Theater of the West
The Theater des Westens (since 2011: Stage Theater des Westens ) is one of the most famous musical and operetta stages in Berlin . It is located at Kantstrasse 10-12 in the Charlottenburg district ( City West ).
The theater was built in 1895/1896 in the style of Wilhelmine historicism by Bernhard Sehring on the former coal field of the C. Bolle dairy . Work on Kantstrasse began in August 1895 and the foundation stone was laid on September 4, 1895. The first operator of the theater was Theater des Westens GmbH , a company owned by Bernhard Sehring and Paul Blumenreich. The theater was opened on October 1, 1896 with Holger Drachmann's fairytale play Thousand and One Nights . In the autumn of 1897 Alois Prasch took over the management, which he had to give up again in 1898. From 1903 to 1906 he ran the theater again. After the desired success of the theater initially failed to materialize, the house was then used as an opera stage from 1898 and as an operetta theater from 1908 .
A fire severely damaged the house on August 25, 1912, after which it was restored. In 1922 the opera moved into the theater and a non-profit public limited company was founded (not to be confused with the older Volksoper on Belle-Alliance-Straße).
In the " golden twenties " Carl Richter became the new director. Constantly changing lease agreements left an unmanageable labyrinth of directors and artistic directors and as a result a very changeable game plan emerged in the later years. The guest performances of the dance group Mary Wigman and Anna Pawlowa in 1926 triggered storms of applause. The performances in the Theater des Westens increasingly came into competition with the furnishing revues in the Admiralspalast and the Großes Schauspielhaus .
Emil Schwarz became the new tenant and artistic director. His new revues The Train to the West and Do you already know ...? did not find a great response.
Hans Lüpschütz took over the theater and mixed traditional plays, including Die Fledermaus or Alt Heidelberg , with modern performances and cast them with prominent personalities of the time, such as Fritzi Massary in Eine Frau von Format 1927, Max Adalbert in Das Ekel 1928 and Josephine Baker in Please Boarding 1928.
From 1929 Alfred Rotter and Fritz Rotter leased the theater on Kantstrasse with the Deutsche Schauspiel-Betriebs-Aktiengesellschaft ; Hans Lüpschütz remained the director. The Rotter brothers were also general directors in the Metropol-Theater in Behrenstrasse and owners of the Lessing-Theater . The theater was with the staging Friedericke of Franz Lehár reopened, taken directly from the Metropol Theater, there were Kathe Dorsch and Richard Tauber on the Cast list. This was followed by Marietta , Hotel Stadt Lemberg and, in April 1930, The Land of Smiles, alternating with Paganini . In the 1930/1931 season, the Rotter brothers sub - leased the Theater des Westens and the Lessing Theater to Heinz Saltenburg and the Saltenburg Theaters were founded.
The Rotter brothers got caught up in a financial scandal and were hated by the press as the “ Jewish financial hassardur ”. In 1932 a Mr. Spitz was appointed as the new director in the person of the director and planned a popular operetta program.
time of the nationalsocialism
After the " seizure of power " by the National Socialists on January 30, 1933, the light muse continued to be shown in the Theater des Westens under the direction of Karl Jöken together with his wife Edith Schollwer . The performances were called Everything for Eva , Young Wine , Alluring Flame and So Twittering the Boys . On December 29, 1933, all theater directors were asked to live up to the slogan Kraft durch Freude (KdF).
It was not until December 23, 1934 that the theater became part of the National Socialist program Kraft durch Freude with Albert Lortzing's Der Waffenschmied . reopened and was named Volksoper . In the Deutsches Bühnen-Jahrbuch 1936 , as with many other theaters, the Reich Ministry for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda was named as the operator and a subsidy from the German Labor Front is shown. Head of the former was established in July 1935 Danziger general director and general music director Erich Orthmann appointed. The new season began on October 1, 1935 with the opera Fidelio .
After a major air raid during the Second World War , some Berlin theaters were able to play again at the end of 1943, but not the Volksoper. Folk opera concerts took place in the Plaza and the Philharmonie and a guest performance on April 25, 1944 in Hirschberg (today: Jelenia Góra ). Damage from bomb hits could be repaired by June 7, 1944. On July 14, 1944, the Berliner Lokal-Anzeiger wrote the article Die Theaters unter dem Luftterror . In particular, the roof as well as the foyer and administration area were badly damaged.
