Karl Lagerfeld

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Karl Lagerfeld, 2007 Signature Karl Lagerfeld.jpg

Karl Otto Lagerfeld (born September 10, 1933 in Hamburg ; † February 19, 2019 in Neuilly-sur-Seine ) was a German fashion designer , designer , photographer and costume designer living in Paris . He began his career in the French fashion world in the mid-1950s in Paris, where he worked for Balmain , Patou , Chloé and other fashion companies. Since 1965, according to other sources since 1964, he was under contract as a women's fashion designer at Fendi in Rome .

Lagerfeld has been creating fashion under his own name for women and men with interruptions since 1974. Since 1983 he has been creative director and chief designer at the French fashion house Chanel , whose revival in the 1980s and subsequent rise to an international billion- dollar group is largely attributed to Lagerfeld .

He was also known for numerous cooperation projects in the fields of fashion , advertising , design , photography and art . Lagerfeld was sometimes referred to by the press as " Kaiser Karl" or "Mode tsar " due to his more than 60 years of creativity and his style-forming influence on the international fashion world . His personal trademarks included a white powdered braid , a high-ranking parricide, and dark sunglasses ; until the early 2000s he also appeared in public with a hand fan .


Karl Lagerfeld grew up as the son of the Hamburg condensed milk manufacturer ( Glücksklee-Milch GmbH ) Otto Lagerfeld (1881–1967) and his wife Elisabeth Bahlmann (1897–1978) in affluent circumstances. His grandfather was Karl Bahlmann . Lagerfeld had a sister born in 1931, who had lived in the United States since 1957 and died in late 2015, and a half-sister from a previous relationship with his father.

Year of birth

Karl Lagerfeld was born on September 10, 1933 , according to his parents' birth announcement in the Hamburger Nachrichten . Lagerfeld publicly stated 1938 as the year of birth for a long time, later 1935. In 2008, Bild am Sonntag published excerpts from the church's baptismal register in Hamburg as well as comments from his teacher and a classmate who stated 1933 as his year of birth. Nonetheless, on September 10, 2008, Lagerfeld was “70. Birthday "congratulate. The same thing happened in 2003 on his "65th". Some media took over the information from the fashion designer without checking, others did not, so that biographical information about Lagerfeld's person often contradicts one another.

On July 7, 2013, Welt am Sonntag reported that Lagerfeld's real date of birth was September 10, 1933. The information is based on a book by hobby historians Maike and Ronald Holst from the Hamburg district of Blankenese . While researching their book Blankeneser Frauen, they found a card with a birth announcement in which “Otto Lagerfeld and Frau Elisabeth, geb. Bahlmann ”announce the birth of their son. A small card is attached to the card with a blue silk bow. It reads: "Karl Otto" and under it "Sunday, September 10, 1933". The star was referring to November 30, 2017, the baptismal register of the municipality of Hamburg-Winterhude , which also states that Lagerfeld was born on September 10 1,933th In the registry office of Neuilly-sur-Seine (France) there is a death certificate (no. 2019/171) for Lagerfeld with the date of birth “September 10, 1933 in Hamburg (Germany)”.

Childhood and youth

Bissenmoor Estate, 1908

Lagerfeld's godfather was Conrad Ramstedt . The married couple Otto and Elisabeth Lagerfeld acquired the almost 500 hectare Bissenmoor estate near Bad Bramstedt in 1934 . The family moved there, but returned to Hamburg in 1939. When large parts of Hamburg were devastated by bombing during the Second World War in 1944 , the Lagerfelds and their children settled in Bad Bramstedt again. Karl Lagerfeld attended the Jürgen Fuhlendorf School there for several years before the family moved to Hamburg again in 1949. Lagerfeld continued his school attendance at the Bismarck School for two years.

At the end of August 1952, Lagerfeld, who already spoke French well, moved to Paris . His father had an office in the city and his employees took care of the young Lagerfeld. He was housed in a dormitory for minors on rue Sorbonne. The original plan was to return to Germany after a while and take the Abitur . Lagerfeld first attended the Lycée Montaigne in the Latin Quarter and finally a private drawing school. In 1954 he won first place in the competition of the International Wool Secretariat in Paris for the design of a coat and then completed an apprenticeship as a tailor with Pierre Balmain . After three and a half years, he left the Balmain house to join Jean Patou in early 1958 . Finally he worked as a freelance fashion illustrator.

Later place of residence and preferences

Lagerfeld lived and worked mainly in Paris. He also had apartments and houses in Monte Carlo , Biarritz , Rome , Vermont and New York City . He sold his villa in the Hamburg district of Blankenese, which he had acquired in 1991, in 1998. He sold the chateau in Brittany , Château de Penhoët , the warehouse of his mother, who was also buried there, after his father's death in 1967 Year 2000. Since the death of his partner Jacques de Bascher in 1989, Lagerfeld claims to have preferred to live alone.

Lagerfeld was considered an extremely disciplined workaholic with a good general education. His private library is said to contain around 300,000 books. In 1999, Lagerfeld opened the bookshop 7L in Paris (named after its address 7, rue de Lille). In 2000 he founded the imprint publisher Edition 7L together with the Göttingen publisher Gerhard Steidl , with whom he had worked for Chanel since 1993 . In 2010, Lagerfeld and Steidl founded the Imprint-Verlag LSD (Lagerfeld.Steidl.Druckerei.Verlag) for predominantly German-language books, of which Lagerfeld himself became program director.

“We thank you, Karl.
In eternal love,
your team "
Karl-Lagerfeld-Shop, Düsseldorf, Königsallee (February 20, 2019)


According to original reports from French media, Lagerfeld suffered from pancreatic cancer . However, according to a German magazine, he died of prostate cancer, which was confirmed by his longtime assistant. On February 18, 2019, he was admitted to the American Hospital in Neuilly-sur-Seine , where he died the next day. On the same day, the Chanel Group appointed its long-standing “right and left hand” Virginie Viard as his successor as the fashion house's creative director. His body was cremated on February 22, 2019 in Nanterre in the presence of, among others, Princess Caroline of Monaco , her daughter Charlotte Casiraghi , Bernard Arnault and Virginie Viard. At Lagerfeld's request, there was no major public funeral service. In April 2018, he said in an interview that he refused a funeral and that some of his ashes would be scattered along with his mother's ashes, while the other part of his ashes, as he explained in 2017, with those of his 1989 deceased partner Jacques de Bascher , who was kept in a secret place, should be reunited. Lagerfeld's ashes were buried in Nanterre in the early evening of February 22, 2019.

