on Puhlplatz there was a water tower from which the fountains in the Neustadt were supplied.
The Eisenhoit fountain was erected on the market square in Neustadt in 1912/13 as an artist monument. This monument is unique in Westphalia in its design, the plastic representation of an artist personality as a pedestal monument and choice of motif. It represents the son of the city during the work break.
There is a fountain of Mary on the old town square. The fountain basin is polygonal, in the middle there is a large figure of Mary, the crown of which is formed from the lilies of the Warburg city arms, with the baby Jesus on a square base and a ball. The water pours into the well from the pillars of the ball.
Warburg is a district association (K33) in the football and athletics association Westphalia . Football is one of the most popular sports.
The oldest club in town is the Warburger Sportverein 1884 eV with its sports soccer, athletics, volleyball, basketball, jazz dance and popular sports. Warburger SV emerged at the beginning of 2018 through the merger of the two clubs Warburger TV 1884 eV and Sportfreunde Warburg 08 eV. In 2008/2009, the club's amateur team played in the regional league Season 1 (East Westphalia) and in 2009/2010 in the district league. The association has been organizing the international weekly October race since 1976 and the evening city run and other various popular and popular sports events since 1986 (the year of the city's 950th anniversary).
In addition, the sports canoeing on the Diemel, tennis (the TC Desenberg 04 e.V., member of the Westphalian Tennis Association e.V., plays in the district league, the TC 80 Warburg e.V. has several men's teams that are in the association and district league), model flying, gliding, cycling on the old railway line to Volkmarsen and horse riding (St. Georg, Diemeltal) in Germete (dressage and show jumping, vaulting). The TFC Welda (OT Warburg) plays in 2010 in the Landesliga Nord of the Hessian table football association.
The individual districts have their own sports clubs such as SV Teutonia Ossendorf 1921 e. V., SSV Welda 1919 e. V., SV Wormelia Wormeln e. V., TC 85 Dössel e. V., TC Nörde e. V .; TC Scherfede e. V., TC Menne e. V., TC Blau-Weiß Daseburg e. V. and TC Rimbeck e. V.
The Hüffertstadion with artificial turf and the Diemelaue sports complex with natural grass and 400 m running track are used for school sports and sporting events. In Warburg there is a Nordic walking park with different levels of difficulty. For swimming there is the Warburg indoor pool and the forest pool , an outdoor pool .
Regular events and customs
The May Festival is held every year at the beginning of May around the market square in Warburg Neustadt.
The traditional Kälkenfest (Kalkfest or Tünchfest) takes place annually in August in the old town of Warburg. It takes its name from the former tanners in the old town, who prepared the animal skins with lime before tanning. This process was called “liming”, ie “treating with lime”. The lime was extracted in limestone pits near the city. During the festival, theater plays related to the history of the city of Warburg are performed by citizens. A highlight of these games is the punishment of a thief by lowering himself into a water container over a water seesaw (Warburg water seesaw). This piece alludes to the city's historical court system.
The Warburg October Week , which is held annually at the end of September / beginning of October, is a traditional folk festival and the largest of its kind in the region. The October week has been organized by the city of Warburg since 1948 and in 2008 it had its 60th anniversary.
The Warburg Medieval Spectacle has existed since 1999 and has been held annually on a weekend at the beginning of April since then by the Werbegemeinschaft Warburg e. V. is organized in cooperation with the magazine Wildwechsel .
The Schützenfest takes place every two years in the Warburg Schützenhalle and Schützenplatz . It is reminiscent of the vigilante tradition in local history. Shooting festivals also take place regularly in the districts. Along with the other festivals, they represent a high point of social life.
In addition, there are two Christmas markets every year during Advent on both Warburg marketplaces.
In some districts there is the traditional Schnadgang , in which the local borders are migrated annually. In the districts there are still special church processions, most of which date from the time when village fires and the plague threatened the population, for example there is an Agatha procession. Customs that have long since ceased to be lived are the sword dance, which was banned, as well as the Schnadganges under Prussian rule.
