Peter Ustinov

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Peter Ustinov (1986)

Sir Peter Alexander Baron von Ustinov , CBE , FRSA (born April 16, 1921 in London , † March 28, 2004 in Genolier , Canton of Vaud ) was a British actor , voice actor , writer and director who also had Swiss citizenship from 1961 .

The multilingual Ustinov made a name for himself as the author of contemporary satirical dramas, including Romanoff and Julia (1956), short stories, essays, columns, novels, short stories and screenplays. The two-time Oscar winner became internationally known for his film roles in Quo vadis? (1951), Spartacus (1960), Topkapi (1964) and Death on the Nile (1978). As a director, he staged operas such as Die Zauberflöte and Don Giovanni as well as dramatic texts and films. He also created caricatures, costume and stage designs, humorous accompanying texts for musical works and was a welcome guest in worldwideTalk shows as well as the master of his own one-man shows. His diverse artistic activities and his international work earned him the title of "all-rounder" several times.

The avowed cosmopolitan was UNICEF special ambassador from 1968 , chairman of the World Federalist Movement from 1990 and founder of the Peter Ustinov Foundation in 1999 to improve the living conditions of children and young people. In the last years of his life he devoted himself to combating prejudice and on this occasion founded chairs for prejudice research in Budapest , Durham and Vienna . From 1968 to 1974 Ustinov was Rector of the University of Dundee , from 1992 until his death he was Chancellor of the University of Durham . In 1990 he was raised to the British nobility by Elizabeth II .


Family and parentage

Ustinov was born on April 16, 1921 as Peter Alexander Baron von Ustinov in the Swiss Cottage district in the London Borough of Camden , baptized in Schwäbisch Gmünd as Petrus Alexandrus . The spelling of his grandfather's surname, Plato Grigoryevich, was still Ustinov .

His father Jona von Ustinov (1892–1962), a diplomat and journalist, was in Ottoman Palestine as the son of Plato von Ustinow , who was Russian by birth but naturalized in Württemberg in 1876, and Magdalena Hall of Ethiopian and German descent, a granddaughter of the German Africa researcher and Painter Eduard Zander , born and studied in Switzerland and Grenoble , France . During the First World War he served as an aviator in the German army. Baron Ustinov, whose nickname was “Klop” (Russian for “bug”), worked for a few years as a correspondent in Berlin and Amsterdam until he got a job at the German embassy in London. In 1935 he and his family were naturalized in the United Kingdom, as he had to resign from the German civil service due to the racist Nuremberg laws . During World War II, Jona von Ustinov worked as an agent for the British domestic intelligence service MI5 .

Peter's mother was Nadezhda Leontjewna Benois (1896–1975), a stage designer and daughter of the Russian architect Leonti Nikolajewitsch Benois , from the French-born Benois family . On July 17, 1920, she married Jona von Ustinov.

Peter Ustinov later happily told about his origins: "I was conceived in Saint Petersburg , born in London and baptized as a Protestant in Schwäbisch Gmünd ." of Italian and (through his great-grandmother Welette-Iyesus) of Ethiopian descent. Ustinov was officially a British citizen throughout his life , but he always saw himself as a citizen of the world , which he used to paraphrase: "Ethnically I am very dirty and very proud of it." In 1961 he also accepted Swiss citizenship .

Childhood and adolescence

Ustinov grew up in London and enjoyed a multilingual upbringing during his childhood and youth. At home he learned English, Russian , German and French , and later also Italian , Spanish , Modern Greek and Turkish . In his appearances as a narrator and comedian, he showed his talent for making different dialects and accents of these languages ​​clear.

By his own admission, Ustinov's first role was that of a pig in a small performance in his kindergarten. In retrospect, he viewed himself as a mediocre student who mainly had problems with mathematics. He often had to endure comments from his classmates about his ethnic origin and his comparatively unusual name. From 1934 he attended the elite school in Westminster , which he detested and left after almost three years. One of his schoolmates there was Rudolf von Ribbentrop, the eldest son of the later National Socialist Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop . Ustinov trained as an actor at the London Theater Studio under the direction of Michael St. Denis and appeared in his first professional role in Der Waldschrat at the age of 17 . His passion and enthusiasm for acting and the theater soon laid the foundation for writing his own works: in 1942 his first play House of Regrets was premiered at the Arts Club.

