Calendar overview 1664
|Nieuw Amsterdam from the Netherlands.|
issues an edict of tolerance .
Raimondo Montecuccoli defeats the Turks in the
battle of Mogersdorf .
|1664 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1112/13 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1656/57 (September 10-11)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1069/70 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2207/08 (southern Buddhism); 2206/07 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||72nd (73rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1026/27 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3997/98 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1074/75 (July 24/25)|
|Jewish calendar||5424/25 (September 19-20)|
|Coptic calendar||1380/81 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1974/75 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1975/76 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1720/21 (April)|
Politics and world events
Turkish War 1663/1664
- January: The imperial southern army (Mur Army) under Banus Nikolaus Zrinski begins in the Turkish War of 1663/1664 with looting campaigns in Ottoman territory and can destroy the Draubrücke at Esseg . Zrinski begins the siege of the Ottoman fortress Kanije .
- April: The imperial general Jean-Louis Raduit de Souches conquers the city of Neutra .
- Beginning of June: Nikolaus Zrinski had to break off the siege of the Kanije fortress, as Grand Vizier Ahmed Köprülü was horrifying the fortress with an army of around 50,000 men.
- July 6th : The fortress Neu-Zrin is destroyed by the Ottomans after a short siege .
- July 19 : Jean-Louis Raduit de Souches defeats an Ottoman army near Levencz .
- August 1st : Count Raimondo Montecuccoli achieves a significant victory in the battle of Mogersdorf over the main Ottoman armed forces under Ahmed Köprülü, which is on the way to Vienna. Instead of militarily exploiting the victory against the defeated Ottomans, Emperor Leopold I signed the Peace of Eisenburg on August 10th . In this, the Habsburg emperor recognized the Ottoman supremacy in Transylvania , paid a severance payment and ceded Großwardein and Neuhäusel in royal Hungary to the Ottomans. The treaty, with which the Ottoman Empire reaches its greatest extent on Hungarian territory, comes into force on August 27 and ends the Turkish War of 1663/1664 .
Other events in Europe
- August 23 : King Friedrich III. of Denmark gives Altona , which only came to the Duchy of Holstein and thus to the Danish crown in 1647 with Holstein-Pinneberg , the town charter .
- October 28 : The Duke of York , who later became King James II , founds a regiment as Lord High Admiral , which became the Royal Marines .
- March 12th : England's King Charles II gives his brother James , the Duke of York and Commander-in-Chief of the English fleet, the entire Dutch Atlantic coast of North America as possession. The area does not belong to him, it is the Nieuw Nederland colony of the Netherlands . The royal decision promptly provokes disputes between the two states.
- May: The Second Esopus War ends with a peace treaty between the Esopus tribe and the Nieuw Nederland colony .
- August 27th : The English take over Nieuw Amsterdam from the Dutch and rename it New York .
- Jean-Baptiste Colbert founds the French West India Company ( Compagnie des Indes Occidentales Françaises ) with the aim of trading with the French possessions in America. Since the administration of the French colony of New France in North America was transferred to her from the previous Compagnie de la Nouvelle France , she should also take care of the settlement of this area. Home port is Le Havre .
Africa and Asia
- May 9 : Swedish possessions on the Gold Coast are conquered by the English under Robert Holmes . The individual forts and factories in the region around Cape Coast serve the trade in slaves and raw materials, which the Royal African Company later operates.
- August 27 : Louis XIV , on the initiative of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, grants a privilege to found the French East India Company based on the model of the Dutch East India Company . The privilege includes, among other things, the monopoly on trade, the right of ownership to conquered territories, the right to equip merchant and warships, the right to raise one's own troops, the right to strike one's own coins and have its own jurisdiction.
- April 20 : The Schlüsseltonne is the parent people of merchants , with the Bremer ton and beacons beings , as a substitute for an already are commissioned in 1642 mentioned ton as a last navaids the wake of the mark Weser north of Wangerooge at 11 thread depth designed. It is used to approach the Weser.
- The Gazzetta di Mantova (literally: Mantuas Gazette) is founded.
- The Strasbourg brewery Kronenbourg is founded.
science and technology
- November 17 : Comet C / 1664 W1 , which is counted among the Great Comets , is observed for the first time in Spain. It reaches its greatest brightness on December 29th .
- May 12 : Tartuffe , a comedy in five acts by Molière , has in Versailles its premiere . This first version caused a scandal due to its drastic and revolutionary criticism of religious hypocrisy , which led to the play being banned.
- Wolf Caspar von Klengel starts building the opera house on Taschenberg in Dresden . The foundation stone is laid on behalf of Elector Johann Georg II of Saxony.
- May 7th : The first big multi-day festival of King Louis XIV and his court takes place in the Palace of Versailles under the name Plaisirs de l'Île enchantée ( The joys of the enchanted island ) .
