Jules Grévy

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Jules Grévy

François Paul Jules Grévy (born  August 15, 1807 in Mont-sous-Vaudrey , Département Jura , †  September 9, 1891 ibid) was a French lawyer and politician. He was President from 1879 to 1887.


Jules Grévy came from a middle-class family (according to Julius Walter: son of a farmer), studied in Paris and pursued a career as a lawyer. During the February Revolution of 1848 he was commissioned by the government of the Jura department, and in the same year he was sent to the constituent national assembly from his home constituency. There he took a decidedly republican position and resisted the direct election of the president by the people. As an opponent of Louis Napoléon Bonaparte , he withdrew from politics after his coup in 1851. In 1868 Grévy was again a member of the Jura department and a member of the opposition. He was one of the most resolute opponents of the Franco-Prussian War and propagated the proclamation of the republic, but this never happened. From 1871 to 1873 Grévy, who had now adopted a moderate republican stance, was President of the Chamber of Deputies .

After the resignation of his political opponent Patrice de Mac-Mahon on January 30, 1879, Grévy was elected President by the MPs. This represented a decisive step in the democratization of the state in France. Its domestic policy was characterized by the strengthening of the parliament and the implementation of the principle of laicism. In addition, he supported an amnesty for the revolutionaries condemned after the commune. In terms of foreign policy, he pursued a policy of détente. On December 18, 1885, Grévy was re-elected for a second term.

In 1887 a scandal broke out around his son-in-law Daniel Wilson. This sold counterfeit medals. As a result of this scandal, Grévy was forced to resign on December 2nd of that year . He died in his home parish of Mont-sous-Vaudray on September 9, 1891.

In addition to (and unaffected by) his political career, Grevy was also a very well known French lawyer, especially in civil law. In 1837 he was admitted to the bar. In 1862 he joined the Conseil de l'Ordre . In 1868 he became chairman of the Paris Bar Association ( Bâtonnier de Paris ).


  • Discours politiques et judiciaires, rapports et messages de Jules Grévy . - Paris: Maison Quantin, 1888 (edited by Lucien Delabrousse) éléctronique document


  • Julius Walter: The third president of the third French republic , in: The gazebo. Illustrated family sheet. Born in 1879. Ernst Keil, Leipzig 1879, pp. 162–164.
  • Pierre Jeambrun: Jules Grévy ou la République debout. Librairie Jules Tallandier, Paris 1991, ISBN 2-235-02055-0 .

Web links

Commons : Jules Grévy  - album with pictures, videos and audio files
predecessor Office successor

Denis Emmanuel
President of the French Chamber of Deputies
February 16, 1871 - April 4, 1873
March 13, 1876 - January 31, 1879

Louis-Joseph Buffet
Léon Gambetta