|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||North Saxony|
|Height :||94 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||85.92 km 2|
|Residents:||24,823 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||289 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||04509|
|Area code :||034202|
|License plate :||TDO, DZ, EB, OZ, TG, TO|
|Community key :||14 7 30 070|
|City structure:||Core city and 15 districts|
City administration address :
|Lord Mayor :||Manfred Wilde (independent)|
|Location of the city of Delitzsch in the district of Northern Saxony|
Delitzsch ([ ˈdeːlɪtʃ ], from Old Sorbian děľc or delč for "hill") is a large district town and a central center in the northwest of the Free State of Saxony . It is the largest city in terms of population in the northern Saxony district and, after Leipzig , Halle and Merseburg, the fourth largest city in the Leipzig-Halle conurbation .
Archaeological traces in the urban area point to a rural settlement in the Neolithic Age . Delitzsch was first mentioned in 1207. In the 17th / 18th In the 18th century the city was the widow's and traveler's seat of the Duchy of Saxony-Merseburg. The well-preserved old town with the baroque castle , the town fortifications, its squares, town houses and patrician houses and town towers is evidence of the prosperity in the late Middle Ages and the early modern period .
Location and surroundings
Delitzsch is located on the northern Saxon border with Saxony-Anhalt at an altitude of . As a middle center in the rural area, the city forms both the north-western edge of the district of Northern Saxony and the Leipzig lowland bay .
It is located south of the Bitterfeld mining area , north of the Leipziger Land and southwest of the Dübener Heide . The northern and southern urban area is characterized by recultivated and renatured areas, which arose from former opencast mines. To the north, with the Neuhäuser , Paupitzscher and Seelhausener See, and to the south with the Werbeliner and Schladitzer See lakes, there is a distinctive lake landscape that is partially protected and belongs to both the Central German Lake District and the Goitzsche Lake District .
The approximately 30-kilometer-long Lober flows as a brook from the south through Delitzsch, which flows into the Mulde from Benndorf as a continuing Lober-Leine canal near Löbnitz . The urban area measures 11.5 km in the largest north-south extension and 12.2 km in the east-west extension, the total area is 83.57 km².
In the north or north-west towns border Bitterfeld-Wolfen and Sandersdorf-Brehna in to Saxony-Anhalt belonging Anhalt-Bitterfeld and belonging to Nordsachsen communities Löbnitz in the Northeast, Schönwölkau the east, Rackwitz in the south and Neukyhna the west by the district of Delitzsch. Neighboring cities are Leipzig (around 20 km south), Halle (around 30 km west), Bitterfeld-Wolfen (around 15 km north), Bad Düben (around 20 km northeast) and Eilenburg (around 25 km southeast).
With the exception of the core city and its immediately adjacent districts, the Delitzsch area is more rural. Around 60 percent (5050 hectares) of the 8357 hectare urban area is used for agriculture. The main crops are wheat, barley, rapeseed and sugar beet. Around ten percent (853 hectares) are forest and one percent (92 hectares) are water.
Of the approximately sixteen percent (1376 hectares) settlement and traffic area, 783 hectares are buildings and open spaces, 75 hectares are operating areas (excluding mining land), 108 hectares are recreational areas, 16 hectares are cemetery areas and 394 hectares are traffic areas.
The city and its districts lie on layers of rock from the Tertiary Age . When the Ore Mountains and the Vogtland rose up, a flat plain was formed to compensate for this, in which weathering material from the mountains was deposited. In this context, a rise in the ground emerged as an Ice Age sand ridge in the middle of the old Loberaue in what is now the western old town. Organic material was overlaid by bog formation and flooding and formed sediment layers in the following time . Lignite formed from these layers, covered by parabrown earth from loess or sand loess .
The altitude varies in the urban area by about 24 meters, with the higher parts in the south and the lower parts in the north of the city. It ranges from Neuhäuser See near Benndorf up to on the Lober near Brodau, the highest natural location in the city.at the lowest point the
The only rare earth occurrence in Central Europe so far is located below an area of around 1,000 square meters west of the Storkwitz district . This was discovered by geologists in the 1980s during exploration work on uranium . Confirmation drilling from April to July 2012 was able to prove the previous resource estimates to a depth of 600 meters. It is a resource of 4.4 million tons of ore with 20,100 tons of rare earth oxide with a content of 0.45 percent. In addition, more than 4,000 tons of the metal niobium were certified.
The urban area of Delitzsch is divided into the core city and 15 districts . In addition to the historic old town, the core town also includes the new town, which fully encloses the historic town center, but has its greatest extent east of the old town. Some of the districts are formerly independent communities that have been incorporated into Delitzsch in the course of various regional reforms, but some are also new districts that were founded as residential areas. Some districts also have spatially separate settlements ( residential areas ) with their own names.
|Residents as of January 31, 2018
(primary residences only)
PE / km²
|Core city with Gertitz , Kertitz and Werben||38.04||20,657||543|
|All in all||83.57||25,562||306|
The core city and the districts of Döbernitz, Gertitz, Kertitz, Schenkenberg, Werben and parts of Beerendorf have mostly grown together structurally and form the extensive residential and commercial areas of the city. The remaining districts are more rural and predominantly sparsely populated, but take up by far the largest part of the total urban area.
Delitzsch is located in the moderate climate zone , in the transition area from the maritime climate in Western Europe to the continental climate in Eastern Europe. The average annual temperature is 8.8 degrees Celsius and the annual rainfall is 512 millimeters. The warmest months are July with 17.9 ° C and August with 17.7 ° C, the coldest January and February with an average temperature of around 0 degrees Celsius. Most of the precipitation falls in the summer months of June to August with a peak of 61.9 mm in June. In February the lowest precipitation falls with 30.2 mm, in the other winter months it averages about 36.4 mm. The average number of hours of sunshine per day varies between one (November / December / January) and seven hours (June / July).
Due to westerly winds, the Delitzsch urban area is often located in the extended rain shadow of the Harz . This fact favors, among other things, an average number of 1800 to 2000 hours of sunshine per year, which makes the city regularly one of the sunniest places in Saxony. A significant influence on the urban microclimate by the lake landscape surrounding the city, which has arisen since the 1990s / 2000s, has not yet been scientifically and statistically proven. A Meteomedia AG weather station is located at the Tiergarten, the next one from the DWD at Leipzig-Halle Airport.
Climate data for Delitzsch
Early history and first settlement
The oldest traces of human settlement in the Delitzsch area go back to the Stone Age. The oldest remnant from this period is a fragment of an idol from 5100 BC. BC, which comes from an early farming culture and was found in August 2003 during excavations at the exit of neighboring Zschernitz . The discoveries in the Delitzsch district begin with the Neolithic Age , a period in which village-like settlements formed with the transition to sedentariness. In the period of the Roman emperors and the migration of peoples , however, the settlement broke off for a longer period.
It was not until the late 6th century that Slavic population groups first settled along the Elbe, and in the course of the 7th and 8th centuries also along the western Mulde area . At that time Delitzsch was in the center of a naturally limited, approximately 270 square kilometers large settlement area on the middle Mulde, to which around 100 smaller hamlet-like settlements belonged. Its inhabitants probably referred to themselves as Siusli . The Slavs between Saale and Mulde formed the tribal union of the Sorbs by the end of the 8th century at the latest . Favorable terrain conditions on a ridge surrounded by a mountain spur and a long-distance trade route running from west to east led to the establishment of a Slavic castle complex on the site of today's palace gardens in the 9th century.
Documented mention and development in the Middle Ages
With the integration of the areas between the Saale and Elbe among the kings Henry I and Otto I in the eastern kingdom was the wooden Slawenburg mid-10th century on the orders of German ministerials through a stone castle Ward replaced. In the protection of this extended castle, a planned early-urban Slavic settlement was founded around 1140/50, which extended over the area of today's Ritterstrasse, Halleschen, Schlossstrasse and Mühlstrasse as well as a section of Mauergasse. A document from King Friedrich I dated August 20, 1166 mentions Delitzsch for the first time. Around 1200 the Burgward developed into the seat of a lower judicial district . For the years 1207, 1222 and 1224 there are documentary records of three days of judicial, Landding and leaning of the Margraves of Meißen and Landgraves of Thuringia . It also served as the administrative, bailiff and court seat and as a travel residence for the Wettins . Favored by these prerequisites, the city formed a centrally located market place for the rural population in the immediate and wider area, to which the Wettin rulers granted market and city rights around 1200. In the period that followed, due to its large number of houses and its growing population, the place gained extended rights and privileges, including, for example, the wall law, the covering and brewing rights and the right to a bushel measure. In 1376, initially on a lease basis, from 1423 on, the high jurisdiction and the right of escort were finally added.
