Calendar overview 1694
|Lothar Franz von Schönborn becomes Archbishop and Elector of Mainz .||
August the Strong becomes
Elector of Saxony .
Sussex and six other English warships
sink off Gibraltar.
|1694 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1142/43 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1686/87 (turn of the year 10/11 September)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1099/1100 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2237/38 (southern Buddhism); 2236/37 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||73rd (74th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1056/57 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4027/28 (October 2-3)|
|Islamic calendar||1105/06 (turn of the year 21/22 August)|
|Jewish calendar||5454/55 (September 19-20)|
|Coptic calendar||1410/11 (September 10/11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 2004/05 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 2005/06 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1750/51 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
War of the Palatinate Succession
- May 27 : In the Battle of Torroella on the banks of the Ter near the city of Girona in Catalonia , the French expeditionary corps under the command of Anne-Jules de Noailles defeated Spanish troops under Juan Manuel Fernández Pacheco in the Palatinate War of Succession .
- June 18th : Battle of Camaret
- June 29th : Battle of Texel
- The city of Dieppe is completely destroyed by the bombardment of a Dutch-English fleet under Admiral John Berkeley , who wants to destroy the positions of the French corsairs operating in the English Channel .
Holy Roman Empire
- April 27th : After almost three years in government, Elector Johann Georg IV of Saxony dies . His brother Augustus the Strong becomes the new elector.
- July 12th : The Hanoverian officer and court cavalier Philipp Christoph von Königsmarck disappears mysteriously at the court of Hanover. He was probably murdered.
- Christian II , second Duke of the Saxon Merseburg secondary school , dies on October 20 at the age of only 40 . His underage son Christian III will be his successor . Moritz , who is under the reign of his uncle Augustus the Strong of Saxony. The actual guardianship is exercised by his mother Erdmuthe Dorothea . When the young duke died on November 14th , his younger brother Moritz Wilhelm ascended the Merseburg throne under the same guardianship requirements.
Great Turkish War
- June: In the battle near Hodów in what is now Ukraine during the Great Turkish War , Poland-Lithuania triumphs over Crimean Tatar troops .
Other events in Europe
- December 28th : With the death of 32-year-old Queen Maria II , her husband William of Orange becomes sole ruler of England , Scotland and Ireland .
- The Triennial Act limits the term of office of the English Parliament to three years.
- July 29th : After the death of Safi II , his son Sultan Hosein becomes Shah of the Safavids in Persia.
- July 27 : The Bank of England is founded in London on the proposal of William Paterson with the participation of Treasury Secretary Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax .
science and technology
- Elector Friedrich III. , later the Prussian King Friedrich I, founds a university in Halle , for which the name Academia Fridericiana became naturalized. The university, a center of the early Enlightenment , soon developed into a reform university and one of the most visited universities in Germany.
- January 25th : The world premiere of the opera Xerse by Giovanni Battista Bononcini takes place in Tordinona in Rome.
- October 12 : The foundation stone for a new Zurich town hall in the Limmat is laid.
- In the game book De ludis orientalibus , Thomas Hyde mentions the parlor game Pachisi for the first time .
- March 1 : In a severe storm off Gibraltar, seven English warships of a naval formation under Rear Admiral Sir Francis Wheeler , including the flagship Sussex (80 cannons), which is believed to be carrying a secret cargo of ten tons of gold or 100 tons of silver, and two other ships of the line ( Cambridge , 70 cannons, and Lumley Castle , 56 cannons). Rear Admiral Wheeler is one of the 823 victims of the disaster.