Personal style

Lagerfeld's trademark was a braid of hair (an unbraided ponytail ) and dark sunglasses that corrected a visual defect. Until the early 2000s and especially during the 1980s and 1990s, the designer could also be seen with a hand fan in public appearances. According to his own statement, the fan served mainly as a repellent against cigarette smoke and as a protection against paparazzi . Lagerfeld bought his own clothes, who had gained steadily in weight after de Bascher's death, at that time mainly from Japanese designers such as Matsuda, Comme des Garçons or Yohji Yamamoto . Since November 1, 2000, Lagerfeld had lost around 42 kg in 13 months due to the 3D diet (designer, doctor, diet) devised by a French doctor . The reason was the slim- cut Dior Homme suits by designer colleague Hedi Slimane , which he wanted to wear. Lagerfeld also later cited vanity as a motive for his eating habits: “I wear tight suits so I can't gain weight. My only ambition is to be able to continue to wear size 48/46 with Dior . ”In addition, since the mid-2000s he has liked to wear half-open driver's gloves, high shirt collars, silver jewelry from the Chrome Hearts brand and tight trousers.


Beginnings in Paris

On December 14, 1954, Lagerfeld accepted the still existing International Woolmark Prize of the International Wool Secretariat IWS (renamed The Woolmark Company in 1997 ) in the category “Coat” in Paris . The organization ran an advertising campaign in Paris to encourage amateurs to send in their fashion designs. Yves Saint Laurent , who was then working for Dior , won the prize in the “evening dress” category in the same competition. Lagerfeld then got a job as an assistant to Pierre Balmain , who had been a juror for the competition alongside Hubert de Givenchy . While at Balmain , he completed an apprenticeship as a tailor and the design of his award-winning wool coat went into production at Balmain. In 1958 Lagerfeld moved to Jean Patou and was artistic director there from 1958 to 1963. He presented his first collection in July 1958 under the name Roland Karl . After his exclusive contract with Patou expired, Lagerfeld worked as a freelancer for fashion companies such as Mario Valentino , Krizia and the discounter chain Monoprix . In 1964 he began studying art in Paris, which he gave up after three years. From the initial friendship between Lagerfeld and Saint Laurent, rivalry developed over the years.

1960 / 70s: Chloé, Fendi etc.

In 1963 Lagerfeld changed to Chloé as artistic director , where he developed collections until 1978 and left the company after disagreements with the owners. In the 1960s, he experimented with elements of Art Deco in his fashion . In his private life he was also a fan of Art Deco; over the years he amassed an immense collection of furnishings from this era. In 1972, Chloé earned him worldwide recognition for the Deco collection, which consisted of black and white prints with a clever, asymmetrical cut. Since 1964/65 Lagerfeld designed for the Italian fur and fashion company Fendi , which is now fully owned by the luxury goods manufacturer LVMH . He designed the world-famous inverted FF logo (the so-called “double F” symbol or “Zucca” logo) for Fendi and had it protected. At the same time, he continued to take on design assignments for other companies, such as the fashion brand Tiziano Roma, which was brought to the American market at the time by the Texan billionaire Evan Richards from Rome . Lagerfeld's friendship with his fashion designer colleague Valentino Garavani dates from these times .

In 1974 Lagerfeld founded his first own company in Germany under the name Karl Lagerfeld Impression . In the years 1978–1983 he worked independently for various companies, again for the Chloé house, where he was succeeded by Guy Paulin in 1983 ; however, his contract with Chloé continued.

1980s: Chanel and professorship

At the end of 1982, the owner of Chanel, Alain Wertheimer , hired Lagerfeld to design the haute couture collection. The sales of the traditional fashion house had fallen sharply after the death of Coco Chanel , and Wertheimer dared an unconventional restart with a designer who had not been responsible for haute couture fashion before. Lagerfeld accepted the position even though those around him had advised against it. He subsequently became chief designer of the Chanel collection and the prêt-à-porter division. Lagerfeld's first Chanel collection was presented on February 5, 1983. He helped the then somewhat outdated fashion brand for older women with modern, sometimes unconventional interpretations of the legacy of Coco Chanel back to its old glory and, through the expansion of the collections, made a significant contribution to making Chanel one of the leading top brands among young women today counts in high-priced women's fashion. Critics sometimes complain that Lagerfeld - albeit with immense financial success for the house of Chanel - only implemented the ideas of Coco Chanel in a contemporary way, instead of enriching the brand with something of his own. From 1992 to 1997 Lagerfeld worked again for Chloé as chief designer until he was replaced by Stella McCartney .

From 1980 to 1984 Lagerfeld was the first fashion designer in a series that continues to this day as visiting professor in the fashion class at the University of Applied Arts Vienna ; his successor was Jil Sander .

1990s: own fashion brand

In 1984 Lagerfeld founded his own label Karl Lagerfeld with the French textile manufacturer Bidermann , which became known for extravagant knitwear, but was not profitable. In 1987 the French luxury goods group Cora-Revillon bought the rights to the brand, which in turn was bought by Dunhill in 1992 and merged with Cartier to form the Vendome group (later the Richemont group). Vendome liquidated the Lagerfeld brand after poor sales and high losses and returned the trademark rights to Lagerfeld in 1997. This started in 1998 under the name Lagerfeld Gallery and initially a small, self-created women's collection. With the help of Andrée Putman , Lagerfeld Gallery boutiques were opened in Paris (40, Rue de Seine) and Monaco , in which Lagerfeld's exclusive fashion was sold alongside selected articles by Fendi as well as books and photographs. The women's collections were presented at the fashion shows in Paris from 1999. For women there was also a cooperation with the Italian jeans manufacturer Diesel from 2002 under the name Lagerfeld Gallery by Diesel . By the mid-2000s, the Lagerfeld Gallery brand also had men's fashion, which was also presented in Paris.

The second line KL by Karl Lagerfeld was launched together with the Steilmann Group as early as 1988, but the collaboration ended in 1995. In 1996 Lagerfeld started a cooperation with Quelle and offered the KL by Karl Lagerfeld women's collection in the Quelle catalog until 1999. In 1999, the license for the Lagerfeld women's collection went to Miltenberger FD Fashion Design, which had held the worldwide license (except for Japan and the USA) for the men's collection since 1989.

Lagerfeld with his bodyguard Sébastien Jondeau, who sometimes also acts as a model, 2008

Models and muses

Lagerfeld is considered to be the discoverer of the former top model Claudia Schiffer , his temporary muse , who provoked a scandal at a fashion show in 1993 in a bodice embroidered with Koran verses by Lagerfeld . Before that, Inès de la Fressange was his muse, but the collaboration ended in 1989. Lagerfeld's numerous other muses include male models Brad Kroenig and Baptiste Giabiconi and female models Toni Garrn , Freja Beha Erichsen , Lara Stone and Daria Werbowy , and the singers Beth Ditto and Florence Welch .

Cooperation with H&M

In November 2004, Lagerfeld caused a sensation through his collaboration with the Swedish discount fashion chain Hennes & Mauritz (H&M), for whom he designed an affordable fashion collection with 20 items for women and ten for men, as well as a perfume called Liquid Karl . Lagerfeld was H & M's first design cooperation partner, he was followed by Stella McCartney (2005), Viktor & Rolf (2006), Roberto Cavalli (2007), Comme des Garçons (2008), Matthew Williamson (2009), Jimmy Choo (2009), Lanvin (2010), Versace (2011), Marni (2012).

A Lagerfeld branch in Munich, 2014
Branch on Friedrichstrasse in Berlin, 2017
Logo of the stores, Munich 2019

Tommy Hilfiger

In 2005, the US fashion group Tommy Hilfiger bought the Lagerfeld brand, including all licenses, for $ 27.5 million. The high-priced Parisian Lagerfeld Gallery collection for women was renamed the Lagerfeld Collection and, from 2006, was complemented by two younger, cheaper labels - Karl Lagerfeld for women and KL Lagerfeld for men - which are based on the style of the New York fashion scene. The Lagerfeld Gallery fashion for men has been discontinued. Lagerfeld Collection was designed by Lagerfeld himself in Paris; A Hilfiger design team in New York took care of the Karl Lagerfeld brand . The collections were shown at the fashion shows in New York . In mid-2006, Tommy Hilfiger Corp., which was only bought out by British financial investor Apax Partners at the end of 2005, decided to stop selling the Lagerfeld collections in the USA and to discontinue the second Karl Lagerfeld line for women. The Lagerfeld Gallery boutiques in Paris and Monaco were closed. The main collection Lagerfeld Collection was finally renamed Karl Lagerfeld and shown at the fashion shows in Paris. In 2007, the production of the main Karl Lagerfeld collection was outsourced to the Italian company Vaprio Stile. In the same year, Tommy Hilfiger launched the K Karl Lagerfeld bridge collection for women and men for the European market and Canada, which was discontinued in spring 2010 by decision of 2009. The licensed men's collection, still manufactured by FD Fashion Design, has since been simply called LAGERFELD .

In March 2010, the Tommy Hilfiger brand was sold by Apax Partners to Phillips-Van Heusen (PVH), an American clothing manufacturer to which u. a. owned by the Calvin Klein brand . The Karl Lagerfeld brand was not part of this sale and remained in the possession of the investment company Apax Partners.

Karl Lagerfeld BV

In September 2010, Lagerfeld canceled the fashion show of his label Karl Lagerfeld planned for October 3 during the Paris shows . The women's fashion show in Paris in March 2010 (autumn / winter 2010/11 season) was the last of the Lagerfeld label for the time being. Instead, he wanted to use the time to concentrate on the development of a new - predominantly, but not exclusively, designed for women - brand called Karl , which is in the lower-priced 'Masstige' segment (made up of 'mass' and 'prestige', so to speak 'Prestige for the masses') will be located. For this purpose, Karl Lagerfeld BV was founded in Amsterdam under the direction of Apax Partners . The Karl -Damenmode, originally for Autumn / Winter 2011 planned was then sold at retail from end of January 2012 initially only online. The launch of the menswear label Karl began with the fall 2012 collection and complements the continuing of FD Fashion Design designed LAGERFELD -Herrenlinie. Karl- branded pop-up shops opened in London and Saint Tropez in the summer of 2012 . In addition, a higher-priced main collection called Karl Lagerfeld Paris for women and men came onto the market from autumn / winter 2012 in cooperation with Ittierre under license , which was not only sold online but also in shops. The collaboration with Ittierre ended in mid-2013. As a result, the portfolio was limited to the brands Karl Lagerfeld (women and men) and Lagerfeld (men). In February 2013, the first Karl store opened in Paris.

In April 2014, PVH bought a minority stake in Karl Lagerfeld from Apax Partners . In 2014 and 2015, in cooperation with Interparfums , the company launched three new fragrances for women and men: Karl Lagerfeld , Paradise Bay and Private Klub . At the end of 2015, there were around a dozen of its own and three partner-operated Lagerfeld stores in Europe, including locations in Paris, London, Berlin (3 ×), Düsseldorf, Munich (2 ×), Amsterdam, Antwerp and Copenhagen. There are also sales areas in larger department stores such as Printemps or Galeries Lafayette . There are further boutiques in Russia, Saudi Arabia, Qatar and China.

In 2015, a children's collection was launched under the name Karl Lagerfeld Kids . In mid-2015, a joint venture was agreed with the US G-III Apparel Group and its subsidiary AM Retail Group to open up the North American market. The separate Karl Lagerfeld Paris licensed collections for women and men were launched for the USA . In 2016, the US business generated sales of $ 50 million. In April 2018 a Lagerfeld flagship store opened in SoHo (Manhattan) ; further stores in the USA are planned. G-III Apparel Group also has its own Lagerfeld online shop and eight Lagerfeld outlets in the USA . A separate online shop for Europe and the rest of the world (including the USA) with women's and men's fashion and accessories has been maintained since 2015 in cooperation with the Yoox Net-a-Porter Group . In autumn 2016 Lagerfeld granted a shoe license for 2017 to the British shoe manufacturer Overland Shoes Ltd. In spring 2017, the musician and artist Steven Wilson designed a fashion and accessories collection for Karl Lagerfeld. In May 2017, Lagerfeld launched a jewelry collection for women in collaboration with Swarovski . In mid-2017, the company Karl Lagerfeld BV initiated expansion on the German-speaking market. At the beginning of 2018, the men's collections Karl Lagerfeld and LAGERFELD were merged into one collection.

In 2011 Pier Paolo Righi, a former Reusch manager and Nike European boss, became CEO and President of Karl Lagerfeld BV, based in Amsterdam. The company's turnover in 2014 was estimated at over 100 million euros. The design director of the brand Hun Kim and Carine Roitfeld, the former editor of the French "Vogue", were appointed successors of Karl Lagerfeld as chief designer and creative director of the Karl Lagerfeld brand.


Karl Lagerfeld (2014)

Fashion collections created annually by Karl Lagerfeld (as of 2017):

Karl Lagerfeld (four collections per year) Chanel (eight collections) Fendi (two collections)
  • Karl Lagerfeld
    (women's clothing , spring / summer and autumn / winter)
  • Karl Lagerfeld
    (men's clothing, S / S and F / W)
  • Karl Lagerfeld Kids
    (children's clothing by license partners, S / S and A / W)
  • LAGERFELD (dissolved in 2018)
    (men's clothing by license partners, S / S and H / W)
  • Haute Couture
    (women's made-to- measure collection in the top price segment, S / S and H / W)
  • Prêt-à-porter
    (women's clothing, S / S and A / W - depending on the season, preliminary and main collection)
  • Cruise / Resort (Croisière)
    (women's seasonal clothing with spring fashion in winter)
  • Métiers d'art
    (women's seasonal clothing with autumn fashion for summer)
  • Prêt-à-porter
    (women's clothing, S / S and F / W, co-design with Silvia Fendi)

The most important fashion companies for which Karl Lagerfeld worked as a designer:

  • 1955-1958: Pierre Balmain
  • 1958–1963: Jean Patou
  • 1963-1978 (1983), 1992-1997: Chloé
  • 1965-2019: Fendi
  • 1974-2019: Karl Lagerfeld ( Karl Lagerfeld Impression , KL by Karl Lagerfeld , Lagerfeld Gallery , Lagerfeld , Karl Lagerfeld etc.)
  • 1982-2019: Chanel
  • 2004: Hennes & Mauritz (H&M)

Collaborations and projects

Lagerfeld with a cuckoo clock by street artist Stefan Strumbel , 2008

In the 1980s there was a television series about fashion history. Lagerfeld explained fashion in the course of time using drawings that he made in front of the camera (e.g. differences in fashion in Germany from 1610 to 1620). Lagerfeld designed the stage outfits for Madonna's Re-Invention World Tour in 2004. In 2005/2006, Lagerfeld worked for Kylie Minogue .

