German Patent and Trademark Office
German Patent and Trademark Office
|position||Higher federal authority|
|Supervisory authority||Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection|
|founding||July 1, 1877 in Berlin as Imperial Patent Office
1919 renaming to Reich Patent Office
1998 as German Patent and Trademark Office
|Headquarters||Munich , Bavaria|
|Authority management||Cornelia Rudloff-Schäffer , President; Christine Moosbauer, Vice President; Ulrich Deffaa, Vice President|
The German Patent and Trademark Office ( DPMA ), until 1998 the German Patent Office , is a higher federal authority in the business area of the Federal Ministry of Justice and for consumer protection with headquarters in Munich and branches in Jena , Berlin and Hauzenberg . In 2010 it employed 2,735 people, including 827 patent examiners .
The patent office is the central authority in the field of industrial property protection in Germany and is responsible, among other things, for the granting of patents , for the registration of utility models , trademarks and designs as well as for informing the public about existing industrial property rights. Recognized cooperation partners of the DPMA in the federal states are the patent information centers , united in the Arbeitsgemeinschaft Deutscher Patentinformationszentren e. V.
The legal basis is the German Patent Act . Originally, complaints against decisions by the German Patent Office were decided by the latter itself; The Federal Patent Court has been responsible for this since 1961 .
1877 Imperial Patent Office
On May 25, 1877, the first uniform German patent law was enacted, which also provided for the establishment of an authority that should grant patents. On this basis, the Imperial Patent Office was founded in Berlin on July 1, 1877, as the first German patent authority . On July 2, 1877, the first German patent for a “process for the production of a red ultramarine color ” was granted by the inventor Johannes Zeltner . The first brand Perkeo was registered on October 16, 1894 for a Berlin lamp manufacturer.
Initially, the office was housed in a building owned by the Reich in Wilhelmstrasse . In April 1879 it was moved to tenement houses on Königgrätzer Straße (today Stresemannstraße ), and in March 1882 to other buildings on the same street. In 1891 the office moved into a new building at Luisenstrasse 34 in Berlin-Mitte , and around 1895 an extension was added to property no. In 1905, the patent office building designed by architects Solf and Wichards was moved to the corner of Gitschiner Strasse and Lindenstrasse in Berlin-Kreuzberg , with a characteristic 243-meter-long front on the elevated railway line .
1919 Reich Patent Office
In 1919 the authority was renamed the Reich Patent Office.
1945 cessation of activity
After the end of the Second World War in 1945, the patent office ceased operations after the Allies had confiscated patents, trademarks and trademarks that were part of the foreign assets of German owners due to Articles II and X of Control Council Act No. 5 of October 30, 1945 found. Article II of this law was repealed on August 31, 1951, but the entire Control Council Act was not repealed until March 15, 1991 when the Treaty on the final regulation with regard to Germany came into force . Until 1951 the confiscated patents were used technologically and economically by the Allies.
1949 reopening in Munich
On October 1, 1949, the German Patent Office opened its premises in the Deutsches Museum in Munich . Since then, patents in Germany have been called " German Federal Patent " followed by the patent number. The corresponding abbreviation DBP (initially also DBP ) is occasionally found on patented products for the purpose of association with a higher quality. In 1951 a branch office was opened in the old Reich Patent Office in West Berlin. In 1959 the patent office moved to its own building in Munich, which was designed by Franz Hart and Georg Hellmuth Winkler .
1973 European Patent Office
The European Patent Organization (EPO) has been a superordinate body since 1973 and another patent office has existed since 1977 with the European Patent Office . The European Patent Office, whose task is to examine and grant European patents, registered the first patent application on June 1, 1978. It also grants effective patents in Germany and has its headquarters in Munich and offices in Rijswijk (near The Hague), Berlin, Vienna and a liaison office in Brussels.
1990 Merger with the GDR patent office
In 1990 the German Patent Office merged with the Office for Inventions and Patents of the GDR in East Berlin . Against this background, an office was set up in Jena in 1998 , and most of the former GDR office in Berlin was relocated there. The office now has three locations (Munich, Jena and Berlin). In the same year the authority was renamed from the German Patent Office to the German Patent and Trademark Office , which is intended to take account of the increased importance of trademarks as the office's area of activity.
Imperial Patent Office
The first president of the Imperial Patent Office was Karl Rudolf Jacobi until 1879 .
Reich Patent Office
The last president of the Reich Patent Office was Georg Klauer , who died of suicide in 1947.