Early years and World War II

Several theater engagements followed in the late 1930s, until Ustinov had his first small film role in Hullo, Fame! In 1940 . played. In the same year he married Isolde Denham, the half-sister of Angela Lansbury . Daughter Tamara Ustinov came from this marriage, which was divorced in 1950 and followed in both parents' footsteps as an actress. Ustinov's first major film role followed in 1942 with The Goose Steps Out . He had already shortened his full name to "Peter Ustinov" at an early age.

From 1942 Ustinov did his military service during the Second World War in the British Army . His supervisor was the actor David Niven . Ustinov later said that his time in the military and during the war had deeply influenced him and influenced his pacifist and humanist thinking. In order to gain experience in film, he joined the actors' unit and had smaller roles in propaganda films there ; He also wrote the screenplay for the first time for the 1943 production The New Lot .

After his discharge from the army, Ustinov began to develop his artistic versatility. At the 1946 Film School for Secrets , he was responsible for the direction, production and script. In the 1940s, more films followed under his direction and from his pen. In addition, Ustinov continued to appear at the theater as a director and author - but also as a critic.

International work

In 1950, the screening began for Mervyn LeRoy's adaptation of the novel Quo Vadis by Henryk Sienkiewicz . At these, Ustinov, as Roman Emperor Nero, had the first opportunity to demonstrate his acting potential to critical Hollywood producers. Nevertheless, they hesitated for a whole year with their decision because they thought the 30-year-old actor was too young. But Sam Zimbalist , the producer of the film, received a telegram from Ustinov that he would soon be too old for the role if you wait any longer, since Nero himself had died at the age of 31; then he was hired. With the portrayal of the autocratic, mentally ill and megalomaniac emperor, Ustinov achieved his international breakthrough. He was awarded a Golden Globe for his performance and was nominated for an Oscar .

In 1954 Ustinov married the Canadian actress Suzanne Cloutier , from the marriage the three children Igor, Pavla and Andrea emerged. After several years, this second marriage also ended in divorce. Ustinov's son Igor works as a sculptor and, as a member of the Board of Trustees of the Sir Peter Ustinov Foundation, is now safeguarding his father's legacy.

Ustinov used his talent for languages ​​both for role offers in addition to English-language film productions and from time to time for self- dubbing into German or French. He also wrote other plays in which he also participated as an actor and director. He was very successful in the mid-1950s with Romanoff and Julia , who parodied the East-West conflict and earned him two nominations for a Tony Award in 1958 while the play was running on New York's Broadway . In 1961 Ustinov also implemented the material on film. In the 1950s he made a name for himself in films such as Beau Brummel - Rebel and Seducer and We Are Not Angels . His portrayal of the gladiator master Batiatus in Stanley Kubrick's monumental film Spartacus earned him an Oscar for best supporting actor in 1961. In 1957 he played the leading role of the Soviet secret agent Michel Kaminsky in Henri-Georges Clouzot's political thriller Spies at Work .

Ustinov in the Netherlands (1962)

In 1961, Ustinov filmed Herman Melville's short novel Billy Budd (German title: The Damned of the Seas ) as a director and played the role of the captain himself. In 1962 he staged an opera for the first time, namely the one-act play The Spanish Hour by Maurice Ravel at the Royal Opera House in London. More opera productions across Europe were to follow by the end of the 1990s, including by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Die Zauberflöte and Don Giovanni . In addition, Ustinov continued to stage his own plays such as Endspurt (1962) or Half on the Tree (1967).