To protect against looting and pillage, a massive defense system was built between the end of the 14th and beginning of the 15th century, consisting of a city wall, city towers, kennel , moat and rampart. Delitzsch was in the Margraviate of Meissen , which was incorporated into the Electorate of Saxony in 1439 . The electorate was the two brothers already in 1485 Albert III, Duke of Saxony and Ernst von Sachsen divided . Delitzsch then belonged to the Duchy of Saxony , whose capital Dresden was determined.
Reformation and Duchy of Saxony-Merseburg
Supported by the Saxon electors, the Reformation was introduced in 1539 by Duke Heinrich in Delitzsch. The city was also affected by the Schmalkaldic War in 1546 and 1547, in which Saxony was primarily concerned with equality of the Protestant denomination. The leader of the Delitzsch troops was Duke Karl von Pöhnitzsch. As a result of the reorganization of Albertine territory by Elector Moritz von Sachsen , the city became part of the Leipzig district of the Electorate of Saxony .
At the time of the Thirty Years' War Delitzsch suffered on the one hand from the consequences of the war, on the other hand the plague, which lasted several years, claimed many victims. From 1636 the city was directly involved in the war and targeted by Swedish mercenary associations. Although the old town was largely spared looting and fires, the new town was almost completely destroyed. In addition, troops moving through and billeted dragged deadly diseases into the city, which was overpopulated by refugees. In 1637 alone, around 881 people died, 300 of them of starvation. According to a legend, Delitzsch was saved in 1637 by the daughter of the tower keeper at the time, who is said to have warned the population of the approaching danger from the Swedes by blowing the so-called Swedish signals.
The largest conflagration in the history of Delitzsch occurred in 1661, when the entire western part of the Neustadt fell victim to the flames. Almost 120 people lost their lives and around 75 houses were destroyed.
When the Saxon Elector Johann Georg I died in 1656 , a de facto division of Saxony was carried out according to his will from 1652. In addition to the remaining electoral principality, there were also three so-called secundogenitures , to which the Duchy of Saxony-Merseburg with the Delitzsch office belonged. This duchy came under the rule of Duke Christian I , who had the old bishop's palace in Merseburg converted into his residence and today's baroque palace into the future widow's seat of his wife. The conversion from the Renaissance to the Baroque palace began on June 24, 1689 and was completed on May 13, 1696. However, the already widowed Duchess Christiana von Sachsen-Merseburg and her court of 28 people moved into the palace on May 31, 1692.
After the death of Duchess Christiana in 1701, the Merseburg ducal house only used the castle as a travel residence at irregular intervals. It was not until 1731 to 1734 that Duchess Henriette Charlotte , widow of Duke Moritz Wilhelm von Sachsen-Merseburg, moved in, and the baroque palace was regularly used as their seat again. After the death of the Duke in 1731 and the Duchess in 1734, the Sachsen-Merseburg secondary school reverted to the Electorate of Saxony in 1738 , as the couple had no descendants.
From 1728 to 1810 Delitzsch was one of the Saxon garrison towns for the Electoral Saxon army . During the Seven Years' War , the city was occupied several times alternately by the Austrians and the Prussians from 1756 to 1763.
Delitzsch as a Prussian provincial town
In 1813 the Battle of the Nations near Leipzig took place in the course of the so-called Wars of Liberation . The allied armies of the Austrians , Prussians, Russians and Swedes brought in this battle Napoleon's troops and their allies, including the Kingdom of Saxony , the decisive defeat that ultimately led to Napoleon's exile on the island of Elba . After Napoleon's defeat, Delitzsch belonged to the area that Saxony had to cede to Prussia under the provisions of the Congress of Vienna in 1815. After the change of area and the dissolution of the office , Delitzsch was raised to the district seat of the newly formed Prussian district of the same name .
The city's guild craft remained decisive for the economy. The municipal companies began to transform themselves from individual production in the family business into the newly created factories . In this new form of production with free wage laborers , new industries were founded. In addition to tobacco production, this included the chemical, textile and food industries. However, many small craftsmen and tradespeople lost their livelihoods because they could not keep up with advancing industrialization . With this in mind, Hermann Schulze from Delitz started an aid campaign from the middle of the 19th century to benefit the craftsmen in need. According to the principles of self-help, self-administration and personal responsibility, on August 8, 1849, together with other initiators, he founded the first health and death insurance fund, which existed until the introduction of state social insurance in 1889. With the founding of its successors, it set an example for Bismarck's social policy. In 1848 Schulze founded Germany's first craft cooperative for carpenters and shoemakers and on May 10, 1850 the first loan fund as an advance payment association - the forerunner of today's Volksbank .
Benefiting from a dense city, road and water network, the raw material deposits of coal, clay, salt and ore as well as the relatively high population density, the region around Delitzsch offered good starting conditions for investments. After failed attempts at brown coal mining in 1855 in the western district, a dense railway network was established in central Germany in the middle of the 19th century. With the commissioning of the Dessau – Bitterfeld – Leipzig railway with the lower station in 1858 and the Halle – Eilenburg – Cottbus railway with the Oberer Bahnhof stop in 1872, Delitzsch gained a connection to the railway network and thus access to the lignite districts near Bitterfeld. This not only increased the mobility of the citizens, but also increased the concentration of trade and industry in urban areas. From 1902 to 1904 the city received a public drinking water supply network.
Weimar Republic and World Wars
The First World War caused economic and cultural development to stagnate in Delitzsch. Most of the men fit for military service were drafted into the imperial army . Around 560 lost their lives on the battlefields of Europe. After the war, Delitzsch became a garrison location again for a short time from November 1918. After the end of the world war, the scarcity of raw materials damaged the textile processing industries in particular and led to increased unemployment. The social situation worsened and from August 1922 the currency began to decline rapidly in the wake of hyperinflation . From 1928 the city of Delitzsch negotiated with the government in Merseburg about the purchase of the castle and the surrounding area. The purchase agreement was signed in 1929, but the global economic crisis prevented all further measures in the same year .
During the time of National Socialism , as everywhere in the German Reich, the Jewish population was systematically disenfranchised. In Delitzsch, too, there were attacks on Jewish shops and institutions on the day following the November pogroms in 1938 and the burial chapel in the Jewish cemetery in Hainstrasse was destroyed . The incipient armament in the Third Reich was not only noticeable through the introduction of compulsory military service in 1935, but also had an impact on the expansion of military facilities and suppliers for the armaments industry. In this context, a military airfield was built near Spröda in 1939/40. Furthermore, a bright steel plant was built in 1939 to manufacture assembly parts for combat aircraft.
Apart from the destruction of the lower train station and the military airfield, the city was spared during World War II . On April 18, 1945, military operations in Delitzsch ended before American troops occupied the city on April 20, 1945. Coming from the south-west they had approached the city, which was handed over to them without a fight and without loss for either side. The US Army was replaced by the Red Army in early July 1945 , which remained stationed until the mid-1950s. Numerous factories were dismantled as reparations and transported to the Soviet Union.
Post-war period and GDR
Between 1948 and 1972, several municipal companies, such as the bright steel works at that time or the Delicia company, were expropriated and converted into public property of the GDR . As a result of the administrative reform of 1952 , the city , which has belonged to the province of Saxony-Anhalt since 1946, became the seat of the newly formed Delitzsch district in the Leipzig district . The district emerged on July 25, 1952 by division from the Delitzsch district .
At the same time, there were also far-reaching urban planning changes. Starting in 1958, the local workers' housing cooperative created the new Delitzsch-Ost development area with around 2,000 single and multi-family houses in a simple construction based on its own construction program. In 1974 replacement apartments followed for the residents from the villages in the district that had been demolished due to the expansion and re-opening of large open-cast lignite mines. In this context, several department stores, medical facilities, schools and children's facilities were created.
The last new building area, Delitzsch-West, was built around 1986, while the structure of the old town gradually fell into disrepair. As a result, apart from repairs, hardly any investments were made and, for this reason, the number of inhabitants in the old town fell sharply. So there were the first widespread demolitions on the market in 1970 and in 1984 also in Holzstrasse. Further large-scale demolitions were planned, but could be prevented by the political change of 1989.
During the GDR era, the region around Delitzsch was characterized by lignite mining . While coal had been mined north of the city with the Goitzsche opencast mine since the 19th century, the opening of the first opencast mine began in the 1970s in the southern area. Of the five planned open-cast mines that would have reached the northern edge of Leipzig, only the two open-cast mines Delitzsch-Südwest and Breitenfeld were started. Due to the "Wende" they were shut down early until 1993 and then renatured, which resulted in numerous lakes around Delitzsch.
