Forst (Lausitz)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Forst (Lausitz)
Forst (Lausitz)
Map of Germany, position of the city of Forst (Lausitz) highlighted

Coordinates: 51 ° 45 '  N , 14 ° 39'  E

Basic data
State : Brandenburg
County : Spree-Neisse
Height : 72 m above sea level NHN
Area : 110.7 km 2
Residents: 17,902 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 162 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 03149
Primaries : 03562, 035696 (Briesnig)Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / area code contains text
License plate : SPN, FOR, GUB, SPB
Community key : 12 0 71 076

City administration address :
Lindenstraße 10-12
03149 Forst (Lausitz)
Website :
Mayoress : Simone Taubenek (independent)
Location of the district town of Forst (Lausitz)
in the Spree-Neisse district
Burg Briesen Dissen-Striesow Döbern Drachhausen Drehnow Drebkau Felixsee Forst Groß Schacksdorf-Simmersdorf Guben Guhrow Heinersbrück Jämlitz-Klein Düben Jänschwalde Kolkwitz Neiße-Malxetal Neuhausen Peitz Schenkendöbern Schmogrow-Fehrow Spremberg Tauer Teichland Tschernitz Turnow-Preilack Welzow Werben Wiesengrundmap
About this picture

Forst (Lausitz) ( listen ? / I ), Baršć in Lower Sorbian , is the district town of the Spree-Neisse district in Lower Lusatia . Besides Neukirch / Lausitz, Forst is the only place with the Lausitz suffix , other places explicitly name the respective part of the Lausitz in their suffixes, for example Weißwasser / Oberlausitz . Audio file / audio sample


The city is located 20 kilometers east of Cottbus on the Lusatian Neisse . On the opposite Polish bank is the village of Zasieki (German: Skaren , formerly Berge ) of the municipality of Brody (Pförten) , which was a Forster district until 1945.

City structure

The city is divided into the districts:

Former districts:

  • Forst Mountains (1897–1945 (now Zasieki ))
  • Forst-Scheuno (1940–1945 (today Brożek ))


South of the Sorbian village Altforst with the Marienkirche, a merchant's settlement with Nikolaikirche was formed around 1150 at the transition of the important west-east road from Halle to Glogau (Salzstrasse) over the Neisse, from which the regularly laid out 14th century church has been formed since around 1265 first developed as such a city, for the prosperity of which the north-south road from Guben to Niederlausitz later became important. The council could acquire the lower courts.

In 1352 Katharina von Ileburg received the rule of Forst from the Bohemian (and Roman-German) King Charles IV as Margrave of Lower Lusatia . Since 1380, the Biebersteiners sat at the castle west of the Mühlgraben as vassals of the Lower Lusatia margravate, mostly in connection with the rule of Pförten , which held a preferred position as a free class rule in the state constitution . They stayed there until the noble family with Ferdinand II died out in 1667. In 1428 Ulrich, Wenzel and Friedrich von Bieberstein confirmed the town charter. After the Reformation in the 16th century, the Sorbian vernacular was also used in Forst . Four of the seven mayors of this century had Sorbian names. In 1626, during the Thirty Years' War, the general Wallenstein and his troops occupied Forst. With Niederlausitz, the city fell to the Electorate of Saxony in 1635 .

The cloth-making trade, which has been privileged since 1418, shaped the city's economy; since 1628 it received influx from cloth-makers from the Netherlands and the towns of Lissa , Meseritz and Fraustadt from the province of Posen , so that in 1695 the guild numbered 50 masters. In 1704, Duchess Luise Elisabeth von Sachsen-Merseburg took her widow's seat in Forst. In 1746, Count Heinrich von Brühl acquired the state lordship of Forst and reunited it with gates. In 1748 a great fire ravaged the city. The reconstruction was carried out according to plans by Brühl and master builder Johann Christoph Knöffel . After 1750, as the owner of Forst, the count set up a cloth and linen manufacture in Jahn Castle. In 1763 Count Heinrich von Brühl was buried under the baptismal font of the town church.

Around 1800 the Sorbian church services in Forst were abolished as a result of the Germanization policy pursued by the sovereigns. In 1815 Forst came to Prussia through the Peace of Vienna and was assigned to the Brandenburg district of Sorau in the Frankfurt administrative district. In 1821 the merchant Jeschke built the first spinning factory on the castle grounds. In 1832 the first Forster newspaper appeared. In 1837 the municipality and the municipality were united. The production of Buckskin since 1840 and the introduction of the steam engine in 1844 made Forst one of the most important textile cities (“German Manchester ”).