In 2008 Lagerfeld created a Steiff teddy bear in the typical Lagerfeld outfit, which was sold in the USA for $ 1,500. In the video game Grand Theft Auto IV , presented in early 2008, Lagerfeld's voice can be heard as the radio host of the fictional station K109 . From mid-2008, Lagerfeld was involved in the design of an entire island called Isla Moda including apartments, hotels and shops off the coast of Dubai near The World . The project had not been completed by the end of 2010, and Lagerfeld retired as a designer.

At the end of 2009, the Italian-American toy manufacturer tokidoki produced a 25 cm toy figure based on Lagerfeld in a number of 1000 pieces, which was sold for € 129 each.

End of 2009, Lagerfeld collaborated with the French helmet manufacturer Les Ateliers Ruby and designed some helmet models and a silk - scarf .

For Coca-Cola , Lagerfeld designed a bottle of the Coca-Cola Light variety at the beginning of 2010 , which was available in limited numbers for 3.50 euros. In June 2010, Karl Lagerfeld worked as a cartoonist in the satirical magazine Eulenspiegel . In mid-2010, Lagerfeld took on the position of editor-in-chief of the French daily Liberation for one day and designed some caricatures for it. In Germany, Karl Lagerfeld designed the edition of the weekly newspaper Welt am Sonntag from December 1, 2013 with his own photos, texts and color illustrations.

For the autumn / winter season 2010, the jewelry manufacturer Swarovski presented bracelets, necklaces and brooches designed by Karl Lagerfeld for Atelier Swarovski as well as the diadem for the debutantes of the Vienna Opera Ball 2017.

The Italian shoe manufacturer Hogan , which belongs to Diego della Valle 's Tod’s Group, presented a one-time design collaboration with Karl Lagerfeld in October 2010 for six designs in the areas of shoes, clothing and accessories for women for the spring 2011 season Renewed collaboration with Lagerfeld for an autumn / winter collection at Hogan.

From 31 August 2011 a collaboration with the American department store chain has been in the US as part of Macy's for their IMPULSE -Designerkollektionen offered once by Karl Lagerfeld as a limited "capsule collection" designed women's fashion in the low price segment.

In 2015, Lagerfeld designed an 18-piece women's collection for the German online retailer Zalando under the name Karl Lagerfeld Sport City . In spring 2017 he worked with the French textile manufacturer Vilebrequin and presented a swimwear collection. In 2017 it became known that Lagerfeld wanted to bring out a limited beauty series with the Australian cosmetics manufacturer ModelCo in 2018. In autumn 2018 he worked for Puma , one of the world's largest sporting goods manufacturers.


In 1975, Lagerfeld and Chloé created the perfume Chloé for Woman , which is known for its floral scent. In collaboration with Fabergé , from 1989 Unilever and from 2005 Coty , he developed various other fragrances under his name over the years: in 1978 he launched the men's fragrance Lagerfeld , followed by KL (women) in 1982 and KL Homme (discontinued) in 1986 . In 1990 the men's fragrance Lagerfeld Photo came out, in 1994 the women's fragrance Sun Moon Stars. This was followed in 1997 by Jako (men) as well as Lagerfeld Femme (2000) and Lagerfeld Man (2002). In 2004 he designed the Liquid Karl perfume especially for H&M . In 2008 the capsule unisex collection was launched ( Woody , Light and Floriental ).

In 2014, the company Karl Lagerfeld BV presented two new fragrances, simply named Karl Lagerfeld (women) and Karl Lagerfeld Pour Homme (men). They were a new attempt to regain a foothold in the perfume market after the last few products failed to convince due to low sales. In 2015, Lagerfeld launched two more fragrances for women and men in collaboration with Interparfums, Inc .: Paradise Bay and Private Klub . In 2016 he presented the perfume Ocean View , each for women and men. Fleur de Pécher for women and Bois de Vétiver for men followed in 2017 . In spring 2018, the women's fragrance Fleur de Mûrier and the men's fragrance Bois de Yuzu were added. These four perfumes are grouped by Lagerfeld in the Les parfums matières collection.

Costume design

Lagerfeld was repeatedly active as a costume designer for theater and opera, around 1978 in Genoa ( The Green Cockatoo / Countess Mizzi by Arthur Schnitzler , directed by Luca Ronconi ); 1980 at the Vienna Burgtheater ( comedy of seduction by Arthur Schnitzler, directed by Horst Zankl , set design by Hans Hollein ) and at the Maggio Musicale in Florence ( Les Contes d'Hoffmann by Jacques Offenbach , directed by Ronconi); 1982 at La Scala in Milan ( Les Troyens by Hector Berlioz , directed by Ronconi, set design by Ezio Frigerio ); 1991 at the Salzburg Festival ( The Difficult by Hugo von Hofmannsthal , directed by Jürgen Flimm , set by Erich Wonder ; this production was later taken over by the Vienna Burgtheater).

Activity in photography

Lagerfeld with Anna Wintour , 2014

In addition to fashion and costume design, Lagerfeld discovered photography as a new field of activity in 1987 . In 1993, a close collaboration began with the publisher Gerhard Steidl . Lagerfeld regarded Steidl as "the best printer in the world". Until his death, Lagerfeld published numerous photo books with Steidl Verlag . In 2012, the Buchkunst Foundation named his book The Little Black Jacket one of the most beautiful German books . Lagerfeld owned one of the world's largest collections of photo books. In 1996 he received the German Society for Photography's Culture Prize for his work . From November 11, 2006 to February 18, 2007, 350 photographs and multimedia installations by Lagerfeld were exhibited in the Berlin gallery C / O Berlin . Under the title One Man Shown , they all showed the American photo model Brad Kroenig , which the designer had discovered and promoted. The classic black and white portraits, which were created over a period of three and a half years and included both fashion and nude photographs , were successful with the public. The criticism reacted cautiously and partly negatively to Lagerfeld's photographic studies. While the magazine Der Spiegel denounced the uniformity of the images and attested that the fashion designer could also sell boredom perfectly, the American star photographer David LaChapelle criticized Lagerfeld as a “dilettante” who had nothing new to add to the history of photography. Lagerfeld was u. a responsible for the advertising campaign for the Dom Pérignon champagne brand and worked again with Claudia Schiffer. He directed the advertisement for the Phaeton model for the Volkswagen group and can also be seen in the advertising film for a special edition Golf. He photographed Natalia Wörner for the March 2011 issue of German Playboy . In a modernized photo story of the ancient myth of Daphne and Chloe based on the Greek poet Longus, he staged the two models Baptiste Giabiconi and Bianca Balti in front of the natural backdrop of southern France. The illustrated book Modern Mythology from 2013 shows Lagerfeld's idea of ​​idyllic life in monumental black and white photographs , based on the classic text source.

