Académie des Beaux-Arts
The Académie des Beaux-Arts is a French learned society in Paris ( 6th arrondissement ), which is subordinate to the Institut de France , under whose patronage it was founded in 1803 as an independent academy after having been the section “Literature and Fine Arts “ Belonged to the Institut national des sciences et des arts .
For 2020, the sculptor Jean Anguera is president and the architect Alain Charles Perrot is vice-president of the academy. The composer Laurent Petitgirard has held the post of secretary since February 2017.
The Académie des Beaux-Arts traces its history back to several previous royal organizations :
- the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture (1648),
- the Académie royale de musique (1669) and
- the Académie royale d'architecture (1671).
The Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture (Royal Academy for Painting and Sculpture) was founded in 1648 on the initiative of the first court painter Charles Le Brun . Two years later, Le Brun, who was to become rector of the academy in 1668, supported the founding of a second organization, the Académie de France à Rome , with the support of Minister Jean-Baptiste Colbert .
The Académie royale de musique (Royal Academy of Music) founded Colbert in 1669 under the name Académie d'Opéra as a response to the Académie royale de danse . She granted the privilege of performing "musical theater pieces" to Pierre Perrin and Robert Cambert, as well as two other partners, who soon betrayed Perrin. Imprisoned for debts, he gave the privilege to Jean-Baptiste Lully in 1672 .
The Académie royale d'architecture was founded - also on the initiative of Colbert - in 1671. Its first director was the architect and theorist François Blondel .
On August 8, 1793, the National Convention abolished all academies and learned societies.
The Institut de France
As a successor to the royal academies, the republican Institut national des sciences et des arts (State Institute of Sciences and Arts) was established on October 25, 1795 , from which today's Institut de France emerged . The third of the three classes of this institute comprised the areas of Littérature et Beaux-Arts (literature and fine arts). However, among the eight sections in this class - grammar, ancient languages, poetry, antiques and monuments, painting, sculpture, architecture, and music - the fine arts were underrepresented.
On January 23, 1803, the institute opened a fourth, independent literature class for the fine arts - initially with 28 members. In 1805 he moved from the Louvre to the Collège des Quatre Nations (Palais Mazarin) on the Quai de Conti.
The Académie des Beaux-Arts has owned the Roman Villa Medici since 1803 , the seat of the Académie de France à Rome, and since 1916 the Casa de Velázquez in Madrid. This was inaugurated in 1928 and completely renovated in 1959.
Today the Académie des Beaux-Arts has 58 armchairs (fauteuils, i. S. v. Sitting), 48 of which are occupied. There have also been eight sections here since 2005: Painting (7 fauteuils), Sculpture (8), Architecture (9), Graphics (3), Music Composition (8), Free Members (8), Cinema & Media (4) and Photography (1). (As of January 16, 2016)
- History of the Académie des Beaux-Arts (French)
- Members of the Académie des Beaux-Arts since 1795 (French)
- Académie des Beaux-arts: Membres actuels (accessed June 1, 2020)
- French: pièces de théâtre en musique