Calendar overview 1588
Henri I. de Lorraine, duc de Guise , is guarded by
the French King
Henry III. murdered.
|Spanish Armada sets out to conquer England .|
Battle of Gravelines marks
the end of the Spanish invasion plans for England.
|1588 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1036/37 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1580/81 (turn of the year 10/11 September)|
|Bengali solar calendar||993/994 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2131/32 (southern Buddhism); 2130/31 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||71st (72nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||950/951 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3921/22 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||996/997 (turn of the year 19/20 November)|
|Jewish calendar||5348/49 (September 21/22)|
|Coptic calendar||1304/05 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1898/99 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1899/1900 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1644/45 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
England / Spain
- May 28 : The first ships of the Spanish Armada set out for the English Channel in Lisbon . The rest of the fleet starts on the following two days.
- July 31 : The Spanish Armada appears in the English Channel, whereupon several small skirmishes take place over the next few days, but no decision is made.
- August 8th : The English fleet sends Brander to the port of Calais, where the Armada is at anchor, to unite with the invading army from the Spanish Netherlands. The Armada leaves the harbor in a panic and is fought by the English in the subsequent naval battle of Gravelines , but the battle ends in a draw.
- August 19 : Unaware of the battle won, Queen Elizabeth I gives her famous Tilbury speech in which she encourages the troops who have gathered in Tilbury to repel the Spanish invasion.
- The Armada then tried to circumnavigate England and Ireland, getting caught in heavy storms and losing most of their ships, which had already been damaged by the fighting.
- May 9 : Henry I, Duke of Guise , leader of the Catholic League in France , attracts the Eighth Huguenot War in Paris and harassed King Henry III.
- May 12th : The citizens of Paris, incited by Henri de Guise, drive out King Henry III on the " Day of the Barricades " . out of town. He flees to Blois .
- Henry III. and Henri de Guise close the Union of Rouen, with which the Huguenot Henry of Navarre is to be denied the French throne.
- December 23rd : The unarmed Henri I de Lorraine, duc de Guise , is murdered by the royal guard in Blois. His brother Louis II. De Lorraine-Guise , Cardinal of Lorraine and Archbishop of Reims, was arrested as a witness and the next day on the orders of King Henry III. killed. That leads to the uprising in Paris. Henry III. must then make an alliance with the Huguenot Henry of Navarre.
Holy Roman Empire
- March to September: During the Truchsessian War , Bonn is besieged by Charles III. de Croÿ commanded the Spaniards. The defenders on the part of the renegade Archbishop Gebhard I. von Waldburg are led by Martin Schenk von Nideggen , who finally has to hand over the city, but is granted an honorable deduction. The siege became a contemporary media event through pamphlets and newspaper-like reports .
- After the Netherlands stopped supporting his cause, Gebhard gave up the fight, moved to Strasbourg and became a Protestant cathedral dean at the court of Duke Friedrich I of Württemberg .
- April 4th : The underage Christian IV succeeds his late father Friedrich II on the throne of Denmark and Norway . His mother, Sophie von Mecklenburg , ran government affairs with representatives of the Reichsrat while he was not of age .
science and technology
- The Africa Atlas ( Geografia dell 'Africa ) by the Italian cosmographer Livio Sanuto is published in Venice , a set of maps (12 copperplate engravings) that is extremely precise for the time and was used by other leading cartographers and cosmographers for almost a century as the basis for their own Working is used.
- September 10th : The English navigator Sir Thomas Cavendish returns to Plymouth from his three-year circumnavigation . For the first time he brings star anise from East Asia to Europe after a trip .
- November 22nd : The work Orchésographie et traité en forme de dialogue, par lequel toutes personnes peuvent facilement apprendre et pratiquer l'honneste exercice des dances by Thoinot Arbeau on the dances of his time is granted the printing privilege.
- January 22nd : With the Apostolic Constitution Immensa Aeterni Dei , Pope Sixtus V set up new congregations after the Council of Trent (1545–1563) and reallocated the existing congregations. One of these congregations is the Sacra Congregazione della Consulta , which has been performing judicial and advisory tasks for the Curia since 1559 .
- The by Duke Bogislaw XIII. The Princely Printing House founded in Barth prints the Barther Bible in Middle Low German .
- The former Unitarian Andreas Eössi founds the Sabbatians group in Transylvania .
- The Capuchin Monastery of Solothurn is founded.
