Calendar overview 1584
|Boris Godunov results for Tsar Feodor I government affairs in Russia .||Giordano Bruno publishes the dialogues De l'infinito, universo e mondi .|
murders William I of Orange-Nassau .
|1584 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1032/33 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1576/77 (turn of the year 10/11 September)|
|Bengali solar calendar||989/990 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2127/28 (southern Buddhism); 2126/27 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||71st (72nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||946/947 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3917/18 (October 2-3)|
|Islamic calendar||991/992 (turn of the year 13/14 January)|
|Jewish calendar||5344/45 (September 5-6)|
|Coptic calendar||1300/01 (10/11 September)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1894/95 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1895/96 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1640/41 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- January 2 : In the Truchsessian War , the Protestant side suffers a defeat in the Battle of the Agger . An ambush by Spanish-Bavarian troops leads to great losses among the allies of the Cologne elector Gebhard I von Waldburg, who has converted to the Protestant faith .
- On July 3rd, the year-long siege of Antwerp began by Alexander Farnese , the new governor of the Spanish King Philip II in the Netherlands . He tries to completely block the Scheldt below Antwerp with a ship bridge .
- Ivan IV has a fortified port built for foreign trade with Western Europe in the estuary on the Northern Dvina near the Archangel Michael Monastery . Based on the name of the city monastery, the place Novocholmogory is later called Arkhangelsk .
- March 28 : Ivan IV dies at the age of 53. Immediately after his death, the power struggle for the successor flares up.
- May 31 : After the death of Tsar Ivan IV “the terrible” , his insane son Fyodor comes to power. Boris Godunov conducts government affairs .
Eighty Years War
- July 10 : The Catholic fanatic Balthasar Gérard murders William I of Orange-Nassau . He will be executed by quartering on July 13th . King Philip II of Spain, on the other hand, raised the murderer's entire family to the nobility and gave them the goods of Orange in Franche-Comté .
- April 27th : The researchers Arthur Barlowe and Philip Amadas set out on an expedition to the area of the Outer Banks in what is now North Carolina on behalf of Sir Walter Raleigh and come across Roanoke Island , the residential area of the Roanoke Indians . They are enthusiastic about the landscape and the opportunities it offers and can win two Pamlico Indians to return to England with them. Queen Elizabeth I was so impressed with the report from the two pioneers that she gave Raleigh the green light to set up a colony in the New World .
- May: The Siamese heir to the throne Naresuan announces his loyalty to the Burmese King Nandabayin of Pegu . Then another Siamese-Burmese war begins .
- In Electoral Saxony , on the occasion of the double engagement of the two daughters of Elector August, Dorothea and Anna with the Dukes Heinrich Julius of Braunschweig and Johann Casimir of Saxe-Gotha , the imperial guilder at 21 groschen was minted at the beginning of May .
science and technology
- Giordano Bruno publishes the dialogues De l'infinito, universo e mondi (dialogues between the infinite universe and the worlds).
- A scientific academy is founded in Lucca , the Accademia Lucchese di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti .
- Count Johann VI. of Nassau-Dillenburg founded at the urging of his brother William of Orange in Herborn the High School Academia Nassauensis .
- Sir Walter Mildmay founds Emmanuel College in Cambridge on the site of a former Dominican monastery .
- The Chinese mathematician and musicologist Zhu Zaiyu initially calculates the equal tuning with the help of a system of nine-digit numbers relatively precisely.
- September 13 : Not far from Madrid , the Real Sitio de San Lorenzo de El Escorial , the largest Renaissance building in the world, is completed.
- The Indian mogul Akbar I introduced the Bengali solar calendar in his empire .
- The Catholic areas of the Confederation adopt the calendar reform through the Gregorian calendar .
- The Icelandic bishop and scientist Guðbrandur Þorláksson publishes the Guðbrandsbiblía , the first complete translation of the Bible into the Icelandic language .
