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The term Verweser ( ahd. Firwesan "representing someone's place") describes a representative in the broadest sense, especially in top state offices. In Swiss , a caretaker also stands for a non-school teacher who has an interdisciplinary education, as well as for the deputy of a properly elected pastor.


According to Adelung , a decomposer was “a person who decomposes something, has control over it. In this sense, a guardian and a guardian were as much as a guardian. ”Historically, administrators were installed as regents who temporarily exercised the office of a monarchical head of state . This position was often paraphrased with the term Reichsverweser .

The function and concept of the office administrator has existed since the beginning of the 16th century .


  • The municipal ordinances of Baden-Württemberg (in Section 48 (2) and ( 3)) and Saxony ( Section 54 (4) to (6) of the Saxon Municipal Code and Section 51 (2) to (4) of the Saxon District Code ) provide for an office administrator or city ​​administrator for the office of Mayor of a city or municipality or the district administrator if no regularly elected person can exercise this office. This case can occur if, for example, the incumbent cannot officiate due to illness (as in the case of the mayor of the Saxon city of Thum in spring 2018 ), dies or disciplinary proceedings are carried out against an incumbent and a ban on officiating is therefore pronounced in accordance with Section 39 of the Civil Service Status Act (such as in spring 2018 in the case of the mayor of the Saxon community Schönheide ), or he is suspended from service according to disciplinary law. New elections can be scheduled in the event of death or illness if the incumbent has been permanently retired due to incapacity. If a final decision is made in disciplinary proceedings to remove them from the civil service, a new election is also scheduled.
    Even if a complaint against an election has been
    lodged in due time, an official administrator can be appointed until the legality of the election has been established. If the election is declared invalid, new elections must also be scheduled. In any case, the office administrator only exercises office until a legally elected candidate can take over the office.
  • In the ecclesiastical area, administrators are delegated to parish and diocese positions that have become vacant until they can be properly filled again. This parish administrator or Bistumsverweser , which then have to further development (settlement) to take care of each object are no longer used for monasteries or other institutions ordered .
  • For notaries who have left office , an official notary administrator is appointed, who was previously known as the notary administrator . Administrators of the estate are also referred to as administrators.
  • According to the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, a consular officer refers to someone who only temporarily manages the consulate.
  • In 1848 the office of the “governor” of the Principality of Liechtenstein , which has been designated since 1509, was renamed “Provincial Administrator”. The holders of the office were deputies of the mostly absent prince and carried out all tasks of the senior office or government office. Only with the entry into force of the new constitution of the Principality of Liechtenstein in 1921 did the Government of the Principality of Liechtenstein , as the highest executive body of the state, consist of a head of government and four government councilors.
  • In 1918 and 1919 Carinthia was governed by a provisional provisional assembly that was not directly elected and chaired by Arthur Lemisch with the title of provincial administrator. The title provincial administrator was chosen because during the monarchy both a provincial governor and a provincial president had existed and the precise powers of the office were only being worked out in the young republic. In preparation for elections (which ultimately only took place in 1921), the title was changed to governor .


See also

Individual evidence

  1. Corruptor . on
  2. Corruptor . on
  3. ↑ Office Administrator . In: Prussian Academy of Sciences (Hrsg.): German legal dictionary . tape 1 , issue 4 (edited by Eberhard von Künßberg ). Hermann Böhlaus successor, Weimar ( - publication date between 1914 and 1930).
  4. § 48 Paragraph 2 GemO Baden-Württemberg, current version at
  5. Landvogt - Historical Lexicon. Retrieved June 16, 2019 .