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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Year of Literature

Johannes Vingboon: Nieuw Amsterdam 1664
England conquered Nieuw Amsterdam from the Netherlands.
Friedrich Wilhelm, the Great Elector in armor and with a sash, painting from 1663
Elector Friedrich Wilhelm
of Brandenburg
issues an edict of tolerance .
Raimondo Montecuccoli
Count Raimondo Montecuccoli defeats the Turks in the
battle of Mogersdorf .
1664 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1112/13 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1656/57 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1069/70 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2207/08 (southern Buddhism); 2206/07 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 72nd (73rd) cycle

Year of the wood dragon甲辰 ( at the beginning of the year water rabbit 癸卯)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1026/27 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3997/98 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1042/43
Islamic calendar 1074/75 (July 24/25)
Jewish calendar 5424/25 (September 19-20)
Coptic calendar 1380/81 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 839/840
Seleucid era Babylon: 1974/75 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1975/76 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1720/21 (April)


Politics and world events

Turkish War 1663/1664

Nikolaus Zrinski
Battle of Mogersdorf, copper engraving by Matthäus Lorenz Leopold Ultzmayer

Other events in Europe

  • The French army under Louis XIV is growing enormously and is thus the largest army in the world.

European colonies

Africa and Asia
Coat of arms of the Compagnie des Indes Orientales with the motto "Florebo quocumque ferar" (Eng. "I bloom wherever I am planted")


science and technology


  • May 12 : Tartuffe , a comedy in five acts by Molière , has in Versailles its premiere . This first version caused a scandal due to its drastic and revolutionary criticism of religious hypocrisy , which led to the play being banned.


  • May 7th : The first big multi-day festival of King Louis XIV and his court takes place in the Palace of Versailles under the name Plaisirs de l'Île enchantée ( The joys of the enchanted island ) .



First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1664  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files