In November 1989, the mood of upheaval was also evident in Delitzsch through prayers for peace in the city church and subsequent peaceful demonstrations in which several thousand people took part. A round table was formed at which regional aspects were discussed.
Reunification and the 21st Century
In the course of the discussion about the re-establishment of the states in the GDR, citizens' surveys were carried out in the districts in the north of the Leipzig district, which belonged to the Prussian province of Saxony after 1815 and to the state of Saxony-Anhalt after 1945 , each of which showed a clear preference for returning to Saxony . With a participation of 78.29%, 89.74% voted for Saxony in the Delitzsch district .
In the re-established Free State of Saxony, the new Delitzsch district in the Leipzig administrative district was formed on August 1, 1994 as part of the district reform from the Delitzsch and Eilenburg districts , while the city retained its function as the district seat . In 1995, two commercial and industrial areas with a total area of around 1,057,000 square meters were created to develop the urban area and have since been offered for sale and lease .
On January 1, 1997 Delitzsch received the municipal status of a large district town . In 2004, large parts of the inner-city redevelopment program within the scope of monument protection were successfully completed with the reconstruction of town houses, public buildings and the urban infrastructure . This also included the restoration of the baroque garden in 2000 and the reopening of the city's landmark, the baroque palace, in 2005.
In the course of the Saxon district reform of 2008 , the district of Delitzsch and the district of Torgau-Oschatz merged on August 1, 2008 to form what is now the new district of North Saxony , based in Torgau . The former district town of Delitzsch has more inhabitants than Torgau, but is more decentralized. Since then, Delitzsch has been one of four district administrative locations in North Saxony.
In the course of the resettlement of localities due to the completed or planned lignite mining in the Delitzsch-Südwest opencast mine from 1974 to 1992, as well as the Saxon regional reforms of 1994 and 1996, there was a significant expansion of the urban area.
|Beer village||January 1, 1994||Incorporation to Döbernitz|
|Benndorf||March 1, 1994|
|Brodau||January 1, 1994||Incorporation to Döbernitz|
|Doebernitz||March 1, 2004|
|Gertitz||July 1, 1950|
|Kertitz||July 1, 1950|
|Lukewarm||March 1, 1994|
|Possdorf||January 1, 1997|
|Rödgen||January 1, 1996|
|Schenkenberg||January 1, 1996|
|The same||January 1, 1994||Incorporation to Döbernitz|
|Brittle||January 1, 1997|
|Storkwitz||January 1, 1996|
|Advertise||July 1, 1950|
|Zschepen||July 1, 1950||Incorporation according to the same|
|former district||Date of
|Paupitzsch (with Gut Neuhaus)||January 1, 1976||1974 to 1976|
In the late Middle Ages and early modern times, Delitzsch was a small community with less than 1,000 inhabitants. The population grew only slowly and fell again and again due to the numerous wars, epidemics and famine. Nevertheless, at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution around 1850, the population reached around 5,500. It was not until the period between 1890 and 1930 that the population grew continuously, when the railway and food industries in particular ensured a high degree of industrialization. The improvement of the technical infrastructure through the construction of a water and gas works and a hospital also led to an increase in population. Until shortly after the end of the Second World War, the population rose again by almost 8,600, from around 16,500 in 1933 to around 25,100 in 1946. After a decline in the population in the 1950s and 1960s, the number of inhabitants rose again to around the 1970s 24,500. This trend continued in the eighties, so that on December 31, 1988 with almost 28,400 inhabitants, the historic high was reached. Since German reunification, Delitzsch, like many other medium-sized East German cities, has seen an almost uninterrupted decline in population. By the end of 1993 alone, the population fell by around 1,200 people, but was able to grow again to around 27,000 inhabitants in the mid-1990s through incorporation and commercial relocation. Nevertheless, the total population shrank again to around 25,300 by 2003. With the last incorporation of Döbernitz in 2004, the population mark of 28,000 was exceeded again. At the end of December 2015, 24,850 people were registered in Delitzsch, which corresponds to a decrease of 4.2 percent (2,200 people) compared to 1990.
The decline in the total population is due in particular to the negative birth balance ; in the period from 2000 to 2015 there were an average of 120 more deaths than births per year. On the other hand, there was an imbalance in the migration balance , with an average of 182 more people moving out than people moving in between 2000 and 2010. On balance, the city lost an average of between 200 and 300 inhabitants per year. Since 2010, the negative demographic development has weakened significantly, especially with regard to the migration balance, so the city only shrank by a total of almost 130 inhabitants per year between 2010 and 2015. In addition, there have been signs of the opposite trend in migration since 2012, for example there was an absolute immigration surplus of 275 people between 2012 and 2015 (4,356 immigrants / 4,081 emigrants).
The urban population belonged to the diocese of Merseburg until the Reformation . In the 15th and 16th centuries, the St. Peter and Paul Church, St. Mary's Church and the Hospital Church were built in today's inner city.
The first Lutheran sermons were given as early as 1523. In 1539 the Reformation was introduced by Duke Heinrich in Delitzsch. The Lutheran parishes of the city currently belong to the Torgau-Delitzsch church district of the Evangelical Church in Central Germany , to the old confessional Evangelical Lutheran Free Church or to the Independent Evangelical Lutheran Church . From 1697 there were again Catholic services in Delitzsch . Within the Catholic Church, Delitzsch belongs to the Torgau deanery in the Magdeburg diocese . The city's main Catholic church is St. Marien in Lindenstrasse. Since 1700 there has been an Evangelical Reformed congregation in Delitzsch , which belongs to the Synod of Evangelical Reformed Churches in Bavaria and Northwest Germany . The beginnings of the Delitzsch Baptist Congregation (today: Evangelical Free Church Congregation ) go back to the 40s of the 19th century. The congregation was constituted around 1920. It is a branch of the Bitterfeld Baptist congregation and belongs to the Evangelical Free Church State Association of Lower Saxony-East Westphalia-Saxony-Anhalt (NOSA).
The first Jewish inhabitants cannot be found in Delitzsch in the late Middle Ages. They later settled in Judengasse or Jüdengasse, which kept this name until the 16th century and was then renamed Holzstraße. However, this information is not certain either, as there was a wooden alley as early as 1393.
In 1859, Jewish residents of Delitzsch asked the city council for permission to build a Jewish burial site . In 1861, the community acquired 460 square meters of land in the Rosental as a burial site, which was later enlarged to 1,100 square meters. In February of the same year, a Jewish community was formed for the first time from the Delitzsch, Bitterfeld, Brehna and Eilenburg areas. After 1933 the exclusion and persecution of the Jews began. On the day after the Reichspogromnacht there were also attacks in Delitzsch, in which the Jewish cemetery was devastated and the adjacent burial chapel was completely destroyed. The few Jewish families still living in the city then moved to Bitterfeld or were able to emigrate to Bolivia . The Jewish residents of the city are remembered today with a plaque and a memorial stone in the Jewish cemetery.
The City Council is, according to urban main statutes, from the mayor and the prescribed number of 30 city council members who hold office volunteer. The city council is elected directly by the population for a legislative period of five years. The next election is expected to take place in May 2024. In addition to the city council, there are five local councils in the districts of Benndorf, Döbernitz, Laue, Schenkenberg and Spröda. The distribution of seats in the city council has been as follows since the last local election on May 26, 2019 (for comparison the results of the 2014 and 2009 elections):
|Parties and constituencies||Share of votes in
|Share of votes
|Share of votes in
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||25.9%||8th||34.4%||11||34.9%||11|
|AfD||Alternative for Germany||16.0%||5||-||-||-||-|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||14.3%||4th||20.5%||6th||20.5%||7th|
|BI||Bürgerinitiative Menschenskinder eV||3.9%||1||-||-||-||-|
|HV||Heimatverein Döbernitz eV||3.5%||1||3.3%||1||2.7%||0|
|GREEN||Alliance 90 / The Greens||3.1%||1||2.4%||0||-||-|
|NPD||National Democratic Party of Germany||-||-||4.4%||1 **||3.8%||1|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||-||-||1.0%||0||4.6%||1|
From the hereditary office of the mayor , the electoral office of the mayor developed at the end of the 14th century. Hans Vormann, in 1376, is named as the first mayor. City leaders have held the title of Lord Mayor since 1997 . The mayor is elected directly by the population, the mayor by the city council every seven years.
