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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Friedrich III.
Friedrich III. becomes king of Denmark and Norway .
John II Casimir
John II Casimir becomes King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania .
Gerhard der Borch, The Peace of Munster.  A Spaniard and six Dutch people conjure up the Spanish-Dutch peace treaty in the town hall of Münster - the six negotiators with raised fingers: Willem Ripperda, Frans van Donia, Adriaen Clant tot Stedum, Adriaan Pauw, Jan van Mathenesse and Barthold van Gent.
With the invocation of the peace of Munster
in the town hall of Munster ending Eighty Years' War .
1648 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1096/97 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1640/41 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1053/54 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2191/92 (southern Buddhism); 2190/91 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 72nd (73rd) cycle

Year of the earth-rat戊子 ( at the beginning of the year fire-pig 丁亥)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1010/11 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3981/82 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1026/27
Islamic calendar 1057/58 (January 26-27)
Jewish calendar 5408/09 (September 16/17)
Coptic calendar 1364/65 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 823/824
Seleucid era Babylon: 1958/59 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1959/60 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1704/05 (April)


Politics and world events

Europe in late 1648

Eighty Years War / Thirty Years War

Flyer on the Peace of Westphalia
The Holy Roman Empire after the Peace of Westphalia

France / Spain

  • August 6th : The Fronde uprising begins in France in order to secure the release of judges critical of the government .
Battle of Lens

Northern and Eastern Europe

Ottoman Empire / Venice

Candia at the time of the siege


England / Scotland / Ireland

Battle of Preston


Voyages of discovery


science and technology


Taj Mahal


nature and environment

Cover of the Book of Holstein Don't Forget It! from 1648 by Johann Rist
  • February 14th : The Holstein natural disaster , also Fastelabendsflut (Fastnachtsflut) in 1648 or the Holstein earthquake on February 14th, 1648, is an extremely unusual combination of two natural events in the Holstein Elbe marshes.


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1648


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown


Web links

Commons : 1648  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files