The Warburg beer , which has been brewed since the Middle Ages, is known regionally . Varieties are the Warburger Pils , dark bottom-fermented Urtyp , amber-colored, mildly hopped country beer , export beer, organic pale and other specialties such as the annual special editions, e.g. B. Doppelbock (Ed. 3, 2018) and Summerlove (Ed. 4, 2019). The only remaining brewery has had brewery rights since 1721.
The Warburger bread , a dark crust of bread is about Warburg, a phrase.
Westphalian cuisine is traditionally widespread in Warburg, typical Warburg dishes are stuffed (pork) ribs with dry plums, apples and blind chicken (white beans with carrots and potatoes) as well as game specialties after the hunting season. Another meat specialty is Wittmet , which is cooked from many different types of sausage after slaughter.
Cake was also eaten for breakfast in some villages around Warburg. Butter and crumble cakes are very popular with afternoon coffee.
The Warburg coffee house culture is known for the traditional cafés Eulenspiegel (closed since the beginning of 2017) and Blome. Both are in the immediate vicinity, not far from the Neustädter Marktplatz. Their in-house pastry shops produce cakes and pastries as well as pralines and other specialties.
Economy and Infrastructure
The Warburger Neustadt is the shopping, educational and administrative center with shopping streets, the market square, the tax office, the district court, the former agricultural regulation office (2009-2019 part of the Ostwestfalen-Lippe University of Applied Sciences), the city administration and the Marianum high school. The old town is culturally shaped with workshops by artists and craftsmen, the culture forum and the venue for the Kälkenfest. The Hüffert is a school town with the Gymnasium Hüffert, the secondary and secondary school, the social pedagogical school and the curative pedagogical center as well as a residential area that was built on in the second half of the 20th century. Commercial enterprises and large retail markets have set up shop in the north and west fringe. The district of Germete is recognized as a climatic health resort and has some healing and recreational facilities, such as the Kurmittelhaus , Kurpark and exercise baths.
Economic key data
There are 7903 socially insured employees in the city, unemployment in the Warburg branch of the Employment Agency is 4.9%. There are more in-commuters (3641) than out-commuters (2992). The other figures were collected on September 30, 2006.
In the Warburg city area, the share of renewable energy produced is 19 percent, above the national average (16 percent).
As a medium-sized center between the regional centers of Paderborn and Kassel, Warburg is a shopping town, with a partially specialized retail sector and a large catchment area. The service sector, i.e. medical care, nursing and care for the elderly and the number and size of educational institutions, is important for a medium-sized town of the same type. The retail stores, most of the educational institutions, the postal agency and the hospital are located in the Warburger Neustadt.
As a medium-sized economic center, Warburg is located in an area shaped by agriculture . The Warburg economy was traditionally characterized by agriculture. Today the manufacturing industry in Warburg is characterized by a diverse medium-sized economic structure.
The oldest operation is the Warburger brewery , which has had brewing rights since 1721 and belongs to the Warburg Kohlschein family. There are also the Germete medicinal and mineral springs in Germete.
Of the three large food producers, the Warburger Nahrungsmittelwerke (1951-1995), the sugar factory (1882-2019) and the milk factory in Rimbeck, only the latter still exists today.
The Warburg sugar factory belonged to Südzucker AG and produced, among other things, organic sugar. The Supervisory Board of Südzucker AG approved the restructuring plan at its meeting on February 25, 2019, and the Warburg sugar factory was closed after the harvest campaign at the end of 2019.
The Kornhaus Warburg has meanwhile been sold to AGRAVIS Westfalen-Hessen GmbH and the location on Landfurt in Warburg was given up at the end of 2017. The administration building was demolished in summer 2020.