German Patent Office, German Patent and Trademark Office
The first president of the German Patent Office was Eduard Reimer (died 1957). His successor was Herbert Kühnemann , who died in 1962. He was followed by Kurt Haertel (term of office from 1963 to 1975), Erich Häußer (term of office from 1975 to 1995), Norbert Haugg (1995 to 2000), Jürgen Schade (2001 to 2008). Cornelia Rudloff-Schäffer has been President of the Office since 2009 .
Today's service building was built by the Munich agricultural office and the architects Franz Hart and Helmuth Winkler as a new building between 1954 and 1959 on the site of a barracks destroyed in the war. The first phase consisted of the five-story atrium, the second phase of the twelve-story high-rise parallel to the Isar. This urban dominant feature is visible from afar. The building is assigned to the context-conscious and artistically ambitious modernism.
30 years after the foundation stone was laid, there was a fundamental need for renovation. As part of this “major measure”, which was completed in 2001, a competition for art in architecture was also held. Dietmar Tanterl developed a media light sculpture for the canteen on the 10th floor . In the house, 28 photo works by Beate Passow were installed across the ten floors opposite the paternoster . The photo work "The Invention of Red Ultramarine" refers to the first patent specification of the Imperial Patent Office from 1877.
The front runners at the German Patent and Trademark Office in 2016 were Bosch with 3,693 patent applications, Schaeffler with 2,316 patent applications, and Daimler with 1,946 patent applications. In 2017, 6% of patents were registered by women. In Baden-Württemberg , eleven times more patents are registered per 100,000 inhabitants than in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania .
In 1984 the DPMA opened an inventor gallery. It should be "an incentive for all innovative forces to develop further and a signal to those responsible to promote them sustainably." It was expanded in 1987 and 1999 and since then has comprised 17 German inventors: Béla Barényi , Gerd Binnig , Ludwig Bölkow , Walter Bruch , Jürgen Dethloff , Artur Fischer , Rudolf Hell , Heinz Lindenmeier , Hermann Oberth , Hans Joachim Pabst von Ohain , Oskar-Erich Peter , Hans-Jürgen Quadbeck-Seeger , Ernst Ruska , Hans Sauer , Felix Wankel , Ernst- Ludwig Winnacker and Konrad Zuse .
- Reichspatentamt (Ed.): The Reichspatentamt 1877–1927. Review of his development and work . Heymanns, Berlin 1927 (digitized version)
- Martin Otto : German Patent and Trademark Office (DPMA) . In: Historical Lexicon of Bavaria
- Official website
- Working Group of German Patent Information Centers e. V.
- Research in the databases of the DEPATIS system of the DPMA
- About us. DPMA, February 26, 2020, accessed on August 4, 2020 .
- Press release of the DPMA.
- Process for the production of a red ultramarine color. (PDF) Johannes Zeltner in the Nuremberg ultramarine factory. In: Patent No. 1. Imperial Patent Office, July 1, 1877, p. 1 , accessed on May 13, 2020 .
- Reichspatentamt (Ed.): The Reichspatentamt 1877–1927. Review of his development and work . Heymann, Berlin 1927 ( digitalis.uni-koeln.de [accessed on March 5, 2010]).
- See information on the PERKEO trademark in the register of the German Patent and Trademark Office (DPMA)
- October 16, 1894: First trademark entered in the trademark register , WDR record date October 16, 2014. Accessed June 3, 2017.
- The German Patent Office 1877-1945 (lecture on the occasion of the 90th anniversary of the German Patent Office in 1967) , accessed on August 22, 2016.
- Imperial Patent Office in luise-berlin.de, accessed on 22 August 2016th
- The new service building for the Imperial Patent Office in Berlin . In: Otto Sarrazin, Friedrich Schultze (Hrsg.): Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung . tape XXV , no. 79 , September 30, 1905, pp. 489-492 ( digitized version ).
- The new office building for the Imperial Patent Office in Berlin (end) . In: Otto Sarrazin, Friedrich Schultze (Hrsg.): Zentralblatt der Bauverwaltung . tape XXV , no. 80 , October 30, 1905, p. 497-499 ( digitized version ).
- Control Council Act No. 5
- History on the DPMA website
- The Reich Patent Office . In: Provinzial-Correspondenz . tape 15 , no. 28 , July 11, 1877, p. 2 ( amtspresse.staatsbibliothek-berlin.de [PDF]).
- DPMA Annual Report 2016, p. 7. ( Memento from August 19, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF).
- DPMA | Patents women. Retrieved April 19, 2019 .
- DPMA | Patents. Retrieved April 19, 2019 .
- The inventor gallery of the German Patent and Trademark Office . ( online [accessed June 3, 2017]).