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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

The coronation of Charles VII in Frankfurt am Main
The Wittelsbach Charles I. Albrecht of Bavaria is
as Charles VII. To German Roman Emperor crowned.
Schematic representation of the battle of Chotusitz
Prussia defeats Austria in the battle of Chotusitz .
Elector Karl Theodor of the Palatinate
Karl Theodor becomes the
new regent in the Electoral Palatinate .
1742 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1190/91 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1734/35 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1147/48 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2285/86 (southern Buddhism); 2284/85 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the Water Dog壬戌 ( at the beginning of the year metal rooster 辛酉)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1104/05 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4075/76 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1120/21 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1154/55 (turn of the year March 7/8)
Jewish calendar 5502/03 (September 28-29)
Coptic calendar 1458/59 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 917/918
Seleucid era Babylon: 2052/53 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2053/54 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1798/99 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

War of the Austrian Succession

The part of Silesia that remained with Austria after the First Silesian War

Other events in the Holy Roman Empire

Emperor Charles VII

Russia / Sweden

  • January 29 : The opponents of the new Tsarina Elisabeth , who were sentenced to the cruel death penalty last year , among them the former War Minister Burkhard Christoph von Münnich and Foreign Minister Heinrich Johann Friedrich Ostermann , learn of their pardon at the place of execution and are then sent into lifelong exile. The crowd does not agree with the pardon of the public enemies: There is a tumult that has to be put down by force of arms.
Elisabeth's coronation
  • May 6 : Elisabeth is crowned empress in Moscow. She puts the crown on her head, which no Russian head of state has dared to do before, and swears not to sign a death warrant.
Peter from Lacy

War of Jenkins' Ear

  • March 5 : An attempt by the British to attack Panama with fresh troops from overseas fails.
  • July: A Spanish counterattack on Georgia fails.
  • With the dissolution of the British expeditionary force, the War of Jenkins' Ear , which began in 1738 , is considered over, even if the Georgia conflict is not resolved until 1748.


science and technology

Science and math

Letter from Goldbach to Euler (Latin-German)
  • The Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius introduces the degree Celsius scale, assigning the boiling point of water 0 ° and its freezing point 100 °.
Maclaurin, portrait from his Treatise on fluxions

Teaching and Research


The Berlin Opera House in its original form, around 1745


Electress Elisabeth Auguste


Historical maps and views


January to April

May to August

Archduchess Maria Christina around 1750, painting by Martin van Meytens

September to December

Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher
Carl Wilhelm Scheele

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1742


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1742  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files