His performance in the crook comedy Topkapi by Jules Dassin on the side of Melina Mercouri and Maximilian Schell was also praised in 1964 . For this he was again awarded an Oscar. The film Lady L. followed in 1965 with David Niven and Sophia Loren in the leading roles. It was also Loren who received the Oscar for her colleague Ustinov in the same year, as he was unable to attend. In the next few years he also took part in a number of second-class quality film productions which, thanks to his presence, still met with a great response, for example in the Disney film Captain Blackbeard's Spuk-Kaschemme . In addition to Elizabeth Taylor , Richard Burton and Alec Guinness , Ustinov appeared in 1967 in The Comedians' Hour, based on the novel by Graham Greene . In 1968 he starred with Maggie Smith in the comedy film Das Millionending ; for the original script, which he had written together with the author Ira Wallach , he was nominated again for an Oscar.

Many of Ustinov's plays formed the basis for television productions. In addition to his literary activities, he appeared in television games and shows and received three Emmy awards for leading actor in a film (1958 for Omnibus: The Life of Samuel Johnson, 1967 for Barefoot in Athens and 1970 for A Storm in Summer) . In contrast to other Hollywood stars, he appeared many times on television and was a welcome talk show guest. In such roundtables, Ustinov drew from his great treasure trove of stories, jokes and anecdotes. From the 1960s onwards, he also worked as a highly acclaimed entertainer who, in addition to his film career, appeared on television and at events worldwide .

Ustinov was not just an observer and critic of his time. He also advocated pacifism, international understanding and equilibrism . He joined the World Federalists in the 1950s and served as their chairman from 1990 until his death. In 1968 he was appointed special envoy of the UN relief agency UNICEF ; In the same year he also took up his first academic post as rector of the Scottish University of Dundee - without a recognized school leaving certificate or university degree (in 1969 he was also made an honorary doctor of law there). As a UNICEF ambassador, Ustinov has since traveled continuously all over the world, wanting to contribute to a better, democratic world as a “bridge builder”. The aim of the World Federalist Movement was also an increased democratization of the United Nations and the comprehensive reorganization of international relations.

In 1971 he married the journalist and writer Hélène du Lau d'Allemans, with whom he lived until the end in a house in Bursins on Lake Geneva . In 1972 Ustinov was honored with a Silver Bear at the Berlin Film Festival for his artistic sophistication in a wide variety of areas. In 1974 he gave up his rector's position at the University of Dundee to the British author and politician Clement Freud . From the mid-1970s he concentrated again on his work as a film actor and performed, inter alia. In 1976 alongside Michael York and Jenny Agutter as "Old Man" in the science fiction film Escape to the 23rd Century and also as an Englishman alongside Heinz Rühmann in No Evening Like Any Other , which was filmed in the Haasenhof in Lübeck.

In 1977 Ustinov's autobiography Oh my goodness! Messy memoir ( Dear Me!), In which he also remembered his early years in Hollywood and described the collaboration with film colleagues. For this book, which was published in the German edition of 1990 under the title Ich und ich , Ustinov received the French literary prize Prix ​​de la Butte .

Ustinov's impersonation of the master detective " Hercule Poirot " based on the model of Agatha Christie enjoyed great popularity . In 1978 the star-studded film Death on the Nile was released ; Although Ustinov's portrayal, in contrast to that of Albert Finney in Murder on the Orient Express of 1974, was increasingly based on his own person, the broad cinema audience primarily brought him into connection with this role. In 1979 the film was awarded an Oscar for best costume and Ustinov himself was nominated for a British Academy Film Award for best leading actor. He embodied Poirot until the 1980s in two other films ( The Evil Under the Sun , Rendezvous with a Corpse ) and in three television productions ( Murder à la Carte , Deadly Parties , Murder with assigned roles ) , each with an ensemble of well-known actors participated.

