|Joseph II. Is Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire .||Johann Kaspar Kern founds a playing card factory .|
feeds the resistance of the American colonies .
|1765 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1213/14 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1757/58 (turn of the year 10/11 September)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1170/71 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2308/09 (southern Buddhism); 2307/08 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||74th (75th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1127/28 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4098/99 (October 2/3)|
|Iranian calendar||1143/44 (around March 21)|
|Islamic calendar||1178/79 (June 19-20)|
|Jewish calendar||5525/26 (September 15/16)|
|Coptic calendar||1481/82 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 2075/76 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 2076/77 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1821/22 (turn of the year April)|
In 1765 , Emperor Franz I Stephan von Lothringen dies unexpectedly of a stroke or heart attack. His eldest son Joseph II , who was crowned Roman-German King as co-regent last year, becomes Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire and official co-regent of his mother Maria Theresa in the archducal lands. The Grand Duchy of Tuscany went to the second-born son Leopold as a secondary school , with whom a time of reforms began.
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire and Grand Duchy of Tuscany
On January 23, the imperial heir to the throne, Joseph II, against his will, under pressure from his mother Maria Theresa, gave the Bavarian Princess Maria Josepha the word of consent in her second marriage . His brother, the future Tuscan Grand Duke Leopold, married the Spanish Princess Maria Ludovica in Innsbruck on August 5th , after a proxy wedding took place in Madrid on February 16, 1764 . The Triumphal Gate is erected in the city on the occasion of the wedding .
Leopold's father, Emperor Franz I. Stephan von Lothringen , who was still in Innsbruck after the wedding of his second eldest son, died surprisingly on August 18 of a stroke or heart attack. His eldest son Joseph II , who was crowned Roman-German King as co-regent last year, becomes Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire and official co-regent of his mother Maria Theresa in the archducal lands. After being laid out for several days, Franz Stephan's body was transferred to Vienna and buried there on August 31 in the Capuchin crypt.
The Grand Duchy of Tuscany goes as Sekundogenitur to the second son Leopold , who is involved in the administration of the country since the 1761st The economic situation of the Grand Duchy at this point in time was extremely difficult due to a great famine and neglect by previous rulers. Development stagnated under the last rulers of the Medici family . Even Leopold's father did not take care of the land intensively and had it administered by agents. In addition, Leopold's brother Joseph II demands the release of the “Tuscan reserve fund”, which permanently worsens the relationship between the brothers. Under Leopold, the leadership of the Tuscan government passed from Antoniotto Botta Adorno to Franz Xaver Wolfgang von Orsini-Rosenberg , whom Leopold's mother Maria Theresa sent to the court of Florence at Leopold's request . With him the time of the great reforms began in the Grand Duchy.
Other events in Europe
Duke Philipp of Parma , Piacenza and Guastalla dies on July 18th in Alessandria while he accompanies his youngest daughter Maria Luise on the way to her wedding with Prince Charles of Asturias . His successor is his 14-year-old son Ferdinand . The wedding between Maria Luise and Karl takes place on September 4th in the palace of La Granja .
With the signing of the Burlo Convention in Mariengarden Monastery on October 19, the state border , which has been in dispute for centuries between the Duchy of Geldern as the province of the United Netherlands and the Duchy of Münster, is finally determined. The regulations that have been made are still in place today.
Great Britain and its colonies
The British Stamp Act of March 22nd, passed by the government under Prime Minister George Grenville , feeds the resistance of the American colonies . The law, which comes into force in November, stipulates that every official piece of paper and document, but also newspapers, card and dice games in the North American colonies must be stamped. The tax or customs stamp on playing cards has it on the Pik - Ass to be. The background to the first direct tax for the colonies is the financial problems of Great Britain after the Seven Years' War . In addition, the stationing of troops on the border to the Indian territory , which is necessary to prevent further conflicts between settlers and Indians, also devours money. The colonies should now share in these costs. From the point of view of the colonists, especially the newly founded Sons of Liberty , it is, however, the climax of a policy of exploitation by the British mother country. The conflict is further fueled by the resolution passed by the British Parliament on March 24 and by King George III. Quartering Act signed on May 15, which stipulates that all North American colonists must billet British soldiers. From October 7th to 25th, 27 delegates from nine of the thirteen colonies will meet in New York to discuss how to proceed against the law.