Lagerfeld experimented with old photographic means - with silver gelatine or with the daguerreotype on small metal plates. His photography is characterized by the artificial, the illusion of the picturesque and the overcoming of the banality of the ordinary world. He is not interested in psychological or biographical research into his objects. His work is comparable to Andy Warhol in the glorification of the surface and the representation of the imagery of advertising . In 2020 his first major retrospective can be seen in Halle.

Head of program for Steidl Verlag imprint LSD

In addition to his photo books Lagerfeld was the Steidl Verlag also from 2010 as program director of the Imprints L.SD connected (Lagerfeld. Steidl. Druckerei. Verlag), where the "heavy readers" a selection of German-language books, especially translations from English and French for publication suggested that reflected his “diverse interests” - literature, biography, fashion, art, aesthetics, music. For some of these titles printed by Steidl Verlag he also appeared as an illustrator and / or editor.



  • Karl Lagerfeld , Apolda , April 23, 2005 - June 12, 2005
  • One Man Shown , C / O Berlin, November 11, 2006 - February 18, 2007
  • Concrete Abstract Seen , Langen Foundation , Neuss, November 18, 2007 - May 4, 2008
  • Versailles à l'ombre du soleil , Paris, June 11th - September 7th, 2008
  • Feuerbach's Muses - Lagerfeld Models , Kunsthalle Hamburg , February 21 - June 14, 2014
  • Parallel opposites. Photography-Book Art-Fashion , Museum Folkwang Essen , February 15 - May 11, 2014
  • Karl Lagerfeld. Fashion method . Bundeskunsthalle , Bonn, March 28 - September 13, 2015.
  • Karl Lagerfeld - Visions , Ernst-Barlach-Museum Wedel , September 15, 2019 - February 24, 2020
  • Karl Lagerfeld. Photography. The retrospective , Moritzburg Art Museum Halle (Saale) , March 8 - August 23, 2020

Private and miscellaneous

Lagerfeld, 2005
with the Bolivian fashion designer Monica Moss
  • On January 15, 2007, Lagerfeld failed in a Paris court with his lawsuit against “The Beautiful Fall”, a book from the fashion world, written by the author Alicia Drake. In contrast to Lagerfeld, the presiding judge could not find any attack on his privacy because the book was not published in France. According to this, Lagerfeld is said to have had all the English editions bought up in Paris in order to take them out of circulation.
  • On April 24, 2008, the musical Lagerhouse was premiered as a commissioned work at the Donaufestival in Krems an der Donau ( Austria ) .
  • In Panoptikum Hamburg is since 2012 a wax figure of him.
  • With private assets of around 350 million euros, Lagerfeld was one of the 500 richest Germans .
  • Lagerfeld was very close friends with Princess Caroline of Monaco for many years .
  • His house cat Choupette (* 2011) has a Twitter account authorized by Lagerfeld and was featured on the cover of German Vogue in July 2013 together with Linda Evangelista . In the winter of 2013, an accessory collection named after Choupette came onto the market.


  • Lagerfeld was repeatedly criticized because he preferred very thin to skinny models and committed them to his collections. He spoke out against a catwalk ban for very thin models.
  • In 2004, a comment on a collection for the fashion chain H&M also made negative headlines . The company also offered the clothing in larger versions, to which Lagerfeld said: “What I have designed is fashion for slim, slim people. That was the original idea. "
  • In November 2017, Lagerfeld caused outrage after he described Muslim refugees as "the Jews' worst enemies" on French television.
  • In May 2018, Lagerfeld told the French weekly magazine Le Point that he “hated” Chancellor Angela Merkel for her refugee policy: “Even if there are decades in between, you cannot kill millions of Jews and then later bring on millions of their worst enemies”. With her decision to take in “one million immigrants” in Germany, she paved the way for the AfD to enter the Bundestag in the 2017 elections. Now “100 of these neo-Nazis are in parliament” because Merkel “forgot” German history. "If things continue like this, I'll give up German citizenship."


Jumping spider Jotus karllagerfeldi

Karl Lagerfeld Prize

In 2019, the Karl Lagerfeld Prize was awarded for the first time, with which the French LVMH group honors young designers. The prize money amounts to 150,000 euros. In addition, the winner receives a one-year practical training course at LVMH, for example in the area of ​​marketing. In 2019, the Israeli fashion designer Hed Mayner won.



  • Karl Lagerfeld - A German Legend. ZDF-History , documentary series: 45 minutes, Germany 2020 (ZDF on February 16, 2020)
  • Karl Lagerfeld. A legend. Script and direction: Christian Jakob, 53 minutes, Germany 2019 (Arte on February 9, 2020; Arte media library until July 30, 2023 )
  • Karl Lagerfeld: Life Sketches. Portrait, France, 2012, 55 min., Written and directed: Loïc Prigent, production: arte France, first broadcast: March 2, 2013 by arte
  • Fendi ... before the show. Documentary, France, 2009, 52 min., Written and directed: Loïc Prigent, production: arte France, Sundance Channel, Deralf, Story Box Press, first broadcast: January 14, 2010 on arte
  • Lagerfeld Confidential . Documentation, France, 2007, 88 min., Script and direction: Rodolphe Marconi, production: Grégory Bernard
  • A dress from Chanel. Report, Germany, 2006, 30 min., Written and directed: Rita Knobel-Ulrich , production: ZDF , series: ZDF.reportage, first broadcast: February 12, 2006
  • In the house of Chanel. (Original title: Signé Chanel. ) Docu-soap in five parts, France, 2005, 130 min., Director: Loïc Prigent
  • Karl Lagerfeld - Fashion as Religion , VOX
  • 7 days out , documentary series on Netflix 2018, episode 1: Report about Lagerfeld as Creative Director of the Chanel Haute Couture Fashion Show 2018. Director: Andrew Rossi

