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Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor with haloes (1400-1806) .svg
Territory in the Holy Roman Empire
coat of arms
Coat of arms of the dukes of Saxony-Merseburg

Arose from Sharing of course axes
Form of rule Secondary school principality
Ruler / government duke

Capitals / residences Merseburg
Dynasties Sideline of the Albertine Wettins
Denomination / Religions Lutheran
Language / n German

Incorporated into Electoral Saxony

Merseburg 1650

The Principality of Saxony-Merseburg was a territory of the Holy Roman Empire and existed from 1656/57 to 1738 with the Merseburg residence . It was owned by a sideline of the Albertine Wettins .


The Saxon elector Johann Georg I decreed in his will of July 20, 1652 that his three younger sons should receive secondary school principalities. After the elector died on October 8, 1656, the " Friend Brothers Main Settlement " was concluded on April 22, 1657 in Dresden and another settlement in which the three territories and the associated sovereign rights were finally delimited and in which it was the Johann brothers George II succeeded in achieving partial success in terms of their striving for sovereignty. The duchies of Saxony-Weißenfels , Saxony-Zeitz and Saxony-Merseburg emerged.

Prince Christian, the third eldest son, received, among other things , the castles, towns, municipalities and offices of Merseburg , Plagwitz , Rückmarsdorf , Delitzsch (with Delitzsch Castle ), Bad Lauchstädt , Schkeuditz , Lützen , which had previously largely been part of the Merseburg Monastery, which was secularized during the Reformation in 1562 , Bitterfeld , Zörbig , the county of Brehna and the margraviate of Niederlausitz , including the towns and castles of Calau , Luckau , Lübben , Doberlug , Finsterwalde , Döbern , Forst and Guben .

The area of ​​Sachsen-Merseburg extended right up to the city limits of Leipzig. The customs place was today's district of Lindenau .

Associated offices

Offices of the Duchy of Saxony-Merseburg
Office circle
Office Merseburg (also called "Kitchen Office") Merseburg Monastery
Office Lauchstädt Merseburg Monastery
Office Lützen with Office Zwenkau Merseburg Monastery
Office Schkeuditz Merseburg Monastery
Delitzsch Office Leipzig district
Office Zörbig Leipzig district
Finsterwalde Office Meissnian circle
Office Bitterfeld Kurkreis
Margraviate Niederlausitz


After the death of the last male heir of the Saxon branch line Sachsen-Merseburg, the duchy fell back to Electoral Saxony .

Secondary lines

In order to be able to look after his three sons who were born after him, Duke Christian I assigned them their own small domains as appanages while he was still alive , but these remained dependent on the main line and their sovereign rights were severely limited. They are named after the residences of their owners and died out again when they died, as none of them had living offspring. Before that, the Spremberg line succeeded in inheriting the main Merseburg line.


See also