Chamber of Deputies (France)

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Chamber of Deputies in the Palais Bourbon (1841)
Floor plan of the Chamber of Deputies

The Chamber of Deputies ( Chambre des députés ) was one of the two legislative parliamentary chambers of the restored monarchy (1814-1830), the July monarchy (1830-1848) and the French Third Republic (1871-1940). In between were the so-called February Revolution restored republic ( correspondingly Second Republic ) of 1848 with Louis Napoléon as President, then the Second Empire from 1852–1870 with him as Emperor Napoleon III , until his deposition after the defeat in the Franco-German War (1870/71).

The upper house was either the noble Chambre des Pairs or the Senate . Together they formed the National Assembly .

The Chamber of Deputies was elected by universal and direct elections every four years . It had 565 members, including six from Algeria and ten from the colonies . All French men had the active right to vote from 21 years of age and passive voting rights from 25 years of age. From 1885 onwards, each department chose the number of deputies that it was entitled to based on its population.

Like the Senate , it had extensive powers to legislate and oversee the government. The President of the Republic was able to dissolve the Chamber, but this no longer happened after 1877.

The system of government in the Third Republic was quite unstable. After the First World War, the Chamber of Deputies often delegated the legislative power to the government.

On July 10, 1940, the Chamber of Deputies and Senate in Vichy transferred all their powers to General Pétain ( Vichy regime ). After that, the Chamber of Deputies did not meet again.

The National Assembly was the successor to the Chamber of Deputies in the Constitution of the Fourth Republic .


Web links

Commons : Chamber of Deputies (July Monarchy)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Commons : Chamber of Deputies (Third French Republic)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files