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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

Lothar Franz von Schönborn
Lothar Franz von Schönborn becomes Archbishop and Elector of Mainz .
August the Strong
August the Strong becomes
Elector of Saxony .
Model of the Sussex
The Sussex and six other English warships
sink off Gibraltar.
1694 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1142/43 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1686/87 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1099/1100 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2237/38 (southern Buddhism); 2236/37 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the Wood Dog甲戌 ( at the beginning of the year water tap 癸酉)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1056/57 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4027/28 (October 2-3)
Iranian calendar 1072/73
Islamic calendar 1105/06 (turn of the year 21/22 August)
Jewish calendar 5454/55 (September 19-20)
Coptic calendar 1410/11 (September 10/11)
Malayalam calendar 869/870
Seleucid era Babylon: 2004/05 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2005/06 (New Year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1750/51 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

War of the Palatinate Succession

  • The city of Dieppe is completely destroyed by the bombardment of a Dutch-English fleet under Admiral John Berkeley , who wants to destroy the positions of the French corsairs operating in the English Channel .

Holy Roman Empire

Philipp Christoph von Königsmarck

Great Turkish War

Other events in Europe



science and technology

  • Elector Friedrich III. , later the Prussian King Friedrich I, founds a university in Halle , for which the name Academia Fridericiana became naturalized. The university, a center of the early Enlightenment , soon developed into a reform university and one of the most visited universities in Germany.



  • March 1 : In a severe storm off Gibraltar, seven English warships of a naval formation under Rear Admiral Sir Francis Wheeler , including the flagship Sussex (80 cannons), which is believed to be carrying a secret cargo of ten tons of gold or 100 tons of silver, and two other ships of the line ( Cambridge , 70 cannons, and Lumley Castle , 56 cannons). Rear Admiral Wheeler is one of the 823 victims of the disaster.

Historical maps and views

Venice, Rialto Bridge 1694


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Voltaire , portrait by Nicolas de Largillière

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Marcello Malpighi

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1694  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files