Historical maps and views
First half of the year
- January 10 : Nicolaes Pickenoy , Dutch painter († 1653 / 56 )
- January 12 : John Winthrop , English Puritan and governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony († 1649 )
- January 20 : Francesco Gessi , Italian painter († 1649 )
- February 21 : Cassiano dal Pozzo , Italian scholar and patron († 1657 )
- April 5 : Thomas Hobbes , English philosopher († 1679 )
- April 15 : Claudius Salmasius , French classical philologist and polymath († 1653 )
- April 18 : Thomas Weinrich , German Lutheran theologian († 1629 )
- May 2 : Étienne Pascal , French lawyer, administrator and mathematician, father of Blaise Pascal († 1651 )
Second half of the year
- September 1 : Henri II. De Bourbon , Prince of Condé († 1646 )
- September 8th : Marin Mersenne , French mathematician and theologian († 1648 )
- September 14 : Josua Stegmann , German theologian and hymn poet († 1632 )
- September 30 : Godart van Reede , Dutch statesman († 1648 )
- October 17 : Matthias Gallas , Imperial General in the Thirty Years War († 1647 )
- October 22 : Hans Jakob Zörnlin , Swiss officer in foreign services and civil servant († 1659 )
- November 9 : Bénédict Turrettini , Swiss theologian († 1631 )
- November 11th : Martin Trost , German orientalist († 1636 )
- November 25 : Johann Affelmann , German theologian († 1624 )
- November 26 : Anton von Ditfurth , member of the Fruit Bringing Society († 1650 )
- December 2 : Leonhard Kern , German sculptor († 1662 )
- December 10 : Johann Graf von Aldringen , General of the Catholic League († 1634 )
- December 10 : Isaac Beeckman , Dutch polymath and natural philosopher († 1637 )
- December 15 : Adolf Friedrich I , Duke of Mecklenburg († 1658 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Richard Brathwaite , English author († 1673 )
- Robert Filmer , English political theorist († 1653 )
- Louise Marguerite de Lorraine, princesse de Conti , French nobleman and author († 1631 )
- Hendrick ter Brugghen , Dutch baroque painter († 1629 )
- William Seymour, 2nd Duke of Somerset , English nobleman († 1660 )
- Heinrich Wolter von Streversdorf , auxiliary bishop of Cologne and Mainz († 1674 )
Date of death secured
- February 12 : Joachim I. von Alvensleben , scholar and reformer (* 1514 )
- February 24 : Johann Weyer , Flemish doctor and opponent of the witch hunts (* 1515 / 1516 )
- March 5 : Henri I. de Bourbon , Prince of Condé, French general (* 1552 )
- March 9 : Pomponio Amalteo , Italian painter (* 1505 )
- March 10 : Theodor Zwinger , Swiss scholar and son of the furrier Leonhard Zwinger (* 1533 )
- March 17th : Elisabeth von Sayn , abbess of the Essen monastery
- April 4 : Frederick II , King of Denmark and Norway (* 1534 )
- April 18 : Paolo Veronese , Italian painter and fresco artist (* 1528 )
- May 3 : Joachim Mynsinger von Frundeck , lawyer of the humanist era (* 1514 )
- May 6th : Johann Aicholz , Austrian medic and botanist (* around 1520 )
- June 10 : Valentin Weigel , German mystical writer (* 1533 )
- June 13 : Anna , Countess of Nassau-Dillenburg (* 1563 )
- July 10 : Edwin Sandys , Archbishop of York (* 1519 )
- July 15 : Georg Israel , Moravian preacher (* around 1505 )
- September 4th : Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester , English nobleman (* 1532 )
- September 18 : Johannes Matthaeus , German Protestant theologian (* 1526 )
- October 12 : Lampert Distelmeyer , Electoral Chancellor of the Mark Brandenburg (* 1522 )
- November 17 : Peter Obernburger , Councilor of the Imperial Court of Emperor Rudolf II (* around 1530)
- December 23 : Henri I. de Lorraine , Duke of Guise and military leader (* 1550 )
- December 24th : Louis II. De Lorraine-Guise , French cardinal, Archbishop of Reims (* 1555 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Tüsiyetü Khan Abdai , Prince of the Khalka-Mongols and a Genghiside (* 1554 )
- Giulio Sanuto , Italian draftsman and engraver (* 1540 )
- Jacopo Strada , Italian scholar, painter, architect, goldsmith, numismatist, writer and art collector (* 1507 )