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Heads of State · necrology · Literature Year · Music Year

Henry VIII
Henry VIII becomes head of the Anglican Church .
Pope Paul III
Alessandro Farnese is named Paul III. elected pope, a classic representative of nepotism .
Luther Bible
Martin Luther has the first complete version of
his Luther Bible printed.
1534 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 982/983 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1526/27
Buddhist calendar 2077/78 (southern Buddhism); 2076/77 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 70th (71st) cycle

Year of the wood horse甲午 ( at the beginning of the year water snake 癸巳)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 896/897 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3867/68 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 912/913
Islamic calendar 940/941 (turn of the year 12/13 July)
Jewish calendar 5294/95 (9/10 September)
Coptic calendar 1250/51
Malayalam calendar 709/710
Seleucid era Babylon: 1844/45 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1845/46 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1590/91 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

France / Jacques Cartier's voyage of discovery

Jacques Cartier, historicizing painting

Holy Roman Empire

The Anabaptist Empire of Munster
Jan van Leiden at the baptism of a girl. (Historicizing picture, Franz Bähr , 1840)

In January, Jan Matthys sends Jan van Leiden to Münster as Apostle of the Anabaptists . This begins there immediately with the adult baptisms . In the regular election on February 23, the Anabaptists win, whereupon Matthys and van Leiden together with the newly elected mayor Bernd Knipperdolling , the city councilors Bernd and Heinrich Krechting and the preacher Bernd Rothmann found the Anabaptist Empire of Münster . Anyone who is of the Catholic or non-Anabaptist Protestant faith and has not left the city beforehand will be forced to be baptized or expelled from the city. Since the baptism of adults violates the imperial law, Prince-Bishop Franz von Waldeck, with the support of imperial troops , begins the siege of the city on February 28 .

In the following weeks the structures in the city are radically rebuilt. In an iconoclasm in the churches, the Anabaptists destroy everything that reminds of the saints and the clergy and in the process destroy numerous art treasures. They confiscate property in the city, introduce, among other things, a community of property based on the community of property of the Jerusalem primitive community and burn the city archives and archives of the heirs .

When the appearance of Christ, announced by Jan Matthys for Easter, does not materialize, Matthys moves with some faithful to the city and is killed by the besiegers on Easter day, April 5th . From this point on, Jan van Leiden is the de facto head of the Münster Anabaptists. In the course of the year he named himself King of the " New Jerusalem " and Heinrich Krechting his Chancellor. Due to the large surplus of women, he also introduced polygyny in Münster . Opposition within the city is massively suppressed.

Attack on Munster by Franz von Waldeck's troops

Although the siege caused a shortage within the city walls during the year, Franz von Waldeck did not succeed in taking the city in 1534. But the Anabaptists also fail to get outside support for their cause. In September “missionaries” are sent to neighboring cities. However, these are either intercepted by episcopal troops or picked up in their target cities. Those who can preach have little success. Only in Warendorf do the Anabaptists take control of the city for a week, but are quickly beaten by the episcopal soldiers. In October a request for help to the Dutch Anabaptist movement, which is also under massive pressure there , fails .

Other events in Germany

Elsewhere in Europe

Ottoman Empire

South America


Saxon coin mandate from Duke George from 1534
Electoral Saxon privilege from 1534
  • The Wittenberg bookseller and publisher Moritz Goltz and his publishing association receive the privilege of the Saxon king to print the works of Martin Luther .


Main article : Literature year 1534



  • Martin Luther has the first complete version of his Luther Bible , the classic German, most widely used translation of the Bible, printed by the Hans Lufft printing company . It has a lasting influence on German literature and language and plays a decisive role in the development of a uniform written German language.
  • The Duchy of Württemberg introduces the Reformation .

Catholic Church

Ignatius of Loyola
Biblia of both Allt and Newen wills of Johann Dietenberger

Anglican Church


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1534


Date of death secured

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1534  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files