Calendar overview 1695
|Mustafa II becomes Sultan of the Ottoman Empire .||Friedrich IV becomes Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf .|
Palatinate War of Succession
, Brussels is besieged by the French for three days.
|1695 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1143/44 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1687/88 (turn of the year 11/12 September)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1100/01 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2238/39 (southern Buddhism); 2237/38 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||73rd (74th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1057/58 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4028/29 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1106/07 (turn of the year August 11th / 12th)|
|Jewish calendar||5455/56 (9/10 September)|
|Coptic calendar||1411/12 (September 11th / 12th)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 2005/06 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 2006/07 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1751/52 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
War of the Palatinate Succession
- August 15th : A three-day bombardment of Brussels during the War of the Palatinate Succession by the French army under the command of François de Neufville, duc de Villeroy ends. Fires breaking out these days are helping to destroy a third of the city .
- July 2nd : The siege of Namur by troops of the Vienna Grand Alliance begins.
- September 1st : William of Orange succeeds in recapturing Namur after three years of occupation by France .
Great Turkish War
- January 20 : Peter I of Russia begins another Turkish campaign .
- February 6 : Mustafa II becomes ruler of the Ottoman Empire after the death of his uncle Ahmed II .
- July 8th : Russian forces begin siege of the Ottoman Azov fortress . The siege of the city had to be called off in September without success.
Other events in Europe
- January 6th : After the death of his father Christian Albrecht, Friedrich IV becomes Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf .
- around 1695: Osei Tutu I founds the Ashanti Empire on the Gold Coast in West Africa and becomes the first Asantehene (ruler).
- November 20 : Zumbi , who was captured and previously fought against slavery , is executed in the Portuguese colony of Brazil . He was the last leader of the largest slave settlement , Palmares , which for decades provided a home for African slaves who had fled the plantations.
- January 18 : In France , King Louis XIV issues a poll tax . The population is divided into 22 tax brackets. In the lowest, one livre is payable to the state, in the highest it is 2,000 livres.
- July 17th : The Bank of Scotland is created by law of the Scottish Parliament .
- December 31 : A window tax is introduced in England . Shopkeepers close up many windows to avoid the tax.
- The Dutch liqueur dealer De Kuyper is founded.
science and technology
Culture and society
- February 5th : The world premiere of the opera Muzio Scevola by Giovanni Bononcini takes place in Tordinona in Rome.
- July 19 : In England, the world's first appear Marriage ad in the weekly newspaper A collection for improvement of husbandry and trade ( collection for progress in agriculture and trade ).
- July 20 : The German pharmacy laboratory technician Johann Konrad Rätzel arrives on a ship of the Dutch East India Company in Batavia on Java , where he will spend the next few years of his life. During this time he amassed a sensational collection of plants, animals and art objects.
- Henry Purcell composes the Music for the Funeral of Queen Mary .
- Elector Friedrich III. gives several architects around Andreas Schlueter the order to convert the Lietzeburg summer residence of Electress Charlottes into a three-wing summer palace , which will be completed by 1713. It is named after the place Lietze / Lütze Lietzeburg Castle .
- The Pontifical Academy of Theology is founded in Rome .