William Tryon is appointed governor of the Province of North Carolina on July 10th, succeeding Arthur Dobbs , who died on March 28th, and makes the port city of New Bern, founded in 1710 , the capital of the British colony. Tryon refuses to approve meetings of the Colonial Council until the end of the year, preventing North Carolina from attending the Stamp Act Congress in New York.
- July: Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham , triggers on the recommendation of Prince William, Duke of Cumberland , George Grenville as Prime Minister of Great Britain from after the latter with King George III. fell out of favor. Rockingham, an avowed opponent of the Stamp Act , is working with Lord Seal Keeper Thomas Pelham-Holles and Foreign Secretary Augustus FitzRoy to improve relations with the colonies.
- November: Before the Stamp Act comes into effect , all colonial governors must take an oath to actually implement the law. Samuel Ward , who only defeated his longtime rival Stephen Hopkins in the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations election earlier this year , is the only governor to refuse to take this oath.
John Byron's circumnavigation
The British Admiral John Byron is sailing around the world from the Patagonian port of Puerto Deseado , landing on Saunders Island near West Falkland , founding Port Egmont and taking possession of the entire group of islands in the Falkland Islands for the British Crown without knowing that it was going to be around the world At this point in time a French settlement founded by Louis Antoine de Bougainville in the previous year was already located on the islands.
Then the small fleet, consisting of the two ships Dolphin and Tamar , sails through the Strait of Magellan into the Pacific and first calls at the island of Mas Afuera - one of the Juan Fernández Islands . With a north-westerly course it goes to Takaroa , where Byron ends up despite the unfriendly reception to supply himself with fresh provisions. After sailing westward through various archipelagos and being the first Europeans to see the Tokelau Island, Duke of York's Island ( June 4th ) and some Gilbert Islands , Byron lands on June 30th on Tinian (Northern Mariana Islands), where the Expedition stays for nine weeks before heading west for home.
- In the Siamese-Burmese War , the Burmese ruler Hsinbyushin from the Konbaung dynasty gripped the Siamese kingdom of Ayutthaya under Ekathat from the north and west, and his units quickly advanced on the capital Ayutthaya . In the same year, Hsinbyushin moved his capital from Sagaing to Ava .
- Abd al-Aziz ibn Muhammad becomes the second imam of the Saudi dynasty after the death of his father Muhammad ibn Saud .
Taxation and banking
- March 9th : The Braunschweigische Staatsbank is founded by Duke Karl I of Braunschweig-Lüneburg as the Ducal Leyhaus , making it the first state bank on German soil.
- June 17th : Friedrich II. Founds the Königliche Giro- und Lehnbank .
- October 24th : Prince Abbot Martin Gerbert founds the Bonndorf orphanage fund .
- Johann Kaspar Kern founds a playing card factory in Stralsund , which still exists today as ASS .
- In a suburb of Birmingham , the Soho Manufactory opens, which is seen as the transition from the home workshop to the modern factory.
- The French Cognac -Brennerei Hennessy and the Scottish Whiskey -Brennereien Langholm and St. Magdalene founded.
- Johannes Franz Hirsch founds the leather processing company HIRSCH as a leather master craftsman in Neunkirchen , Lower Austria .
- Johann Christian Dieterich founds the Dieterich'sche publishing bookstore in Mainz .
Other economic events
- The Prussian King Friedrich II dissolves the Emden East Asian trading company .
- The manufacture of Künersberg faience ceases a year after the death of the founder, Jakob Küner .
- December 31 : The Imperial Free Economic Society of Saint Petersburg is founded.
science and technology
- March 24th : On the orders of Archduchess Maria Theresa, the training school for the cure of cattle diseases is founded in Vienna . This makes it the third oldest institution of its kind worldwide, after Lyon and Alfort , and the oldest in the German-speaking area.
- Leonhard Euler summarizes the laws of motion of the rigid body in his work Theoria motus corporum solidorum .
- The mining academy in Freiberg , Saxony , was founded by Franz Xaver von Sachsen according to the plans of Friedrich Wilhelm von Oppel , Carl Wilhelm Benno von Heynitz and Friedrich Anton von Heynitz under the name of the Electoral Saxon Mining Academy in Freiberg as a training facility for miners. The Bergakademie is the oldest still existing mining science educational institution in the world.
