A timber house , Foersterhaus or Forsthütte (also Forsthof ) is a service seat of a forest ranger , the head of a forestry .
Lumberjack huts are probably as old as forestry itself. Initially mostly temporary shelters for clearing , they developed in Europe especially in the High Middle Ages, when people penetrated further and further remote forest areas for firewood production for mining or salt production in order to avoid the long approach routes. The forest workers could stay in a felling area for weeks. With the development of forest law , the profession of forester developed, and thus also the forester's house as an office, up to larger forest goods.
Typically, forest houses solid brick buildings , often permanently occupied, such as forest managers , often in or near settlements, while forest huts more or less well-developed simpler shelters and accommodation facilities in the more remote regions of Revieres are. A forester's house and several or numerous forest huts belong to a larger area, until today only temporarily during the logging work ( e.g. as a construction container ). Due to the development with forest roads , forest houses in Central Europe have lost their importance since the second half of the 20th century, in the large forest areas of the north they are partly still in use. Combined locations for hunting and forestry (general forest supervision ) are also referred to as Hegerhaus .
Together with the hunting lodges / huts and the alpine pastures and other transhumance stations as well as the mountaineering huts, the forest lodges and huts are among the most important forms of settlement in non- permanently populated areas , such as large forest areas or mountainous areas , provided they are not located in localities.
Forest houses always have a special architecture, which on the one hand serves to fit it as well as possible into the landscape and on the other hand to recognize it as such. That is why it is often in an exposed place. Antlers are often placed above the entrance or in the gable as a sign.
Occasionally, forest houses also have a defensive character. For example, the forester's house Schießhaus from 1812 in Solling was surrounded by a protective wall with loopholes .
- ↑ cf. for example topographical settlement identification according to STAT for Austria
- ↑ Hannes Blieschies: In the Solling forests. Local history forays . Mitzkat, Holzminden 2007, p. 78 (with illustrations).