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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Maximilian II. Emanuel in front of the city of Bergen (in armor, with a blue Bavarian sash and marshal's staff) with a page (probably his filius illegitimus, later Comte de Baviére), painting by Joseph Vivien
Maximilian II. Emanuel
becomes Elector of Bavaria .
Title page of a print with the peace of Nijmegen between France and Sweden and the empire
France makes the peace of Nijmegen with Sweden and the Holy Roman Empire .
Pest Hospital in Vienna (contemporary engraving)
Vienna is hit by a plague epidemic.
1679 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1127/28 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1671/72 (September 11-12)
Bengali solar calendar 1084/85 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2222/23 (southern Buddhism); 2221/22 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 72nd (73rd) cycle

Year of the Earth- Sheep 己未 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Horse 戊午)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1041/42 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4012/13 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1057/58
Islamic calendar 1089/90 (February 11-12)
Jewish calendar 5439/40 (September 6-7)
Coptic calendar 1395/96 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 854/855
Seleucid era Babylon: 1989/90 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1990/91 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1735/36 (April)


Politics and world events

Dutch War / Northern War

Contemporary representation of the transition


Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury

Holy Roman Empire


science and technology


The plague column in Vienna today

Vienna is hit by a plague epidemic. The legend of Dear Augustine is born. While fleeing the city, Emperor Leopold I praised the erection of a mercy column when the plague ended in Vienna . In the same year, a provisional wooden column is inaugurated by Johann Frühwirth. The Viennese plague column in its current form was finally completed in 1693 .


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Thomas Hobbes

Web links

Commons : 1679  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files