Web links

Commons : Karl Lagerfeld  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Related Links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Birth announcement in: Hamburger Nachrichten of September 12, 1933. Online
  2. Karl Lagerfeld is dead. In: ORF.at. February 19, 2019, accessed February 19, 2019 .
  3. Anke Schipp: fashion designer Karl Lagerfeld has died. In: faz.net. February 19, 2019, accessed February 19, 2019 .
  4. Karl Lagerfeld and Fendi youtube.com, February 21, 2019
  5. ^ Karl Lagerfeld. Fashion method. ( Memento from August 7, 2018 in the Internet Archive ) At: kultur-online.de , September 7, 2015
  6. ↑ It's Karl Lagerfeld's birthday: How well do you know his sayings? At: Spiegel online , September 10, 2015.
  7. Karl Lagerfeld - Block instead of spill. At: brigitte.de , September 10, 2008.
  8. ^ Fashion designer lexicon: Karl Lagerfeld. At: fuersie.de , accessed on August 19, 2016.
  9. Emperor Karl and his court. At: faz.net , November 24, 2011.
  10. The sale of the Emperor Karl. At: welt.de , September 6, 2008.
  11. ^ Kaiser Karl: Behind the Mask. At: vanityfair.com , February 1992
  12. ^ Fashion czar Karl Lagerfeld opens his own exhibition in Essen. At: focus.de , February 15, 2014
  13. ^ Karl Lagerfeld - fashion guru and fictional character. At: swr.de , March 27, 2015
  14. Fashion czar Karl Lagerfeld lures stars to Salzburg. At: krone.at , November 26, 2014
  15. Karl Lagerfeld - "I'm not an Indian" . At: Süddeutsche Zeitung , December 9, 2008
  16. ^ Paul SahnerKarl. mvg verlag, Munich 2009, p. 15. (PDF, 0.1 MB)
  17. Tilman Allert : Greetings from the kitchen: Sociology of small things. via Google Books, 2017
  18. "As a child I was told I was stupid." t-online.de, September 7, 2009.
  19. ^ Karl Lagerfeld: his most original quotes gofeminin.de, accessed on August 21, 2017.
  20. Karl Lagerfeld - his sister is dead - and has been for 2 years! Bunte.de, August 31, 2017.
  21. Lagerfeld's forgotten sister: "I think of him often". ksta.de, July 10, 2013
  22. Dat weer Calli. faz.net, September 4, 2008.
  23. ^ Birth announcement in: Hamburger Nachrichten of September 12, 1933. Online
  24. Karl Lagerfeld on rtl.fr
  25. Karl Lagerfeld revele son âge pour la première fois. , accessed July 25, 2014.
  26. The fashion designer and his birthday cheating: Big Karl makes himself a little younger. Bild.de , September 10, 2008.
  27. Karl Lagerfeld probably five years older than stated. ( Memento from July 13, 2012 in the web archive archive.today ) ORF , September 6, 2008
  28. The great Karl is already 80th Welt am Sonntag, July 7, 2013.
  29. In: Stern 49 of November 30, 2017, p. 84.
  30. «Femme Actuelle» [1] and «TMZ» https://www.tmz.com/2019/03/16/karl-lagerfeld-death-certificate-french-legion-honor-designer/
  31. ^ Westfälische Nachrichten : World famous surgeon. Godfather of Karl Lagerfeld. 1st February 2017.
  32. ^ Kaiser Karl: Behind the Mask. Vanity Fair , February 1992, p. 4.
  33. "I can do what I want, when I want" welt.de, February 19, 2019
  34. Karl Lagerfeld: "Everything seemed neglected to me" focus.de, January 22, 2013
  35. Karl Lagerfeld and Baz Luhrmann: in conversation from Vogue Australia's December 2003 issue vogue.com.au, February 20, 2019
  36. When Karl Lagerfeld came home for the last time stern.de, December 17, 2017
  37. ^ Karl Lagerfeld Dies in Paris wwd.com, February 19, 2019
  38. Ten million euros for Lagerfeld's view of the Elbe. manager-magazin.de, January 26, 2010
  39. Karl Lagerfeld gives Alstervillen shine. Die Welt , accessed April 4, 2011.
  40. The great Karl is already 80. welt.de, July 7, 2013.
  41. Le cas DSK s'aggrave. lexpress.fr, October 26, 2000
  42. ^ Profiles in Style: Karl Lagerfeld. nytimes.com, December 4, 2008.
  43. ^ Ingeborg Harms: The Sun King, whom Germany never had , FAZ , September 10, 2008.
  44. ^ DasErste.de : Interview with Reinhold Beckmann ( Memento from February 21, 2006 in the Internet Archive ), June 27, 2005
  45. Karl Lagerfeld "I hate male models". ( Memento from September 21, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) max.de, accessed on September 8, 2010.
  46. ^ Karl Lagerfeld against the revelation. Die Welt , April 11, 2007.
  47. ^ Karl Lagerfeld, Boy Prince of Fashion. nymag.com, February 6, 2006.
  48. Paul Sahner: Karl Lagerfeld and the fear of wasting away. Die Welt , August 17, 2009, interview.
  49. Inga Griese: Karl Lagerfeld - These are the 8 favorite books of the Chanel designer . Die Welt, November 27, 2018 ( welt.de [accessed September 14, 2019]).
  50. Uwe Ebbinghaus: Book collector Lagerfeld: I also look for things that I am not looking for . January 25, 2016, ISSN  0174-4909 ( faz.net [accessed September 14, 2019]).
  51. "I am a paper eater" . Die Welt, April 26, 2002 ( welt.de [accessed September 14, 2019]).
  52. Steidl and Lagerfeld set up LSD-Verlag. Börsenblatt , accessed on July 25, 2014.
  53. https://steidl.de/Verlag-0508192541.html
  54. Dagmar Haas Pilwat: Au revoir Monsieur Karl. In: Rheinische Post , February 20, 2019, S. R-HEU1.
  55. Designer suffered from prostate cancer - Karl Lagerfeld's assistant names the true cause of death for the first time in an interview. www.focus.de:, December 29, 2019. Last accessed on December 29, 2019.
  56. Died a year ago: Karl Lagerfeld's cause of death clarified: What did "King Karl" die of? , www.abendzeitung-muenchen.de, February 18, 2020
  57. Scarlett Conlon, Angelique Chrisafis: Karl Lagerfeld, Chanel fashion designer, dies aged 85. In: Guardian.com , accessed February 19, 2019.
  58. Fashion czar Karl Lagerfeld cremated without a great ceremony. In: Morgenpost.de , accessed on February 24, 2019.
  59. Fashion czar Karl Lagerfeld cremated without a great ceremony. In: Morgenpost.de , accessed on February 24, 2019.
  60. ^ Eléanor Douet: Karl Lagerfeld va être incinéré ce vendredi 22 février à Nanterre. In: RTL.fr , accessed on February 24, 2019.
  61. Karl Lagerfeld buried in the closest circle. In: br.de. Retrieved June 24, 2019 .
  62. Karl Lagerfeld a été incinéré, le cadeau très onéreux d'Amal et George Clooney à Meghan Markle: toute l'actu du 22 février. In: closermag.fr. Retrieved June 24, 2019 .
  63. The feature of fashion headliners - Lagerfeld his queue drowned out even whiter ( Memento of 16 September 2010 at the Internet Archive ). Rheinische Post , August 11, 2010.
  64. ^ Karl Lagerfeld: The braid - his trademark. Gala , August 11, 2010.
  65. Karl Lagerfeld - The braid should be removed. Der Spiegel , December 15, 1999.