After the provisional restoration of the roof for the auditorium, Heinz Tietjen was appointed head of all opera theaters in Berlin on May 14, 1945 by the city commandant Nikolai Erastowitsch Bersarin . Heinz Tietjen then commissioned Michael Bohnen as artistic director of the municipal opera. From May 15, 1945, the house was now the home of the Städtische Oper Berlin (German Opera House) because the auditorium of the opera house on Bismarckstrasse had been destroyed during the war. In the German Opera House, Beethoven's Fidelio took place on September 2, 1945, the first opera performance in Berlin after the Second World War. The production was carried out by the director of the opera, Hans Wenzel (1904–1966).
|Director of the Municipal Opera|
With the completion of the new Deutsche Oper , the opera ensemble moved back to Bismarckstrasse in 1961.
Important ensemble members and guests: Mathieu Ahlersmeyer , Sari Barabas , Hans Beirer , Johanna Blatter , Inge Borkh , Maria Callas , Lisa della Casa , Marcel Cordes , Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau , Gottlob Frick , Josef Greindl , Boris Greverus , Elisabeth Grümmer , Margarete Klose , Rober Koffmane , Sándor Kónya , Erika Köth , Ernst Krukowski , Vera Little , Josef Metternich , Martha Mödl , Mario del Monaco , Martha Musial , Tomislav Neralic , Hans-Heinz Nissen , Lisa Otto , Hermann Prey , Nadar Puttar , Anneliese Rothenberger , Leonie Rysanek , Tatjana Sais , Wilhelm Schirp , Rudolf Schock , Gisela Settgast , Giuseppe Di Stefano , Rita Streich , Ludwig Suthaus , Renata Tebaldi , Elfride Trötschel , Sieglinde Wagner .
Ballet: Klaus Beelitz , Erwin Bredow , Marion Cito , Heinz Egner , Michael Egner , Jürgen Feindt , Konstanze Herzfeld , Rudolf Holz , Benno Kaminski , Rainer Köchermann , Wolfgang Leistner , Gert Reinholm , Hans-Joachim Stahl , Manfred Taubert , Carl Jaeger, Gisela Deege , Lieselotte Herbeth , Friedel Herfurth , Tana Herzberg , Suse Preisser , Ingeborg Settgast , Margo Ufer , Lieselotte Köster-Stahl , Horst Stibbe , Konstanze Vernon .
Operetta and musical theater 1961–1978
Karl-Heinz Stracke became director in 1964 and ran the theater very successfully. In order to prevent a financial gap in good time, Stracke gave up the management of the theater and Siegfried Wölffer became the new tenant. The Wölffer brothers had already directed the theater from 1961 and could no longer build on the success of the musical My Fair Lady . In 1974 Vincent and Eynar Grabowsky became sub-tenants. From 1976 the Grabowsky brothers also got caught up in a financial scandal; Missing fees, fraudulent subsidies and evaded taxes up to an arrest warrant also brought the Grabowsky era to an end.
Operetta and musical theater 1978–2003
In 1978 the entire theater was modernized, in the same year Karl Vibach took over the management of the house. In the 1980s, the building was repeatedly renovated and modernized, both inside and out. In 1984 Götz Friedrich became director of the house, Helmut Baumann its artistic director. The first two great successes of this time were Guys and Dolls and La Cage aux Folles .
In 1988 Götz Friedrich directed Porgy and Bess, the first new production of an "all black opera" in Europe and enjoyed a sensational worldwide success. He and his chief dramaturge Valerie Hennecke, who built up production for two years, including head PR and marketing between Berlin and New York , received the “Audience Award”. The multiple cast was cast in New York ( Harlem ) and Berlin .
At that time the Theater des Westens GmbH was one of the most modern musical stages in Europe with sophisticated technical equipment and inventions. There was a cooperation with all embassies in Berlin, the Berliner Festspiele for the Berliner Festwochen, the International Film Festival regarding the annual International Film Awards, the RIAS , the SOB and the Deutsche Oper Berlin (as a replacement stage due to renovation work). that the "Alte Oper Charlottenburg" has excellent acoustics for classical music, which can also be used without microphones.
