Luca Ronconi, born in Tunisia, where his mother taught literature, trained as an actor at the Accademia d'Arte Drammatica in Rome until he graduated . He then took part in productions by Luigi Squarzina , Orazio Costa and Michelangelo Antonioni . Since 1963 first experiences as a director. Ronconi's international breakthrough came in 1969 with Orlando Furioso in Ariost . This work has not only been shown throughout Italy, but also worldwide in guest performances. In 1973 a film version was also made under Ronconi's direction.
Between 1975 and 1977 Ronconi directed the theater section of the Biennale of Venice . In 1979 he founded and headed a theater laboratory in Prato . From 1989 to 1994 he directed the Teatro Stabile in Turin , after which he was appointed director of the Teatro di Roma . At the beginning of 1999 he succeeded Giorgio Strehler as artistic director of the Piccolo Teatro in Milan .
Ronconi was next to Strehler as the most important Italian director of the 20th century. His productions were characterized by intellectually precisely penetrated concepts, which are also reflected in the mostly elaborate stage structures - this director is not the protagonist of a “poor theater”. Ronconi regularly presented productions that ignored spatial - for example in industrial buildings - or temporal limits - by exceeding the usual performance duration. The importance of the set design for his productions led Ronconi to collaborate with the most important Italian scenographers, including Pier Luigi Pizzi , Luciano Damiani and Ezio Frigerio . In this regard, the cooperation with the architect Gae Aulenti , whom he inspired and used to create furnishings, was of particular importance .
His work covered a broad repertoire that spanned from the Renaissance to the modern age, with his repeated interest in the theater of antiquity. In addition to numerous productions in Italy, Ronconi has repeatedly worked at major theaters in Austria ( Wiener Burgtheater , Salzburg Festival , Wiener Festwochen ), Switzerland ( Schauspielhaus Zürich ) and France ( Comédie-Française ).
Ronconi has been an opera director since the late 1960s. Here, too, he devoted himself to a repertoire that ranged from Claudio Monteverdi to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Richard Wagner to Karlheinz Stockhausen . Ronconi has always committed himself to an anti-realistic musical theater, which he saw as being in contrast to the principles of spoken theater. A psychological foundation of the acting performances of opera singers was unimportant to him, rather he tried to bring the respective work into context with the time it was composed and the current situation. In Richard Wagner's Die Walküre, he located the events in interiors of the 19th century oppressed by nature and industry, and Il viaggio a Reims by Gioachino Rossini showed an opera theater that was surrounded by paparazzi and saved itself in anarchist merriment.
As part of the 2006 Winter Olympics , Ronconi was responsible for part of the cultural program. Under the title Domani (Morning), in collaboration with the Teatro Stabile of Turin, five plays involving 68 actors were performed in different locations: Troilus and Cressida by Shakespeare (February 2nd to March 11th); War games by Edward Bond (February 3 to March 12); Il silenzio dei Comunisti (The Silence of the Communists) by Vittorio Foa , Miriam Mafai , Alfredo Reichlin ; Lo specchio del diavolo (The Devil's Mirror) based on a text by Giorgio Ruffolo (February 6th to March 5th); Biblioetica. Dizionario per l'uso (Biblioethics. Dictionary of use) by Gilberto Corbellini , Pino Donghi , Armando Massarenti (February 14th to March 12th).
For the Maggio Musicale Fiorentino in Florence , Ronconi staged a new production of Giuseppe Verdi's Falstaff (conductor Zubin Mehta ) (premiere May 12, 2006). In autumn 2006 Ronconi designed a new production of Giacomo Puccini's Turandot for the Teatro Regio in Turin (premiere October 10). In protest against the subsidy cuts for the Italian theaters, the stage design and costumes were waived. The stage was only varied by its existing technical equipment (e.g. by lowering it), a lifting crane was also used, and a sophisticated lighting design was added. The singers acted in everyday clothes.