Ustinov also researched his own roots and produced the documentary Ustinovs Russia for television ; the non-fiction book of the same name appeared in German in 1988. In 1984 he wanted to interview Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi as part of his three-part BBC series Ustinov's People . While he was waiting for the agreed conversation, he spoke freely into the camera, analogously: “So here I am in Indira Gandhi's garden. There are birds in the trees. Guardians stand in the corners. It's quiet. ”Suddenly there was a noise and great excitement. Without being able to correctly interpret the situation, Ustinov tried to calm the television viewers. Shortly afterwards he spoke into the live camera: “I have to admit: When I said that nothing serious had happened, I didn't believe myself. Indira Gandhi has just been shot. The guards are no longer in the corners. But the birds are still in the trees. ”In fact, Indira Gandhi was shot on her way to talk to Ustinov. When Roger Willemsen chose the sentence “The birds are still in the trees” later in his obituary Der Findling to Ustinov's life's work as an introduction, he honored Ustinov for his literary quality as well as for his pathos .

Ustinov also played theater in Germany. In 1987 he gave Beethoven's tithe in his own play at the Staatliche Schauspielbühnen Berlin as Ludwig van Beethoven , alongside Jürgen Thormann , Uta Hallant and Christiane Leuchtmann .

In 1989 Ustinov played the role of " Mirabeau " in The French Revolution , and in the same year the "Detective Fix" in the television adaptation In 80 Days Around the World from Journey around the earth in 80 days according to Jules Verne . Also in 1989 he appeared in the feature film scenes for the German documentary series The Flowing Rock on the subject of concrete / cement in various roles.

In 1990 Peter Ustinov was named a Knight Bachelor by Queen Elisabeth II. Since then he has been allowed to use the salutation “Sir” in front of his name. Two years later he became Chancellor of the University of Durham in Northern England . Durham Castle, where a college was named after him, is the oldest inhabited university building in the world to this day.

Last years and death

Peter Ustinov 1986

Ustinov continued to work as an actor and writer in the 1990s. In 1992 he appeared in the role of "Professor Nikolai" alongside Nick Nolte and Susan Sarandon in the film drama Lorenzo's Oil , and in 1999 in a guest role as the grandfather of Chris O'Donnell in the comedy The Bachelor . He also played in several television films, including in Alice in Wonderland , Deutschlandspiel and The Salem Witch Trials . Ustinov presented documentaries and events on television, most recently the Schleswig-Holstein Music Festival in 2003 . In the year mentioned he also opened the second exhibition of the United Buddy Bears in Berlin as their patron .

Ustinov's novel The Old Man and Mr. Smith was published in 1990 and Monsieur René in 1998 . In his books and stories, he not only dealt with contemporary satire, but also increasingly took up fundamental topics such as forms of humor, wisdom and communication difficulties. In his opinion, the latter results from prejudice and contributes to the lack of international understanding. For this reason, Ustinov intensified his own prejudice fight. In 1999 he founded the international Peter Ustinov Foundation and on August 11, 2003, together with the City of Vienna, the Sir Peter Ustinov Institute , an institution that is increasingly concerned with prejudice research . Ustinov processed his own findings on this subject in the volume Attention! Prejudices , the first book he himself wrote in German. The endowed professorship at the institute named after him was filled in 2004 by the psychologist Horst-Eberhard Richter ; Ustinov himself also gave lectures in Vienna. His own foundation is building, among other things. Schools in Afghanistan .

Even in old age he still expressed his opinion on political issues, most recently in March 2004 as a co-caller for the Easter march of the peace movement in Ramstein , Germany, where nuclear warheads were stored in the US Ramstein Air Base until 2005. For his social commitment, Ustinov was awarded the Federal Cross of Merit in 1998 by Federal President Roman Herzog . Since the 1980s he had received awards for his life's work around the world.

In 2003 he played his last two roles as " Friedrich the Wise " in Luther and in the television film Winter Sun after Rosamunde Pilcher . In the last years of his life he was seriously ill, he suffered from diabetes and sciatica ; At the time of Luther's film premiere , he was dependent on a wheelchair.

Sir Peter Ustinov died of heart failure on March 28, 2004 at the age of 82 in a private clinic in Genolier near Geneva. He is buried in the cemetery in Bursins (Switzerland).


