Heinrich Wedge

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Theodor Heinrich Gottfried Keil (born May 25, 1822 in Gressow near Wismar , † August 27, 1894 in Friedrichroda ) was a German classical philologist and teacher.

Heinrich Keil (from Alfred Gudeman : Imagines Philologorum , Leipzig 1911, p. 32)


Heinrich Keil was the youngest of three sons of pastor Johann Gottfried Heinrich Zacharias Keil (1785–1846). He came from Göttingen, was first assistant preacher in Diedrichshagen, then from 1817 to 1846 pastor in Gressow (Superintendentur Wismar); In 1817 he married the daughter Marie Albertine (1797–1848) of his predecessor Albert Kindler. The couple's two older sons also became pastors. He had six sons and 2 daughters. Another son was Friedrich Keil .

Heinrich Keil attended grammar school in Göttingen from 1837 and studied classical philology from 1839 - initially two semesters in Göttingen  - then in Bonn , where he a. a. was influenced by Friedrich Ritschl , who taught there . In Bonn he also took part in a fraternity . In 1843 he received his doctorate in Bonn with the text-critical work Observationes criticae in propertium on the Roman poet Properz and passed the teacher's examination. In the fall of 1843 he began his probationary year at the Royal Realschule in Berlin. He then toured various libraries in Italy from 1844 to 1846 to study manuscripts, which had made it possible for him to receive a grant from his sovereign, Grand Duke Friedrich Franz II . From 1847 he taught at Pädagogium the Francke Foundations in Halle (Saale) , parallel to this, wedge 1848 habilitation at the local university with a study of the writings of the elder Cato and Varro on Agriculture. In 1855 he went as a senior teacher at the Friedrichwerdersche Gymnasium in Berlin and taught as a private lecturer at the Berlin Friedrich Wilhelms University . In 1859 he took over the chair for classical philology in Erlangen as the successor to Karl Friedrich Nägelsbach , in 1869 he followed a call to Halle and succeeded Theodor Bergk . In 1877 he was elected a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Saint Petersburg . Since 1882 he was a corresponding member of the Berlin Academy of Sciences .

His estate, which includes his correspondence with Theodor Mommsen , was given to the University Archives in Halle in April 2007 by his great-grandson Martin Elze .


The focus of his academic activity was the research of the ancient Latin grammarians as well as the critical edition of the works of the older Cato, Varro and the younger Pliny .


He was married to Louise (1834-1914), daughter of the philologist Friedrich August Eckstein , since 1855 . The marriage resulted in two daughters and six sons.



  • Observationes criticae in propertium , Phil. Diss. Bonn 1843.
  • Observationum criticarum in Catonis et Varronis de re rustica libros caput secundum , Hab.-Schr. Hall 1848.
  • Analecta grammatica , Halle 1848.
  • Observationes criticae in Catonis et Varronis de re rustica libros , Halle 1849.
  • Sex. Properties Elegiae . Edidit Henricus Keil, Leipzig 1850 (further editions Leipzig 1857; 1867).
  • C. Plini Caecili Secundi epistularum libri novem. Epistularum ad Traianum liber . Panegyricus. Recognovit Henricus Keil, Leipzig 1853 (multiple editions, most recently Leipzig 1896).
  • Grammatici latini , 7 vols., Leipzig 1855-80 (ND Hildesheim 1961; 1981).
  • Quaestiones grammaticae , Halle 1860.
  • Plinii Secundi Epistolae , Leipzig 1870 (with an index by Theodor Mommsen ).
  • M. Porci Catonis De agri cultura liber. M. Terenti Varronis Rerum rusticarum libri tres . Ex recensione Henrici Keilii, 2 vols., Leipzig 1884–1891 (as 3rd vol .: Richard Krumbiegel: Indices verborum , Leipzig 1897–1902).


Heinrich Keil was awarded the Crown Order 2nd Class and the Red Eagle Order 2nd Class . In 1894 he received an honorary doctorate from Moscow University .


  • C. Häberlin: Heinrich Keil, In: Biographisches Jahrbuch für Altertumskunde , 19. Jg., 1896 (1897), pp. 49-80 (contains list of publications).
  • Peter WirthWedge, Heinrich. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 11, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1977, ISBN 3-428-00192-3 , p. 404 ( digitized version ).
  • Entry . In: Meyers Konversationslexikon . Vol. 9, 4th edition Leipzig / Vienna 1885–1892, p. 657.
  • Chronicle of the Royal United Friedrichs University Halle-Wittenberg for the university year from April 1, 1894 to March 31, 1895 , pp. 2-15.
  • Library of Prof. Dr. Heinrich Keil in Halle a. S. , 2 parts (= List & Francke: Antiqua Directory; No. 263–264), Leipzig 1895.

Web links

Wikisource: Heinrich Keil  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. a b c Entry on Heinrich Keil in the Catalogus Professorum Halensis (accessed on July 28, 2015)
  2. Gustav Willgeroth : The Mechlenburg-Schwerin pastors since the Thirty Years' War, with comments on the previous pastors since the Reformation . Volume 3, Wismar 1925, p. 1188. ( digitized version )
  3. ^ Franz Richarz: List of members of the Fridericia fraternity in Bonn (February 18, 1843 to autumn 1847) as well as the Arminia fraternity in Bonn (1847 to 1849) and the fraternity association Germania in Bonn (1843 to 1849). Bonn 1894, p. 7.
  4. ^ Foreign members of the Russian Academy of Sciences since 1724. Theodor Heinrich Gottfried Keil. Russian Academy of Sciences, accessed September 5, 2015 .
  5. Keil, Heinrich . In: Werner Hartkopf: The Berlin Academy of Sciences. Its members and award winners 1700–1990. Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1992, ISBN 3-05-002153-5 , p. 179 f.
  6. Uni-Magazin 2/2007 (PDF; 3.25 MB) Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg