Maximilian II. Emanuel
becomes Elector of Bavaria .
|France makes the peace of Nijmegen with Sweden and the Holy Roman Empire .|
|Vienna is hit by a plague epidemic.|
|1679 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1127/28 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1671/72 (September 11-12)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1084/85 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2222/23 (southern Buddhism); 2221/22 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||72nd (73rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1041/42 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4012/13 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1089/90 (February 11-12)|
|Jewish calendar||5439/40 (September 6-7)|
|Coptic calendar||1395/96 (September 11-12)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1989/90 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1990/91 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1735/36 (April)|
Politics and world events
Dutch War / Northern War
- January: With the hunt across the Curonian Lagoon , Elector Friedrich Wilhelm von Brandenburg drives the invaded Swedish army out of East Prussia .
- February 5 : France concludes the Peace of Nijmegen with Sweden and the Holy Roman Empire to end the Franco-Dutch War . In this partial agreement, France gains Freiburg and Kehl , but Philippsburg and the Lorraine , which has been reduced to Nancy , are returned to the Reich. Lorraine, however, remains under French occupation after the rightful Duke Charles rejects Nancy's assignment.
- February 7th : The battle at Telschi remains without a clear winner.
- June 29th : The Great Elector Friedrich Wilhelm loses the conquered Western Pomerania again to the Swedes in the Peace of Saint-Germain .
- October 2 : As part of the Nijmegen Peace Accords , Sweden and the Netherlands end their state of war.
- September 26th : The Peace of Lund confirms the provisions of the Peace of Fontainebleau (1679) on the Scandinavian War . The conclusion of the contract is repeated in Sweden for reasons of state.
- October 25 : In the secret Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye , the Great Elector, Friedrich Wilhelm von Brandenburg, declares that he is ready to vote for France's ruler Louis XIV in an application as Roman-German Emperor.
- May 15 : Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury , submit to the House of Commons in London , the exclusion crisis before which the king's brother, the future King James II. , Because of his Roman Catholic faith from the English throne excluded shall be. When a majority for the petition emerges, King Charles II dissolves parliament.
- May 27th : King Charles II of England has to sign the Habeas Corpus Act . Every accused must now be brought before a judge within three days and may not be taken out of the country under any circumstances.
Holy Roman Empire
- May 26th : The deceased Ferdinand Maria is succeeded by his son Maximilian II. Emanuel as Elector of Bavaria .
- November 7th : After the death of Karl Heinrich von Metternich-Winneburg , Anselm Franz von Ingelheim becomes Archbishop of Mainz and thereby also elector.
- Constantine Phaulkon , who later became Chancellor of the Kingdom of Ayutthaya , joined King Narai as an interpreter .
science and technology
- Edme Mariotte draws up his gas law, later known as the Boyle Mariotte law .
- Robert Hooke formulates the basic laws of elasticity .
- Denis Papin invents the pressure cooker , a step on the way to the steam engine .
- The naturalist Maria Sibylla Merian publishes her second work The caterpillars miraculous metamorphosis and strange flower food .
Vienna is hit by a plague epidemic. The legend of Dear Augustine is born. While fleeing the city, Emperor Leopold I praised the erection of a mercy column when the plague ended in Vienna . In the same year, a provisional wooden column is inaugurated by Johann Frühwirth. The Viennese plague column in its current form was finally completed in 1693 .