- The physician Erasmus Darwin founds the Lunar Society in Birmingham , a society of people interested in science in Great Britain , consisting of poets , theologians , inventors , doctors , writers , physicists , chemists and industrialists . At a time when communication and exchange of knowledge is otherwise difficult, the participants discuss their latest research results and findings in order to learn from one another and to inspire one another. The society gets its name because the members meet once a month with a full moon due to the lack of street lighting , so that they can go home in the evening in natural light after the meeting.
Architecture and fine arts
- Desiring to create a summer residence for the count's family in front of Burgsteinfurt Castle in the still untouched part of the Sundern, Count Karl Paul Ernst von Bentheim-Steinfurt had the Steinfurter Bagno park laid out.
- around 1765: The unknown master of the Archduchesses paints portraits of the daughters of Maria Theresa.
- The moral weekly The Man Without Prejudice appears for the first time in Vienna and becomes the central organ of the Enlightenment in the Habsburg Empire . The editor is Joseph von Sonnenfels .
- The quarterly review publication Neue Allgemeine Deutsche Bibliothek, published by Friedrich Nicolai, is published for the first time.
Music and theater
- January 24th : The " azione teatrale " Il Parnaso confuso by Christoph Willibald Gluck based on the libretto by Pietro Metastasio is premiered by the Joseph's siblings in the Salon de Bataille at Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna on the occasion of the wedding of Joseph II to Maria Josepha of Bavaria .
- January 31 : Samuel Arnold's first opera The Maid of the Mill premieres in Covent Garden, London and wins the audience's enduring favor.
- The opera Motezuma by Gian Francesco de Majo based on a libretto by Vittorio Amedeo Cigna-Santi based on the Historia de la conquista de México by Antonio de Solís has its world premiere during the carnival season at the Teatro Regio in Turin.
- April 4 : The second revised version of Carlo Goldoni's prose comedy Il Ventaglio ( The Fan ) premiered in Venice with great success .
- August 6 : The opera Romolo ed Ersilia by Johann Adolf Hasse based on a libretto by Pietro Metastasio , commissioned by the Austrian Archduchess Maria Theresa for the wedding of her son Leopold with Infanta Maria Ludovica of Spain, has its world premiere at the Court Theater in Innsbruck. The soprano Anna Lucia De Amicis sings the role of Ersilia.
- November 19 : The Warsaw National Theater, founded by King Stanislaus II August Poniatowski , opens with a play by Józef Bielawski .
- The opera on Gänsemarkt in Hamburg, which has been vacant and dilapidated since 1738 , is being torn down.
- February 19 : Voltaire's Dictionnaire portatif or Dictionnaire philosophique is burned in Paris.
- February 20 : Almack's Assembly Rooms social club is founded in London to compete with Teresa Cornelys' events .
- April 11th : The Hamburg Society for the Advancement of Arts and Useful Trades is founded.
- May 7th : The Polish King Stanislaus II August Poniatowski donates the Order of St. Stanislaus as a single-class order for the higher nobility. Only 100 people are allowed to be members of the order.
- September 21 : After several hunts on the so-called " Beast of Gévaudan " were unsuccessful, the royal commissioner François Antoine hunted down a stately wolf , which was presented as a "beast" at the king's court. Since further attacks by the beast do not take place at first, Antoine receives the head bonus that is placed on the beast. But on December 2, two children are attacked again.
- Beginning of October: At his father's request, Johann Wolfgang Goethe begins to study law in Leipzig , which he later calls " Little Paris ". He moves into his apartment in a courtyard building of the Große Feuerkugel building on Neumarkt. However, he soon gave preference to Christian Fürchtegott Gellert's poetics lectures , to which the students could present their literary experiments. He also took drawing lessons from the electoral Saxon court painter Adam Friedrich Oeser , with whose daughter Friederike Elisabeth he became a close friend.
- With the papal bull Apostolicum pascendi Pope Clement XIII confirms . despite great political resistance the order of the Jesuits .
- As part of the Olivetan monastery of Santa Maria dello Spasimo in Palermo , built in 1745 , the church of San Giorgio in Kemonia in its current form is being built on the foundation walls of an early Christian church from the 4th century .