The gas factory began operations in 1863, the city slaughterhouse opened in 1888 and the waterworks in 1903. In 1875 the village of Altforst was incorporated. The grammar school was established in 1880 and the weaving school in 1891. In the same year, a devastating flood hit the city. With industrialization, the number of inhabitants rose from 2,600 in 1830 to 32,000 in 1900. In 1872 the rail connection to Cottbus and Sorau was established , in 1891 to Weißwasser and 1904 to Guben . The first parties were formed at the end of the 19th century (in 1871 the local Social Democratic Workers' Association and the local branch of the SDAP ). In 1897 the city of Forst left the Sorau district and formed its own urban district .

The destroyed town of Forst (Lausitz) in 1945
The open spaces on the market are reminiscent of the extensive destruction of the city in World War II

In 1922 the Great Neißebrücke was built, and in 1932 the river was regulated. In 1937, the city celebrated the 450th anniversary of the royal company of the Forster Rifle Guild. The synagogue , which the Jewish community built at Wasserstraße 6 at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries , was desecrated by SA men on the night of the pogrom in 1938 . It was saved from burning down by the deed of a firefighter, but it was destroyed in the war in 1945 and the rubble was removed later. A memorial plaque on the house in Cottbuser Straße 8 has been commemorating this event since 1988. In 1939, the construction of the Forst-Scheuno explosive chemical plant in the Forst-Scheuno district (today Brożek ) began.

From mid-February 1945 the Soviet army had formed a bridgehead on the other bank of the Neisse. The bombardment of the city began on February 25th. The city's defense lasted until April. From April 16 to 18, Soviet troops captured the town of Forst. When the fighting ended, 85 percent of the city was in ruins. The areas east of the Neisse (Berge district) were placed under Polish administration and almost completely devastated , and the inhabitants were expelled. A little more than 350 people lived on the Polish side in 2010.

In April 1945, 80 deserters of the Wehrmacht were shot by SS men in the village of Weißagk . When the place had to give way to the opencast mine , the victims were reburied in the cemetery in Forst.

In 1952, Forst received the status of a district town ( Kreis Forst ) in the Cottbus district . In 1964, all Forster textile companies were merged to form VEB Tuchfabriken Forst . With around 3,000 workers in the textile industry, Forst was also an important textile location in the GDR. Numerous new buildings were constructed in the city center in the 1970s and 1980s. With the change in the GDR in 1989, a restructuring of the municipal infrastructure began . In 1993, Forst became the district town of the Spree-Neisse district. In 2002 the German-Polish border bridge Forst- Zasieki ("Bridge of the European Union") was opened. In 2004 Forst was awarded the title City of Roses .

Thomas Rother from Essen has so far set up 9 “border roses” under the motto “Flowers instead of weapons” , the last one in the rose garden for the 750th anniversary of the city.

Population development

The information from 1820 is an estimate, then census results (¹) or official updates from the State Statistical Office. From 1843 the information relates to the “local population”, from 1925 to the resident population and since 1966 to the “population at the place of the main residence”. Before 1843, the number of inhabitants was determined according to inconsistent survey methods.

The figures given were prepared by the Berlin-Brandenburg Statistics Office or its forerunners and therefore only take into account the area covered, i.e. the territory of the city as far as it belongs to Brandenburg today. Therefore, the former Forster city area east of the Neisse, which came to Poland in 1945, is excluded from consideration. If this were included, the city's population before 1945 would be significantly higher. In the official statistics of the German Reich at the time of the census on June 16, 1933, 37,768 inhabitants were determined for the city of Forst; At the time of the census on May 17, 1939, the town of Forst had 44,802 inhabitants.

The population is shrinking steadily.

year Residents
1820 2,600
December 1, 1875 1 11,925
December 1, 1880 1 16,124
December 1, 1885 1 18,641
December 1, 1890 1 16,870
December 2, 1895 1 25,700
1 December 1900 1 32,075
December 1, 1905 1 33,757
December 1, 1910 1 24,275
December 1, 1916 1 29,359
December 5, 1917 1 27,019
October 8, 1919 1 32,216
June 16, 1925 1 25,880
June 16, 1933 1 27,030
May 17, 1939 1 27,342
year Residents
December 1, 1945 1 24,416
October 29, 1946 1 29,829
August 31, 1950 1 30,475
December 31, 1955 29,661
December 31, 1960 28,695
December 31, 1964 1 29,860
January 1, 1971 1 29,134
December 31, 1975 27,774
December 31, 1981 1 27,013
December 31, 1985 26,395
December 31, 1988 26,676
year Residents
December 31, 1990 25,844
December 31, 1995 25,701
December 31, 2000 24,309
December 31, 2005 22,391
December 31, 2010 20,618
December 31, 2015 18,773
December 31, 2016 18,651
December 31, 2017 18,353
December 31, 2018 18.164
December 31, 2019 17,902
1 Census result