The last mayoral election took place on June 7, 2015. Since Manfred Wilde (independent) was able to collect 66.0 percent of the valid votes in the first ballot ( absolute majority ), no second ballot was required and he was confirmed in the office of Lord Mayor. The turnout was 37.9 percent. In addition to Wilde, André Soudah (SPD, 9.1%), Olaf Quinque (Free Voters Community, 17.8%) and Thomas Kind (left, 7.2%) ran. Thorsten Schöne (independent) is the mayor and councilor for building, order, trade and education. Both were incumbents from 2008 to 2015.
coat of arms
It combines two different coats of arms , on the one hand the house or family coat of arms of the Wettins ( Landsberger Pfähle ) and on the other hand that of the Margraviate of Meißen (double-tailed lion). The lion of the Margraviate of Meißen and the stakes of the Margrave of Landsberg are old Wettin coats of arms, which refer to the integration of the city of Delitzsch into medieval Electoral Saxony . Today's coat of arms developed from the city's seal used in the late Middle Ages for confirming certificates and documents. The city colors are blue and yellow according to the coat of arms.
Since 1990, three city partnerships have developed that are active and maintained by associations, schools and private individuals through letters, student exchanges, and trips with citizens and associations. The partnership with Friedrichshafen was established on October 21, 1990 and with Monheim am Rhein on November 29, 1990 . The administrations and citizens of both cities stood by Delitzsch, its city administration and residents in the first few years after reunification. In the meantime, there are numerous contacts, especially at the club level, which lead to the exchange of experiences and ideas every year, as at the administrative level. With the Polish Ostrów Wielkopolski , Delitzsch has had an international city partnership since April 1, 2000, which is strengthened by the transfer of experience and ideas at the economic and administrative level as well as relationships between the associations of both cities.
Culture and sights
After the settlement area of the Slavs on the edge of the Schlossberg had expanded to the southeast, the first beginnings of today's old town emerged in the mid-14th century. It forms the historical city center and the western part of the city and business center of Delitzsch. The historic district with an area of around 20 hectares is surrounded by a fortification wall and a moat running parallel to it. The view is dominated by five towers, the almost 50 meter high castle tower being the tallest building in the city. The center of the old town is the market square . The many cobblestone streets and alleys between the historic buildings and town houses have remained almost unchanged since they were first built. A large number of the mostly listed town houses date from the 16th to 18th centuries. In the old town predominantly the architectural styles of the Renaissance , Baroque and Gothic meet . The city owes the multitude of historical buildings of different styles to the fact that it remained almost undamaged during the Second World War.
Historic buildings and squares
The listed executioner's house is located on August-Fritzsche-Strasse, outside the old city walls . An executioner and an executioner have been recorded since 1619. Her house and homestead were completely restored around 1660 after being partially destroyed by arson in the Thirty Years' War. The building in which two rental apartments were set up is currently owned by the Stadt Delitzsch GmbH housing company. The execution is the only remaining structure of this type in all of Central Germany.
Immediately at the eastern exit of the old town between Wallgrabenpromenade and Kohlstrasse is Roßplatz. Up until 1454 there were six houses there, which may have been demolished for defense reasons by decision of the city council at the time. Until 1730, the newly won square was called Platz vor dem Breite Tor, later Platz by the post column. It was not given its current name until 1854. At that time the Roßplatz served as a horse resting place for stagecoaches on the Leipzig-Zerbst-Wittenberg route. A post column forms the center of the square . As in many Saxon cities, it was erected on the instructions of Augustus the Strong . The occasion was the development of the Electorate of Saxony in terms of traffic in the first half of the 18th century. The Delitzsch distance column was set in 1730 and is the tallest of all surviving Saxon distance columns.
From Roßplatz, following the Breiten Straße westwards, you get to the Krummen Tor, the former city gate at the Breiten Turm. It was one of the two main gates at the old town exit. The second, the Hallesche Tor, was located at the Hallesches Turm on the western edge of the old town. Up until the 19th century, both gates were the only way to enter the city, apart from a small entrance on Pfortenstrasse (northern old town). Only then were breakthroughs made on today's Holzstrasse and Leipziger Strasse, the Schiller Bridge and the castle district. The old town is surrounded by a 14/15 Century built city wall made of natural stone in the foundation and brick . The city wall as a building was first mentioned in a document in 1410 and erected in several sections by 1457. It was originally about six meters high and surrounded the city for 1.5 kilometers. During the Thirty Years War, the weir system was partially destroyed and then expanded to a height of three to four meters and a length of 1.4 kilometers. The city fortifications are surrounded by a water-filled moat that is 10 to 15 meters wide and 1.5 meters deep on average. The two waiting towers , Broad Tower and Hallescher Turm, were built from brick between 1394 and 1397. They are among the oldest and tallest structures in the city and were built to improve the city's defense in these places. The 46-meter-high tower is located on the east side of the wall belt. From 1504 to 1890 it served as the home and workplace of the tower keeper . Today there is a historic shoemaker's workshop from the 17th century on what was then the residential floor, while the other floors house museum and gallery exhibitions. The 38 meter high Hallesche Turm on the western city wall also served as the home and work of a tower keeper from 1686 to 1898. Condemned inmates were locked up in a dungeon in the tower floor until they were executed. The brick building received a renaissance structure in the form of a lantern for the assembly of a bell in the 16th century . In addition, there were other smaller watchtowers and powder towers , of which only a few foundations still exist.
At the northwest end of the old town is the Baroque Delitzsch Castle , one of the oldest castles in Saxony. The listed building, consisting of a manor house and a castle tower, was built in several construction phases. The oldest remaining components are two underground cellars and the castle tower on the southeast side of the manor house, which the Margrave of Meissen, Wilhelm I, had built from 1389. The building got its present appearance in the 17th century. Built on the foundation walls of a medieval moated castle, it served the Wettins from 1387 to 1540 as an administrative and travel residence. Between 1540 and 1558 the Gothic castle was converted into a renaissance castle for the Electors of Saxony, who lived in the castle until 1689. In the period from 1689 to 1696, the building was rebuilt for the last time in the Baroque style. From then on, the Duchy of Saxony-Merseburg used the castle as a widow's and traveler's residence. Today there is a museum, a tourist information office, the registry office and the district music school.
From Schlossplatz towards the east, Schlossstrasse leads to the market square. The layout of the market square can be traced back to the early urban development around 1150/60. At the end of the 14th century, today's Small Market, a smaller square directly to the east, was built. In the center of the market there was a victory memorial from 1895 to 1933 . In connection with the redesign in 2006, a rectangular fountain was created there. Between 1950 and 1961 the market square was named Stalinplatz with the consent of the LDPD and CDU parties of the city council. A large number of residential and commercial buildings on the market square can be assigned to classicism and historicism . The town hall is to be emphasized , the core of which consists of three former town houses, which were bought by the town between 1376 and 1474 and after renovation work between 1474 and 1497 were designated as town hall (at that time "koufhous"). It was put into operation from 1479 as a place of municipal administration and still serves this purpose today. While Gothic vaults in the interior point to the 15th century, the exterior facade has been in the style of late classicism since 1849. A Justitia in the triangular gable on the roof indicates the function of the house as a former courthouse.
On the south side, the market square with its buildings borders on Ritterstraße, one of the oldest streets in the city. From 1577 to 1854, called also Rittergasse, partially served until the mid-19th century as a location for stables of the landed gentry . It is dominated by renaissance and baroque facades. The town clerk's house was built from 1568 to 1572 on behalf of the city for the town clerk at the time, Balthasar Franz. It was used to archive important documents, judgments, documents and other files relating to possessions and privileges. Up until 1829, the office of the town clerk and the town archive were located in the house at Ritterstraße 11 . On the outer façade there is a typical seating niche portal with a crowning triangular gable from the Renaissance. Inside, especially in the hall , the historical room layout is easy to see. The cross vault with the supporting columns and the raised window arches and wall niches, which should present the sublime impression of the importance of the city, form a special feature . Today, the building, which is only 100 square meters in size, is used as a residential building and gallery. A few houses to the west, the knight's house was built in 1558 according to plans by the magistrate Christoph Lotter. It has the typical forms of the Renaissance, which include, for example, the gable with curved structure and the corner blocks and wall openings made of red Rochlitz porphyry tuff . Since the 19th century, restored armor and weapons from over 400 years ago have been on the lower floors of the house.
In the eastern course, after the intersection with Leipziger Strasse, Ritterstrasse becomes Holzstrasse. The Schulze-Delitzsch-Haus is located at the intersection of Holzstrasse and Kreuzgasse . This building is a museum in honor of the German founder of the cooperative, Hermann Schulze-Delitzsch , who in 1849 founded a shoemaker's association and a carpenter's association together with 57 shoemakers in the house of the shoemaker Wilhelm Brendecke. These associations were the first commercial cooperatives in Germany. After the building fell into disrepair in the 20th century, the building was comprehensively reconstructed and expanded into a museum from 1991/92 with the help of funding and the support of the German Cooperative and Raiffeisen Association . Today there is a cooperative memorial in the building with information about the life and work of Schulze-Delitzsch. The machines and tools of a bookbindery on display convey a picture of the state of technical development at the end of the 19th century. In November 2010 the Schulze-Delitzsch-Haus was reopened after a fundamental redesign of the permanent exhibition.