The management under Götz Friedrich and Helmut Baumann with selected top employees was exemplary and innovative. There was the first marketing director and the first event marketing in Germany. The GmbH was fully booked for several years and had a permanent occupancy rate of over 98 percent.
Important ensemble members and guests: Donnie Ray Albert , Albert Bonnema , Helmut Baumann , Terry Cook , Clamma Dale , Ute Lemper , Wilhelmenia Fernandez , Hildegard Knef , Angelika Milster , Helen Schneider , Caterina Valente , Daniel Washington , Elisabeth Werres , Charles Williams and Queen Yahna . Johannes Heesters was an honorary member .
Helmut Baumann also became director of the Theater des Westens in 1993 and in 1994 caused the house to be sold out for months with the 1950s revue Blue Jeans . In 1996 the 100th birthday of the theater was celebrated, but times became more difficult: The assignment to offer a varied program with four premieres or revivals per year was difficult to implement in view of the lower public subsidies and recruitment freeze, so that Helmut Baumann in the Summer 1999 left the house.
In 1999 Elmar Ottenthal became the new director. The non-profit operating GmbH, which belonged to the state of Berlin, got deeper and deeper into the red; with the exception of Falco meets Amadeus in 2000, the company could no longer build on the successes of the Baumann era.
In the 2001/2002 season, Georg Vierthaler was appointed artistic director and managing director of Theater des Westens GmbH by the supervisory board. He was also the managing director of the State Opera Unter den Linden .
In 2002 the Berlin Senate was able to implement the resolution passed in 1990 to sell the GmbH.
On September 24, 2002, the Berlin Senate decided to sell the Theater des Westens to the Dutch musical group Stage Entertainment ; the building itself remains in state ownership. Renovation work started in January 2003. According to the company, the renovation cost ten million euros.
Since then, Stage Entertainment no longer employs a permanent ensemble and shows long-term performances with Stage Entertainment productions, which can be seen alternately on various German and international stages.
In 2011 the theater was renamed Stage Theater des Westens .
The stage width is 20 meters and is 16.75 meters deep, together with the front and back stages it is 24.5 meters deep, portal width 11.5 meters, portal height 8.2 meters. The upper machinery has 24 electric winches and 33 manual counter-hoists.
The total area is 1673 square meters. In the parquet there is a coffered ceiling with 800 flower rosettes with light bulbs, with a coat of arms in between. Foyer first tier (high parquet): 1200 rosettes with light bulbs.
Indication of the respective year with the corresponding number of places
- 1896: 1710 seats and around 100 standing places
- 1907: 1,271 seats and 98 standing places
- 1937: 1592 seats
- 1950: 1514 seats
- 1978: 1354 seats
- 1984: 1401 seats
- 2009: 1712 seats
- 2012: 1600 seats
Dimensions of the facade:
- 40.58 meters long, 22 meters high, balcony 28 meters long, arched window 9 meters high.