First half of the year
- February 6 : Mustafa II. , Sultan of the Ottoman Empire († 1704 )
- February 13 : Theodor Andreas Potocki , Bishop of Kulm and Warmia, Archbishop of Gniezno and Primate of Poland-Lithuania († 1738 )
- February 23 : Georg Dietrich Leyding , German composer († 1710 )
- March 12 : Moritz Wilhelm , Duke of Saxony-Zeitz († 1718 )
- March 20 : Johann Baptist Homann , German cartographer († 1724 )
- March 29 : Bernardo Maria Conti , Italian cardinal († 1730 )
- March 30 : Johann Christoph von Naumann , German engineer, officer and architect († 1742 )
- April 6 : Arvid Horn , Prime Minister of Sweden († 1742 )
- April 8 : Samuel Güldin , Swiss Pietist († 1745 )
- April 30 : François Louis de Bourbon , Prince of Conti († 1709 )
- June 3 : Rachel Ruysch , Dutch Baroque painter († 1750 )
- June 15 : Jean Meslier , French priest and early enlightenment man († 1729 )
- June 22nd : Johann Ernst III. , Duke of Saxe-Weimar († 1707 )
- June 25 : Johann Paul Hebenstreit , German moral philosopher and Lutheran theologian († 1718 )
- June 28 : Nicolas Bernier , French composer († 1734 )
- David Oppenheimer , Jewish scribe, chief rabbi of Prague and regional rabbi of Bohemia and Moravia († 1736 ) June:
Second half of the year
- July 24th : Franz Ludwig von Pfalz-Neuburg , Archbishop of the Diocese of Trier and the Diocese of Mainz († 1732 )
- August 2 : Philipp Reinhard von Hanau-Münzenberg , Count of Hanau-Münzenberg († 1712 )
- August 6 : Johann Christoph Schmidt , German composer († 1728 )
- August 16 : Alfons Ambuel , Swiss officer and politician († 1742 )
- August 20 : Johann Pálffy , Imperial Field Marshal and Palatine of Hungary († 1751 )
- October 7th : Samuel Schumacher , Swiss Protestant clergyman and Pietist († 1701 )
- October 12 : Praskovja Fyodorovna Saltykowa , Tsarina of Russia († 1723 )
- October 25 : Friedrich Girtanner , Mayor of St. Gallen and Envoy of the Diet († 1753 )
- November 9 : Johannes Speth , German organist († after 1719)
- November 11 : Heinrich Leonhard Schurzfleisch , German lawyer, historian and librarian († 1722 )
- December 2 : Johann Gallus Hügel , German master stonemason and sculptor († 1719 )
- December 26th : Johann Melchior Dinglinger , court goldsmith with Elector August the Strong of Saxony in Dresden († 1731 )
Exact date of birth unknown
First half of the year
- January 2nd : Dietrich von Ahlefeldt , bailiff zu Schwabstedt, lord of Osterrade and Kluvensiek and monastery provost zu Uetersen (* 1618 )
- January 8th : Moyse Amyraut , French theologian (* 1596 )
- January 25 : Reinhold Franckenberger , German historian (* 1585 )
- February 5 : Christen Aagaard , Danish poet (* 1616 )
- February 8 : Charles de La Porte , Duke of Meilleraye and Peer of France (* 1602 )
- February 19 : Philipp Horst , German rhetorician and moral philosopher (* 1584 )
- February 20 : Bartholomäus Khöll , imperial court stonemason master (* 1614 )
- February 26 : Anna Silvia Carretto , wife of Imperial Field Marshal Leopold Wilhelm von Baden (* 1607 )
- April 24th : Silvius Nimrod I , first Duke of Württemberg-Oels (* 1622 )
- April 25 : Gottfried Möbius , German physician (* 1611 )
- May 4th : Marcus Banzer , German medic (* 1592 )
- May 4th : Cornelis de Graeff , Regent and Mayor of Amsterdam (* 1599 )
- May 22nd : Elisabeth Marie Charlotte von Pfalz-Simmern , Duchess of Brieg (* 1638 )
Second half of the year
- July 4th : George III. , Duke of Brieg (* 1611 )
- July 7th : Hans Ernst von Wied-Runkel , German soldier and court official (* 1623 )
- July 12th : Francis Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Trowbridge , English politician (* around 1590 )
- July 16 : Andreas Gryphius , German poet and playwright of the Baroque (* 1616 )
- July 31 : Goswin Nickel , 10th order general of the Societas Jesu (* 1582 )
- August 1 : Johann Jacob Saar , German navigator and author (* 1625 )
- August 22nd : Maria Cunitz , German astronomer (* 1610 )
- August 24 : Cornelis Pietersz. Bega , Dutch painter and etcher (* 1631 or 1632 )
- August 27 : Francisco de Zurbarán , Spanish painter (* 1598 )
- October 31 : Wilhelm Friedrich , Count of Nassau-Dietz, governor of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe (* 1613 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Johannes Choinan , Sorbian linguist and theologian (* 1616 )
- Juan Gutiérrez de Padilla , Spanish-Mexican composer (* around 1590)