First half of the year
- January 5 : Pietro Filippo Scarlatti , Italian composer, organist and choir director († 1750 )
- January 6 : Johann Georg Glume , German sculptor († 1765 or 1767 )
- January 24 : Christian Wolff , important German polymath, philosopher, lawyer and mathematician and one of the most important philosophers between Leibniz and Kant († 1754 )
- January 28 : Karl Wilhelm von Baden-Durlach , Margrave of Baden, founder of Karlsruhe († 1738 )
- February 18 : Samuel Walther , German writer († 1754 )
- February 24 : Georg Friedrich Kauffmann , German organist and composer († 1735 )
- February 24 : Johann Reinhard Rus , German oriental philologist, Graecist and Protestant theologian († 1738 )
Second half of the year
- September 18 : Georg Dietloff von Arnim-Boitzenburg , Prussian statesman and minister († 1753 )
- September 26 : Johann Gottlob Carpzov , German Lutheran theologian († 1767 )
- September 28 : Mihael Omerza , Slovenian composer († 1742 )
- October 13 : Magdalena Augusta von Anhalt-Zerbst , Princess of Anhalt-Zerbst († 1740 )
- October 20 : Samuel von Cocceji , lawyer, Grand Chancellor († 1755 )
- October 24 : Johann Adolph von Ahlefeldt , lord of the Buckhagen, Giffelfeldt, Raskenberg and Priesholz estates († 1761 )
- November 10th : Johann Christian Schieferdecker , German church musician, organist and composer († 1732 )
- November 12th : Firmin Abauzit , French scholar († 1767 )
- November 12th : Thomas Philippe Wallrad d'Hénin-Liétard d'Alsace-Boussu de Chimay , Flemish clergyman († 1759 )
- November 29 : Antonio Farnese , Duke of Parma and Piacenza († 1731 )
- December 16 : Anselm Reichlin von Meldegg , Prince Abbot of Kempten († 1747 )
- December 17 : August Müller , German Evangelical Lutheran theologian († 1749 )
- December 23 : Johann Juncker , German medic († 1759 )
- December 27 : Maria Renata Singer von Mossau , German victim of the witch hunt, nun and superior in the Unterzell monastery († 1749 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Abraham Ardzivian , Patriarch of Cilicia of the Armenian Catholic Church († 1749 )
- Catherine Barton , administrator of Sir Isaac Newton's estate († 1739 )
- Woodes Rogers , British privateer († 1732 )
- Jan Dismas Zelenka , Bohemian Baroque composer († 1745 )
First half of the year
- February 5 : Joost van den Vondel , Dutch poet and playwright (* 1587 )
- February 6 : Margherita de 'Medici , Duchess of Parma and Piacenza (* 1612 )
- February 14 : Peter Hagen village , German mercenaries and diarist during the Thirty Years War (* 1601 / 1602 )
- April 15 : Anne Geneviève de Bourbon-Condé , Duchess of Longueville (* 1619 )
- April 18 : Christian Hofmann von Hofmannswaldau , German writer (* 1617 )
- April: Louis d'Arpajon , French general (* before 1601 )
- May 11 : Esaias Reusner , German lutenist and composer (* 1636 )
- May 26 : Ferdinand Maria , Elector of Bavaria (* 1636 )
Second half of the year
- July 25th : Johann Sebastian Mitternacht , German theologian, rhetorician, pedagogue, playwright and baroque poet (* 1613 )
- July 27 : Cornelis van der Lijn , Governor General of the Dutch East Indies (* 1608 )
- August 12 : Marie de Rohan-Montbazon, duchesse de Chevreuse , French nobleman, opponent of Cardinal Richelieu and Cardinal Mazarin (* 1600 )
- August 24th : Jean-François Paul de Gondi , Archbishop of Paris (* 1613 )
- September 2 : Johann Duve , German merchant and banker (* 1611 )
- September 17th : Prince Juan José de Austria , Spanish military leader and statesman (* 1629 )
- September 22nd : Anna Maria Sterck , victim of the witch persecution in Sigmaringen (* 1668 )
- September 26 : Karl Heinrich von Metternich-Winneburg , Archbishop and Elector of Mainz and Prince-Bishop of Worms (* 1622 )
- October 1 : Antonia , Princess of Württemberg (* 1613 )
- October 16 : Roger Boyle , Baron of Broghill, Baron Castlemartyr, Lord President of Munster; English statesman (* 1621 )
- November 24th : Paul von Aussem , auxiliary bishop and vicar general in Cologne (* 1616 )
- November 24th : Elisabeth Beling , German donor (* 1595 )
- December 4 : Thomas Hobbes , English philosopher (* 1588 )
- December 5 : Christoph Joachim Bucholtz , German legal scholar and mayor of Hameln (* 1607 )
- December 20 : Moritz von Nassau , governor of Dutch Brazil (* 1604 )
- December 28 : Johann Friedrich (Braunschweig-Calenberg) , third son of Duke Georg von Calenberg (* 1625 )
- December 31 : Giovanni Alfonso Borelli , Italian physicist and astronomer (* 1608 )