Territory of the respective year (but until 1945 excluding today's Polish area), population: as of December 31 (from 1991), from 2011 based on the 2011 census


Local elections 2019
Turnout: 53.7% (2014: 38.8%)
Otherwise. H
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
+ 30.0  % p
-17.5  % p
-10.1  % p
+ 13.3  % p
-6.6  % p
-2.5  % p
+ 2.8  % p
-1.3  % p
Otherwise. H
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
d Voting group together for forest
h 2019:
Fleischhauer : 1.1%
Klinger Runde: 1.0%
Piraten : 1.0%
Klinger Runde: 2.2%
DSU: 2.1%

City Council

The city council of Forst (Lausitz) consists of 28 city councilors and the full-time mayor. The local elections on May 26, 2019 resulted in the following distribution of seats:

Party / group of voters 2014 2019
AfD - 8th
CDU 9 5
The left 7th 4th
Together for forest - 4th
SPD 5 4th
FDP 3 2
Alliance 90 / The Greens - 1
Individual applicant Wolfgang Starick 1 -
Agriculture and the environment 1 -
Pirates 1 -
Citizens for Lusatia 1 -

After representatives of the left cooperated with the AfD in May 2020, a left-wing MP left her parliamentary group.


  • 1990-2006: Gerhard Reinfeld (CDU)
  • 2006–2015: Jürgen Goldschmidt (FDP)
  • 2015–2017: Philipp Wesemann (SPD)
  • 2017-2018: Jens Handreck (CDU)
  • since 2018: Simone Taubenek (independent)

In 2006, Reinfeld was accused of nepotism across factions and a referendum was initiated to vote him out, which was successful on October 8, 2006 with an approval rate of 85%. On February 18, 2007, Jürgen Goldschmidt was elected as the new mayor in a runoff election with 57.4% of the valid votes, after missing the required majority on January 28, 2007 with 45.8%.

In the mayoral election on March 15, 2015, the 25-year-old SPD candidate Philipp Wesemann prevailed against his competitor Sven Zuber from the CDU with 60.6% of the valid votes. Wesemann was Brandenburg's youngest mayor and the youngest mayor of a district town in Germany when he took office. On November 24, 2017, Wesemann voluntarily resigned from office, thus anticipating a planned deselection. Until the new elections in 2018, the previous deputy Jens Handreck took over the duties of mayor.

In the mayoral election on May 6, 2018, Simone Taubenek, who was not part of the party, was elected as the new mayor for a term of eight years with 53.7% of the valid votes.

coat of arms

The coat of arms was approved on April 13, 2011.

Blazon : “In red a golden shield, covered with a left-facing, five-ended red stag pole. The heraldic figure, all golden, growing on the helmet with blankets from a crown. "

Historical coat of arms

The coat of arms was approved on September 4, 1992. This full coat of arms is only used for representative purposes today. With effect from December 3, 2005, the coat of arms will be used for sovereign (official) purposes without the upper coat of arms (i.e. without a helmet and crest).

Blazon : "In gold, an upright, right-curved four-ended red stag pole with a clover-leafed rose bush."

It is originally the coat of arms of the Lords of Bieberstein , who were also the city lords of Forst for a long time.

On behalf of the magistrate, Gustav Adolf Closs from Berlin prepared a draft that became the city's coat of arms by resolution of the magistrate of October 29, 1924.

Town twinning

Forst has maintained partnership relationships with Wermelskirchen in Germany since 1990 and with the two Polish communities of Lubsko and Brody since 2000 .

Sights and culture


The list of architectural monuments includes the monuments entered in the list of monuments of the state of Brandenburg, including several cloth factories, several churches and the water tower , the city's landmark. The ground monuments are there listed.

Stadtkirche St. Nikolai : The foundation for the building took place in the 12th century. Heinrich von Brühl found his final resting place in a crypt in the church. The colored windows in the apse with cloth motifs come from the Berlin artist Helge Warme , who also designed the altar background with 144 different glass plates.