Despite the qualitatively very fertile soils of the Warburg Börde with the highest land value figures in the western federal states, there is no longer any direct processing of sugar beet, grain, fruit and vegetables or other foodstuffs. Only in the district of Rimbeck is the milk factory that has been in existence since 1952, which today belongs to the Deutsches Milchkontor , still producing UHT milk, while butter production was discontinued in June 2012 because DMK consolidated butter production at the Edewecht site.
After the Second World War, the Brauns-Heitmann chemical factory , the plastics processing company Tolges GmbH & Co KG and the plastic packaging manufacturer Kobusch-Sengewald GmbH (merged into the Coveris Group in 2013) settled in Warburg.
When the motorization in agriculture began, there were agricultural machinery companies such as the former Hartmann-Landmaschinen in Ossendorf and Franz Kleine Landmaschinentechnik . At present the mechanical engineering companies are mostly automotive suppliers such as Benteler , or special mechanical engineering companies such as Linnenbrink Technik Warburg, Schulte-Maschinenbau GmbH, BFI Stahlbausysteme GmbH, etc. They are now an important part of the manufacturing companies.
The mostly newer companies are spread over the industrial areas Warburg-Nord (Oberer Hilgenstock), Warburg-West (Lüktefeld) and Industriestraße / Heitweg as well as in the district of Scherfede Werkstraße / Am Hellbecke.
At Warburg the federal highways 7 and 252 cross ( Ostwestfalenstraße ). The Warburg junction of the A 44 ( Kassel - Dortmund ) located in the southern part of the city in the Welda suburb is reached via the latter . This motorway has been connecting Dortmund with Kassel since 1975. The next motorway connections are the A 7 at the nearby Südkreuz Kassel and the A 33 at the Wünnenberg-Haaren motorway junction, which in the direction of Paderborn and Bielefeld join the A 2 Oberhausen-Hannover and the A 30 ( Bad Bentheim - Bad Oeynhausen or Europastraße 30 ) meets. There are over 50 kilometers of federal highways in the Warburg city area. The network of agricultural roads in the urban area of Warburg covers 365 kilometers.
The city is integrated into the rail network via the Warburg (Westphalia) and Scherfede stations . Other train stations in what is now the city area were shut down. The station building in Warburg was built in 1852/1853.
In Warburg, the Upper Ruhr Valley Railway from Hagen and the Hamm – Warburg line meet with the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Nordbahn from Warburg to Kassel or Bebra. The route is part of the Central-Germany connection and is used by several IC trains. The Warburg – Sarnau railway to Bad Arolsen and Sarnau near Marburg still existed until 1977 and the Holzminden – Scherfede railway until 1984 .
IC trains on the Düsseldorf – Hamm – Kassel – Erfurt – Berlin – Stralsund (IC 51) line and individual ICE trains run at the Warburg railway junction. In regional and local traffic, the RB 89 ( Ems-Börde-Bahn ) run on the Münster – Warburg line to Soest – Hamm and Warburg with a connection to Kassel, the RE 17 ( Sauerland Express ) Hagen Hauptbahnhof - Bestwig - Warburg - Kassel Wilhelmshöhe. From the timetable change in late autumn 2016, the new RE 11 Düsseldorf – Dortmund – Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe will stop in Warburg.
Since June 28, 2014, an InterCityExpress of Deutsche Bahn has been named after Warburg. The two car numbers 411 074 and 411 574 bear the words Hansestadt Warburg.
The regular bus service in the urban area of Warburg is integrated into the bus network of BahnBus Hochstift GmbH, a subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn Ostwestfalen-Lippe. The city center and the surrounding villages in the Warburg urban area, the neighboring communities (Volkmarsen, Rhoden, Borgentreich, Borlinghausen, Peckelsheim) and Paderborn can be reached by city, regional and express buses. Some of the bus routes are replacing the disused railway lines. A citizen bus line (with eight seats) is operated in the city. The citizens' bus is driven by volunteers. There are also school buses for schoolchildren from across the city and from neighboring communities.