nature and environment
Historical maps and views
First half of the year
- January 3 : Franz Ulrich Ries , German Protestant theologian and university professor († 1755 )
- January 25 : Franz Ernst von Hessen-Darmstadt , German nobleman († 1716 )
- February 9 : Johan Arckenholtz , Finnish librarian, political pamphleteer and historian († 1777 )
- February 10 : Daniel Triller , German physician and writer († 1782 )
- February 13 : Johann Christian Ernesti , German Protestant theologian († 1769 )
- February 13 : Françoise de Graffigny , French writer († 1758 )
- March 3 : Niklaus von Wattenwyl , Swiss banker and Pietist († 1783 )
- March 13 : Aleksander Józef Sułkowski , Electoral Saxon-Polish statesman († 1762 )
- April 8 : Johann Christian Günther , German writer († 1723 )
- April 15 : Hermann Werner von Bossart , priest, diplomat and canon in Cologne († 1762 )
- April 26 : Christoph Jacob Trew , German doctor and botanist († 1769 )
- May 3 : Henri de Pitot , French hydraulic engineer († 1771 )
- May 17 : Emanuel-Francois-Joseph de Bavière , general under Louis XV. of France († 1747 )
- May 19 : Johann Ludwig Alefeld , German philosopher and physicist († 1760 )
- June 5 : Johann Conrad Schlaun , German builder of the Baroque († 1773 )
- June 24th : Martin van Meytens , Dutch painter († 1770 )
Second half of the year
- July 9 : Johann Ernst von Flörcke , German lawyer († 1762 )
- July 16 : Johann Eberhard Rau , Protestant theologian and university professor († 1770 )
- August 7th : Augustin Buddeus , German medic († 1753 )
- August 11 : Michelangelo Unterberger , South Tyrolean painter († 1758 )
- September 3 : Pietro Locatelli , Italian violin virtuoso and composer († 1764 )
- September 12 : Joachim Oporin , German Protestant theologian († 1753 )
- September 15 : Johann Peter von Montargues , Royal Danish Major General and Chief of the Oldenburg Infantry Regiment († after 1766)
- September 20 : Johann Lorenz Bach , German composer († 1773 )
- November 9th : Joseph Stammel , Austrian sculptor († 1765 )
- November 10 : Louis Armand II. De Bourbon , Prince of Conti and Field Marshal († 1727 )
- December 10 : Johann Jakob Zimmermann , Swiss Protestant clergyman and university professor († 1756 )
Exact date of birth unknown
Born around 1695
First half of the year
- 4th January : François Henri de Montmorency-Bouteville , Duke of Luxemburg-Piney, French military leader, peer and marshal of France (* 1628 )
- January 6th : Christian Albrecht , Prince-Bishop of Lübeck and Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf (* 1641 )
- January 16 : Hans Adam Weissenkircher , Austrian painter (* 1646 )
- January 24th : Elisabeth Angélique de Montmorency , French noblewoman (* 1627 )
- January 26 : Johann Heinrich Horb , German Protestant theologian (* 1645 )
- March 2 : Johann Ambrosius Bach , German musician (* 1645 )
- March 9 : Everhard IV. Jabach , German banker and art collector (* 1618 )
- March 25 : Ludwika Karolina Charlotte von Radziwiłł-Birze , sole heir to the Calvinian-Lithuanian line of the Radziwiłł family in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania (* 1667 )
- March 30th : Anselm Franz von Ingelheim , Archbishop and Elector of Mainz (* 1634 )
- April 3 : Melchior de Hondecoeter , Dutch animal painter (* 1636 )
- April 13 : Jean de La Fontaine , French fabulous poet (* 1621 )
- April 15 : Christoph Arnold , German astronomer (* 1650 )
- April 16 : Pietro Delai , Italian builder of the Baroque in Tyrol
- April 17th : Juana Inés de la Cruz , Mexican poet and nun (* 1648 )
- April 25 : Johann Heinrich am Ende , German painter (* 1645 )
Second half of the year
- July 8 : Christiaan Huygens , Dutch mathematician, physicist and astronomer (* 1629 )
- July 15 : Eremya Çelebi Kömürciyan , Armenian poet, printer, historian, educator, musician, miniaturist and translator (* 1637 )
- July 18 : Johannes Camphuys , Governor General of the Dutch East Indies (* 1634 )
- November 20 : Zumbi , last leader of the autonomous kingdom of Palmares of escaped and free-born slaves in today's state of Alagoas, Brazil (* 1655 )
- November 21 : Henry Purcell , English composer (* 1659 )
- November 28 : Giovanni Paolo Colonna , Italian organist, conductor and composer (* 1637 )
- November 28 : Jan Sladký Kozina , Czech leader of the peasant uprising in Choden (* 1652 )
- December 5 : Johann Georg Starcke , Saxon architect (* 1630 )
- December 8 : Barthélemy d'Herbelot de Molainville , French orientalist (* 1625 )
- December 25th : Gottlieb Amadeus von Windisch-Graetz , imperial-Habsburg diplomat (* 1630 )