Peter Ustinov 1973

Peter Ustinov is associated by a broad audience as an actor with roles such as Emperor Nero or Hercule Poirot . Critics point to his immensely wide artistic spectrum. He worked in film, television, theater, literature, music and art and beyond as a self-appointed researcher and as a fighter against prejudices in the areas of ethics and social philosophy . Above all, his commitment to the UN children's aid organization UNICEF and his efforts to promote international understanding brought him international recognition .

He included many events and encounters with important personalities in his great treasure trove of anecdotes. His humorous view of society was reflected in many of his plays and books. Ustinov has also worked as a serious journalist and columnist for radio, magazines and documentaries over the years. As a versatile narrator and cabaret artist , he was a welcome guest on talk shows and a popular moderator at cultural events (including for the benefit of UNICEF) or his own shows (such as An Evening with Peter Ustinov) .

As a great connoisseur of classical music , he staged operas and wrote humorous accompanying texts for musical works such as Camille Saint-Saëns ' Carnival of the Animals . Ustinov was also an extremely talented imitator of sounds , (animal) voices and instruments . He learned a total of eight languages, six of which he spoke almost fluently.

He was an art and culture lover and made a name for himself as such with stage sets and caricatures . Since 1989 he has been a successor to Orson Welles at the Paris Academy of Fine Arts ; He was also an honorary doctor of numerous institutes and universities in America, Europe and Asia. He also held public offices, for example as head of two British universities and as chairman of the World Federalist Movement .

Due to his diverse interests and talents, Ustinov was and is described as a unique universal genius , a cosmopolitan and cosmopolitan who has developed his skills and produced works in a wide variety of fields.

From obituaries

Peter Ustinov's grave

The Munich tabloid tz said in the obituary: “The smile will stay in our minds the most. That little, sly expression on the face where the eyes always seemed to know a little more than the mouth was saying. It was probably this quiet, never rumbling humor that people loved so much about the great Sir Peter Ustinov. Just don't take anything too seriously, he radiated ... The affection that greeted him everywhere has been converted into help for others. "

The FAZ wrote on March 29, 2004: "He ... was one of the rare all-rounders with a European base and a Hollywood superstructure: an ever increasing multi-talent in terms of body, punch lines and jokes ..."

The British Telegraph is one of the few press outlets that has spoken negatively about Ustinov . There Stephen Pollard summed up his criticism of Ustinov in this sentence, which was supposed to demonstrate his alleged tendency to “excuse tyrants and defend tyranny”: “Stalin: ok., Company: criminal; Al-Qaeda and the US: morally equal. Assassination of Chinese dissidents: good; Elimination of tyrants: bad. That was the worldview of Sir Peter Ustinov, 'philanthropist'. "

German Peter Ustinov Schools

There are eight schools in Germany that bear his name:

Catalog raisonné

Ustinov's extensive work includes his appearances as an actor in film, television and theater productions, his work as a film, television, theater and opera director as well as numerous plays, film and television scripts, novels, novellas, short stories and non-fiction books written by him .


  • Peter Ustinov: Oh my goodness! Messy memoir . Translated into German by Traudl Lessing and Helga Zoglmann. Fritz Moden Verlag, Vienna and others 1978. 367 p. (Original title: Dear Me! Heinemann, London 1977); newly published under the title Ich und Ich. Memories . Econ, Düsseldorf 1990; as a paperback by Bastei / Lübbe, Bergisch Gladbach 1993
  • Pictures of my life . Edited by Hélène Ustinov. Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne 2004 (last book project planned by Ustinov and posthumously published illustrated book)


Media awards


  • 1952: nominated as " Best Supporting Actor " (Quo vadis?)
  • 1961: Best Supporting Actor (Spartacus)
  • 1965: Best Supporting Actor (Topkapi)
  • 1969: Nominated for the “ Best Original Screenplay ” (Das Millionending) , together with Ira Wallach

British Academy Film Award

  • 1962: Nominated for "Best British Screenplay" (The Damned of the Seas)
  • 1979: nominated as " Best Actor " (Death on the Nile)
  • 1992: Britannia Award for Lifetime Achievement
  • 1995: nominated for "Best TV Entertainment" (An Evening with Sir Peter Ustinov)

