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Alfred Dreyfus
The Dreyfus affair begins with the arrest of Alfred Dreyfus in France .
Reichstag building on Königsplatz in Berlin, around 1895
The Reichstag building is inaugurated after ten years of construction.
Pierre de Coubertin around 1894
Pierre de Coubertin founds the International Olympic Committee at the Olympic Congress in Paris with the aim of reviving the Olympic Games .
Albert de Dion at the wheel of his motorized tricycle
Albert de Dion wins the first automobile race
in history.
1894 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1342/43 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1886/87 (September 10-11)
Baha'i calendar 50/51 (March 20/21)
Bengali solar calendar 1299/1300 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2437/38 (southern Buddhism); 2436/37 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 76th (77th) cycle

Year of the wood horse 甲午 ( at the beginning of the year water snake 癸巳)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1256/57 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4227/28 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1272/73 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1311/12 (July 4th / 5th)
Japanese calendar Meiji 27 ( 明治 27 年 );
Kōki 2554
Jewish calendar 5654/55 (September 30th / October 1st)
Coptic calendar 1610/11 (September 10/11)
Malayalam calendar 1069/70
Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire) 1309/10 (March 1)
Seleucid era Babylon: 2204/05 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2205/06 (New Year October)

Suriyakati Calendar (Thai Solar Calendar) 2436/37 (April 1)
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1950/51 (April)


Politics and world events


  • January 11 : An insurgent farmer defeats Korean government troops near Go-bu . After that, the Donghak uprising spreads rapidly.
  • March 13 : Government troops crush the first Donghak uprising . However, the peasant army reforms quickly and is marching towards Seoul . In early May, the peasant army occupies a palace in Jeonju . The Joseon government then asked the Chinese government for assistance in ending the revolt. The Qing Dynasty sends 3,000 Chinese soldiers to Korea after informing the Japanese government under the Treaty of Tientsin . Japan sees China's actions as a threat to its national security and is sending troops to Korea.
  • In the presence of Chinese troops, the government negotiates a ceasefire with the rebels. With the end of the rebellion, tensions between China and Japan increased, as neither country is ready to withdraw its troops from Korea first.
  • July 23 : Japanese troops occupy Seoul , invade Gyeongbokgung Palace and restrict King Gojong's freedom of movement . You start with the Gabo reforms .
Japanese troops in the First Sino-Japanese War
  • July 25 : The fighting between Japan and China begins with a sea battle when four Japanese cruisers meet three Chinese warships from Busan . Both sides later claim that the enemy attacked first. The winners of the dispute are the Japanese ships; of the Chinese ships, only one cruiser reaches the base in Wei-Hai-Wei .
  • Simultaneously with the hostilities between Japan and China, a new peasant uprising begins in Korea against the pro-Japan government.
  • August 1st : The First Sino-Japanese War officially begins with China declaring war on Japan after the latter took control of the Royal Palace in Seoul .
Color woodcut by Mizuno Toshikata depicting the Battle of Pyongyang
The satirical drawing of the magazine Punch from September 29 shows the victory of the "small" Japan on the "big" China


The German Imperium


The funeral of President Sadi Carnot on July 1st

Ottoman Empire


Picture of the engagement in 1894

America and Oceania


Patents and trademarks

Business start-ups

Blacksmith Scene



science and technology

Postcard view of Blackpool Tower from the North Pier (circa 1895)
Tower Bridge (around 1900)


Architecture and fine arts


Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche, around 1894

Music and theater

Poster of the premiere





  • October 29 : The New Zealand passenger steamer Wairarapa hits a reef off Miners Head on Great Barrier Island and sinks, killing 121 passengers and crew. It is one of the biggest shipping disasters in New Zealand.

Minor accidents are listed in the sub-articles of Catastrophe .

nature and environment


Steinitz (left) and Lasker (right) during their world championship match in 1894




John Ford
Harold Macmillan


Otto Grotewohl, 1950


Nikita Khrushchev



King Edward VIII, 1945
Hermann Oberth, 1961





Heinrich Lübke, 1959



Elzie Segar
Robert Menzies

Exact date of birth unknown


First quarter

Heinrich Hertz
Theodor Billroth, 1887
Adolphe Sax

Second quarter

Third quarter

Hermann von Helmholtz
Heinrich Hoffmann, (around 1880)

Fourth Quarter

Robert Louis Stevenson, 1892
Ferdinand de Lesseps

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1894  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files