A large number of historic churches and places of worship were built over a period of over 500 years. As in almost all of Saxony, the Delitzsch population also belongs predominantly to the Protestant denomination , which is reflected in the number of Protestant churches in the city area.
The Protestant town church Sankt Peter und Paul is a Gothic, three-nave hall church from the 15th century. It was built from 1404 onwards, including the lower floors of the west tower of a predecessor building, presumably from the 13th century.
Construction work on St. Mary's Church began around 1525. Years of vacancy and later use as a straw store let the church go down. It was not until Christian Schulze's foundation that this Protestant church could be completed in the 18th century. The area around it was used as a municipal cemetery from 1400 to 1878, which is referred to by its epithet Gottesackerkirche.
Opposite the Hallesches Turm, directly on the former salt road, which led from Halle via Delitzsch to the east, is the St. Georg Hospital Church. On August 15, 1516, the foundation stone was laid for the church, which was completed in 1518 after several interruptions in construction. Already before 1516 there was a hospital chapel at the same place with the name St. Fabian and St. Sebastian, which belonged to the city hospital, which was built in 1391/92 as a foundation by Margrave Wilhelm I at the gates of the city . The church is a single-nave brick building. A slate-roofed octagonal roof turret contains a cast iron bell . The choir glazing of the chapel originally came from the German painter Charles Crodel and was executed in 1950 in the Ferdinand Müller glass painting establishment in Quedlinburg . It fell victim to vandalism in 1964. Remnants of the valuable windows have been in the gallery of the Hallesches Turm since 2001. The Hospital Church is part of a modern retirement home run by the St. Georg Hospital Foundation.
Johannes Reuter designed the Catholic parish church of St. Marien , which was built in just a few months in 1936. A previous building from the 19th century had become too small after many Catholics had settled in the newly created Delitzsch district. The Catholic parish of Delitzsch was founded in 1858 and celebrated its 150th anniversary in 2008. At the same time, a branch was set up in the Brodau district. The catholic day care center Anne Frank and the Caritas nursing home St. Marien were established as social institutions by the parish.
- Marble plaque and memorial stone for the seven citizens of the Jewish community who fell in World War I in the Jewish cemetery at Rosental, which was used as a burial place until 1937
- Memorial stone for all victims of fascism on Bitterfelder Strasse
- Honor grove with obelisk for 96 Soviet prisoners of war and 22 women and men who were abducted to Germany during World War II and were victims of forced labor , in the municipal cemetery on Dübener Strasse (since 1946). There are also gravestones of French, Polish, Italian and prisoners of war of unknown origin.
- Graves and memorials for 14 unknown concentration camp prisoners , the case of a death march from one of the satellite camp of Buchenwald concentration camp of SS men were killed, buried initially elsewhere and later buried there, on the grounds of the cemetery
- Four meter high shell limestone statue depicting Hermann Schulze-Delitzsch on Marienplatz (since 1950). It was erected to replace the bronze statue from 1891 that was melted down during World War II.
- Exhibition on Hermann Schulze-Delitzsch in the former founding house of the first craft cooperative at Kreuzgasse 10 (since 1992)
- Memorial stone with golden inscription and the portrait of the natural scientist and founder of microbiology, Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg, in Halleschen Straße
Green spaces and protected areas
In the center of the city, between the northern old town and Securiusstrasse, lies the extensive city park. It is the oldest and, at 15 hectares, the largest park in Delitzsch and has been designed over the course of more than 120 years. The city park was created in 1884 as a communal park near a birch forest. In 1934, the then green area was enlarged by a considerable part, which also includes the installation of the Sculpture Group Recovery by Max Alfred Brumme from 1936 in the middle of a water basin. The founder of this work of art was the then owner of the Delitzsch chocolate factory, Albert Böhme, who would have liked to establish Delitzsch as a health resort. The city park is a natural landscape park with 973 trees, some of which are up to 120 years old. The park is complemented by a large number of seating areas and playgrounds. The green area extends over the meadow landscape of the Lober and Mühlgraben rivers, which are crossed by many small pedestrian bridges.
In addition to the city park, the rose garden in the southern old town is one of the city's most important parks. It was created in 1933/34 and redesigned in 1980 by the members of the Delitzscher Rose Friends Association, Herbert Mießler and Karl-Heinz Rindsland. In their honor, a boulder with a plaque was set up in the center of the garden in May 2010. The garden landscape stretching on the Lober is close to the so-called “mud bath”, the historic Viktoriabad. The rose garden is home to more than 5,000 roses of 300 species on a rectangular area of 130 × 37 meters.
The baroque garden at the castle is a historical feature . Christiana von Sachsen-Merseburg had it laid out southwest of the baroque palace by the garden architect Andreas Gotthard Carl, based on French models, in 1692/93. It is considered one of the early baroque gardens in Saxony. From 1996 to 2000 it was reconstructed on the basis of an original plan from the 17th century.
The Zwinger Gardens from the late Middle Ages are a specialty in Central Germany. Originally part of the defense system , they were laid out in terraces on the kennel area between the city wall and the moat from the 14th century. Part of these urban and private green spaces clearly show the original shape of the terrace. Occasionally, round foundations with a diameter of up to eight meters are also visible, possibly remains of former powder towers .
The Delitzsch Zoo has existed in the northern Rosental since June 11, 1968 . Over 350 animals of 60 different species live on an area of 4 hectares.
With the Paupitzscher See and its riverside regions, Delitzsch has a nature reserve of around 143 hectares in the north of the city. Since the cessation of lignite mining around 1980, the NSG Paupitzscher See has developed into a fauna-flora-habitat (FFH) that is important throughout Europe . It is considered an undisturbed habitat for numerous rare floristic and faunistic specialists as well as pioneer species . Including representatives of breeding birds, insects, amphibians and reptiles. There is also the Loberaue landscape protection area with an area of 900 hectares. It extends from the southern edge of the Goitzsche, along the Lobers, to the Schladitzer Bay. Large parts of the approximately 2,800 hectare cross-border LSG Goitzsche are also located in the urban area.
Theater and music
Among the city's cultural institutions include not only the local museum, library, pool and Tiergarten including the community center , the castle cellar, the parish barn and the Theater Academy . While theater performances, concerts, readings, lectures and cabaret events with artists, mostly from Germany, take place regularly in the castle cellar and in the parish barn, concerts and theater performances by students from the drama school and theater groups are offered in the academy. The Delitzsch amateur theater group is a special institution. The BAFF Theater Delitzsch e. V. was founded in the early 1990s and is a cross-generational meeting place for visual arts, literature, music and theater. The theater association is part of the State Association of Amateur Theater Saxony e. V. and had more than 75 active members in 2010.
Delitzsch has a rich musical tradition that began in the 19th century. There are two orchestras and three choral societies in the city. One of the best-known and oldest music associations in town is the Schulze-Delitzsch-Männerchor e. V. with 45 members. It emerged from the Arion Choral Society , founded in 1885 , which existed until the Second World War and was re-established in 1954 under the name of the Delitzsch Men's Choir. On May 10, 1957, the choir was given its current name. The Schulze-Delitzsch-Frauenchor e. V. with 32 members. It was founded in January 1966 as a partner choir. Especially in the early years, both choirs gave many concerts together, but from 1975 the women's choir also developed its own specific repertoire due to the organizational scope of both choirs. The Oskar-Reime-Schulchor of the Christian-Gottfried-Ehrenberg-Gymnasium, in which 46 singers are active, has existed since 1993. Every year trips to other school choirs or national competitions are made and concerts are organized.
The city's orchestras include the Delitzscher Stadtmusikanten e. V. (founded in 1961) at the age of 16 and the Schenkenberg e. V. (founded in 1961) with 33 members. Both orchestras have dedicated themselves to the Bohemian-Moravian brass music.
Sports and sports facilities
One of the sports clubs with the largest number of members is ESV Delitzsch e.V., founded in 1949 and with over 650 members. V. and the VitaMed-Zentrum für Gesundheitssport e. V. with around 2,400 association members. The ESV Delitzsch includes the football, volleyball, table tennis, gymnastics, boxing and fistball departments, while the VitaMed center specializes in health and rehabilitation sports.
