|first Turkish siege of Vienna under Suleyman I ended unsuccessfully for the attackers.||
“ English sweat ”
claims thousands of lives
Marburg articles are written at the Marburg Religious Discussion .
|1529 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||977/978 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||10. Feuerstein - Matlactli Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 9th pipes - Chicuhnahui Acatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||2072/73 (southern Buddhism); 2071/72 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||70th (71st) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||891/892 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3862/63 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||935/936 (turn of the year 4th / 5th September)|
|Jewish calendar||5289/90 (September 3-4)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1839/40 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1840/41 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1585/86 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
First Turkish siege of Vienna
- April 10th : The Ottoman Sultan Suleyman I sets off with a large force from Constantinople towards Vienna . On the way through Southeast Europe, his army grew more and more through the connection of numerous garrisons. Hungarian fighters also join him. The advance through Hungary is slowed down as there is no road network and heavy rains have softened the ground. In September the harbingers of this army appeared in the vicinity of Vienna, a force of around 20,000 Akıncı . This unpaid light cavalry usually precedes the regular army by plundering, slaving, raping and murdering and is supposed to cripple the will of the population to resist.
- A large number of Viennese citizens fled from September 17th , including seven out of twelve members of the city council. Only mayor Wolfgang Treu , city judge Pernfuß and three other city councilors remain. Of the more than 3,500 armed citizens of the city militia, only 300 to 400 remain. Many refugees fall into the hands of the Akıncı on their way to supposedly safe territory.
- On September 23, the Ottomans came into sight of the city, which was completely enclosed until September 27 . Their armed force comprises around 150,000 people, some of whom are part of the entourage. The fighting part of the army includes around 80,000 Ottoman soldiers and 15,000 to 18,000 soldiers from the Ottoman vassal states of Moldova and Serbia. The Grand Vizier Makbul Ibrahim Pasha is responsible for the tactical management of the siege .
- September 27th : The first siege of Vienna by the Ottomans under Suleyman I begins as the climax of the First Austrian Turkish War . It ends on October 14th with the departure of the besiegers.
Holy Roman Empire
- April 19 : The Reichstag in Speyer begins, at which, among other things, the Speyer protest is presented. In addition, the Anabaptist mandate to combat the Anabaptist movement is issued.
- May 29 : Because he had preached the Reformation in the Catholic county of Uznach , the Reformed pastor Jakob Kaiser in Schwyz is burned at the stake as a heretic . The execution becomes another trigger for the First Kappel War .
- June 26th : The first Landfriede of Kappel ends the First Kappel War without fighting. The peace, which is sealed with a reconciliation meal, the “ Kappeler Milchsuppe ”, abolishes the alliance of the five places of old faith (Lucerne, Schwyz, Unterwalden, Uri and Zug) with the Habsburg ruler Ferdinand I and guarantees them freedom of belief.
- August 26th : In the Treaty of Grimnitz the long-standing dispute between the Greifen and Hohenzollern families about the legal status and succession in the Duchy of Pomerania is settled.
War of the League of Cognac
- June 29th : The Peace of Barcelona ends the conflict between the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V and Pope Clement VII towards the end of the League of Cognac War .
- August 5 : The Lady Peace of Cambrai negotiated by Luise of Savoy and Margaret of Austria ends the war of the League of Cognac for supremacy in Italy between Emperor Charles V and Francis I of France.
Grand Duchy of Lithuania
The law in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania is codified for the first time with the first Lithuanian Statute . The codification does not take place in the Lithuanian language , which at that time does not yet have a fully valid status as a written language, but in so-called Ruthenian , an East Slavic language that is used as a written language in Lithuania.
Spanish and Portuguese colonial empires
- April 22nd : Spain and Portugal finally split the world into two hemispheres in the Treaty of Saragossa .
- July 26th : Charles I of Spain allows Francisco Pizarro to campaign against the Inca Empire and appoints him captain general and future governor of Peru .
- December 21 : Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán begins his campaign of conquest in western New Spain , during which he subdues Jalisco , Zacatecas , Nayarit and Sinaloa , among others .
Other events in America
- September 8th : Ambrosius Ehinger , governor of Little Venice , founds the Neu-Nürnberg settlement in what is now Venezuela on behalf of the Welser to promote the German settlement of America .
- The monopoly trade over the Faroe Islands begins.
science and technology
- The bone carving office in Hildesheim is built.
- Albrecht Altdorfer completes the painting The Battle of Alexander, commissioned by Duke Wilhelm IV of Bavaria .
- 8 / 9 February : After the Carnival break in Basel riots, in a iconoclasm at Basel Cathedral culminate. The guilds eventually force the council to introduce the Reformation .