  66. karl lagerfeld: stress? I only know rhinestones! Girlfriend, September 2008.
  67. International Man Of Mystery. chicagotribunecom, October 23, 1998.
  68. Karl Lagerfeld - "I'm not an Indian". zeit.de, December 9, 2008.
  69. ^ I lost weight to be a good clotheshorse. telegraph.co.uk, February 25, 2004
  70. ^ Karl Lagerfeld, Boy Prince of Fashion. nymag.com, February 6, 2006.
  71. Lagerfeld on the modern man. ( Memento from January 11, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
  72. The Sun King, whom Germany never had. FAZ, September 10, 2008.
  73. Lagerfeld on the modern man. Die Welt, April 10, 2007.
  74. ^ Designer ABC: Lagerfeld, Karl . FAZ , accessed on June 7, 2012.
  75. ^ Karl Lagerfeld: Life in pictures vogue.in, February 19, 2019
  76. International Woolmark Prize , woolmarkprize.com, accessed March 13, 2019
  77. International Woolmark Prize , woolmark.com, accessed on August 19, 2016
  78. Karl Lagerfeld Reveals he blew all of his Woolmark Prize money in 1954 buro247.com, April 28, 2015
  79. International Woolmark Prize: History. ( Memento from November 26, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
  80. Karl Lagerfeld , elle.de, accessed on August 19, 2016
  81. ^ Karl Lagerfeld - Information and Backgrounds , welt.de, accessed on August 19, 2016
  82. Lagerfeld on Monoprix ( Memento from July 11, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
  83. Lagerfeld flicks against Joop, Gaultier and Saint-Laurent , Der Spiegel , May 18, 2001
  84. ↑ The Rivalry of the Iridescent , taz , January 15, 2007
  85. KARL LAGERFELD Portrait of a fashion genius
  86. ^ Fabrics make new fashion , zeit.de, June 13, 1969
  87. ^ Personal details - Karl Lagerfeld , spiegel.de, November 17, 1975
  88. ^ Lagerfeld is auctioning Art Deco collection ( Memento from January 16, 2005 in the Internet Archive ), netzeitung.de, March 7, 2003
  89. ^ Karl Lagerfeld - An overview of the life's work of the genius of the century ( Memento from August 25, 2012 in the Internet Archive ), brigitte.de, January 26, 2009
  90. ^ Klambt Style-Verlag GmbH & Co. Kg: Karl Lagerfeld died - a portrait. In: petra.de. December 5, 2013, accessed May 14, 2020 .
  91. An American in Paris , in: Karl . Sahner, Paul. MVG publishing house. 2008
  92. Valentino - Ciao Bello! , gq-magazin.de, accessed on August 29, 2012
  93. ^ Karl Lagerfeld , Deluxe Label
  94. Chloé with a new design and And what is Karl Lagerfeld doing? In: Die Pelzwirtschaft 5–6, Berlin, June 29, 1984, p. 60.
  95. Is Chanel Designer Karl Lagerfeld Spread Too Thin? ( Memento from April 16, 2017 in the Internet Archive )
  96. ^ Fall 2002 Ready-to-Wear - Lagerfeld Gallery , style.com, March 8, 2002
  97. Lagerfeld is to become a global brand , welt.de, December 14, 2004
  98. Brad Kroenig.
  99. ^ Baptiste Giabiconi, Karl Lagerfeld's toy boy.
  100. Toni Garrn - from the fan festival to the Otto title.
  101. Karl Lagerfeld has a Danish muse.
  102. Beautiful, beautiful, Baptiste! ( Memento from October 28, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
  103. Florence Welch is Lagerfeld's new muse.
  104. Lagerfeld at H&M: catching the clothes rack , Der Spiegel, November 12, 2004
  105. Mass hysteria about designer bargains , Stern, November 12, 2004
  106. ^ "Liquid Karl": Lagerfeld presented for H&M ( memento from September 20, 2011 in the Internet Archive ), netzeitung.de, September 20, 2004
  107. ^ H & M's Lagerfeld campaign , Der Spiegel , November 14, 2004
  108. Karl Lagerfeld and H&M , hm.com, June 21, 2004
  109. "Tommy Hilfiger is taken over by Apax Partners for 1.6 billion dollars" , finanzen.net, December 23, 2005
  110. "US: Hilfiger to drop Karl Lagerfeld's US line" , just-style.com (Engl.), June 12, 2006
  111. Tommy Hilfiger is hiring K Karl Lagerfeld for the time being. In: Textilwirtschaft online. December 22, 2009, accessed January 14, 2010 .
  112. ^ "Hilfiger: Karl Lagerfeld stays with Apax" , TextilWirtschaft, March 17, 2010
  113. Karl Lagerfeld… canceled the show for his label at Prêt-à-porter Paris , Deutsche Vogue, September 8, 2010
  114. Lagerfeld cancels show ( Memento from September 10, 2010 in the Internet Archive ), vogue.co.uk, September 7, 2010
  115. Lagerfeld introduces the new Karl line in January , textilwirtschaft.de, October 24, 2011
  116. ^ Karl Lagerfeld with a new brand , handelsblatt.com, October 24, 2011
  117. "masstige" - Lagerfeld also wants to make "mass fashion" , Der Standard, September 8, 2010
  118. ^ Karl Lagerfeld - The Emperor for All , faz.net, January 26, 2012
  119. S / S and H / W Karl Lagerfeld Paris: womenswear and menswear from Ittierre ( Memento from May 21, 2014 in the Internet Archive ), textilwirtschaft.de, October 25, 2011
  120. ^ PVH Corp. Announces Minority Investment in Karl Lagerfeld , pvh.com, April 8, 2014
  121. Get Your Hands on Karl Lagerfeld's Kids Collection Now instyle.com, November 9, 2015
  122. Karl Lagerfeld Paris amretailgroup.com, accessed on June 22, 2018
  123. This is how the most powerful pair of lovers in the German fashion circus lives and works manager-magazin.de, December 28, 2017
  124. KARL HAS ARRIVED IN NEW YORK CITY! karl.com, April 16, 2018
  125. Retail Openings: Karl Lagerfeld Paris Unveils SoHo Flagship accessoriesmagazine.com, April 13, 2018
  126. Karl Lagerfeld awards Shoe license new schuhmarkt-news.de, September 3, 2016
  127. Art meets fashion: Steven Wilson designs for Karl Lagerfeld vogue.de, April 3, 2017
  128. Karl Lagerfeld and Swarovski launch Fashion Jewelery Collection vogue.de, May 5, 2017
  129. Expansion on a grand scale: Lagerfeld takes its homeland into its sights fashionunited.de, June 29, 2017
  130. Karl Lagerfeld is releasing menswear on fashionnetwork.com, January 10, 2018
  131. Karl Lagerfeld brand announces successor. In: DiePresse.com. February 21, 2019, accessed August 9, 2019 .
  132. Chanel Pre-Fall Byzance Show , therandomnoise.com, December 8, 2010.
  133. http://www.forher.de:80/promibase/Karl+Lagerfeld ( Memento from July 11, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
  134. Steiff Karl Lagerfeld Bear ( Memento from August 12, 2010 in the Internet Archive ), neimanmarcus.com, September 2008.
  135. Grand Theft Auto IV - The new game is so great , welt.de, April 29, 2008
  136. Rock Star Games: Grand Theft Auto IV - K109 The Studio , rockstargames.com, accessed November 3, 2010.
  137. Isla Moda: Karl Lagerfeld designs fashion island off Dubai ( memento from October 17, 2010 in the Internet Archive ), mode.de, October 15, 2010
