Calendar overview 1650
|Maximilian Heinrich of Bavaria becomes Archbishop and Elector of Cologne .||
Incoming Newspapers ,
the world's first daily newspaper , appear in Leipzig.
Limerick is besieged for the first time - briefly and unsuccessfully - during the reconquest of Ireland .
|1650 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1098/99 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1642/43 (September 10-11)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1055/56 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2193/94 (southern Buddhism); 2192/93 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||72nd (73rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1012/13 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3983/84 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1059/1060/61 (January 3rd / 4th // December 24th / 25th )|
|Jewish calendar||5410/11 (September 25-26)|
|Coptic calendar||1366/67 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1960/61 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1961/62 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1706/07 (April)|
Politics and world events
England / Scotland / Ireland
- April to May: The siege of Clonmel ends with the capture of the Irish city of Clonmel, held by a 1,500-strong force under Hugh Dubh O'Neill , by the New Model Army under Oliver Cromwell .
- May 10th : The British Army of Parliament under Roger Boyle defeats Irish troops at the Battle of Macroom during the reconquest of Ireland .
- May: Oliver Cromwell leaves Ireland to put down the uprising in Scotland and hands over the command of Ireland to his son-in-law Henry Ireton .
- May: The first siege of Limerick has to be called off again soon due to the weather.
- June 21 : The Battle of Scarrifholis ends with a devastating victory by the English parliamentary troops over Irish Confederation units , which lose around 75% of their men.
- June to August: In the second siege of Waterford , the city of Waterford in south-east Ireland is captured by the parliamentary troops . The last base of the Irish falls east of the Shannon .
- December: James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde , commander of the Irish Confederation Army, fled to France demoralized by the constant defeats.
- After the death of his father Charles I , Charles II is proclaimed King of Scotland in Edinburgh and given the opportunity to ascend the throne of Scotland if he signs the Scottish Covenant , the assurance of freedom of belief for Scottish Presbyterians . On June 23rd, when he arrived in Scotland, he signed the declaration. In Scotland he finds the support he needs to take action against Oliver Cromwell.
- From July 22 : Oliver Cromwell landed in Scotland to the Covenanters , the Royalists in Scotland to fight.
- September 3 : Scotland is defeated by Cromwell and his New Model Army at the Battle of Dunbar .
- January: The leaders of the Fronde , Louis II. De Bourbon, prince de Condé and Armand de Bourbon, prince de Conti , are arrested by Cardinal Jules Mazarin and imprisoned in Vincennes until the beginning of 1651 . This leads to the so-called uprising of the princes .
- October 20 : The Swedish Queen Christina , who has held office since 1644 , is crowned. Only a little later, she announces for the first time her intention to renounce the throne.
- Bötzow Castle changes owner and name. On September 27, Electress Luise Henriette received the office with all associated villages, fields, farms, sheep farms, mills, fisheries in the Havel, carp ponds, etc. for life.
Electorate of Saxony
- November 19 : Two years after the end of the Thirty Years' War, the Dresden court experienced a double wedding with four-week celebrations. Christian and Moritz , the last two unmarried sons of Elector Johann Georg I , married the Holstein sisters Christiana and Sophie Hedwig .
- Under Grand Master Jean de Lascaris-Castellar , another of the so-called Lascaris Towers is being built on Gozo with the Xlendi Tower to fortify Malta .
science and technology
- Publication of the book "Geographia generalis" by Bernhard Varen , Bernhardius Varenius, Description of the Oceans
- The man with the gold helmet - nowattributed to Rembrandt's environment - is born.
- Frans Hals paints Young Man with Glove .
- After the death of his uncle Ferdinand of Bavaria on September 13 is Maximilian Henry of Bavaria Archbishop and Elector of Cologne , also bishop of Liege , Bishop of Hildesheim and Prince Provost or Kurkölnischer administrator of the pin Berchtesgaden .
