Marie François Sadi Carnot

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Marie François Sadi Carnot (born August 11, 1837 in Limoges , † June 25, 1894 in Lyon ) was a French politician and engineer . He was French President from 1887 to 1894.


Carnot was born the son of the politician Hippolyte Carnot (1801-1888) and grandson of Lazare Carnot (1753-1823). He was a nephew of the physicist Nicolas Carnot . He completed his engineering studies at the École polytechnique and the École nationale des ponts et chaussées in Paris . He became prefect of the Seine-Inférieure department (today's name: Seine-Maritime department ) and a member of the Côte-d'Or department in 1871.

After working as State Secretary and Minister in the State Construction Ministry, he became Minister of Finance in 1885. After the forced abdication of President Jules Grévy , Carnot was elected as his successor on December 3, 1887. The beginning of his term of office was marked by the unrest surrounding Georges Boulanger and the Panama scandal (1892).

In order to counter a wave of anarchist attacks and to stop the agitation of the trade unions, the laws concerning personal freedom and the offenses of the press ( lois scélérates ) were passed in December 1893 and later tightened. These were criticized by the socialist opposition. Carnot was injured with a dagger on June 24, 1894 in Lyon after a speech by the Italian anarchist Sante Geronimo Caserio and died a few hours later. He was buried in a grave of honor in the Panthéon .

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predecessor Office successor
Jean Clamageran Minister of Finance of France
April 16, 1885–11. December 1886
Albert Dauphin