The daily newspapers that appear in Warburg are the Neue Westfälische and the Westfalen-Blatt . The local edition of the latter emerged from the Warburger Kreisblatt. The Neue Westfälische has a local editorial office in Warburg, in which the supplement of the local department for the cities of Warburg, Borgentreich and Willebadessen is created. The rest of the newspaper is a blanket edition that applies to all of East Westphalia-Lippe and is produced in Bielefeld . The newspaper focuses on local news and appears six days a week in print and, since 2005, also as a paid online newspaper or e-paper . An individual local section for the old district of Warburg is being created for the Westfalen-Blatt in a local editorial office in Warburg. The jacket edition is produced at the newspaper's headquarters in Bielefeld. The Westfalen-Blatt publishes a paid online edition.
In addition, the advertising community Warburg e. V. published newspaper Desenberg-Bote . This offers news about the city of Warburg, but is primarily an advertising paper with a circulation of 29,000 copies.
The magazine Die Warte for the districts of Paderborn and Höxter appears quarterly in the Hochstift Paderborn , with articles on regional history, literature and art.
The event magazine Wildwechsel was founded in Grebenstein in 1986 . In 1992 the editorial team moved to Warburg. From there the two editions North (from Paderborn to Kassel) and South (from Kassel to Marburg) with a total circulation of 33,000 copies are produced. Wildwechsel reports on regional and supraregional topics and trends, social developments and cultural events. The editor is Warburg-based Fedor Waldschmidt, son of the draftsman and graphic artist Arno Waldschmidt .
Warburg belongs to the reporting area of the regional studio Bielefeld of the WDR . Due to the geographical proximity to Hessen, the various programs of the Hessischer Rundfunk can be received. In the area of the former Hochstift Paderborn , to which Warburg belonged, there has been the radio station Radio Hochstift since 1991, which deals in particular with regional topics and has a higher share of listeners compared to the national broadcasters (e.g. WDR). Reports of events in Warburg are edited by external reporters of the station.
Ever since the tourism association Warburg Südegge e. V., the tourist offer of leisure and sports opportunities as well as city tours has been steadily expanded. Since Germete's appointment as a health resort , the tourist infrastructure in and around Germete has been further improved. Furthermore, with the construction of the A 44 motorway and the expansion of the federal highways, travel by car and the Warburg IC train station have become much easier.
There are several key tourist themes, on the one hand nature (cycling, water sports, modern sports etc.) and on the other hand culture (art, castles, monuments, cultural events, culinary offerings etc.). Due to its picturesque townscape, Warburg is a day trip destination for guests from the surrounding area and the nearest metropolitan areas (Ruhr area, Hanover, Rhine-Main). The local traditional festivals (rifle festivals, Kälkenfest, church festivals, Schnatgang , medieval spectacle , October week) attract non-residents to the region. Family recreation is another tourist area that is being expanded.
Compared to 2008, the number of overnight stays rose by 4.3% to 94,300. A large part of the overnight stays is recorded in the well-used educational establishments. The number of day tourists has also increased in recent years.
There were hospitals in Warburg as early as the Middle Ages. The St. Petri-Hospital Warburg , which was built in the years 1923 to 1926 on Hüffertstrasse, arose from them . The building was later expanded and in 1970 a new multi-storey building was added. Both buildings were demolished in 2014. On the site of the former St. Petri Hospital, there is now the Helios Klinikum Warburg , a hospital operated by the Helios Kliniken Group .
The hospital is equipped with the departments of internal medicine (focus: cardiology, gastroenterology and geriatrics), orthopedics and trauma surgery, general and visceral surgery, intensive medicine with anesthesia and pain therapy and the urology department. The practices such as plastic surgery / hand surgery, the medical laser center and a dialysis station are attached to the house. The hospital employs around 300 people and has a capacity of 153 beds. Approximately 7,100 inpatients are treated each year. The balance sheet total in 2008 was 18.3 million euros. The catchment area of the hospital covers around 42,000 residents.
