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The Palas (from late Latin palatium 'imperial court' to old French pales or palais ) is a representative hall of a medieval palace or castle from the Romanesque period (11th to 13th centuries).

Often, based on the castle lore of the 19th century, palas is used as a generic term for hall buildings on castles, but the architectural-historical use of the term is limited by other authors to the Romanesque hall construction. The stone building has a rectangular floor plan. Often the building has a basement or a basement floor . The main floors (usually two, sometimes more) are generously lit by arched windows, which are often grouped into arcades . Rich architectural sculpture is preferably used here in order to increase the representative effect of the hall. The great hall on the upper floortakes up the entire floor space of the building and can be reached via a separate flight of stairs. The hall is often divided into two naves by a row of columns, but can also be vaulted. Multi-storey palace buildings can also contain several halls one above the other. The large hall was used because of poor Heatability mainly in summer, while in winter the bower was the preferred living space. The heatable area was often referred to as Dürnitz . The top of the hall is usually closed with a gable roof .

Palas first appeared as a type of building in Falzes , where they house the royal hall known as the Aula regia . In this hall, public acts of government took place under the direction of the king, such as court meetings , jurisdiction or the reception of secular and spiritual dignitaries. From the second half of the 12th century, the Romanesque palace was also incorporated into the architecture of some castles of the high nobility in the Holy Roman Empire . The most important component was still the large hall, which offered a representative setting for receptions and parties.



Individual evidence

  1. ^ Thomas Biller: The Adelsburg in Germany . Origin, form and meaning. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich 1993, ISBN 3-422-06093-6 , p. 149 f . ( Digitized version ). : “One of the very viable legacies of 'castle lore' is the habit of applying the term 'palas' not only to those Romanesque hall buildings, the earliest examples of which can be found in Pfalzen, but to every habitable building within a castle, regardless of size , spatial subdivision, formal design and time of origin. In this way the term does not make sense, not only because it 'lumps together' two buildings of different shapes and functions, but because it conceals an important point in the development of the castles. "

Web links

Commons : Palas  - collection of images, videos and audio files