Historical maps and views
January to July
- January 5 : Johann Michael von Seuffert , German lawyer and politician († 1829 )
- January 6th : Friedrich Meisner , German educator and natural scientist († 1825 )
- January 13 : Anton Heinrich Dammert , German hydraulic engineer († 1829 )
- January 26 : Hermann Fitting , German landowner and politician († 1847 )
- Robert Goodloe Harper , American politician († 1825 ) January:
- February 2 : Ray Greene , American politician († 1849 )
- February 7th : Caspar Hilt , German lawyer († 1829 )
- February 8 : Joseph von Eybler , Austrian composer and student of Mozart († 1846 )
- February 22nd : Jacob Auch , German watchmaker, instrument maker and designer of calculating machines († 1842 )
- March 7th : Joseph Nicéphore Nièpce , French inventor of photography († 1833 )
- March 20 : Hermann Arntzenius , Dutch legal scholar († 1842 )
- March 22 : František Josef Dusík , Bohemian composer († after 1816)
- March 27 : Franz von Baader , German doctor, mining engineer and philosopher († 1841 )
- April 2 : Chrysologus Heimes , German Franciscan priest, organist, organ expert and composer († 1835 )
- April 13 : Karl Samuel Wild , civil servant, archivist and writer († 1848 )
- April 14 : Auguste Wilhelmine Marie , Duchess of Pfalz-Zweibrücken († 1796 )
- April 21 : Augustin Sulpiz Zen Ruffinen , Bishop of Sion († 1829 )
- April 23 : Jacob Fidelis Ackermann , German medic († 1815 )
- May 3 : August Ludwig Hülsen , German philosopher of early Romanticism († 1809 )
- May 5 : Pietro Rossi , Swiss politician († 1838 )
- May 11 : Johann Georg Lehmann , German geodesist and cartographer († 1811 )
- May 12 (baptized): Emma Hamilton , lover of Horatio Nelsons († 1815 )
- May 19 : Johann Nepomuk Amann , Austrian-German architect († 1834 )
- June 1 : Christiane Vulpius , wife of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe († 1816 )
- June 3 : Friederike Brun , Danish writer († 1835 )
- June 5 : Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger , German astronomer and mathematician († 1831 )
- June 14 : Franz von Egger , Austrian lawyer and university lecturer († 1851 )
- June 17 : Peter Karl Attenhofer , Swiss politician († 1844 )
- July 1 : Pierre Jean Louis Victor Thuillier , French revolutionary and politician († 1794 )
- July 10 : Johann August Görenz , German educator and librarian († 1836 )
- July 15 : Charles Goldsborough , American politician († 1834 )
- July 19 : Johann Gottfried Hoffmann , German statistician, political scientist and national economist († 1847 )
- July 20 : John Bell , American politician († 1836 )
- July 26th : Edmund von Kesselstatt , Roman Catholic clergyman († 1840 )
- July 29 : Jean-Baptiste Drouet d'Erlon , French general and Marshal of France († 1844 )
August to December
- August 2nd : Franz Gerhard Wegeler , German doctor and childhood friend of Ludwig van Beethoven († 1848 )
- August 4th : Evan Evans , English spinning master, mechanical engineer and entrepreneur († 1844 )
- August 4th : Claire Lacombe , French theater actress, revolutionary and women's rights activist († probably 1809 )
- August 21 : Johann Heinrich Philipp Seidenstücker , German teacher and headmaster († 1817 )
- August 21 : William IV , King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and King of Hanover († 1837 )
- August 22 : Carl Ludwig Willdenow , German botanist († 1812 )
- August 28 (baptized): Jacob Friedrich Friese , German schoolmaster, organist and organ builder († 1833 )
- September 5 : John Gaillard , American politician († 1826 )
- September 18 : Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari, as Gregory XVI. Pope († 1846 )
- September 25 : Joseph Le Bon , French revolutionary († 1795 )
- September 28 : Johann Friedrich Schilling , Prussian court mason († 1859 )
- September 29 : Karl Ludwig Harding , German astronomer († 1834 )
- October 4 : Samuel Huntington , American politician († 1817 )
- October 14 : Jodocus Heringa Eliza's zoon , Dutch Reformed theologian († 1840 )
- October 16 : Frédéric Duvernoy , French horn player, composer and music teacher († 1838 )