Above all, the traditional club 1. SV Concordia Delitzsch , which was founded in 1994 and emerged from the handball department of ESV Delitzsch, is known beyond the region . In 1997/98 the team rose to the 2nd handball Bundesliga after a two-year season in the regional league . In 2004/05 he was promoted to the 1st handball league . In the top division, however, the competition turned out to be too strong, so that the club played again in the second handball Bundesliga south from the 2006/2007 season. Due to increased financial hardship, the association filed for bankruptcy on July 19, 2010 . A few weeks after filing for bankruptcy, the new handball club NHV Concordia Delitzsch 2010 e. V., who has played in the Sachsenliga since then. The GSVE Delitzsch is also known nationwide as a volleyball club. In 2003 the first men's team was promoted to the 2nd Bundesliga South . With a second place in the 2005/06 season, he was promoted to the 1st Bundesliga . This success only lasted one season, so the GSVE has been back in the 2nd division since 2007.
The 1. FC Delitzsch 2010 e. V. and the football department of ESV Delitzsch e. V., who play in the seventh highest or sixth highest German soccer class. The teams 'home games take place in the railway workers' stadium or in the Lober stadium. Martial arts are also practiced in the north Saxon city in the form of judo (Delitzscher Sportfüchse e.V.) and Taekwondo (Korean Tigers 1989 e.V.) . In specialist circles, Delitzsch is also known through its cycling clubs RV Germania Delitzsch 1891 e. V. and the HALLZIG EXPRESS e. V. known. The RV Germania Delitzsch 1891 e. V. with around 50 members has already taken part in international events such as the UCI Rad Masters in Austria. Another club is the diving club Delitzsch e. V., whose training location is at the Förstergrube in Sandersdorf . The Delitzscher Tennis Club 1921 e. V. can look back on over ninety years of history, making it one of the oldest sports clubs in town. The tennis facility east of the Schlossberg has six courts on which great successes were celebrated, especially during the GDR era.
The culture and sports center Delitzsch (KSZ) is the largest sports area in the city. A multi-purpose hall with 800 seats and 300 standing places is located on the grounds of the KSZ . A long jump pit, four 100 m running tracks, a long throw facility as well as a soccer and basketball court make further activities possible. Another eight sports halls (including a judo and a boxing hall), several grass football pitches and the local outdoor pool expand the sports offer in the district town. In addition, the Schladitzer Bay south of Delitzsch , which has been managed by the ALL-on-SEA water sports center since June 2003, offers all possible water and beach sports there in the summer season.
Numerous traditional celebrations, festivals and guided tours take place regularly every year. The largest annual event is the Peter & Paul Fest , which is organized by Peter & Paul Veranstaltungs GmbH. It always takes place on the weekend after Peter & Paul Day (June 29) on three consecutive days. Thousands of spectators have been drawn to the old town every year since 1990. The festival is opened by the so-called apple bite at the town church of St. Peter and Paul, in which Adam bites into an apple that Eve gives him. This mechanical spectacle is always shown at 12 noon on every feast day above the tower clock. During the three days of the event, stands, stages and historical performers can be seen throughout the city center. A highlight of the three-day event is the historical pageant, a circuit through the old town, which in 2009 was one of the largest in Central Germany with over 1,300 participants.
Another historical festival is the castle festival, which has been taking place on the baroque castle area since 2002 in late spring. On this occasion, guided tours through the vaults of the castle cellar and the museum rooms are offered. A small market with stands and stands will be set up on the square in front of the castle. Since 2011, baroque dances and historical games have also been performed in the baroque garden. One of the discussions connected to the castle are the fireplace chats in the baroque castle, which are supported by the Saxon State Center for Political Education as a series of events on topics of contemporary history. Wolfgang Leonhard and Friedrich Schorlemmer could be won as participants in the past. On Seniors' Day, which the city administration also organizes with many associations in May, older people and their relatives find out about relevant products and lectures about retirement, health in old age and the use of computers. Further annual events are the night of the towers in March, the open garden day in June, the day of the associations in September (every two years), the Delitzscher Wiesn in October and the Advent market in November / December.
Economy and Infrastructure
Delitzsch is designated as a middle center by the Saxon State Ministry of the Interior in the report on spatial planning and regional development and as such forms the northern edge of the Leipzig-Halle economic area , which in turn belongs to the metropolitan region of Central Germany .
In June 2015, 17,619 employees subject to social security contributions were working in the city, while 10,008 employees had their primary residence there. Delitzsch itself is an out-commuter town, with 5964 outbound commuters versus a good 3864 inbound commuters. What is striking is the close interlinking with the neighboring regions.
In June 2015, there were around 1260 people in 12 companies in the manufacturing sector, over 500 in 34 companies in the construction sector and around 230 people in the public sector. Data on unemployment in the city itself are not collected. In the Delitzsch / Eilenburg division of the Employment Agency, which includes the former Delitzsch district, the unemployment rate in September 2013 was 9.1%, whereas the rate in the Delitzsch office was only 8.9%. They were 0.3 and 0.1 percentage points above the Saxon average.
The importance of tourism is rather minor. Due to its proximity to the tourism centers of Leipzig and Halle, however, Delitzsch has been recording an annual increase in day visitors, short vacationers and cycle tourists for some time . The number of overnight stays increased from 17,831 (2000) to 32,984 (2006) to 44,323 (2013) and that with only a slight increase in the number of beds from 288 (2000) to 304 (2013) and the same number (6) of accommodation facilities.
Over 1900 companies in both manufacturing and service industries have their headquarters or branches in the city. The majority of them are small businesses with fewer than 10 employees. There are also around 52 small and medium-sized companies , as well as 4 large companies with 100 to 500 employees (as of 2012). Important branches of the economy and employers are the food and luxury food industry, the building trade and mechanical engineering as well as the public service. In the urban area, an area of around 75 hectares (165 hectares with mining land) is on farms and a good 5,004 hectares on agricultural land.
A well-known employer among consumers is the Delitzscher Schokoladenfabrik GmbH . Its beginnings go back to the year 1894, when the company's founder Albert Böhme and his brother-in-law Karl Hommel started manufacturing confectionery at the current production site. In 1906 the family business became a stock corporation, nationalized during the division of Germany and was a subsidiary of Wissoll after the fall of the Wall . As of 2006, the company had to file for bankruptcy again in June 2008. In October Halloren Schokoladenfabrik AG took over the factory. With its 160 employees, the subsidiary continues to manufacture goods from the range of the former Böhme and Delitzscher brand in addition to the actual Halloren products.
The Delitzsch repair shop, founded in 1908, is a traditional company . Between January 2010 and mid-2016 it was a subsidiary and German headquarters of the Swedish joint stock company EuroMaint . In 2016, the German locations of Euromaint were taken over by the Iberia Industry Capital Group and operate as the RailMaint Service and Solutions Group, or RailMaint GmbH for short . With almost 300 employees, the company has developed into a maintenance center for the revision, modernization and new construction of rail-bound passenger vehicles and their components since it was founded .
As early as 1817, Carl Christian Freyberg took over the “Zum Weisse Adler” pharmacy on the market square. Up to the end of the 19th century he specialized in the production of veterinary drugs, rat and mouse control agents as well as pesticides. In 1896 the products were patented under the Delicia brand . As a result of the company's expansion, new production facilities were built on the eastern outskirts from 1936 to 1941, and they still exist today. In 1997 Frunol Gesellschaft für Produktion und Vertrieb mbH from Unna took over Delicia and founded Frunol Delicia GmbH. Today the company manufactures products for pest control, crop protection and birdseed for the international market.
After the reunification of Germany, several new commercial and industrial areas were developed between 1990 and 2000 on the outskirts of the city center and the outskirts. The largest economic areas are formed by the commercial and industrial area Südwest (core city), the GI Am Stadtforst (OT Spröda) and the energy and industrial park Delitzsch (OT Benndorf). In addition to the settlement of various production companies, large-scale solar systems were built here after 2010 . In connection with the new development, international companies were established in G&I Südwest, among others . The Spanish insulation manufacturer Ursa (since 1993/94) and the Irish packaging manufacturer Smurfit Kappa Group have a branch in the city. Ursa and its 200 employees produce mineral and rigid foam insulation materials as well as products for pitched roof insulation. The core products of the 185-strong Smurfit site are the manufacture of corrugated cardboard, cardboard and other packaging based on wood pulp .
Energy saving city
The conscious use and promotion of renewable energies as well as the preparation of a municipal energy and climate report enable the city to work self-sufficient in terms of electricity . Thirteen wind power plants (9.92 megawatts ), a biogas plant (340 kilowatts), a block-type thermal power station (2.7 megawatts) and two biomass cogeneration plants ( 20 megawatts each) generate a total of around 340,000 megawatt hours of electrical energy. This is offset by an estimated annual urban consumption of 130,000 megawatt hours. In addition, there is solar energy (around 2082 watt peak / as of 07/2010), which is generated, for example, via photovoltaic systems on public buildings such as the elementary school East or the community center. In addition, the Delitzsch solar park was built from July to September 2012 on a 46 hectare area in the southwest industrial area . The 40 million euro project of the operator Enerparc AG produces around 32 megawatts of electricity with its 140,000 modules.
