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Italy 1796 before Napoleon's Italian campaign
Napoleon Bonaparte embarks on his Italian campaign .
Emperor portrait of Jiaqing
Jiaqing becomes Emperor of the Qing Dynasty in China .
Depiction of the vaccination by James Phipps, lithograph by Gaston Mélingue (around 1894)
The British country doctor Edward Jenner argues James Phipps
successful vaccination against smallpox by.
1796 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1244/45 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1788/89 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1201/02 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2339/40 (southern Buddhism); 2338/39 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the fire dragon丙辰 ( at the beginning of the year wooden rabbit 乙卯)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1158/59 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4129/30 (2-3 October)
French revolution calendar Year IV./V. of the Republic (September 21-22)
Iranian calendar 1174/75
Islamic calendar 1210/11 (turn of the year 6/7 July)
Jewish calendar 5556/57 (October 2/3)
Coptic Calendar 1512/13 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 971/972
Seleucid era Babylon: 2106/07 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2107/08 (New Year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1852/53 (April)


Politics and world events

First coalition war in Europe

  • January 16: First general and free elections in the Netherlands for the National Assembly of the Batavian Republic
Northern Italy 1796
Joséphine de Beauharnais (painting by François Gérard )
Battle of the Bridge of Lodi, Louis-François Lejeune
The Battle of Altenkirchen, bas-relief by Philippe Grass on the monument to General Kléber in Strasbourg
Battle of Rovereto, copper engraving early 19th century.
The Battle of the Bridge of Arcole, Horace Vernet
  • November 17th: First Coalition War: In the Battle of Arcole (Italy) the French under Napoleon Bonaparte defeat the Austrians

Russo-Persian War

  • April: Russian troops set off for the Caucasus. The Russo-Persian War begins.
  • June 13: Russian troops capture Baku Khanate .
  • November 17th: Catherine II dies suddenly of a stroke. Her unloved son Paul , whom she had kept away from government affairs for her entire life, succeeds her at the age of 42.


  • April 23rd: British naval troops capture the city of Stabroek , today's capital, Georgetown , in the Dutch colony of Guyana .
United States 1796
Electoral votes per state


  • February 9th: In China of the Qing Dynasty , Jiaqing takes over the business of government as the new emperor from his elderly father Qianlong .


science and technology

1796: Seventeenth corner



July 22, 1796: Announcement for Frankford (Philadelphia) with admission prices


  • December 16: When the French ship of the line Séduisant (74 cannons) sank off Brest , 680 crew members and soldiers died. The ship is part of a fleet that is supposed to bring French troops to Ireland and spark a revolt against British rule.



First quarter

Second quarter

Third quarter

Fourth Quarter

Exact date of birth unknown


January to April

May to August

Knigges grave slab in Bremen Cathedral

September to December

Catherine's sarcophagus in Saint Petersburg's Peter and Paul Cathedral
  • November 17th: Catherine II the Great, Empress of Russia and Mistress of Jever (* 1729)
  • November 17: Johann Gottfried Sammet , German lawyer and university professor (* 1719)
  • November 19: Friedrich Moritz von Nostitz-Rieneck , Austrian Field Marshal and President of the Court War Council (* 1728)
  • November 21: Angelo Soliman , Afro-Austrian slave, valet, prince tutor of Hereditary Prince Alois I of Liechtenstein and Freemason (* 1721)

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1796  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files