The Alpha Clinic, a socio-psychotherapeutic specialist facility, is located in Scherfede .
In Warburg, almost 50 doctors practice in their own or in group practices, including 14 general practitioners, 10 dentists (including orthodontics and oral surgery), five specialists in internal medicine, five obstetricians or gynecologists, three orthopedists / sports medicine specialists and two ophthalmologists each, ear, nose and throat -Doctors, dermatologists and paediatricians and one urologist, one radiologist and one neurologist.
Ten pharmacies are available for pharmaceutical supplies, two of which are in Scherfede. The therapeutic treatment is carried out by several physiotherapists, osteopaths, speech therapists and occupational therapists.
The Warburg city administration is housed in the former district office building, Bahnhofstrasse 28. The town hall 'Between the Cities' has served representative purposes since the 19th century. There is a restaurant in the old town hall. The council meetings take place in the meeting rooms of the Warburg banks. The Warburg branch of the Höxter district administration is located next to the Warburg city administration.
The administration building of the Warburg-Land office in Kasseler Strasse is now privately owned. Since January 1975 the office has been integrated into the Warburg city administration.
The District Court of Warburg am Puhlplatz belongs to the district of the Regional Court of Paderborn and is responsible for the city of Warburg and the communities of Borgentreich and Willebadessen . The building was built in the Prussian Baroque style in 1860–1862. Before that, the court was housed in the Neustadt town hall and temporarily in the Marianum grammar school when it was closed by the Prussians.
The building of the Warburg tax office in Sternstrasse was erected after the Second World War.
There is a police station on the processional path within the Höxter district police authority.
The employment agency building is located on Unterstrasse in Warburg.
The branch of the Detmold District Government, Department 33, the former Agricultural Order Office, was on the processional path until 2009 and then moved to Bielefeld. Until 2019, part of the Ostwestfalen-Lippe University was located in the building .
The forest information center Hammerhof of the State Office for Forest and Wood NRW in Warburg-Scherfede has a game reserve with native or formerly native wild animal breeds.
The twelve public libraries in Warburg and the districts cooperate with one another with a common Internet catalog. Several Catholic, a communal and a Protestant library are distributed across the city districts. A total of 32,000 media can be borrowed.
The city of Warburg already had organized fire fighters from the citizenry in the Middle Ages. With the Prussian fire regulations at the beginning of the 19th century, the surrounding communities were also obliged to provide for fire fighting. From around 1850 the first fire brigades were formed in Ossendorf and Scherfede in the form of fire fighting and syringe teams . After the Franco-Prussian War of 1870/71 , former soldiers founded volunteer fire brigades based on the model of the French Pompier Corps, as in the Wormeln district . In the twisted village of Welda, the southernmost part of the city, the fire brigade was first mentioned in 1882. The volunteer fire brigade was founded in the core town of Warburg in 1889. After the major fire in Hohenwepel in 1912, which destroyed 23 buildings, volunteer fire brigades were founded in Dössel, Hohenwepel and Menne.
The volunteer fire brigade of the city of Warburg was established in 1975 from the Warburg fire brigade and the local fire brigades in the Warburg-Land office. The fire brigades Scherfede and Warburg were converted into fire engines and the others into fire fighting groups.
History and former educational institutions
The first school lessons were given in parish schools, which arose with both parishes and were transferred to city schools by the 14th century. The earliest references to Warburg schools are from the year 1317; in Groten Breff, one school each in the old town and new town were mentioned in 1436. In the 16th century, especially by Otto Beckmann, humanistic education was introduced.
A beguinage cooperative was the first to take care of the education of girls in the 14th century. Public education for girls was not introduced until 1665. For the surrounding villages, general schooling is only documented from the 17th century.