Golden Globe

Berlin International Film Festival

  • 1961: nominated for the Golden Bear (Romanoff and Julia)
  • 1972: Silver Bear for artistic versatility
  • 1972: nominated for the Golden Bear (Hammersmith is out)

Evening Standard British Film Award

  • 1980: Best Actor (Death on the Nile)


  • 1958: "Best single performance by an actor / main or supporting role" (Omnibus: The Life of Samuel Johnson)
  • 1967: "Outstanding solo performance by a leading actor" (Barefoot in Athens)
  • 1970: "Outstanding solo performance by a leading actor" (A Storm in Summer)
  • 1982: nominated for "Outstanding Individual Achievement in Informational Broadcasting" (Omni: The New Frontier)
  • 1985: nominated for "Outstanding Classical Broadcast of the Performing Arts" (The Well-Tempered Bach)

Tony Award

  • 1958: nominated for the best piece (Romanoff and Julia)
  • 1958: nominated as " Best Actor " (Romanoff and Julia)


  • 1960: Prize for the “Best Recording for Children” (Prokofiev: Peter and the Wolf) with the Philharmonia Orchestra under the direction of Herbert von Karajan

Life's work


  • 1974: Golden Camera for best actor for changing notes
  • 1978: Prix de la Butte for Oh my goodness! Messy memoir
  • 1981: Karl Valentin Order
  • 1987: "Goldenes Schlitzohr"

Honors from states and institutions

Orders and decorations

Honorary doctorates

  • 1967: Cleveland Institute of Music (Honorary Doctor of Music)
  • 1969: University of Dundee (Honorary Doctor of Law)
  • 1971: LaSalle College Philadelphia (Honorary Doctor of Law)
  • 1972: University of Lancaster (Honorary Doctor of Humanities)
  • 1973: Letherbridge University (Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts)
  • 1984: University of Toronto
  • 1988: Georgetown University (Honorary Doctor of Humanities)

Secondary literature

Monographs, biographies
  • John Miller: Peter Ustinov - The Gift of Laughter - His life story . Written down by John Miller, from the English by Hermann Kusterer, 4th edition, Fischer TB 16152, Frankfurt am Main 2004, ISBN 3-596-16152-5
  • Tony Thomas : Ustinov in Focus . Zwemmer & Barnes, London and New York 1971, ISBN 0-498-07859-0
  • Nadia Benois Ustinov: O these Ustinovs! (OT: Klop and the Ustinov Family ). DVA, Stuttgart 1975, ISBN 3-421-01705-0
  • Christopher Warwick: Peter Ustinov. Rascal and Gentleman (OT: The Universal Ustinov ). Heyne, Munich 1992, ISBN 3-453-05761-9
  • Peter Ustinov: Pictures of my life. Kiepenheuer & Witsch, Cologne 2004, ISBN 3-462-03418-9
Interviews and discussions
  • Gero von Boehm : Peter Ustinov. September 18, 2002. Interview in: Encounters. Images of man from three decades. Collection Rolf Heyne, Munich 2012, ISBN 978-3-89910-443-1 , pp. 329–326
  • Felizitas von Schönborn: Peter Ustinov "I believe in the seriousness of laughter". 5th edition. Fischer TB 14799, Frankfurt am Main 2004, ISBN 3-596-14799-9 (collection of thematic interviews and discussions)
  • Peter Ustinov, Henning von Vogelsang, Timo Fehrensen: Doubts hold humanity together ; Hess, Ulm / Bad Schussenried 2003, ISBN 3-87336-193-0 (the last long interview and conversation between Ustinov, the Liechtenstein publicist Karl Frhr. Von Vogelsang and the German cultural journalist Timo Fehrensen)
  • Renata Schmidtkunz : Peter Ustinov. Mandelbaum, Vienna 2008, ISBN 978-3-85476-283-6 (= in conversation)

