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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

General Bonaparte before the Council of Five Hundred at Saint Cloud on November 10, 1799 (painting by François Bouchot from 1840)
Napoleon Bonaparte
is appointed First Consul by the rump parliament
under pressure from the military .
The Rosette stone
Pierre François Xavier Bouchard finds the
Rosette stone .
Bars 1–4 of the first movement from Beethoven's Pathetique
Ludwig van Beethoven completes
the Piano Sonata No. 8 "Pathétique" .
1799 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1247/48 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1791/92 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1200/01 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2342/43 (southern Buddhism); 2341/42 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the Earth-Sheep己未 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Horse戊午)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1161/62 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4132/33 (October 2/3)
French revolutionary calendar Year VII./VIII. of the Republic (September 21/22)
Iranian calendar 1177/78
Islamic calendar 1213/14 (turn of the year 4th / 5th June)
Jewish calendar 5559/60 (September 29/30)
Coptic calendar 1515/16 (10/11 September)
Malayalam calendar 974/975
Seleucid era Babylon: 2109/10 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2110/11 (New Year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1855/56 (April)


Politics and world events

Egyptian expedition

Egypt and Syria during the campaign
  • February 19 : After an 11-day siege , the city of al-Arish falls into the hands of the French troops of Napoleon Bonaparte . The city wall is razed.
  • March 3 to 7 : The siege of Jaffa ends with the conquest of the city, which, with Napoleon's approval, leads to a massacre lasting several days in which thousands of Ottoman prisoners, most of them Albanians, are shot or stabbed with bayonets.
  • March 20 : As part of the Egyptian expedition , the siege of Acre begins . The French want to get the strategically important port city into their hands.
Battle of Mount Tabor, painting by Louis-François Lejeune
Antoine-Jean Gros : Battle of Abukir (1806)

French revolution and coalition wars

Flag of the Parthenopean Republic until February 3, 1799
Battle near Winterthur
Zurich around 1800
Battle of Novi, Alexander Kotzebue
The Second Battle of Zurich, picture by François Bouchot

Other events in Europe

Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria in coronation regalia


  • New York passes a law to gradually release the slaves. The law provides that women born after July 4, 1799 as the child of a slave should be given freedom at the age of 25. Men who have the same conditions are granted freedom at the age of 28. Slaves born before July 4, 1799 are said to remain slaves for life, but are classified as debt servants.


Money economy

Trading companies


science and technology


Visual arts

Music and theater

Antonio Salieri, painting by Willibrord Joseph Mähler
Henri Montan Berton



The HMS Lutine in a storm


First quarter

Carl Adolph von Basedow

Second quarter

Honoré de Balzac, 1842
Alexander Pushkin, 1827

Third quarter

Fourth Quarter

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Second half of the year

George Washington

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1799  - Collection of Pictures, Videos and Audio Files