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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Mumtaz Mahal (representation from the 17th century)
Mumtaz Mahal's death,
the Taj Mahal is built for them .
Gustav Adolf in the battle of Breitenfeld
Gustav II Adolf defeats Tilly
in the Battle of Breitenfeld .
Magdeburg 1631, copper engraving by Matthäus Merian
The Catholic League conquers Magdeburg and razes the city
to the ground in the so-called Magdeburg Wedding .
1631 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1079/80 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1623/24 (September 11-12)
Bengali solar calendar 1036/37 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2174/75 (southern Buddhism); 2173/74 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 72nd (73rd) cycle

Year of the metal sheep辛未 ( at the beginning of the year metal horse 庚午)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 993/994 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3964/65 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1009/10 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1040/41 (July 29/30)
Jewish calendar 5391/92 (September 26-27)
Coptic calendar 1347/48 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 806/807
Seleucid era Babylon: 1941/42 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1942/43 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1687/88 (April)


Politics and world events

Thirty Years' War

Creutzenach like it was taken by IM Zu Schweden in 1631
Magdeburg wedding
Royal Swedish camp in front of the city of Werben, 1631
First battle near Breitenfeld

War of the Mantuan Succession

Other events in Europe


The Dutch Siege of Olinda, from John Ogilby's Atlas America , 1671


science and technology

Pierre Gassendi
Cautio Criminalis, Rinteln 1631, by an unknown Roman theologian


  • Construction of the Taj Mahal in India begins.


The eruption in 1631

On December 16 the breaks Vesuvius from. On the morning of the following day, the top of the volcano is blown away. The eruption, accompanied by strong earthquakes and tidal waves, lasted until December 18th and continued with smaller tremors and ash ejections until the beginning of 1632. Lava , ash fall and mud flows cause damage in Torre Annunziata , Torre del Greco , Pugliano , Portici and other places in the area, a 30 cm layer of ash covers Naples . The volcanic dust is still registered in Istanbul . Although 40,000 people flee to Naples for protection, the eruption kills 4,000 people and 6,000 pets.

Historical maps and views

Toulouse 1631



First half of the year

Second half of the year

Web links

Commons : 1631  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files