Historical maps and views
January to July
- January 17th : Diederich von dem Werder , German translator, epic poet and hymn poet († 1657 )
- January 29 : Friedrich Heinrich , governor of the United Netherlands († 1647 )
- February 13 : Wilhelm Heinrich von Bentheim-Steinfurt , member of the Fruit-Bringing Society, Count, Canon of Strasbourg († 1632 )
- March 26 : Johann II , Duke of Pfalz-Zweibrücken († 1635 )
- May 23 : Maximilian von und zu Trauttmansdorff , Austrian nobleman and politician of the Thirty Years War († 1650 )
- May 27 : Michael Altenburg , German theologian and composer († 1640 )
- June 15 : Anna Sophia , Princess of Anhalt († 1652 )
- July 10 : Philipp Horst , German rhetorician and moral philosopher († 1664 )
- July 17 : Agnes , Princess of Brandenburg, Duchess of Pomerania and Duchess of Saxony-Lauenburg († 1629 )
August to December
- before July 9: Walter Aston, 1st Lord Aston of Forfar , Anglo-Scottish nobleman and diplomat († 1639 )
- August 3 : Johann von Ahlefeldt , heir of Stendorf, Nüchel and district administrator († 1635 )
- August 29 : Patrick Young , Scottish scholar († 1652 )
- September 16 : Francisco Correa de Arauxo , Andalusian organist and composer († 1654 )
- September 25 : Georg Rodolf Weckherlin , German poet († 1653 )
- October 3 : Michael Wolf , German mathematician, physicist, logician and metaphysicist († 1623 )
- November 16 : Barbara Sophia of Brandenburg , Duchess of Württemberg († 1636 )
- November 18 : Gaspar de Crayer , Flemish painter († 1669 )
- November 19 : Katharina Wasa , Swedish princess and duchess of Zweibrücken († 1638 )
- December 16 : John Selden , English polymath († 1654 )
- December 25th : Margaret of Austria , Archduchess of Austria , Queen of Spain , Portugal , Naples and Sicily († 1611 ).
- December 27 : Philipp Julius of Pomerania , last Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast († 1625 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- William Baffin , English explorer († 1622 )
- David Bailly , Dutch painter († 1657 )
- Antonio Cifra , Italian composer († 1629 )
- John Hales , English theologian and scientist († 1656 )
- Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk , English nobleman and politician († 1640 )
- Miyamoto Musashi , Japanese samurai († 1645 )
- John Pym , lawyer and spokesman for the parliamentary party in the English lower house at the time of Charles I of England († 1643 )
Date of death secured
- January 4th : Tobias Stimmer , Swiss painter (* 1539 )
- January 29th : Wolf von Schönberg , Electoral Saxon general and civil servant (* 1518 )
- January 30th : Pieter Pourbus , Dutch painter (* 1523 )
- February 3 : Bernal Díaz del Castillo , Spanish conquistador and chronicler (* 1495 or 1496 )
- March 28 : Ivan IV "the terrible" , Russian tsar (* 1530 )
- April 20 : John Finch , Catholic martyr from England (* 1548 )
- April 20 : Maximilian Mörlin , Protestant theologian and reformer (* 1516 )
- April 27 : Mikołaj Radziwiłł Rudy , Grand Chancellor and Grand Hetman of Lithuania (* 1512 )
- May 16 : Georg Agricola , Bishop of Lavant and Bishop of Seckau
- June 10 : François-Hercule de Valois , Duke of Alençon youngest son of the French King Henry II (* 1555 )
- June 14 : Abraham Buchholzer , Protestant theologian, educator and historian (* 1529 )
- July 10 : Francis Throckmorton , conspirator against Elizabeth I of England (* 1554 )
- July 10 : William I , Prince of Orange, leader in the Dutch War of Independence against Spain (* 1533 )
- July 12th : Stephen Borough , English navigator and explorer (* 1525 )
- July 13 : ARMGARD , Countess of Rietberg (* 1555 / 56 )
- July 20 : Elisabeth von Regenstein-Blankenburg , 29th Abbess of the Imperial Monastery of Quedlinburg (* 1542 )
- July 24th : Johann Sagittarius , German Protestant theologian (* 1531 )
- August 1st : Marcantonio Colonna , Admiral and Viceroy of Sicily (* 1535 )
- September 18 : Petrus Medmann , German theologian and diplomat of the Reformation period (* 1507 )
- September 24th : Adam Siber , German humanist and educator (* 1516 )
- October 17 : Paul Mathesius , German Lutheran theologian (* 1548 )
- November 3 : Charles Borromeo , Italian cardinal, Catholic saint (* 1538 )
- November 27 : Christoph Walther II , German sculptor (* 1534 )
- December 13th : Jean d'Amboise , French surgeon (* 1514 )