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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Dom Sebastião de Portugal
The Portuguese King Sebastian is killed in the
battle of Alcácer-Quibir .
King Henrique I of Portugal
Henry I ascends the throne as the last Portuguese king from the house of Avis .
The Pont Neuf, the oldest surviving bridge over the Seine in Paris, and the Île de la Cité today
The foundation stone for the Pont Neuf is laid.
1578 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1026/27 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1570/71
Buddhist calendar 2121/22 (southern Buddhism); 2120/21 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the Earth Tiger戊寅 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Ox 丁丑)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 940/941 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3911/12 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 956/957
Islamic calendar 985/986 (turn of the year 9/10 March)
Jewish calendar 5338/39 (September 1st and 2nd)
Coptic calendar 1294/95
Malayalam calendar 753/754
Seleucid era Babylon: 1888/89 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1889/90 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1634/35 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Europe and North Africa

Gvozdansko castle ruins
Battle of Alcácer-Quibir




  • At the behest of Elector August I of Saxony , the construction of the Elsterfloßgraben begins . It should enable the transport of wood that is needed for salt production.

science and technology

Christophorus Clavius


Catacombs of Priscilla: oldest known image of Mary with child
El Greco: Adoration of the Name of Jesus




Date of birth saved

William Harvey
Emperor Ferdinand II.

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1578


Date of death secured

Catherine of Castile, Queen of Portugal

Exact date of death unknown

  • December: Nicholas Heath , Lord Chancellor and last Catholic Archbishop of York (* around 1501 )

Web links

Commons : 1578  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files