Punch (formerly Punch, or The London Charivari ) was a satirical magazine founded in London in 1841by Henry Mayhew and the xylograph Ebenezer Landells .
Punch coined the term cartoon as a term for a comical or satirical drawing. The figurehead of the magazine was the anarchic hand puppet Mr. Punch . The sub-title The London Charivari carried the sheet in allusion to the French satirical newspaper Le Charivari .
The illustrator Richard Doyle designed the first covers of the magazine and was a permanent employee.
The journal's most renowned authors included John Betjeman , AA Milne , Anthony Powell , WC Sellar , RJ Yeatman , William Thackeray , Lewis Baumer , Edward Linley Sambourne and John Tenniel .
The punch shaped British cultural history through numerous drawings and publications that are still present in collective memory today, such as various caricatures on the new teachings of Charles Darwin ( Der Salon Löwe Herr Gorilla ), the caricature Dropping the Pilot to dismiss Otto von Bismarck , the caricature The Rhodes Colossus on British Imperialism or the anti-war poem In Flanders Fields from 1915.
The Punch had its highest circulation in the 1940s with around 175,000 copies. Since then, however, the circulation has fallen so sharply that the magazine had to be discontinued in 1992, after more than 150 years. The Egyptian businessman Mohamed Al-Fayed bought the rights to the name in 1996 and started a relaunch of the magazine in the same year . Due to a lack of success, however, it was discontinued in May 2002 with only 6,000 subscribers.
- 1841-1870 Mark Lemon
- 1870–1874 Charles William Shirley Brooks
- 1874-1880 Tom Taylor
- 1880–1906 Sir Francis Burnand
- 1906–1932 Sir Owen Seaman
- 1932-1949 Edmund George Knox
- Kenneth Bird, 1949-1952
- 1953-1957 Malcolm Muggeridge
- 1958–1968 Bernard Hollowood
- 1969-1977 William Davis
- 1978-1987 Alan Coren
- 1988 David Taylor
- 1989-1992 David Thomas
- Punch Cartoon Archive (English)
- Punch at Project Gutenberg (English)
- Online archive of the cartoons by John Leech, 1840–1860
- SERIAL ARCHIVE LISTINGS for Punch link to online issues in the Internet Archive
- MH Spielmann The History of "Punch" . Publisher: Cassell and Company, Limited London, Paris, & Melbourne 1895 Project Gutenberg online reader, December 17, 2007
- 'Punch' and 'Punch's Almanack' - digital