- Richard III ( Shakespeare , set design by Mario Ceroli , Turin 1968),
- The Käthchen von Heilbronn ( Kleist , Zurich 1972),
- The Bacchae ( Euripides , Pizzi sets and costumes, Wiener Burgtheater 1973)
- Die Walküre (Wagner, Pizzi sets and costumes, conductor Wolfgang Sawallisch , La Scala in Milan 1974)
- The birds ( Aristophanes , set design and costumes Damiani, Burgtheater 1975),
- Oresty : First part: Agamemnon , Second part: Choephoren ( Aeschylus : Stage design and costumes Damiani, Burgtheater 1976),
- Wozzeck ( Alban Berg , Aulenti set design, Abbado conductor, Milan 1977),
- The Wild Duck ( Henrik Ibsen , Aulenti set design, Vera Marzot costumes, Prato 1977),
- Norma ( Bellini , conductor Riccardo Muti , Maggio musicale Florence 1978),
- The tower ( Hugo von Hofmannsthal , set design Aulenti, Prato 1978),
- To the green cockatoo / Komtesse Mizzi or The Family Day ( Arthur Schnitzler , Costumes Karl Lagerfeld , Genoa 1978),
- Opera ( Luciano Berio , set design Aulenti, Nanterre 1979),
- Macbeth ( Verdi , set design and costumes Damiani, conductor Giuseppe Sinopoli , Deutsche Oper Berlin 1980),
- Medea (Euripides, Zurich 1981),
- Thursday from Light from the opera cycle Licht by Karlheinz Stockhausen (set design Aulenti, conductor Péter Eötvös , Milan 1981),
- Les Troyens ( Hector Berlioz , Frigerio set design, Lagerfeld costumes, Milan 1982),
- Phaedra ( Jean Racine , Prato 1984),
- Saturday made of light (Stockhausen, set design Aulenti, conductor Stockhausen, Milan 1984),
- Il viaggio a Reims (Rossini, stage design and costumes Aulenti, conductor Claudio Abbado , Rossini Opera Festival Pesaro 1984, Milan Scala 1985, Vienna State Opera 1988, Ferrara 1992; 2005 revival with new costumes by Giovanna Buzzi and the conductor Rani Calderon at the Theater de la Monnaie Brussels ),
- L'Orfeo ( Luigi Rossi , Milan Scala 1985),
- Comedy of Seduction (Schnitzler, Prato 1985),
- Ignorabimus ( Arno Holz , Prato 1986),
- The Merchant of Venice (Shakespeare, Paris 1987),
- Fetonte ( Niccolò Jommelli , Milan Scala 1988),
- The fairy tale of Tsar Saltan ( Nikolai Rimski-Korsakow , Aulenti set design, Giovanna Buzzi costumes, conductor Wladimir Fedossejew , Reggio Emilia 1988),
- Visitors ( Botho Strauss , Rome 1989),
- The difficult one (Hofmannsthal, Turin 1990),
- The last days of mankind ( Karl Kraus , Turin 1990),
- Ricciardo e Zoraide (Rossini, set design Aulenti, conductor Riccardo Chailly , Pesaro 1990),
- Measure for measure (Shakespeare, Turin 1992),
- Il trovatore (Verdi, set design Palli, costumes Gabriella Pescucci , conductor Sinopoli, Munich 1992),
- Elektra (Strauss, set Aulenti, costumes Buzzi, conductor Sinopoli, Milan 1994),
- The Giants from the Mountains ( Pirandello , set design by Margherita Palli , costumes Moidele Bickel , Salzburg 1994),
- King Lear (Shakespeare, Aulenti set design, Rudy Sabounghi costumes, Rome 1995),
- Tonight there will be an impromptu play (Pirandello, Wiener Festwochen 1998),
- Don Giovanni ( Mozart , Palli stage design, Marianne Glittenberg costumes, Salzburg 1999),
- Life is a dream ( Calderon de la Barca , Milan 2000),
- Moïse et Pharaon (Rossini, set designer Gianni Quaranta , conductor Muti, Milan 2003),
- L'Europa riconosciuta ( Salieri , conductor Muti, Milan, 2004)
- Professor Bernhardi (Schnitzler, set design Palli, costumes Gianluca Sbicca , Simone Valsecchi , Milan 2005),
- Il barbiere di Siviglia (Rossini, set Aulenti, costumes Buzzi, conductor Daniele Gatti , Pesaro 2005).
- Domani (set designer Tiziano Santi , costumes Silvia Aymonino , Simone Valsecchi, Gianluca Sbicca, lighting Guido Levi , Turin 2006)
- Turandot ( Giacomo Puccini , lighting Andrea Anfossi , conductor Lü Jia , Teatro Regio Turin 2006)
- Iltretico (Puccini, conductor Chailly, set design Palli, costumes Aymonino, La Scala 2008 in Milan)
- Luca Ronconi in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Luca Ronconi is dead , La Repubblica (Italian) from February 21, 2015
- At Luca Ronconi's in Milan - Unquenchable curiosity , interview by Christine Wolter in the NZZ on July 4, 2014, accessed July 5, 2014
- Photos, videos, stage designs, posters of Ronconi's productions in the archive of the Piccolo Teatro
- Biography Ronconi (French)
- Directory of Ronconi's theater productions as PDF file (without opera productions; Italian)
- Project Domani with numerous photos of rehearsals and performances, Ronconi's biography, images of earlier productions by Ronconi, interviews, etc.
- Italian theater director Luca Ronconi has died
- Biography of Luca Ronconi on the homepage of the Piccolo Teatro (Italian) ( Memento from February 24, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Italian director|
|DATE OF BIRTH||March 8, 1933|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Sousse , Tunisia|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 21, 2015|
|Place of death||Milan|