Historical maps and views
First half of the year
- February 4 : Georg Gottlob Richter , German medic († 1773 )
- February 24 : Bartolomeo Altomonte , Polish-Austrian painter († 1783 )
- February 26 : Karl Gottlob Sperbach , German philologist († 1772 )
- March 6 : Antal Grassalkovich I , Hungarian Count and President of the Hungarian Court Chamber († 1771 )
- April 25 : Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington , British nobleman, architect and garden designer († 1753 )
- May 11 : Hieronymus Florentinus Quehl , German composer and organist († 1739 )
- May 14 : Engelbert von Syrgenstein , prince abbot of Kempten († 1760 )
- May 22nd : Daniel Gran , Austrian baroque painter († 1757 )
- June 4 : François Quesnay , French doctor and economist († 1774 )
- June 27th : Johann Hildebrand Withof , professor of eloquence and history in Duisburg († 1769 )
Second half of the year
- July 4th : Louis-Claude Daquin , French composer († 1772 )
- July 11 : Charles-Antoine Coypel , French history painter and playwright († 1752 )
- July 15 : Johann Friedrich Nolte , German educator and philologist († 1754 )
- July 20 : Christian Gottlieb Jöcher , German historian, librarian and lexicographer († 1758 )
- August 8 : Francis Hutcheson , Irish philosopher and economist († 1746 )
- August 20 : Johann Georg Geret , German Protestant theologian and educator († 1761 )
- August 25 : Theodor von Neuhoff , German adventurer and the first and only king of Corsica († 1756 )
- October 18 : René Louis d'Argenson , French nobleman and minister († 1757 )
- October 26 : Johan Helmich Roman , Swedish composer († 1758 )
- November 2 : Joseph Karl von Pfalz-Sulzbach , Hereditary Prince of Sulzbach and the Electoral Palatinate († 1729 )
- November 21 : François Marie Arouet, better known as Voltaire , French writer and Enlightenment philosopher († 1778 )
- November 23 : Georg Litzel , German pastor, professor in Jena, hymn researcher and language scholar († 1761 )
- November 29 : Leopold , Prince of Anhalt-Köthen, sponsor of Johann Sebastian Bach († 1728 )
- December 22nd : Hermann Samuel Reimarus , high school professor and pioneer of academic biblical criticism († 1768 )
- December 24th : Christfried Kirch , German astronomer and calendar maker († 1740 )
Exact date of birth unknown
First half of the year
- January 6th : Francesco Morosini , 108th Doge of Venice (* 1618 )
- January 17th : Père Anselme de la Vierge Marie , French historian, genealogist and heraldist (* 1625 )
- February 4 : Natalja Kirillowna Naryschkina , Tatar nobleman, second wife of Tsar Alexei I of Russia (* 1651 )
- February 17th : Antoinette Deshoulières , French poet and philosopher (* 1638 )
- March 5 : Vittoria della Rovere , Grand Duchess of Tuscany (* 1622 )
- March 11th : Jean-Nicolas Geoffroy , French harpsichordist, organist and composer (* 1633 )
- April 4 : Magdalena Sibylla von Neitschütz , mistress of the Saxon Elector Johann Georg IV., Countess of Rochlitz (* 1675 )
- April 10 : Catharina Regina von Greiffenberg , German Protestant mystic and spiritual poet (* 1633 )
- April 27 : Johann Georg IV. , Elector of Saxony from the Albertine line of the House of Wettin (* 1668 )
- May 4th : Ludwig Anton von Pfalz-Neuburg , Bishop of Worms (* 1660 )
- May 11 : Elisabeth Lemmerhirt , mother of Johann Sebastian Bach (* 1644 )
- May 15 : Jacob Beutel , Kreuzkantor from 1654 to 1694 (* 1624 )
- May 17 : Johann Michael Bach , German composer (* 1648 )
- May 24th : Anthony Cary, 5th Viscount Falkland , British politician (* 1656 )
Second half of the year
- July 5th : Sebastian Achamer , Austrian organ builder (* 1623 )
- July 11th : Philipp Christoph von Königsmarck , Hanoverian officer and court cavalier (* 1665 )
- July 29th : Safi II , Shah of Persia (* 1647 )
- August 5th : Hans von Assig , German poet lawyer (* 1650 )
- August 7th : August Friedrich Mockel , Mayor of Heilbronn (* 1628 )
- August 8th : Antoine Arnauld , French philosopher, linguist, theologian, logician and mathematician (* 1612 )
- August 13 : Christian Donati , German logician (* 1640 )
- August 22 : Maria Sofia De la Gardie , Swedish countess, lady-in-waiting, banker and entrepreneur (* 1627 )
- August 28 : Georg Heß , German educator (* 1613 )
- October 13 : Johann Christoph Pezel , German town piper and composer (* 1639 )
- October 20 : Christian II , Duke of Saxony-Merseburg (* 1653 )
- October 26 : Samuel von Pufendorf , German natural law philosopher and historian (* 1632 )
- November 14th : Christian III. Moritz , Duke of Saxony-Merseburg (* 1680 )
- November 28th : Matsuo Bashō , Japanese poet, is considered the outstanding writer and founder of Japanese haiku (* 1644 )
- November 29th : Marcello Malpighi , Italian anatomist and physiologist (* 1628 )
- December 2 : Pierre Puget , French painter and sculptor (* 1620 )
- December 11th : Ranuccio II. Farnese , son of Duke Odoardo I Farnese of Parma and Piacenza (* 1630 )
- December 28 : Mary II , Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland (* 1662 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Charles Beaubrun , French painter (* 1604 )
- Niyazi Misri , Islamic mystic (* 1617 or 1618 )
- Henry Neville , English author and satirist (* 1620 )