The former agricultural school existed from 1885 to 1971. It was one of the oldest agricultural schools in Germany and was called the Agricultural Winter School in the first few years. The founding director ( conductor ) was the old town chaplain Krekeler. The school's board of trustees included the conductor, the mayor, the district administrator and three landowners. The lessons were initially held in the restaurant between the cities and then in winter in various houses in the old town. Some high school teachers helped out with teaching. After a few years, the migrant workplace on Landfurtweg was available as a teaching building and from 1922 the school was able to move to a new building on old Bahnhofsweg 38. There was a boarding school for foreign students. The two-year winter school consisted of a lower and an upper class. The number of pupils fluctuated between 23 in the first year (1885/86) and 145 (1920/21). From 1927 a girls department specializing in home economics was added. Classes for this department were held in a building on Kasseler Straße and, from 1955/56, in a new building next to the agricultural school.
Today's educational institutions
Today the city has a total of 13 general education schools, five of which are elementary schools, two secondary schools, one secondary school, two grammar schools and three special schools. In 2007, 319 teachers taught 4,160 students at the city's schools, 25.3% of them in elementary schools, 11.4% in secondary schools, 14.2% in secondary schools, 40.5% in grammar schools and 8.6 % at the special schools.
The Gymnasium Marianum was a nationally known humanistic high school. The foreign students were accommodated in the city in facilities similar to boarding schools. Today the Marianum is a state-approved high school with around 590 students.
Today's Hüffertgymnasium was a middle school for girls for a long time and only became a girls' grammar school after 1955. Today it is a high school for girls and boys.
The Graf-Dodiko-Schule , a Catholic elementary school in the city of Warburg on Graf-Dodiko-Weg, was opened with the name Neustadtschule in 1894 on the former school route. With the municipal reorganization in 1975, the path was renamed Graf-Dodiko-Weg after the builder of the Warburg Castle on the Burgberg. The school was renamed on September 7, 2007.
From 2009 to 2019 Warburg was a place of study at the Ostwestfalen-Lippe University of Applied Sciences with other locations in Lemgo , Höxter and Detmold . In Warburg, the bachelor's degree courses in electrical engineering , mechanical engineering , mechatronics , production engineering and industrial engineering were offered until the 2013/14 winter semester , also as dual courses, i.e. in cooperation with a company. Since the winter semester 2014/15, the Warburg campus has only offered the new Bachelor's degree in Business Administration for SMEs . In October 2018, the Ostwestfalen-Lippe University of Applied Sciences announced that the Warburg study location should be closed [out of date] by 2020 at the latest , and teaching was already discontinued in the 2019 winter semester. The Warburg Study Center was located in Procession Way 1 in the building of the former Agricultural Regulation Office, which had been available for university operations since the end of 2010.
In Warburg there are several facilities for the early education of children, pre-schools and kindergartens in Chavinstift, on Hüffert, in the individual districts for example the little goblins in Wormeln, in Daseburg and the municipal Adolph Kolping kindergarten in Welda.
Special schools are the Eisenhoit school for the learning disabled, the special educational center St. Laurentius (HPZ) with special school for physically and mentally disabled and the Petrus Damian school. Vocational schools are the Johann Conrad Schlaun vocational college as a vocational technical and technical college in the Höxter district and the Theresia Gerhardinger vocational college as a technical school for social education.
The building of the former agricultural school is used by tbz Bildung gGmbH , a vocational training company. The offer is aimed at trainees with school problems as well as job seekers.
The Musikschule Warburg gGmbH was the city of Warburg's music school founded in 1968. In 2005 it was converted into a non-profit GmbH . The Yamaha Music School Warburg has existed as a private music school since October 2005.
Warburg is affiliated with the Volkshochschule Volkshochschule Diemel-Egge-Weser , which offers courses in the context of adult education. In the former Hardehausen Monastery, the Hardehausen Country College is housed as an institution of the Archdiocese of Paderborn with a youth center.