- February 20 : The council of the free imperial city of Strasbourg , open to Lutheranism, abolishes Holy Mass .
- April: Georg Rhau prints the textbook German Catechism , written by Martin Luther , after individual parts appeared as panel prints from January and were later published as The Small Catechism .
- April 8th : The Flensburg disputation between Melchior Hofmann and representatives of the Lutheran clergy takes place. As a result, the Lutheran Reformation was introduced in Denmark and the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein .
- October 1st : The Marburg religious discussion of several reformers begins.
- October 4th : The Marburg Articles are created as part of the Marburg Religious Discussion . In the Protestant Lord's Supper dispute, however, there was no understanding between Martin Luther and Ulrich Zwingli .
- October 16 : A convention begins in Schwabach , at the end of which on October 19 the Schwabach articles conceived by Martin Luther stand, a basis for the Confessio Augustana .
- The Free Imperial City of Hamburg is introducing a new church order with the help of Johannes Bugenhagen . This is considered to be the hour of birth of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in the Hamburg state .
- Martin Luther translates with Lord God, we praise you the Te Deum into German and simplify the traditional Gregorian melody.
- Justus Menius wrote the Oeconomia christiana with a thirteen-page preface by Martin Luther.
- 1528/1529 : The English sweat disease breaks out again epidemically. It claims thousands of lives not only in England, but also in Germany, the Netherlands, Scandinavia and Eastern Europe to Russia. Euricius Cordus published the first medical print in the history of the University of Marburg: Regiment against the English sweat .
Date of birth saved
- January 8th : Johann Friedrich II. The Middle , Duke of Saxony († 1595 )
- March 24 : Nicolaus Kistner , German humanist, lawyer and poet († 1583 )
- April 18 : Johann VIII von Hoya , Prince-Bishop of Osnabrück, Münster and Paderborn († 1574 )
- April 25 : Francesco Patrizi da Cherso , Venetian humanist, philosopher, writer, literary, political and historical theorist, military scientist and poet of Croatian descent († 1597 )
- May 12 : Sabina von Brandenburg-Ansbach , Electress of Brandenburg († 1575 )
- June 14 : Ferdinand II , Archduke of Austria and Prince of Tyrol († 1595 )
- June 15 : Josua Maaler , Swiss pastor and lexicographer († 1599 )
- June 28 : Bartolomeo Passarotti , Italian painter and etcher († 1592 )
- August 18 : Isha Khan , Bengali ruler († 1599 )
- September 25 : Günther XLI. von Schwarzburg-Arnstadt , German nobleman († 1583 )
- September 28 : Abraham Buchholzer , German Protestant theologian, educator and historian († 1584 )
- October 26 : Anna of Hesse , Countess Palatinate of Zweibrücken († 1591 )
- November 20 : Hieronymus Tilesius , German Lutheran theologian and reformer († 1566 )
- December 2 : Leonhart Zollikofer , Swiss businessman and politician († 1587 )
- December 11 : Fulvio Orsini , Italian late humanist, antiquarian ("antiquarian") and librarian († 1600 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Giovanni da Bologna , Flemish-Italian sculptor († 1608 )
- Shahbaz Khan Kamboh , General of the Indian Mughal Empire († 1599 )
Born around 1529
- Matthias Gunderam , German Protestant theologian († 1564 )
- John Halle , English surgeon, poet and author of medical treatises († around 1566 )
Date of death secured
- January 7th : Peter Vischer , German sculptor and ore caster (* around 1455 )
- January 20 : Gregor Breitkopf , German humanist (* around 1472 )
- February 4th : Ludwig Hätzer , Swiss publicist and Bible translator, martyr of the Anabaptist movement (* around 1500 )
- February 7th : Baldassare Castiglione , Italian author and diplomat (* 1478 )
- March 28 : Count Philipp II of Hanau-Münzenberg , Count of Hanau-Münzenberg (* 1501 )
- April 1 : Hartmann II. Von Kirchberg , prince abbot of Fulda (* around 1466 )
- April 17th : Louis de Berquin , French humanist, lawyer, civil servant, linguist and reformer (* around 1485 )
- June 21 : John Skelton , English playwright (* around 1460 )
- July 8 : Hans Treyer (* before 1500)
- September 6 : Jörg Blaurock , leading figure of the early Anabaptists (burned as a heretic) (* around 1492 )
- September 10 : Erhard von Queis , pioneer of the Reformation in Prussia (* around 1490 )
- September 27th : Georg von der Pfalz , bishop in Speyer (* 1486 )
- September 28 : Adolf Clarenbach , martyr of the Protestant Church (* around 1500 )