|September 26, 2003||December 31, 2004||Les Misérables||musical|
|April 6, 2005||June 25, 2006||The three musketeers||German premiere|
|August 5, 2006||November 18, 2006||Aida|
|December 10, 2006||March 30, 2008||dance of the Vampires|
|April 20, 2008||September 27, 2008||Elisabeth|
|December 7, 2008||May 30, 2010||Manitou's shoe||World premiere|
|October 21, 2010||October 21, 2011||We will rock you||Jukebox musical|
|November 14, 2011||August 25, 2013||dance of the Vampires||musical||Resumption|
|20th October 2013||September 28, 2014||Companions||Play||German premiere|
|October 26, 2014||February 14, 2015||Mamma Mia!||Jukebox musical|
|March 25, 2015||September 27, 2015||I have never been to New York|
|October 11, 2015||17th January 2016||Chicago||musical||Resumption|
|January 24, 2016||April 10, 2016||I have never been to New York||Jukebox musical|
|April 24, 2016||September 25, 2016||dance of the Vampires||musical|
|October 9, 2016||February 25, 2017||Sister Act|
|April 9, 2017||4th November 2017||The Hunchback of Notre Dame|
|7th December 2017||October 7, 2018||Ghost|
|October 21, 2018||17th March 2019||dance of the Vampires||Resumption|
|April 11, 2019||15th September 2019||The band||German premiere|
|22nd September 2019||March 12, 2020||Mamma Mia!||Jukebox musical||Resumption|
|May 1978||May 1978||I Was Sitting on My Patio This Guy Appeared I Thought I Was Hallucinating - Robert Wilson||Play|
|December 1978||May 1979||Cabaret||musical|
|May 1979||October 1979||Like once in May||operetta|
|October 1979||December 1979||Showboat||musical|
|January 1980||April 1980||applause|
|April 1980||May 1980||Kiss me Kate|
|May 1980||June 1980||Robert Stolz and his world||revue|
|October 1980||November 1980||Cinderella||ballet||Guest performance|
|November 1980||January 1981||The valiant dressmaker||Opera|
|January 1981||January 1981||Cinderella||ballet||Guest performance|
|February 1981||May 1981||West Side Story||musical|
|May 1981||June 1981||The firework|
|June 1981||August 1981||West Side Story|
|August 1981||August 1981||Hooray we're dying|
|October 1981||November 1981||Mrs. Luna||operetta|
|December 1981||December 1981||The firework||musical|
|November 1981||December 1981||Snow white||Opera|
|December 1981||December 1981||The Nutcracker||ballet|
|January 1982||January 1982||Bubbling Brown Sugar||musical|
|January 1982||May 1982||Oklahoma|
|April 1982||May 1982||The Merry Widow||operetta|
|May 1982||May 1982||Anachnu Kan - We are here||Guest performance|
|May 1982||May 1982||Marcel Marceau||mime|
|May 1982||May 1982||Julia Migenes||concert|
|May 1982||June 1982||No, no, Nanette||musical|
|July 1982||August 1982||Mrs. Luna||operetta|
|September 1982||November 1982||Evita||musical|
|November 1982||January 1983||Puss in Boots||Opera|
|December 1982||January 1983||The Merry Widow||operetta|
|January 1983||January 1983||Marcel Marceau||mime|
|January 1983||January 1983||Ultravox||concert|
|February 1983||February 1983||Dalida|
|January 1983||February 1983||Ain't misbehavin '||musical|
|May 1983||May 1983||Teatro Gitano Andaluz||flamenco|
|July 1983||August 1983||Bubbling Brown Sugar||musical|
|August 1983||September 1983||Countess Mariza||operetta|
|September 1983||October 1983||Anatevka||musical|
|October 1983||December 1983||The man from La Mancha|
|November 1983||December 1983||Pinocchio|
|December 1983||April 1984||My fair lady|
|September 1984||November 1984||Jesus Christ superstar|
|December 1984||February 1985||Guys and Dolls|
|December 1984||February 1985||Peter Pan|
|February 1985||March 1985||The gypsy baron||operetta|
|April 1985||May 1985||Kurt Weill Review||musical|
|April 1985||August 1985||The rise and fall of the city of Mahagonny||Opera|
|July 1985||August 1985||Irma la Douce||musical|
|August 1985||August 1985||Rock and poetry||festival|
|September 1985||September 1985||Mummenschanz mask theater||mime|
|October 1985||September 1985||The rise and fall of the city of Mahagonny||Opera|
|December 1985||December 1985||The little Prince||musical|
|December 1985||December 1985||Klaus Hoffmann||concert|
|October 1985||January 1986||La Cage aux Folles||musical|
|January 1986||March 1986||The Gypsy Princess||operetta|