  138. ^ Isla Moda: Chanel designer Karl Lagerfeld creates very first fashion island , Daily Mail , October 15, 2010.
  139. ^ Karl Lagerfeld and Oppenheim design Isla Moda in Dubai , designscene.net (English), October 12, 2010.
  140. ^ K Karl Lagerfeld cooperates with Tokidoki , deluxe-label.de, accessed on November 3, 2010.
  141. tokidoki x K Karl Lagerfeld ( memento from July 19, 2011 in the Internet Archive ), tokidoki.it, September 25, 2009
  142. Big Karl very small , fantastic.welt.de, September 29, 2009.
  143. ^ Motorcycle helmet from Ruby & Karl Lagerfeld , fantastic.welt.de, November 30, 2009
  144. ^ Special edition by Karl Lagerfeld for Ruby , modepilot.de, November 25, 2009.
  145. Karl Lagerfeld designs Coca Cola Light bottle , lifestyle.excite.cde, April 2, 2010.
  146. Lagerfeld Light , vogue.de, April 6, 2010.
  147. ^ "Caricature from the pen of Karl Lagerfeld appears in" Eulenspiegel "" ( Memento from January 13, 2012 in the Internet Archive ), ddp , June 9, 2010.
  148. Lagerfeld takes over Liberation , Der Spiegel , June 22, 2010
  149. Lagerfeld pokes Merkel so lovingly. BILD, June 23, 2010.
  150. Karl Lagerfeld designed for Swarovski ( Memento from November 1, 2010 in the Internet Archive ), mode.net, October 27, 2010
  151. New Collection Atelier Swarovski ( Memento from October 23, 2010 in the Internet Archive ), swarovski.com, October 2010
  152. Karl Lagerfeld designs DOB for Hogan. Textile Industry, September 3, 2010.
  153. Lagerfeld to help Tod's with its Hogan brand. The New York Times , March 18, 2010.
  154. ^ Hogan by Karl Lagerfeld. vogue.de, October 5, 2010
  155. ^ Hogan by Karl Lagerfeld , accessed on July 25, 2014.
  156. Coco Rocha raves about the 'Macy's' collection. nachrichten.ch, August 18, 2011
  157. Karl Lagerfeld: Macy's cooperates with the star designer ( memento from March 20, 2011 in the Internet Archive ), mode.net, December 1, 2010
  158. ^ Karl Lagerfeld Doing Macy's Capsule Collection , wwd.com, November 24, 2010.
  159. Ekclusive cooperation: Karl Lagerfeld designs for Zalando elle.de, June 8, 2015
  160. Vilebrequin x Karl Lagerfeld vilebrequin.com, May 23, 2017
  161. New beauty line: Karl Lagerfeld cooperates with THIS make-up brand . In: GRAZIA Germany . ( grazia-magazin.de [accessed on March 6, 2018]).
  162. New collection from Karl Lagerfeld x Puma . GQ-Magazin , October 12, 2018. Last accessed October 17, 2018.
  163. Karl Lagerfeld: If you have bad breath, the fun stops on gala.de.
  164. https://steidl.de/Kuenstler/Karl-Lagerfeld-0912274851.html?SID=nAXDmXj6370c
  165. https://charlierose.com/videos/18250
  166. https://steidl.de/SRP-0611314849.html?s=karl+lagerfeld&chunk=4
  167. The Most Beautiful German Books 2012 / Creative Highlights. In: boersenblatt.net. May 30, 2012, accessed May 14, 2020 .
  168. Christiane Gehner, DER SPIEGEL: Bookmark: Book Art as Craft - DER SPIEGEL - Culture. Retrieved July 18, 2020 .
  169. ^ "Culture Prize of the DGPh" , DGPh
  170. cf. "The Model and the Silver Fox" , Spiegel online , November 25, 2006
  171. cf. Hildebrandt, Hans Georg: Harsh criticism of Lagerfeld. In: Sunday newspaper. December 10, 2006, p. 95.
  172. ^ Süddeutsche Zeitung: Chemistry and Mechanics. Retrieved July 18, 2020 .
  173. LSD , online at steidl.de
  174. ^ Announcement on the exhibition , accessed on September 23, 2014.
  175. Isabelle Graw: "Rivalität der Schillernden" , taz , January 15, 2007, review of The Beautiful Fall .
  176. ^ Anna-Maria Wallner: "Charlemagne governs (in) Paris" ( Memento of March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), Die Presse , October 8, 2007.
  177. "HAPPY - warehouse. The worst musical in the world - but now it really is! ” ( Memento from May 26, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Danube Festival, April 2008, archived by Internet Archive .
  178. Karl Lagerfeld as a wax figure in the Hamburg Panoptikum ( Memento from June 10, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
  179. These are the richest Germans in 2013 , accessed on July 25, 2014
  180. Karl Lagerfeld: "Caroline is a very, very good friend" , vip.de, May 2011
  181. ^ Choupette collection by Karl Lagerfeld , Vogue.de, October 28, 2013
  182. Karl remains stubborn: Chanel fashion for spindly women. In: news.ch. January 23, 2007, accessed January 14, 2010 .
  183. Lagerfeld angry with H&M. In: Netzeitung . November 17, 2004, archived from the original on November 18, 2004 ; Retrieved January 15, 2010 .
  184. ^ AFP: Karl Lagerfeld outraged with a statement about refugees. In: FAZ.net . November 13, 2017, accessed October 13, 2018 .
  185. ^ TV scandal: Karl Lagerfeld calls refugees "enemies" of the Jews. In: Spiegel Online . November 13, 2017, accessed October 13, 2018 .
  186. More than a beautiful dress , Die Tagespost , November 16, 2017
  187. ^ Karl Lagerfeld calls refugees "enemies" of the Jews , Spiegel Online, November 13, 2017.
  188. ^ Karl Lagerfeld "hates" the Chancellor. In: Spiegel Online from May 10, 2018.
  189. French Order of Merit for Karl Lagerfeld. ( Memento from June 6, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) In: Rheinische Post . June 4th 2010
  190. ^ Karl Lagerfeld wins 2015 Outstanding Achievement Award britishfashioncouncil.co.uk, November 3, 2015
  191. The city's highest award: Paris honors Karl Lagerfeld with the Médaille Grand Vermeil ( Memento from August 21, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) stuttgarter-nachrichten.de, July 4, 2017
  192. Chanel pays homage to Paris - Paris pays homage to Lagerfeld augsburger-allgemeine.de, July 4, 2017
  193. A spider named Karl Lagerfeld ScienXX from July 2, 2019.
  194. ^ Lagerfeld Prize for Israeli fashion designer. In: Israelnetz .de. October 8, 2019, accessed October 17, 2019 .
  195. ^ Karl Lagerfeld - A German legend
  196. ^ Table of contents ( Memento from March 5, 2013 in the Internet Archive ), with video excerpts, arte
  197. ^ Table of contents ( Memento from June 24, 2013 in the Internet Archive ), video excerpt, arte
  198. ↑ table of contents , 3 sat
  199. In the house of Chanel. ( Memento of April 16, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) on: arte . March 22, 2005
  200. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HxgTKMuZ4OA fashvids.com, May 26, 2007
  201. ^ VOX , report
  202. ^ Karl Lagerfeld Is Taking Us Into the World of Chanel in a New Netflix Docuseries . In: Elle from December 1, 2018.