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The lawyer is the contractual or legal representative in legal matters, in particular of private individuals , companies or institutions vis-à-vis the state , authorities , courts or companies. Another name for a lawyer is advocate .


Legal professions are already known in ancient Greece . In principle, the parties to the proceedings had to represent their case in court themselves. They could use an “advocate” or synegor ( ancient Greek συνήγορος synēgoros ) for support (voluntary work). Professional (paid) help was logographers provided that pleadings drafted. The legal professions were trained at rhetoric schools , among others .

This system was also partially adopted in the Roman Empire .

Originally, in the early modern period, the lawyer was a high official, in the sense of a deputy , in the 16th century also known as a caretaker . Since there was no separation between administration and justice at that time, he is both a public official and a person responsible for the administration of justice .

In the narrow sense

A lawyer in the narrower sense of the profession is today in German-speaking countries:

Function designations

Similar activities (legal profession as the functional designation of the representation) practice / have partly carried out, or are only available in individual countries:

See also

Web links

Wiktionary: Lawyer  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Wiktionary: lawyer  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Gerhard Putschögl: Governor and State Attorney in Austria above the Enns in the 16th and 17th centuries . Extended version of a on September 6, 1967 on the 9th Austrian Historians' day in Linz in the Landes und Siedlungskunde section. In: Communications from the Upper Austrian Provincial Archives . tape 9 , 1968, Chapter II., P. 265–290 , here p. 275 ( online (PDF) in the forum