As a result of participating in the European Energy Award (eea), the city has had its own energy committee since 2006, which annually analyzes and evaluates municipal energy and climate protection activities. If there is any open potential, an energy policy work plan is drawn up and the prioritized measures stipulated there are implemented step by step in the form of projects. If the municipality achieves at least 50 percent of the certification level in the external audit (success control), it receives the award in silver (eea partner with distinction) - as in 2007 and 2010 -, from 75 percent in gold (eea partner with gold award) ) - as in 2012 and 2015. The city has already received awards for the expansion of the municipal cycle path network and solar systems, as well as for the energetic renovation of public buildings. In addition to the structured and sustainable implementation of climate and efficiency targets, the aim of participation is also the transparent presentation and measurability of urban engagement.
In September 2010, the then Federal Research Minister Annette Schavan named Delitzsch one of five energy-efficient (model ) projects with the project ("Together on the way to energy-efficient urban modernity") , in cooperation with the University of Leipzig and the Helmholtz Center for Environmental Research ) Cities excellent. The core of the project was the establishment of an actor-oriented energy management system. Private and public construction and renovation projects are to be implemented at the district level in cooperation with the communal energy manager and a network with regional working partners is to be established. In order to further develop the award-winning approaches and check their suitability for practice, the city received annual financial support until 2016. The reason for the national competition was the search for a sustainable concept that could be transferred to other cities and with which local climate protection could be promoted in the future.
In November 2016 the city received the German Sustainability Award in the category: Germany's Most Sustainable Medium-Sized City 2016 . Decisive for the award was u. a. the intensive communication and cooperation with the residents in various networks, the generation of electricity and heat as well as its use from solar and geothermal energy after new construction and renovation measures, the integrated transport concept and the independent coordination of refugee work.
Stadtwerke Delitzsch (SWD) has been the municipal district heating supplier since it was founded in 1991 . In 1995 the power supply was also taken over from Westsächsische Energie AG (WESAG). After the merger of Gasversorgung Delitzsch GmbH and Delitzsch Netz GmbH with the municipal utilities, they took over the municipal gas supply and the operation of the electricity, gas and heating networks in September 2014. It supplies around 17,900 private households and small business customers as well as 20 industrial customers. The shareholders of SWD are the housing company der Stadt Delitzsch mbH with 51.2 percent, Gelsenwasser Stadtwerkedienstleistungs GmbH with 30.5 percent and envia Mitteldeutsche Energie with 18.3 percent.
The Delitzsch-Rackwitzer water supply (DERAWA) has been responsible for the public water supply since July 28, 1993. After twelve years of planning time, created in 1989 on the site of the first Delitzscher waterworks from 1903, fresh water reservoir , elevated tanks , treatment plants and control rooms of DERAWA. Until the technical and commercial management of the new waterworks was taken over by the Zweckverband in 2005, this department was taken over by Stadtwerke Delitzsch (then: Technische Werke Delitzsch). The supply area includes around 50,000 residents as well as the industrial, commercial, commercial and agricultural operations located in it and extends over the entire urban area and the neighboring communities and cities. The waterworks gets its drinking water from a spring in the Prellheide , southwest of Bad Düben. It has three clean water tanks, each with a capacity of 5,000 cubic meters, the drinking water of which is transported via a 567-kilometer pipeline network to around 12,000 customer connections throughout the supply area.
Delitzsch is a regional railway junction with two through stations . These include the lower station (formerly: Berlin station ) on the Bitterfeld – Leipzig railway line and the upper station (formerly: Sorauer station ) on the Halle – Cottbus railway line . Both traffic stations are in tariff zone 165 of the Central German Transport Association and are used by an average of 2,750 to 5,500 passengers on weekdays.
Since the opening of the City-Tunnel in Leipzig in December 2013, the lower station and since December 2017 also the upper station has been a stopping point for the Central German S-Bahn . The S2 trains to Leipzig and Bitterfeld stop at the lower station every half hour . Parallel to this, shifted by 10-15 minutes, trains on the RE13 line run every two hours on the Magdeburg – Dessau – Bitterfeld – Delitzsch – Leipzig route. At the upper station, the S9 trains run every hour to Halle and Eilenburg on weekdays and every two hours on weekends. Delitzsch is thus connected to the nearby long-distance transport hubs Halle and Leipzig.
The Delitzscher Kleinbahn , which opened for the first time on May 2, 1902 and was last 37 kilometers long , which connected numerous places in what was then the Prussian district of Delitzsch and also crossed parts of the large lignite mining area between Delitzsch and Leipzig, was shut down in 1973.
Delitzsch is connected by two PlusBus and other regional bus routes through the two private bus companies Auto Webel and Omnibusverkehr Leupold . The central stop is the bus station at the lower station. City traffic on lines A and B runs every half hour on weekdays, every hour on Saturdays, and lines C and D run every hour from Monday to Saturday, while traffic is idle on Sundays and public holidays. At the lower station, they are all coordinated with rail traffic.
Various long-distance cycle routes have their starting point in the urban area or lead across it. The Fürstenstraße of the Wettins is a 3330 kilometer long long-distance cycle path that crosses a total of five federal states and parts of Poland on its way through the former government territory of the Wettins and is on the main route Delitzsch. There is a connection to the Mulderadweg from Dessau to Holzhau via the 24 kilometer long Delitzsch – Hohenprießnitz cycle route . In honor of the cooperative founders Hermann Schulze Delitzsch and Friedrich Wilhelm Raiffeisen, the 31 kilometer long Raiffeisen-Schulze-Delitzsch cycle path was laid out from Delitzsch to Bad Düben, which meets the 30 kilometer long Delitzsch – Eilenburg mill path and the Mulder cycle path in the spa town . The coal-steam-light route is a 120-kilometer cycle path from Lutherstadt Wittenberg to Markkleeberg , on which Central German industrial culture is illustrated by several monuments of the regional mining history.
The city is located on the federal highways Magdeburg - Dessau - Leipzig ( B 184 ) and Brehna - Delitzsch - Bad Düben ( B 183a ). Together, federal highway 184 and the eastern ring road form a closed city bypass around the core city and its immediately adjacent districts. The B 183a turns northwest of the city limits into the B 100 , which crosses the A 9 ( Berlin - Nuremberg - Munich ) at Brehna . South of the city, the B 184 merges with the B 2 , which then touches the A 14 ( Dresden –Leipzig – Magdeburg).
Between Storkwitz and Kertitz, the B 183a takes on state road 2 from the south, which branches off as a continuing state road from state road 1 and to the north reaches the Delitzsch urban area. State road 4 runs from the south-east from Eilenburg via Krostitz to Delitzsch. At Döbernitz it touches the city ring, where it turns into the Eilenburger Chaussee. The most important and busiest streets in the city include Bitterfelder Strasse, Dübener Strasse, Eilenburger Strasse, Securiusstrasse and Bismarckstrasse, which become Eilenburger Chaussee. Most of the streets in the city are traffic-calmed and have well-developed bicycle and pedestrian paths.
As a medium-sized center and large district town, Delitzsch has its own city administration as well as offices, offices and corporations under public law . Parts of the city administration and the city archive are housed in a former service building of the women's penitentiary (technical town hall) at the castle. The mayor has his seat in the Delitzsch town hall on the market square, where another part of the city administration and the council archive are located. After the district reform of 2008, the seat of the district administrator was moved from Delitzsch to Torgau . The city still has a branch of the district office of North Saxony.
Delitzsch also has an employment agency and a job center sponsored by the federal government, a police department with the subordinate offices of the traffic and criminal police , a volunteer fire brigade and a branch of the Northern Saxony district craftsmen. In addition, there is the headquarters of the Army NCO School (USH), which serves as the central cross-class training facility for NCOs of the Army and members of the armed forces base of the Bundeswehr . The cultural public facilities include the community center, the city library, the zoo and the outdoor pool. In 1999, the YOZ youth center, managed and operated by the DRK , was opened in the north of Delitzsch for extracurricular child and youth work.
The Delitzsch Clinic of the Kreiskrankenhaus Delitzsch GmbH is shown in the Saxon hospital plan as a standard care hospital with 150 planned beds. From 2005 to 2008 the clinic was extensively expanded and modernized, which also included the acquisition of the latest medical technology. It has six wards on the departments interior (with the stations inside I - heart medicine, internal II and Interdisziplinärstation III), surgery (with the stations surgery I and Interdisziplinärstation III), ENT (with a document station ), anaesthesiology and intensive care medicine and diagnostic radiology . There is also an emergency room and an intensive care unit. The Kreiskrankenhaus Delitzsch GmbH employs almost 1,000 people at its two locations (Delitzsch & Eilenburg) and treats over 25,000 patients annually in its clinics. It has been a non-profit subsidiary of the Northern Saxony district since 2008 and has been an academic teaching hospital at Leipzig University since 2012 . Immediately next to the Delitzsch Clinic there are two separate municipal medical centers as medical centers for doctors from various fields. The rescue service is provided throughout the city by the DRK district association Delitzsch e. V. posed.
