Calendar overview 1460
|University of Basel is officially opened.||Warwick the Kingmaker fights on the side of the House of York in the Wars of the Roses .|
|Henry the Navigator dies in Sagres .|
|1460 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||908/909 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||6th tubes - Chicuace Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 5th rabbit - Macuilli Tochtli )|
|Buddhist calendar||2003/04 (southern Buddhism); 2002/03 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||69th (70th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||822/823 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||864/865 (turn of the year 16/17 October)|
|Jewish calendar||5220/21 (September 15/16)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1770/71 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1771/72 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1516/17 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Voyages of discovery
- May 1st : Portuguese sailors discover the Cape Verde island of Maio . Due to diverging travel reports, however, it is no longer possible to clearly reconstruct whether the island was discovered by the Genoese Antonio de Noli, who was traveling on behalf of Portugal , or whether it was exploration trips by Diogo Dias and Diogo Gomes . This is followed by the first settlement of the Cape Verde Islands and the beginning of creolization in colonial history. In the same year the island of Santiago is discovered.
- Even after the death of Henry the Navigator on November 13th , the Portuguese voyages and voyages of discovery continued.
Wars of the Roses in England
- July 10 : Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick and his army defeat the royal troops of the House of Lancaster at the Battle of Northampton during the Wars of the Roses in England and take King Henry VI. captured.
- December 30th : The Battle of Wakefield loses the House of York to the House of Lancaster under Margaret of Anjou . Here comes pretender Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York , died.
Holy Roman Empire
- January 25th : The Peace of Pusarnitz ends the War of Succession for the Cillier legacy between Emperor Friedrich III. and Count Johann von Görz .
- February 29th : Duke Albrecht III. von Bayern-Munich dies of gout. Before that he ordered that the two eldest sons should rule in the duchy. However, since Albrecht's second son Ernst dies on the same day, his eldest son Johann IV rules together with the third son Siegmund . The Munich truce is measured again in the same year and certified in writing by the two dukes on October 24th .
- March 17th : The battle on Buchenberg between Swiss mercenaries and the soldiers of the Prince Abbey of Kempten ends with a victory for the Confederates. The prince abbot was removed from the monastery a few days later. The Kempten Monastery pays the Swiss pay and reimburses all other costs of the campaign.
- After the knighthood in 1459 could not agree on the successor to the childless deceased Count or Duke Adolf VIII of Holstein and Schleswig and thus the reign of the Duchy of Schleswig and the County of Holstein initially remained unresolved, King Christian I of Denmark intervened and calls a meeting in Ripen , where he is elected ruler on March 2nd . On March 5th the contract of Ripen is drawn up, which contains a number of laws and regulations . The most important statement is the passage about the indivisibility of Schleswig and Holstein, which will later become the legitimation of the German-Danish war . It says: "dat se bliven ewich tosamende ungedelt" (that they stay together forever undivided). This sentence inspires the “op ewig ungedeelt” (forever undivided) , which was coined in a poem in 1841 .
- The Bavarian War that began last year seems to be coming to a quick end: Ludwig the Rich from Bavaria-Landshut penetrates far into the land of Albrecht Achilles von Ansbach , and he has to accept the assignment of territory in the so-called Rother direction .
- The Swiss confederates conquer Thurgau and administer it as common rule of several places.
- Dossenheim comes back to the Electoral Palatinate .
- The Inca military leader Cápac Yupanqui , brother of the ruler Pachacútec Yupanqui , succeeds in subjugating the Huanca in Junín .
- The minting of the Schinderlinge , whose fine silver content is greatly reduced , is ended, which also ends the first open inflation in Germany.
science and technology
- April 4 : In France, at the suggestion of Duke Francis II of Brittany , the University of Nantes is founded with a papal bull .
- April 4 : In Basel the foundation ceremony takes place for the University of Basel , the oldest university in Switzerland.
Culture and religion
- The Benedictine Abbey of Ellwangen is transformed into a secular canon with a prince provost and a chapter.
- around 1460: The Sachsenheim prayer book is created.
