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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Heinrich von Guise
Henri I. de Lorraine, duc de Guise , is guarded by
the French King
Henry III. murdered.
The route of the Armada
The Spanish Armada sets out to conquer England .
Naval Battle of Gravelines
However, the Battle of Gravelines marks
the end of the Spanish invasion plans for England.
1588 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1036/37 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1580/81 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 993/994 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2131/32 (southern Buddhism); 2130/31 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the earth-rat戊子 ( at the beginning of the year fire-pig 丁亥)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 950/951 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3921/22 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 966/967
Islamic calendar 996/997 (turn of the year 19/20 November)
Jewish calendar 5348/49 (September 21/22)
Coptic calendar 1304/05 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 763/764
Seleucid era Babylon: 1898/99 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1899/1900 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1644/45 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

England / Spain

Elisabeth's Armada portrait
  • May 28 : The first ships of the Spanish Armada set out for the English Channel in Lisbon . The rest of the fleet starts on the following two days.
  • July 31 : The Spanish Armada appears in the English Channel, whereupon several small skirmishes take place over the next few days, but no decision is made.
  • August 8th : The English fleet sends Brander to the port of Calais, where the Armada is at anchor, to unite with the invading army from the Spanish Netherlands. The Armada leaves the harbor in a panic and is fought by the English in the subsequent naval battle of Gravelines , but the battle ends in a draw.
  • August 19 : Unaware of the battle won, Queen Elizabeth I gives her famous Tilbury speech in which she encourages the troops who have gathered in Tilbury to repel the Spanish invasion.
  • The Armada then tried to circumnavigate England and Ireland, getting caught in heavy storms and losing most of their ships, which had already been damaged by the fighting.


Holy Roman Empire

Page from the Warhrachtige Newe Zeytunge / On the siege and unification of the Statt Bonn (1588)
Jan Miel: Bonna Capta. Conquest of Bonn by Charles de Croy, Duke of Chimay in 1588



science and technology

Plate XI of the Geografia dell 'Africa by Livio Sanuto
  • The Africa Atlas ( Geografia dell 'Africa ) by the Italian cosmographer Livio Sanuto is published in Venice , a set of maps (12 copperplate engravings) that is extremely precise for the time and was used by other leading cartographers and cosmographers for almost a century as the basis for their own Working is used.


Real star anise fruits



The Barther Bible in the St. Jürgen Bible Center

Historical maps and views

The port of Helsingør in 1588


First half of the year

Thomas Hobbes

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown


Date of death secured

Henri des Guises tomb in the Jesuit chapel of Eu

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1588  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files