  • 1950 Memorial to the Victims of Fascism on Peace Square
  • Memorial stone for 80 killed Wehrmacht deserters in the main cemetery on Frankfurter Strasse
  • Honorary grave from 1981 for deceased resistance fighters against fascism
  • Memorial stone from 1977 for four murdered opponents of the war on Spremberger and the corner of Triebeler Strasse
  • Memorial plaque from 1988 to the Jewish community and its place of worship at Cottbuser Straße 8
  • Cenotaph for the fallen of the First World War in the Bohrau district


Textile museum

The Brandenburg Textile Museum Forst is a technology and local history museum that was opened in 1995 in a disused, heritage-protected cloth factory. The focus of the exhibition is the history of the cloth-making trade and thus closely linked to the history of the city of Forst.

Regular events

The city is known far beyond the country's borders because of the East German rose garden . Traditionally, the rose garden festival takes place on the last weekend in June. Every year in spring, the Forster rose queen is elected to represent the city and the East German rose garden.

"The green season" opens with the riding and jumping tournament on the cycling track. Every year at Whitsun, a standing race is held on the cycling track .

Economy and Infrastructure


The city has a large number of medium-sized companies, including metal construction and processing companies, logistics companies, manufacturers of building materials and other service providers. There was a brewery with a cider factory until 2015.


Road traffic

Forst is on the B 112 federal road between Guben and the Forst junction on the A 15 ( Spreewald triangle - Forst-Olszyna border crossing). At this junction on the southern city limits, the road continues as the B 115 to Bad Muskau and Görlitz . The state road L 49 (until 2005 B 122 ) between Cottbus and the junction Bademeusel of the A 15 crosses the city in a west-southeast direction.

There is no border crossing to Poland in the city center. The Forst – Zasieki road crossing is about 3 km north of the city center.

Rail transport

Forst station (Lausitz)

The Forst (Lausitz) station is located on the railway line Cottbus Zary (Sorau) . There are regional trains to Cottbus and Żagań (Sagan) . There was freight and passenger traffic on the Forst – Guben railway from 1904 to 1981 and on the Weißwasser – Forst railway from 1896 to 1996. Both lines have now been closed and partially dismantled.

Until the timetable change in December 2014, the Eurocity line EC 99 served Forst station. A pair of trains ran daily from Krakow via Berlin to Hamburg . The entire line was deleted. Since then, Forst is no longer a long-distance stop.

Since May 2016, the cultural train has been running on the weekend from Berlin to the European Capital of Culture 2016 Wroclaw via Forst, which will once again offer a temporary long-distance train stop.

line course Tact
RB 46 Cottbus - Klinge - Forst (Lausitz) 60 min
RB 93 Forest (Lausitz) - Tuplice - Lipinki Łużyckie - Żary - Żagań two pairs of trains a day
D25 ( KD ) Wrocław Główny - Legnica - Żagań - Żary - Forst (Lausitz) two pairs of trains on weekends + holidays
Culture train Berlin Lichtenberg - Berlin Ostkreuz - Cottbus - Forst (Lausitz) - Żary - Żagań - Legnica - Wrocław Główny a pair of trains on the weekend

From 1893 to 1965 the Forster Stadteisenbahn existed , a tram-like small railway with goods traffic.

air traffic

The Cottbus-Drewitz airfield is located around 30 km north of Forst . There is a flight school with charter operations.


Forst has several elementary schools, a high school and a high school. This was developed into a European school that offers various student exchange programs as well as bilingual classes. The Friedrich-Ludwig-Jahn-Gymnasium bears the title “School without Racism” and has a cultural-aesthetic profile.


The Forst Radrennbahn , which was inaugurated on June 17, 1906, is one of the oldest in Germany. Numerous standing races are held here every year. The European champion in the standing category has also been ridden in Forst. On 29./30. August 2009 the European Standing Championships took place again in Forst. The cycling track has meanwhile also been expanded to be used for equestrian sports, so that an annual riding and jumping tournament with international participation takes place. The stadium at the water tower was opened in 1921.

Forst also has a great tradition in football. The Askania Forst and Viktoria Forst were in the 1910s and 1920s in the championship finals of the DFB . The TV 1861 Forst became soccer champion of the German gymnastics union in 1927 . The TuS South Forest was 1919 and 1926 in the finals of the ATSB -Fußballmeisterschaft. The SV Süd Forst and the SV Rot-Weiß Forst association formed the SV Lausitz Forst association in 2011. The football teams from Forst are currently playing in the lower leagues.

The Lusatian sea sports team is one of the most powerful clubs of this sport in the sea ​​sports all-around competition and has repeatedly provided German champions, especially in the female age groups, in recent years. This sport has been practiced in Forst since the 1960s.