|March 1986||April 1987||Company||musical|
|April 1986||May 1986||Under the rainbow|
|June 1986||July 1986||Viennese blood||operetta|
|June 1986||June 1986||German film award||Special event|
|July 1986||July 1986||Spell spell||revue|
|August 1986||November 1986||La Cage aux Folles||musical|
|November 1986||March 1987||Peter Pan|
|April 1987||May 1987||Schlemihl||operetta|
|May 1987||May 1987||Transit - presentation by fashion designer Karl Lagerfeld||Gala|
|May 1987||May 1987||peace||play||Guest performance|
|June 1987||June 1987||German film award||Special event|
|August 1987||August 1987||The Threepenny Opera||Acting with music|
|July 1987||July 1987||A chorus line||musical||Guest performance|
|August 1987||August 1987||Spell spell||revue|
|September 1987||September 1987||The tower of Josef Tal||Opera||Guest performance|
|September 1987||September 1987||Troades by Aribert Reimann|
|November 1987||December 1987||Oliver!||musical|
|October 1987||December 1987||Cabaret|
|December 1987||December 1987||Chrismas Time||Opera revue||"With stars" of the opera stage|
|December 1987||January 1988||Caterina Valente : I'm still here!||show|
|January 1988||March 1988||The land of smiles||operetta|
|March 1988||April 1988||Chicago||musical|
|May 1988||June 1988||Porgy and Bess||Opera|
|June 1988||June 1988||German film award||Special event|
|August 1988||August 1988||Camacho's wedding||Opera||Guest performance|
|August 1988||November 1988||La Cage aux Folles||musical|
|December 1988||February 1989||Cabaret|
|March 1988||April 1989||Porgy and Bess||Opera|
|April 1989||June 1989||The love potion||ballet||Guest performance|
|April 1989||June 1989||Reineke Fuchs||musical|
|June 1989||June 1989||In a dream the sky is blue||Special event|
|April 1989||June 1989||Swan Lake||ballet||Guest performance|
|April 1989||June 1989||The blue Angel|
|April 1989||June 1989||Java for ever|
|April 1989||June 1989||Les Intermittences du Coeur|
|April 1989||June 1989||Giselle|
|April 1989||June 1989||So fan tutte||Opera|
|April 1989||June 1989||Maria Stuarda|
|April 1989||June 1989||Candide|
|June 1989||June 1989||German film award||Special event|
|July 1989||July 1989||Rigoletto||Opera||Guest performance|
|July 1989||October 1989||The Threepenny Opera||Acting with music|
|October 7, 1989||October 8, 1989||Opera choirs gala and charity event for the reunification of West and East Berlin||Special event|
|November 1989||March 1990||One two Three||musical|
|February 1990||February 1990||La Grand Scena Opera CO||Opera parodies||Guest performance from New York City|
|April 1990||May 1990||Porgy and Bess||Opera|
|June 1990||June 1990||German film award||Special event|
|May 1990||June 1990||Sophisticated ladies||musical|
|June 1990||October 1990||In the white Rößl||Singspiel|
|October 1990||November 1990||Sarafina||musical|
|November 1990||November 1990||Reinhard Mey||concert|
|November 1990||December 1990||La Cage aux Folles||musical|
|January 1991||May 1991||Grand Hotel|
|May 1991||May 1991||Ring around the ring||ballet||Guest performance|
|May 1991||May 1991||Five tangos||Dance piece|
|May 1991||May 1991||Carmen||Opera|
|May 1991||May 1991||Whos Cares||ballet|
|June 1991||June 1991||German film award||Special event|
|June 1991||June 1991||Allez hops||revue|
|July 1991||September 1991||Kurt Weill Review||musical|
|September 1991||December 1991||Follies|
|January 1992||April 1992||Sweet Charity|
|April 1992||May 1992||Josephine||Guest performance|
|March 1992||April 1992||Porgy and Bess||Opera|
|May 1992||September 1992||The blue Angel||musical|
|September 1992||December 1992||UFA-Revue - Bomb atmosphere|
|January 1993||April 1993||Anything Goes|
|May 1993||June 1993||Porgy and Bess|
|September 1993||November 1993||Cabaret|
|November 1993||December 1993||UFA-Revue - Bomb atmosphere|
|January 1994||April 1994||My fair lady|
|May 1994||July 1994||Anything Goes|
|June 1994||June 1994||Federal Film Prize||Special event|
|July 1994||August 1994||My One And Only||musical|
|September 1994||November 1994||Cyrano|
|November 1994||December 1994||Blue jeans|
|April 1994||April 1994||Nero imperial child||Art opera|
