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Contemporary depiction of the Battle of Slankamen (Theatrum Europaeum 1702)
In the battle of Slankamen the Ottomans suffer
a heavy defeat by an imperial army.
Pope Innocent XII.
Antonio Pignatelli is named Innocent XII. Pope.
Johann Georg IV of Saxony
Johann Georg IV becomes
Elector of Saxony .
1691 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1139/40 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1683/84 (New Year 11/12 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1096/97 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2234/35 (southern Buddhism); 2233/34 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the metal sheep辛未 ( at the beginning of the year metal horse 庚午)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1053/54 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4024/25 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1069/70
Islamic calendar 1102/03 (New Year 23/24 September)
Jewish calendar 5451/52 (23/24 September)
Coptic calendar 1407/08 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 866/867
Seleucid era Babylon: 2001/02 (New Year April)

Syria: 2002/03 (New Year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1747/48 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Great Turkish War

Ahmed II
  • June 23 : After the death of Suleyman II , his brother Ahmed II becomes Sultan of the Ottoman Empire .
  • August 19 : Great Turkish War : In the battle of Slankamen, the Ottomans suffer a significant defeat by an imperial army. Margrave Ludwig Wilhelm , the Turks Louis , defeated with his troops those of the opposing general Köprülü Fazıl Mustafa , who died. The imperial army can thus break free from the Ottoman embrace. Although the fortress Belgrade is now hardly covered by Ottoman troops, Margrave Ludwig von Baden considers himself too weak to take the place, especially since a secure supply of the army seems impossible after the loss of his Danube flotilla. Instead, the imperial family retreated north across the Danube.

British Islands

War of the Palatinate Succession

Joseph Parrocel : Battle of Leuze



Indian Ocean

  • French Huguenots, led by François Leguat, try to found a state called Eden on the island of Rodrigues , but only eight of them arrive on the island.


Science and culture

Duke Wilhelm Ernst of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach



Coat of arms of Innocent XII.


Drawing of the HMS Coronation


First half of the year

Second half of the year


First half of the year

Tomb of Alexander VIII in the Basilica of St. Peter's Basilica

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1691  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files