Web links

Commons : Peter Ustinov  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. see Ustinov: Pictures of my life . P. 154.
  2. Peter Ustinov: Oh my goodness. Messy memoir. Verlag Fritz Molden, Vienna (inter alia) 1978, p. 43.
  3. Cf. Ejal Jakob Eisler (איל יעקב איזלר), Peter Martin Metzler (1824-1907): A Christian missionary in the Holy Land [פטר מרטין מצלר (1907-1824): סיפורו של מיסיונר נוצר רץל German], Haifa: אוניברסיטת חיפה / המכון ע"ש גוטליב שומכר לחקר פעילות העולם הנוצרי בארץ -ישראל במאה ה -19, 1999 (פרסומי המכון ע"ש גוטליב שומכר לחקר פעילות העולם הנוצרי בארץ -ישראל במאה ה -19 / Memoirs of Gottlieb Schumacher Institute for Research into the Christian Contribution to the Reconstruction of Palestine in the 19th Century; Volume 2), pp. 49f and מא. ISBN 965-7109-03-5
  4. ^ Wolbert GC Smidt: Connections of the Ustinov family to Ethiopia. In: Aethiopica, International Journal of Ethiopian and Eritrean Studies , Volume 8 (2005), pp. 29-47.
  5. She was the daughter of the German painter Eduard Zander, who worked as court painter in Ethiopia, and the Ethiopian lady-in-waiting Isette-Werq. Welette-Iyesus was married as Katharina Hall to the German, Jewish-born Moritz Hall, who worked there as a Protestant missionary. Cf. Holtz, "Hall, Moritz", in: Encyclopaedia Aethiopica : 3 vol., Siegbert Uhlig (ed.), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2002, 2005, 2007, vol. 2 / D - Ha (2005), article: 'Hall, Moritz '. ISBN 3-447-05238-4 .
  6. a b Sir Peter Ustinov opens the 2003/2004 winter semester. Free University of Berlin, July 3, 2007, archived from the original on December 5, 2010 ; Retrieved October 11, 2010 .
  7. Ronald Bergan: Obituary: Suzanne Cloutier. December 11, 2003, accessed October 10, 2018 .
  8. The Magic Flute Hamburg 1971
  9. Andreas Bummel: Sir Peter Ustinov: Avandgardist for a Better World Order , article from April 30, 2004 on, accessed on December 17, 2011
  10. Roger Willemsen: The Foundling: Memories of Peter Ustinov. In: Zeit Online. Die Zeit, April 1, 2004, archived from the original on December 9, 2004 ; Retrieved October 11, 2010 .
  11. The French Revolution - Years of Hope. In: prisma . Retrieved October 11, 2010 .
  12. Sir Peter Ustinov Institute for Researching and Combating Prejudice. Retrieved June 24, 2020 .
  13. Peter Ustinov: Warning! Prejudices. After discussions with Harald Wieser and Jürgen Ritte . Hoffmann and Campe, Hamburg 2003, ISBN 3-455-09410-4 (numerous new editions and reprints)
  14. The grave of Sir Peter Ustinov , accessed on October 26, 2011
  15. Harenberg Personenlexikon, Harenberg Lexikon-Verlag 2000, ISBN 3-611-00893-1 , p. 1010
  16. In FAZ : This quiet humor. March 31, 2004
  17. Gerhard Stadelmaier : Sir Peter Ustinov dies , FAZ , March 29, 2004
    "He was a film and theater actor, playwright, screenwriter, director, novelist, master of the arts, Unesco ambassador, ...", longer version , March 30, 2004
  18. ^ "Ustinov's record of excusing tyrants and defending tyranny [...] Stalin: ok; business: criminal; al-Qaeda and the US: moral equals. Murdering Chinese dissidents: good; removing tyrants: bad. That was the world view of Sir Peter Ustinov, 'humanitarian' ”. Stephen Pollard, "I can only speak ill of Sir Peter," The Telegraph, April 4, 2004
  19. Peter Ustinov Schools. In: Peter Ustinov Foundation. Retrieved March 11, 2016 .