Date of birth saved
- May 3 : Raffaele Riario , Italian cardinal, patron of the arts († 1521 )
- May 8 : Friedrich II. , German nobleman, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach and Ansbach-Kulmbach († 1536 )
- June 1 : Enno I , German Count of East Friesland († 1491 )
- August 21 : Ludovico Gonzaga , Bishop of Mantua († 1511 )
- September 20 or 29 : Louis II. De La Trémoille , French nobleman, general († 1525 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Georges d'Amboise , French nobleman, Archbishop of Rouen, Cardinal († 1510 )
- Pier Jacopo Alari Bonacolsi , Italian sculptor († 1528 )
- Rodrigo de Bastidas , Spanish conquistador († 1527 )
- Behzād , Persian scholar, painter († 1535 )
- Paul Heinrich von Blankenfelde , German merchant, mint master († 1532 )
- Antoine Bohier Du Prat , French Archbishop of Bourges, Cardinal († 1519 )
- Magdalena von Brandenburg , German noblewoman, Countess of Hohenzollern († 1496 )
- Antoine Brumel , French composer, singer and cleric († after 1515 )
- Benedetto Buglioni , Italian sculptor († 1521 )
- Dietrich von Bülow , German Bishop of Lebus († 1523 )
- Giovanni Battista Cima , Italian painter († between 1517 and 1518)
- Lorenzo Costa , Italian painter († 1535 )
- Gerard David , Dutch painter († 1523 )
- Wilm Dedeke , German painter († 1528 )
- Elia ben Moses Abba Delmedigo , Jewish religious philosopher († 1497 )
- Master of Frankfurt , Flemish painter († 1533 )
- Hans Fries , Swiss painter († around 1520 )
- Hans Fyoll , German painter († 1531 )
- Francesco del Giocondo , Florentine merchant († 1539 )
- Heinrich IV. , German nobleman, Prince of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen († 1526 )
- Jakob Heller , German patrician, councilor, mayor of Frankfurt am Main († 1522 )
- Anna von Isenburg-Büdingen , German noblewoman, Countess of Hanau-Lichtenberg († 1522 )
- Řehoř Hrubý z Jelení , Czech writer, translator and humanist († 1514 )
- Johann II , Silesian Duke of Opole and Ratibor († 1532 )
- Ludwig Juppe , German sculptor, picture carver († 1538 )
- Thomas Linacre , English doctor, mathematician, scholar († 1524 )
- Bastiano Mainardi , Italian painter († 1513 )
- Alonso Manso , Spanish bishop († 1539 )
- Jakob Mennel , Austrian author, genealogist, imperial councilor († 1526 )
- Pedro Navarro , Spanish military commander, designer († 1528 )
- Marbriano de Orto , Franco-Flemish composer, chansonnier († 1529 )
- Konstantin Iwanowitsch Ostroschski , Lithuanian-Ruthenian prince, general († 1530 )
- Wilhelm Pleydenwurff , German painter, wood sculptor († 1494 )
- Lukáš Pražský , Czech author, bishop († 1528 )
- Marx Reichlich , South Tyrolean painter († 1520 )
- Zdeniek Lev von Rosental , member of the Bohemian gentry († 1535 )
- Johann Schenk zu Schweinsberg , German nobleman, imperial councilor, imperial councilor, marshal († 1506 )
- Paul Scriptoris , German Franciscan theologian († 1505 )
- Andrea Solari , Italian painter († 1524 )
- Johannes Stabius , Austrian humanist, natural scientist, historiographer († 1522 )
- Henricus Stephanus , French printer († 1520 )
- Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo , Spanish nobleman, 2nd Duke of Alba († 1531 )
- Viktorin Kornel ze Všehrd , Czech nobleman, lawyer, author, dean of Prague University († 1520 )
- Johannes Widmann , German mathematician († after 1498)
Born around 1460
- Giovanni Battista Cima , Italian painter († 1517 / 18 )
- Gaspar da Gama , Polish-Jewish merchant and spy for the ruler of Goa, later translator in the Portuguese service († 1516 or later)
- Hans Leu the Elder , Swiss painter († 1507 )
- Andrea Sansovino , Italian sculptor († 1529 )
- John Skelton , English playwright († 1529 )
- Lopo Soares de Albergaria , Portuguese navigator and third governor of Portuguese India († around 1520 )
- Nicolas Vaux , English peer and politician († 1523 )
January to July
- January 14th : Adelheid von Plassenberg , abbess of the Himmelkron monastery
- February 14 : Wladislaus , Duke of Teschen and Duke of the royal part of Glogau with Guhrau, Köben and half of Beuthen (* around 1420 )
- February 29 : Albrecht III. , Duke of Bavaria-Munich (* 1401 )
- March 31 : Heinrich Laufenberg , German priest, poet and non-fiction author (* around 1390 )
- May 29th : Bolko V. , Duke of Opole, Klein Glogau, Falkenberg and Strehlitz, followers of the Hussites (* around 1400 )
- June 28th : Johannes Lamside , German theologian and master's degree in liberal arts
- July 10 : Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham , English nobleman (* 1402 )
- July 11th : John Talbot, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury , English nobleman and soldier (* around 1413 )
- July: Ranuccio Farnese il Vecchio , Italian condottiere and feudal lord, lord of Montalto, Latera, Farnese, Ischia, Valentano and Cellere; Senator in Rome and Count of Piansano (* 1390 )
August to December
- August 3 : James II , King of Scotland (* 1430 )
- August 11 : Heymericus de Campo , Dutch scholastic (* around 1395 )
- September 20 : Gilles Binchois , Franco-Flemish composer, poet and cleric (* around 1400 )
- September 25 : Katharina von Hanau , German noblewoman (* 1408 )
- October 25 : Luís Alimbrot , Flemish painter (* around 1410 )
- November 13th : Henry the Navigator , Portuguese nobleman, Infante of Portugal, initiator, patron and commissioner of the first Portuguese voyages of discovery (* 1394 )
- November 20 : Ulrich von Eyczing , founder of the Mailberger Bund (* before 1398)
- December 4th : Guarino da Verona , Italian scholar and humanist (* 1374 )
- December 30th : Thomas Harrington , English knight (* 1400 )
- December 30th : Thomas Neville , English knight (* around 1429 )
- December 30th : Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York , English nobleman, head of the House of York during the Wars of the Roses (* 1411 )
- December 30th : Edmund, Earl of Rutland , English nobleman, Lord Chancellor of Ireland (* 1443 )
- December 31 : Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury , English nobleman, leader of the Yorkists (* 1400 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Francesco II Acciaiuoli , Duke of Athens
- Alram II , German nobleman, Count von Ortenburg
- John Beaumont, 1st Viscount Beaumont , English nobleman (* around 1409 )
- Petr Chelčický , Czech lay theologian and reformer (* around 1390 )
- Lluís Dalmau , Catalan painter (* around 1400 )
- Israel Isserlein , German rabbi and author (* 1390 )
- Matthias Louda von Klumtschan , Bohemian junker, military leader and diplomat
- Fernão Lopes , Portuguese historian (* around 1380 )
- William Lucy , English knight (* around 1404 )
- Nikolaus von Pelgrims , Bohemian bishop, chronicler and diplomat, follower of the Taborites (* 1385 )
- Mose Rieti , Jewish doctor, poet and rabbi in Rome (* 1388 )