Until February 2016, the headquarters of the private local broadcaster Nordsachsen TV was located on Beethovenstrasse . From 1995 onwards it produced a weekly changing program with reports from today's districts of Northern Saxony, Leipzig and Anhalt-Bitterfeld. With six headends, the local broadcaster achieved a technical range of 20,000 connected cable households and an average audience of 60,000 people. As of February 14, 2016, broadcasting had to be discontinued due to insufficient advertising income. The privately operated HaPPyFan internet radio is a regional radio station and has been broadcasting its own independent all-day radio program every week since 2008. Once a week, a broadcast from the Delitzsch town hall provides information on current city events.
The Leipziger Volkszeitung (LVZ) appears as the only regional daily newspaper. A local editorial office of the LVZ is located on Rossplatz. The LVZ is produced and printed by the Leipziger Verlags- und Druckereigesellschaft in Leipzig-Stahmeln . The daily circulation of the LVZ for the Delitzsch-Eilenburg region is around 13,000. The official gazette is published every fortnight by the city administration and contains not only the official announcements but also notices from the city administration, associations as well as religious communities and churches. Various newspapers financed by advertisements ( Delitzscher Rundschau , Nordsächsischer Wochenkurier , Sachsen-Sonntag, etc.) appear weekly and supplement the local reporting in print form.
Library and archive
A publicly accessible library has existed since 1896. From 1992 to 2008 it existed in Eilenburger Strasse and in 2006 had around 48,500 media units, over 33,000 visitors and around 133,000 loans. Since 2009 the library has been located in the former building of the old Latin school on the church square of St. Peter and Paul. Originally the building consisted of two partial houses. The western part of the house was built as a Latin school as early as 1426 . After this facility was relocated in 1827, the municipal girls' school was housed here until 1858, followed by apartments for teachers. The eastern part was a brewer's house until 1567, before the city also used this building as a girls' school until 1827. About 45,000 books, writings and data carriers are housed on an area of more than 400 square meters, spread over three floors. There is a reading room on the top floor , which is also used for cultural events. The regular literature table, founded in 1998, meets there monthly and discusses, for example, new acquisitions in the library, reading recommendations and reading samples.
In the city archive , which is located in the technical town hall and in the palace, more than 100,000 archival units are collected on the activities of all city offices, own operations, institutions and affiliated companies. Next to it is an overview of municipal building files and a civil status register from 1874. Further historical archives about Delitzsch and its districts have been in the Leipzig State Archives since 1972 .
The first general education school was established around 1426 as a boys' school and was expanded in the 17th century when girls had to attend school due to compulsory schooling. Today there are nine public and three private schools in the city for around 3,300 students.
- General education schools
Delitzsch is the location of three public primary schools , sponsored by the city and the Evangelical Primary School Peter & Paul sponsored by the Evangelisches Schulzentrum Delitzsch association. Around 840 students in 38 classes studied at the Diesterweg , Am Rosenweg and Delitzsch - Ost educational locations in the 2016/17 school year. All city schools were extensively renovated, modernized and expanded between 2005 and 2013.
The two secondary schools Artur-Becker and Erasmus Schmidt as well as the Christian-Gottfried-Ehrenberg-Gymnasium exist as secondary schools . In addition to the second foreign language from grade 7 onwards, the secondary schools also offer business-technology-household theory as well as various inclination courses in the fields of technology, sport and social affairs. In grade 10 the advanced course technology, health and social affairs can be taken. Both schools are also publicly owned and are teaching locations for 880 students in 37 classes, who are taught by 69 teachers (2016/2017).
The Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg-Gymnasium , with its more than 150-year history, not only the oldest, but with 867 students in 28 classes (2016/17) one of the largest educational institutions in the city and northern Saxony. The school was founded in 2003 after the merger of the formerly independent high schools Oskar-Reime and Ehrenberg . Lessons take place in two separate building complexes on Wallgraben and on Dübener Straße. Since the district reform on August 1, 2008, the grammar school has been sponsored by the district of North Saxony.
There are two educational institutions in Delitzsch for pupils with increased educational needs. The Pestalozzi School as a facility to promote learning and the Rödgen special school for the educational support of physically and mentally handicapped people. Together, 40 teachers teach 204 students in 21 classes in both schools (2016/17).
The vocational school center has existed since 1952 - Dr. Hermann Schulze-Delitzsch on Karl-Marx-Straße, which is the largest educational institution with over 1,000 students. Within the vocational school, instruction is given in the industrial, commercial and agricultural departments. A vocational high school is also located there. Through nationwide exhibitions such as Comtec Dresden (1997), Youth Media Düsseldorf (1999) and Expo 2000 , the school was able to draw attention to itself as an educational location with its projects.
The Nordsachsen Regional Adult Education Center is located in Delitzsch with offices in Eilenburg, Delitzsch, Bad Düben, Taucha, Schkeuditz, Torgau and Oschatz. It offers offers in the areas of society, culture, health, languages and work. In the building of the former Upper Delitzsch train station, the seat of the private theater academy in Saxony has been located since 2008 , which is the only technical school in the city with around 30 students . Interdisciplinary training as an actor, musical actor or theater teacher is offered.
A large number of string, keyboard, plucked, brass and woodwind instruments as well as dance, singing and percussion can be learned at the branch of the “Heinrich Schütz” district music school in North Saxony in the baroque palace.
The city's best-known son was the lawyer and politician Hermann Schulze-Delitzsch (1808–1883). Schulze-Delitzsch was born as the son of the mayor and judiciary August Wilhelm Schulze in the house at Markt 14. In addition to his work in the Federal Parliament and later in the Reichstag , his greatest achievement was the establishment of the German craftsmen's cooperative system and the cooperative bank based on the principle of solidarity among its members . A museum was set up in his honor in his former founder's house at Kreuzgasse 10. Another scientist who became known beyond the city limits was the biologist, geologist, ecologist and zoologist Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg (1795–1876). Ehrenberg is one of the best-known and most productive European scientists of his time and is considered the founder of microbiology . In addition to research expeditions in the Middle East and North Africa from 1820 to 1825 , he was also Alexander von Humboldt's travel companion on his trip to Asia in 1829.
The city has also produced well-known scientists in recent times, such as the physician Paul Walther Fürbringer , the graphic artist and typographer Walter Tiemann , the politician and union official Anna Zammert and the art historian and curator Eberhard Ruhmer . In the field of law, the jurist and diplomat Augustin Strauch , the lawyer and public prosecutor Hermann Haußmann and the student historian Erich Bauer should be mentioned. Many personalities who worked in the field of education also come from Delitzsch. These include the mathematician and philologist Erasmus Schmidt , the university professor and poet Christian Saalbach , the high school teacher and cultural critic Bernhard Förster, and the inventor and professor Helmut Schreyer , who taught at the Technical University of the Brazilian Army in Rio de Janeiro .
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- An extensive tradition of the city of Delitzsch for the period 1364-1958 on imperial, constitutional and community affairs, finances, military and war affairs, health and social affairs, trade, commerce, industry, agriculture, order and security police, fire protection, statistics, Elections, schools, churches, building management, guilds, associations and the city court are located in the Saxon State Archives, Leipzig State Archives, inventory 20602 City of Delitzsch.
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- Homepage of the local broadcaster Nordsachsen TV: media data , viewed on June 5, 2011.
- according to IVW , second quarter 2020, Mon-Sat ( details and quarterly comparison on ivw.eu )
- www.delitzsch.de: Annual Review 2006 ( Memento of the original dated December 3, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed October 23, 2012.
- Tourismusportal Nordsachsen: Stadtbibliothek Delitzsch ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed October 23, 2012.
- www.delitzsch.de: Stadtarchiv ( Memento from July 28, 2012 in the web archive archive.today ).
- Ingrid Kästner, Manfred Wilde: “The small worlds are wonderful and large, and the small things are used to build worlds.” Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg (1795–1876) and the Ehrenberg collection in the Museum Schloß Delitzsch. In: Würzburg medical history reports. Volume 23, 2004, pp. 412-417. .
- 20602 City of Delitzsch. In: State Archives Leipzig. Retrieved March 26, 2020 . (Info text on Delitzsch under "Introduction")