The city of Warburg has so far granted seven fellow citizens honorary citizenship:
- 1876: Joseph Weingärtner , district court director
- 1919: Max Geissel, Counselor
- 1920: Fritz Quick († 1929), bookseller and archivist
- 1927: Anton Wirmer, privy councilor, director of the Marianum grammar school from 1907 to 1932
- 1928: Carl Bering, factory owner
- Hans von Geisau , director of the Marianum grammar school before 1933 and after 1945, classical philologist
- 1989: Josef Dierkes , retired mayor D.
sons and daughters of the town
Especially earlier in the Gymnasium Marianum, but also later in the Hüffertgymnasium, lawyers, theologians, scholars, teachers, artists and writers were prepared for their studies. Most of them found jobs outside of the Warburg region, and quite a few stayed with Warburg forever.
Otto Beckmann (around 1476–1540) studied in Leipzig and Wittenberg, where he became a lecturer for Latin grammar. In 1523 he became a pastor in Warburg and opposed the Reformation . Leander van Eß (1772–1847) entered the Marienmünster Abbey after graduating from high school in Warburg . After secularization he became a pastor in Marburg. In 1822 he resigned from all offices and devoted himself to translating the Bible into German.
Warburg has also produced some artists and craftsmen, such as the goldsmith Antonius Eisenhoit , the watchmaker Johann Ignaz Fuchs from the Welda district, the painter Josef Kohlschein and the artists and art educators Heinrich and Alfons Holtgreve . The well-known organ builder Heinrich Schulte was also based in Warburg in the 19th century . Warburg was also the birthplace of important master builders. Johann Conrad Schlaun (1695–1773) was born in the district of Nörde and attended the Marianum in Warburg. After military service in the Paderborn infantry regiment , Clemens August I of Bavaria appointed Schlaun as a land engineer in Münster and Paderborn as well as major general of the artillery. During this time, some typical buildings by Schlaun were built in Westphalia, especially in Münster, including Nordkirchen Castle and the Prince-Bishop's Castle in Münster .
Arnold Güldenpfennig (1830–1908) also comes from Warburg and moved with his family to Ladbergen near Münster at the age of six . After school, he studied at the Berlin Building Academy and passed the exam to become a master builder in 1858. In 1856 he was appointed cathedral and diocesan architect in Paderborn.
A Jewish family from Bologna or Hesse took the city's name in the 16th century. In the second half of the 18th century she moved to Altona (Hamburg) , where the brothers Moses Marcus and Gerson Warburg founded the MM Warburg banking institute in 1798 .
Another well-known Warburger was Emil Herz , former director of the Ullstein publishing house in Berlin , who described Jewish life in Warburg in his 1951 autobiography, Think I of Germany in the Night . In his honor, Emil-Herz-Platz was inaugurated in 2007 in the immediate vicinity of the Jewish cemetery , which is intended to commemorate the former Jewish community. The landscape architect Christof Neuhann set up several gabions around a natural stone block , the wire meshes of which are supposed to symbolize the restrictive ideology of National Socialism.
The Dominican Order trained its novices in Warburg until 1993. This brought some well-known Dominicans such as the Prior Gordian Landwehr to Warburg or joined the Dominican Order in Warburg. Some later became famous, such as Christoph Cardinal Schönborn , Archbishop of Vienna . After graduating from high school in 1963, he entered the Dominican Order in Warburg. Foreign teachers and students came to Warburg for the Marianum grammar school and other schools, such as the classical philologist Hans von Geisau , the folklorist Heinrich Schauerte , Joseph Peitzmeier , Anton Wirmer, the art educators Gottfried Beyer and Lorenz Humburg as well as the two members of the resistance in the Third Reich, the lawyer Josef Wirmer and the diplomat Wilhelm Freiherr von Ketteler , the later ministers Franz-Josef Wuermeling and Paul Mikat , the international law expert Theodor Niemeyer , Ludwig Weingärtner and the art professor Adelbert Niemeyer and Christoph Bernhard Graf von Galen (1907-2002). He graduated from high school Marianum in Warburg in 1925 and later became papal secret chamberlain .
City of Warburg (core)
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History of the Warburg Jews
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