The SG Bademeusel is one of the best fistball teams in Germany. The women played in the 1st Fistball Bundesliga North from 2006 to 2008 .

An extensive network of cycle paths in the vicinity of the city enables large and small tours by bike. The Neißeauen are interesting and appealing, but so is the Niederlausitz hinterland. The paths are also suitable for the ambitious cyclist (paved). Every year on Ascension Day there is a great migration by bike in the area.


sons and daughters of the town

Personalities associated with forest

  • Luise Elisabeth von Württemberg-Oels (1673–1736), Duchess of Saxony-Merseburg, in Forst she had her widow's residence for decades
  • Christian August Jacobi (1688 – after 1725), composer, since 1717 Kapelldirektor of the Duchess Luise Elisabeth von Sachsen-Merseburg in Forst
  • Rudolf Kühn (1886–1950), architect, town planner in Forst
  • Gottlob Philipp, founded the Forster Piano Factory Philipp in Cottbuser Straße in 1872
  • Brigitte Frank (1895–1959), grew up in Forst, wife of the National Socialist politician Hans Frank
  • Gerhard Pohl (1937–2012), engineer and politician, 1990 GDR Minister for Economic Affairs for a short time
  • Andreas Klöden (* 1975), racing cyclist, trained at SG Dynamo Forst

See also


in alphabetical order by authors / editors

Web links

Commons : Forst  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Forst (Lausitz)  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. Population in the State of Brandenburg according to municipalities, offices and municipalities not subject to official registration on December 31, 2019 (XLSX file; 223 KB) (updated official population figures) ( help on this ).
  2. ^ Service portal of the state administration Brandenburg. City of Forst (Lausitz)
  3. Statistics of the German Reich, Volume 450: Official municipality directory for the German Reich, Part I, Berlin 1939; Page 249
  4. Peter Kunze: Sorbian reminiscences from forest and surroundings. In: Lětopis 53 (2006) 1, pp. 35 ff, Ludowe nakładnistwo Domowina, Budyšin / Bautzen 2006
  5. (red.): Ninth Forster Grenzrose inaugurated on November 9th, 2018 . In: Der Märkische Bote , category Forst und Döbern, November 16, 2018, accessed on September 22, 2019
  6. Statistisches Reichsamt, "Wirtschaft und Statistics", edition "December 1st, 1933, page 717
  7. [1]
  8. Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. District Spree-Neisse . Pp. 18-21
  9. Population in the state of Brandenburg from 1991 to 2017 according to independent cities, districts and municipalities , Table 7
  10. ^ Office for Statistics Berlin-Brandenburg (Ed.): Statistical report AI 7, A II 3, A III 3. Population development and population status in the state of Brandenburg (respective editions of the month of December)
  11. ^ Result of the local elections on May 25, 2014
  12. ^ Result of the local election on May 26, 2019
  13. Kevin Hagen: Because of cooperation with the AfD: Left want to dissolve unruly local association. In: June 25, 2020, accessed June 25, 2020 .
  14. ^ Result of the mayoral election on March 15, 2015
  15. Sensation in Forst (Lausitz) - Philipp Wesemann, as the youngest mayor of Brandenburg, will direct the future of the city. In: March 15, 2015, accessed March 16, 2015 .
  16. Hartmut Landes: astonishment at clear voter vote. In: Lausitzer Rundschau . March 17, 2015, accessed March 20, 2015 .
  17. Wesemann clears his chair. In: Lausitzer Rundschau. November 24, 2017. Retrieved November 24, 2017 .
  18. Brandenburg Local Election Act, Section 74
  19. ^ Result of the mayoral election on May 6, 2018
  20. Coat of arms information on the service portal of the state administration of Brandenburg
  21. Information on the coat of arms on
  22. ↑ History of the coat of arms on the website of the town of Forst
  23. Beate Möschl: "See you, even without a brewery!" In: Lausitzer Rundschau. October 2, 2015, accessed June 28, 2016 .
  24. IC / EC line network 2014 at, accessed on March 6, 2015
  25. IC / EC line network 2015 ( Memento from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) on
  26. Kulturzug Berlin-Breslau: for 38 euros there and back. In: Focus . January 11, 2016, accessed February 8, 2016 .
  27. With the culture train to Breslau (Wrocław). (No longer available online.) In: Archived from the original on November 14, 2017 ; accessed on May 24, 2018 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  28. School without Racism ( Memento from July 8, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
  29. The ax on the piano . Website of the Museum Association of the City of Forst (Lausitz)
  30. Publications of the Museum Association of the City of Forst (Lausitz) e. V.