|January 1995||March 1995||Street scene||musical|
|February 1995||February 1995||KAMA transmits SOS||Special event|
|March 1995||June 1995||La Cage aux Folles||musical|
|June 1995||October 1995||Blue jeans|
|October 1995||December 1995||Hello Dolly|
|January 1996||February 1996||Johnny Johnson|
|March 1996||June 1996||Damn Yankees|
|June 1996||December 1996||Pirates of Penzances|
|January 1997||March 1997||Conditions like in ancient Rome|
|April 1997||June 1997||Let's pop|
|June 1997||July 1997||Stomp||Guest performance|
|October 1997||December 1997||Gypsy||musical|
|December 1997||December 1997||Rosenstolz : Nymphomaniac under the Christmas tree||concert|
|February 1998||April 1998||Dream girls||musical|
|May 1998||August 1998||30/60/90 Open all day|
|January 1999||February 1999||Tap dogs||Guest performance|
|February 1999||June 1999||Nine||musical|
|September 1999||July 2000||Chicago|
|September 23, 2000||April 20, 2001||Falco meets Amadeus||Jukebox musical|
|April 2001||April 2001||Peter Ustinov birthday party||Special event|
|May 19, 2001||July 22, 2001||Schwejk it easy!||musical|
|September 11, 2001||March 10, 2002||Falco meets Amadeus||Jukebox musical|
|March 14, 2002||May 12, 2002||Grease||musical|
|June 12, 2002||June 23, 2002||Evita|
|August 6, 2002||August 25, 2002||Stomp||Guest performance|
|September 10, 2002||October 6, 2002||Evita||musical|
|November 14, 2002||January 31, 2003||From the spirit of Christmas|
|April 8, 2003||May 12, 2003||Mayumana||Special event||Guest performance|
|May 15, 2003||May 28, 2003||Ballet for Life - Maurice Béjart||ballet|
|May 31, 2003||July 29, 2003||Porgy and Bess||Opera||Guest performance|
- Benno Jacobson: Gebrüder Währepfennig (1897)
- Carl Toepfer: Hermann and Dorothea (1899)
- J. Counter, M. Schriefer: Der Wundersteg (1902)
- Leon Jessel : The Two Hussars (1913)
- Jean Gilbert : The Miss from Office (1915)
- Jean Gilbert: The Woman in an Ermine (1919)
- Leon Jessel: Swallow Wedding (1921)
- Michael Krausz: A Woman of Format (1927)
- Eduard Künneke : The Alluring Flame (1933)
- Walter Wilhelm Goetze : The Golden Pierrot (1934)
- Werner Egk : Circe (1948)
- Boris Blacher : A Prussian Fairy Tale (1952)
- Luigi Nono : The Red Coat (1954)
- Max Baumann : Pelleas and Melisande (1954)
- Hans Werner Henze : King Hirsch (1956)
- Oskar Sala : Paean (1960)
- Boris Blacher: Rosamunde Floris (1960)
- Rio Reiser : Robinson 2000 (1967)
- James M. Barrie : Peter Pan (1984)
- Michael Horwath: The Little Prince (1985)
- Josef Tal : The Tower (1987)
- Birger Heymann : One, Two, Three (1989)
- Jürg Burth, Ulf Dietrich: Blue Jeans (1994)
- Niclas Ramdohr : 30–60–90 ° continuously open (1999)
- Burkhard Driest : Falco meets Amadeus (2000)
- Konstantin Wecker : Schwejk it easy! (2001)
- John von Düffel , Martin Lingnau : Manitou's Shoe (2008)
The theater opens its gates at regular intervals to allow a look behind the scenes. Depending on the production, the costume tailoring and mask department of the theater can be visited, as well as the stage with the original backdrop of the current performance.
- June 27, 2004 during Les Misérables
- August 30, 2005 during The Three Musketeers
- May 18, 2007 during Dance of the Vampires
- October 2, 2007 during the 111th anniversary and dance of the vampires
- June 13, 2008 during Elisabeth
- May 22, 2009 during The Shoe of Manitu
- March 27, 2011 during We will rock you
- March 25, 2012 during Dance of the Vampires
- March 17, 2013 during Dance of the Vampires
- May 18, 2014 during Companions
- Les Misérables - a musical for Berlin. The theater of the west in a new rhythm. Documentation, Germany, 2003, 43 min., First broadcast on RBB on September 26, 2003, teaser on youtube , script & direction: Jeremy JP Fekete , production: RBB
- Website of the theater
- Project index Theater des Westens , Architekturmuseum TU Berlin
- Archive in the Theater des Westens , Berlin Theater Archive
- Franz Brümmer: Lexicon of German Poets and Proseists from the Beginning of the 19th Century to the Present , Vol. 5, 6th Edition Leipzig 1913, p. 335
- Deutsches Bühnen-Jahrbuch 1925. Published by the Genossenschaft Deutscher Bühnenangehöriger , Berlin W 62, vol. 36, p. 287.
