As Vatermörder a rigid, open at the front, is high stand-up collar of the shirt, men, respectively. The loosely protruding pointed ends of the parricide reach over the chin.
The collar form of the patricide developed in the 19th century and was most widespread during the Biedermeier and Vormärz periods (approx. 1815 to 1848). It reached its greatest collar height in the 20s and 30s of the 19th century. The turned-up shirt collar ( Kent collar ) that is customary today already existed at that time, but it was only used in an informal setting.
The wing collar is a more modern form . It reaches about halfway up the neck and its ends are folded forward. It is the only shape still common today and is only worn in conjunction with a tailcoat or tuxedo on particularly festive occasions .
The origin of the name is unclear. The etymology assumes the collar is in France parasite (i.e., "blackheads"..) Have been called as easily got stuck on the long, upwards directed corners food residues; in Germany this term was then confused with the similar-sounding parricide = "father murderer". This derivation hardly seems more reliable than the assumption that the name actually comes from the fact that a son returning home from a foreign country, when he quickly kissed his father on his return, struck him in the eye with such a collar and thereby caused his death.
- parricide. In: Duden online. Retrieved February 2, 2015 .
- Parricide . In: Brockhaus' Kleines Konversations-Lexikon . 5th edition. Volume 2, F. A. Brockhaus, Leipzig 1911, p. 903 .
- Parricide . In: Heinrich August Pierer , Julius Löbe (Hrsg.): Universal Lexicon of the Present and the Past . 4th edition (1857-1865). Altenburg ( zeno.org [accessed February 2, 2015]).