- October 17 : Henri Clarke d'Hunebourg , French general and statesman († 1818 )
- October 22 : Daniel Steibelt , German pianist and composer († 1823 )
- October 23 : Anton Wilhelm Stephan Arndts , German professor († 1830 )
- October 26 : Václav Thám , Czech poet, writer and actor († 1816 )
- October 27 : Nancy Storace , Italian-British soprano († 1817 )
- November 10 : Karl Heinrich von Gros , German lawyer and university professor († 1840 )
- November 14 : Robert Fulton , American engineer († 1815 )
- November 14th : François-Antoine Jecker , French instrument maker († 1834 )
- November 19 : Johann Heinrich Christian Barby , German educator and philologist († 1837 )
- November 20 : Friedrich Julius von Kniestedt , German lawyer and landowner († 1825 )
- November 27 : Günther von Berg , Baden politician and writer († 1843 )
- November 27 : Christoph Gotthelf König , German teacher († 1832 )
- November 27 : Bernard Sarrette , French conductor and music teacher († 1858 )
- November 30th : Johann Friedrich Abegg , German theologian († 1840 )
- December 8 : Friedrich von Schlichtegroll , German Mozart biographer, philologist, numismatist and archaeologist († 1822 )
- December 8 : Eli Whitney , American inventor and manufacturer, alleged inventor of the Cotton Gin († 1825 )
- December 27 : Adam Lux , German Jacobin († 1793 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Michel Joseph Gebauer , French composer, professor and oboist († 1812 )
- Jippensha Ikku , Japanese writer († 1831 )
- Alexander Juhan , American composer, pianist and conductor († 1845 )
- Matthew Murray , English engineer († 1826 )
- Peter Puget , British navigator († 1822 )
January to April
- January 4 : Joseph Franz Xaver Dominik Stalder , Lucerne composer and clergyman (* 1725 )
- January 12th : Johann Melchior Molter , German composer and Kapellmeister (* 1696 )
- January 16 : Thure Gustav Klinckowström , Chancellor of Swedish Pomerania (* 1693 )
- January 16 : Ludwig , Prince and Count of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (* 1696 )
- January 19 : Johan Agrell , Swedish composer and conductor (* 1701 )
- January 21 : Christian Braunmann Tullin , Norwegian poet (* 1728 )
- February 5 : Mir Jafar , Nawab of Bengal under the influence of the British East India Company (* 1691 )
- February 16 : Ferdinand August Hommel , German legal scholar (* 1697 )
- February 23 : Nikolaus Dietrich Giseke , German writer (* 1724 )
- February 23 : Johannes Rietmann , Swiss traveler in Dutch and Sardinian-Piedmontese services (* 1679 )
- March 3 : Tobias Henry Reetz , German architect of French origin (* 1680 )
- March 13 : Mathias Gerl , Austrian architect and builder (* 1712 )
- March 14 : Johann Andreas Buttstedt , German Protestant clergyman and university professor (* 1701 )
- March 17 : Paolo Fontana , Italian architect in Ukraine (* 1696 )
- March 28 : Arthur Dobbs , Irish politician, governor of the royal colony of North Carolina (* 1689 )
- March 31 : Constantia von Cosel , Holstein noblewoman, mistress of August the Strong (* 1680 )
- April 5 : Edward Young , English poet (* 1683 )
- April 9 : Marie Luise von Hessen-Kassel , Princess of Nassau-Dietz and Princess of Orange, governor of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe (* 1688 )
- April 15 : Mikhail Wassiljewitsch Lomonossow , Russian polymath and writer (* 1711 )
- April 18 : Joachim Christian Friedrich von Itzenplitz , Prussian major general (* 1706 )
- April 26 : Johann Michael Zink , German painter and musician (* 1694 )
May to August
- May 5 : August Friedrich Graun , German cantor and composer (* 1698 / 99 )
- May 16 : Johann Adam Delsenbach , Franconian engraver (* 1687 )
- May 17 : Alexis-Claude Clairaut , French mathematician and physicist (* 1713 )
- May 18 : Viktor II. Friedrich , Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg (* 1700 )
- May 31 : Anselm Franz von Ritter zu Groenesteyn , Electorate Chamberlain, Court Marshal, temporarily Vitztum and architect (* 1692 )
- José de Orejón y Aparicio , Peruvian composer (* around 1705) May:
- June 6 : Isaak Gottfried Gödtke , German administrative officer and chronicler (* 1691 )
- June 12 : Oswald von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen , canon of Baden in Cologne (* 1715 )
- June 18 : Ferenc Barkóczy , Archbishop of Eger and Archbishop of Gran (* 1710 )
- June 19 : Johann Christoph Rost , Saxon poet (* 1717 )
- July 6 : Ferdinand Zellbell , Swedish composer (* 1689 )
- July 9th : Caspar König , German organ builder (* 1675 )
- July 15 : Charles André van Loo , French painter (* 1705 )
- July 18 : Philip , Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla (* 1720 )
- July 22nd : Carl Alexander Clerck , Swedish entomologist and arachnologist (* 1709 )
- July 23 : Köse Bahir Mustafa Pascha , Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
- August 11th : Johann Georg Gigl , Swiss plasterer (* 1710 )
- August 15 : Balthasar Augustin Albrecht , Munich court painter (* 1687 )
- August 16 : Tharsander , Prussian Protestant pastor (* 1692 )
- August 17th : Reinhard Adrian von Hochstetten , Knight of the Teutonic Order (* 1700 )
- August 18 : Franz I Stephan of Lorraine , Holy Roman Emperor (* 1708 )
- August 19 : Axel Frederic Cronstedt , Swedish chemist (* 1722 )
- August 31 : Johann Balthasar Antesperg , German linguist and court teacher (* 1682 )
September to December
- September 2 : Henri Bouquet , Swiss traveler in the service of the Netherlands, the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont and the British Crown (* 1719 )
- September 5 : Anne-Claude-Philippe, Comte de Caylus , French antiquarian and collector (* 1692 )
- September 12 : Johannes Ernst , Swiss Protestant clergyman (* 1683 )
- September 21 : Johann Martin Gumpp the Younger , Austrian architect (* 1686 )
- September 26th : Jean-Baptiste Bénard de La Harpe , French explorer and colonist in Louisiana (* 1683 )
- September 28 : Giampietro Zanotti , Italian painter, etcher, poet and art historian (* 1674 )
- October 1 : Johann Evangelist Hölzl , Bavarian painter (* 1716 )
- October 19 : Amalie Sophie von Wallmoden , German noblewoman and mistress of British King George II (* 1704 )
- October 21 : Giovanni Paolo Pannini , Italian painter and architect (* 1691 )
- October 26 : Ludwig Batthyány , Hungarian court chancellor and palatine (* 1696 )
- October 28 : Martin Speer , Regensburg painter (* 1702 )
- October 31 : Olivio Sozzi , Italian painter (* 1690 )
- October 31 : William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland , British military leader (* 1721 )
- November 9th : Josip Kazimir Drašković von Trakošćan , Croatian nobleman and general of the Austrian Imperial Army (* 1714 )
- November 15 : Sophie Dorothea Marie of Prussia , Margravine of Brandenburg-Schwedt (* 1719 )
- November 28th : Dionísio Gonçalves Rebelo Galvão , Portuguese governor of Timor and Solor
- November 29 : Anselmo Lurago , Italian builder in Prague (* 1701 )
- December 14th : Johann Peter Benkert , court sculptor to Bamberg and innkeeper in Potsdam (* 1709 )
- December 17th : Conrad Friedrich Hurlebusch , German composer (* 1691 )
- December 20 : Louis Ferdinand de Bourbon, dauphin de Viennois , son and heir to the throne of Louis XV. of France (* 1729 )
- December 20 : Maria Flint , German child murderer (* around 1739 )
- December 21 : Josef Stammel , Austrian sculptor (* 1695 )
- December 29th : Friedrich Wilhelm, Prince of Great Britain , member of the British royal family (* 1750 )
- Abraham Kyburz , Swiss Protestant clergyman (* 1700 ) December:
Exact date of death unknown
- Didier-François d'Arclais de Montamy , French civil servant, naturalist and encyclopedist (* 1702 )
- Louis-Antoine Dornel , French organist and composer (* around 1685 )
- Muhammad ibn Saud , first imam of the Saudi dynasty (* 1710 )
- John Parker , British painter (* 1710 )
- Giovanni Pompeo Piccolomini , Duke of Amalfi and Count of Celano and landlord of the East Bohemian rule Nachod (* 1694 )
- Manuel Joseph de Quirós , Guatemalan composer and conductor (* around 1690 )
- Anna Maria Theresia von der Recke , German entrepreneur in the coal and steel industry (* 1710 )