- Deutsches Bühnen-Jahrbuch 1926. Published by the Genossenschaft Deutscher Bühnenangehöriger, Berlin W 62, volume 37.
- Deutsches Bühnen-Jahrbuch 1927. Published by the Genossenschaft Deutscher Bühnenangehöriger, Berlin W 62, vol. 38.
- Deutsches Bühnen-Jahrbuch 1928 and 1929. Published by the Genossenschaft Deutscher Bühnenangehöriger, Berlin W 62, vol. 38/39.
- Program for The Disgust. Publisher: Bepa-Verlag Benzki & Pakuscher, Berlin W 35, p. 1.
- Program for Please get in , publisher: KABA-Verlag, printing: Fischer-Druck GmbH, Berlin SO 16, p. 1.
- Deutsches Bühnen-Jahrbuch 1930. Published by the Genossenschaft Deutscher Bühnenangehöriger, Berlin W 62, vol. 41, p. 295.
- Deutsches Bühnen-Jahrbuch 1930. Published by the Genossenschaft Deutscher Bühnenangehöriger, Berlin W 62, year 41, p. 288.
- Program for Friedericke , publisher: KABA-Verlag, printing: Fischer-Druck GmbH, Berlin SO 16, p. 8.
- Deutsches Bühnen-Jahrbuch 1931. Published by the Genossenschaft Deutscher Bühnenangehöriger, Berlin W 62, vol. 42, p. 292.
- Berliner Lokal-Anzeiger (morning edition), April 25, 1931.
- Berliner Lokal-Anzeiger (morning edition), September 6, 1932.
- Berliner Lokal-Anzeiger (morning edition), December 29, 1933.
- Berliner Lokal-Anzeiger (evening edition), December 20, 1934.
- Deutsches Bühnen-Jahrbuch 1936. Publisher: Fachschaft Bühne in the Reichstheaterkammer Berlin W 62, p. 245.
- Berliner Lokal-Anzeiger , November 27, 1943.
- Berliner Lokal-Anzeiger of December 17, 1944
- Building archive of the Berlin-Charlottenburg district office, revision files 1928–1944.
- The Charlottenburg Opera House from 1912 to 1961. Dissertation by Detlef Meyer zu Heringsdorf, publisher: Deutsche Oper Berlin 1988, p. 72. ISBN 3-926412-07-0 .
- The Charlottenburg Opera House from 1912 to 1961. Dissertation by Detlef Meyer zu Heringsdorf, publisher: Deutsche Oper Berlin 1988, p. 75. ISBN 3-926412-07-0 .
- Deutsches Bühnen-Jahrbuch 1973. Published by the Cooperative of German Theater Members: Verlag Bühnenschriften-Vertriebs-Gesellschaft mbH, Hamburg, p. 181.
- The daily mirror. Issued June 17, 1976.
- Berliner Zeitung , February 18, 1999.
- Deutsches Bühnen-Jahrbuch 2000. Published by the Cooperative of German Theater Members: Bühnenschriften-Vertriebs-GmbH, Hamburg, 1999/2000 season.
- Birgit Walter: Among plunderers . In: Berliner Zeitung , March 19, 2002.
- Deutsches Bühnen-Jahrbuch 2002. Published by the Cooperative of German Theater Members: Bühnenschriften-Vertriebs-GmbH, Hamburg, 2001/2002 season.
- Der Tagesspiegel , September 25, 2002.
- Berliner Zeitung , July 24, 2003.
- Deutsches Bühnen-Jahrbuch 2009. Published by the Cooperative of German Theater Members: Bühnenschriften-Vertriebs-GmbH, Hamburg, season 2008/2009, p. 59.