Historical maps and views
Leipzig 1650 (not north)
Eilenburg around 1650 by Matthäus Merian
"Island" California , ca.1650
First half of the year
- January 15 : Cyriakus Günther , hymn poet († 1704 )
- February 5 : Anne-Jules de Noailles , Marshal of France († 1708 )
- February 18 : Adalbert von Schleifras , Prince Abbot of Fulda († 1714 )
- February 26 : Tomás Marín González de Poveda , Spanish officer, colonial administrator and governor of Chile († 1703 )
- March 3 : Johann Daniel Arcularius , German logician and Lutheran theologian († 1710 )
- March 8 : Hans von Assig , German poet lawyer († 1694 )
- May 26 : John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough , English general in the War of the Spanish Succession and first Duke of Marlborough († 1722 )
- May 31 : Johann Jakob Müller , German moral philosopher († 1716 )
Second half of the year
- August 7th : Louis Joseph de Lorraine , Duke of Guise († 1671 )
- August 16 : Vincenzo Maria Coronelli , cartographer, cosmographer and manufacturer of globes († 1718 )
- August 27 : Johann Samuel Welter , German composer († 1720 )
- August 27 : Philipp Karl von Wylich and Lottum , Prussian Field Marshal General († 1719 )
- September 3 : Jeremy Collier , English clergyman († 1726 )
- October 21 : Jean Bart , corsair from Dunkirk in the service of the French King Louis XIV († 1702 )
- November 14th : Wilhelm III. , King of England, Scotland and Ireland († 1702 )
- November 19 : Heinrich , only regent of Saxe-Gotha-Römhild, Landgrave in Thuringia and royal Prussian Feldzeugmeister (major general) († 1710 )
- November 30th : Domenico Martinelli , Italian architect who also worked in Vienna († 1719 )
- December 3 : August , Provost of Magdeburg († 1674 )
- December 6 : Johann Friedrich Mayer , German Lutheran theologian († 1712 )
- December 17 : Christoph Arnold , German astronomer († 1695 )
- December 25 : Josef Langer , Czech Piarist scientist , mathematician and astronomer († 1711 )
- December 27 : Johann Achamer , Austrian metal and bell caster († 1712 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Benedikt von Ahlefeldt , Lord on Osterrade, Kluvensiek, Sehestedt, Kronsburg and bearer of the Danebrog Order († 1712 )
- Joachim von Ahlefeldt , bailiff and district administrator of Cismar († 1701 )
- Johann Anton Coberg , German composer († 1708 )
- Johann Heinrich Florin , German Protestant clergyman and university professor († 1700)
- Miklós Misztótfalusi Kis , Hungarian type founder, typographer and printer († 1702 )
- Joachim Neander , German poet of hymns († 1680 )
- William Talman , English architect († 1719 )
Born around 1650
First half of the year
- January 7th : Ludwig I , Prince of Anhalt-Köthen (* 1579 )
- January 17th : Tommaso Dolabella , Italian painter (* around 1570 )
- January 18 : Matteo Rosselli , Italian painter (* 1578 )
- March 16 : Sophie Elisabeth of Brandenburg , Duchess of Saxony-Altenburg (* 1616 )
- March 29 : Cornelius Galle the Elder , Dutch draftsman and engraver (* 1576 )
- April 3 : Christian Gueintz , pedagogue and language scholar (* 1592 )
- April 4 : Wilhelm Dilich , German builder, engraver, draftsman, topographer and military writer (* 1571 )
- April 22 : Stephan Hansen Stephanius , Danish philologist and historian (* 1599 )
- May 7th : Anton von Ditfurth , member of the Fruit Bringing Society (* 1588 )
- May 7 : Kanō Naonobu , Japanese painter (* 1607 )
- May 21 : James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose , Scottish nobleman (* 1612 )
- May 27 : Anthony Ascham , English nobleman, parliamentarians and diplomat (* 1614 / 1617 / 1618 )
- May 28 : Agnes , Princess of Hesse-Kassel and Princess of Anhalt-Dessau (* 1606 )
- June 4 : Johann Caspar Unrath , German legal scholar (* 1608 )
- June 8th : Maximilian von und zu Trauttmansdorff , Austrian politician (* 1584 )
- June 19 : Matthäus Merian , Swiss / German engraver and publisher (* 1593 )
- June 28 : Gioacchino Assereto , Genoese painter (* 1600 )
Second half of the year
- July 18 : Christoph Scheiner , German Jesuit priest, optician and astronomer (* 1573 )
- July 20 : Iwasa Matabē , Japanese painter (* 1578 )
- September 13 : Ferdinand of Bavaria , Archbishop of Cologne (* 1577 )
- September 14th : Josias Rantzau , German military leader, Marshal of France (* 1609 )
- September 20 : Bodo von Hodenberg , German poet (* 1604 )
- September 24th : Charles de Valois , Duke of Auvergne and Duke of Angoulême (* 1573 )
- November 6th : Wilhelm II , Prince of Orange and governor of Holland and Zealand (* 1626 )
- November 8th : Camillo II. Gonzaga di Novellara , Count of Novellara and Bagnolo (* 1581 )
- December 2 : Charlotte-Marguerite de Montmorency , Princess of Condé (* 1594 )
- December 16 : Philipp von der Pfalz , Prince of the Palatinate (* 1627 )
- December 17th : Agnes Schmitt , victim of the witch hunt in Friesenhagen (* 1600 )
- December 31 : Dorgon , Chinese regent (* 1612 )