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Heads of State · Nekrolog

The execution of Klaus Störtebeker
Klaus Störtebeker and the Vitalienbrüder
are caught by the Hansekogge Bunte Kuh ,
captured and executed in Hamburg.
1401 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 849/850 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1393/94
Aztec calendar 12. Feuerstein - Matlactli omome Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 11th tubes - Matlactli ozce Acatl )
Buddhist calendar 1944/45 (southern Buddhism); 1943/44 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 68th (69th) cycle

Year of the Metal Snake辛巳 ( at the beginning of the year Metal Dragon 庚辰)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 763/764 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 779/780
Islamic calendar 803/804 (turn of the year 10/11 August)
Jewish calendar 5161/62 (September 7/8)
Coptic calendar 1117/18
Malayalam calendar 576/577
Seleucid era Babylon: 1711/12 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1712/13 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1439
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1457/58 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

King Ruprecht's coronation

Seal of Ruprecht 1401

The Archbishop of Cologne Friedrich III. von Saar Werden crowns the Palatinate Elector Ruprecht from the House of Wittelsbach on January 6th in Cologne Cathedral as Roman-German King . The cities of Aachen and Frankfurt am Main , which are on the side of King Wenzel from the House of Luxembourg , who was voted out by the Electors of Cologne , Mainz and Trier together with Ruprecht last year , have previously refused to open the gates to the new king.

In the empire , Ruprecht quickly found recognition in the areas close to the king, because Wenzel did nothing further. However, Ruprecht's sphere of activity remains very limited. In particular, the powerful House of Luxembourg does not recognize his choice. On the question of the occidental schism he adheres strictly to Rome and advocates a council to be convened by the king . Despite this support, Pope Boniface IX refused him . recognition as king.

Ruprecht sees himself confronted with several problems: The Reichsgut has shrunk more and more in the past decades and Ruprecht's own domestic power is not enough to cover all the costs. For this reason he makes a move to Italy . Ruprecht, however, cannot muster a large army, especially since Milan under Gian Galeazzo Visconti is an overpowering opponent in imperial Italy .


Prince Abbot Kuno von Stoffeln tries to reclaim legally justified taxes that have not been used from the state of Appenzell , which has been under the Prince Abbey of St. Gallen since the early Middle Ages . This arouses resistance in the state of Appenzell, but also in the city of St. Gallen , which on January 17th culminated in an alliance between the city of St. Gallen and the five Appenzell municipalities of Appenzell , Gais , Hundwil , Teufen and Urnäsch . The conflict between the two parties, from the up in the years to 1429 permanent Appenzeller wars develop, revolves mainly around the rights to freedom of movement, marriage, Vererb- and saleability of a fief of the Abbey as well as hunting and fishing rights.

The Hanseatic League and the Vitalienbrüder

Störtebeker monument by Hansjörg Wagner in the HafenCity in Hamburg
Execution of Klaus Störtebeker (left) and the Vitalienbrüder on Grasbrook in front of Hamburg on a leaflet from 1701

Southern Europe


First documentary mentions

  • The Hungarian city of Aszód is first mentioned in a document.



  • December 26 : The Schiffergesellschaft in Lübeck is the St. Nicholas Brotherhood founded "to aid and comfort the living and the dead, and all who seek their honest maintenance in shipping" .



Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Wladyslaw of Opole

Second half of the year

  • July 19 : Wilhelm Freseken , provost of the Meschede monastery, canon in Soest, cathedral provost in Münster and canon in St. Aposteln in Cologne
  • September 27th : Michael of Prague , prior of the Carthusian monasteries in Prague, Aggsbach and Geirach in Lower Styria and visitor to the Upper German Order Province.

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1401

  • Bartholomäus von Pisa , Italian Franciscan, author of an extensive work on the life and miracles of Francis of Assisi

Web links

Commons : 1401  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files