Calendar overview 1587
|Maria Stuart is executed.||
Walter Raleigh tries again to found a colony on Roanoke Island
|Francis Drake attacks Cádiz .|
|1587 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1035/36 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1579/80 (New Year 11/12 September)|
|Bengali solar calendar||992/993 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2130/31 (southern Buddhism); 2129/30 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||71st (72nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||949/950 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3920/21 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||995/996 (turn of the year December 1st / 2nd)|
|Jewish calendar||5347/48 (October 2/3)|
|Coptic calendar||1303/04 (September 11-12)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1897/98 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1898/99 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1643/44 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
England / Spain
- February 18 : Scottish Queen Mary Queen of Scots, convicted of her involvement in the Babington Conspiracy of 1586, is executed in the Great Hall of Fotheringhay Castle . Before that, Stuart had been in captivity for a total of 19 years. She will be buried on July 31st in Peterborough Cathedral.
- April 19 : Sir Francis Drake "scorches the beard of the Spanish King" Philip II. He runs with his fleet directly into the bay of Cádiz and sinks and damages many ships of the Spanish Armada , which is preparing the attack on England . Their expiry is delayed by several months.
Other events in Europe
- May 12th : The Golden Covenant of the 12 Catholic Locations of the Old Confederation concludes an alliance with Spain .
- June 30th to August 19th : Sigismund III. Wasa , a son of the Swedish King John III. , is elected King of Poland in a free election and becomes Grand Duke of Lithuania at the same time . It establishes the rule of the House of Wasa over Poland , which lasted around 80 years . Stanisław Karnkowski , who supported the new king, is stepping down from his position as Interrex .
- August 14th : After the death of Guglielmo Gonzaga , his son Vincenzo I Gonzaga becomes Duke of Mantua and Montferrat . During his reign, Mantua became a center of art in Italy.
- October 20 : In the Battle of Coutras in the Eighth Huguenot War in France , the Huguenots under Henry of Navarre defeat an army of the Catholic League under Anne de Joyeuse , who falls in the battle.
- December 23rd : During the Truchsessian War , Bonn is conquered and destroyed by Dutch troops.
- July 22nd : A group led by John White attempts to establish a colony on Roanoke Island for the second time on behalf of Walter Raleigh ; the colonists disappeared in 1590 without a trace.
- January to May: In the Siamese-Burmese War of 1584–1592 , the attacking Burma forces besieged and bombed the city of Ayutthaya .
- The Siamese-Cambodian War of 1587 between the Siamese Kingdom of Ayutthaya and the Empire of Cambodia , which developed from a counter-attack by the Siamese under Prince Naret after Cambodia's military support for Burma in the Siamese-Burmese War 1584–1592, ended without a clear winner.
science and technology
- October 31 : The University Library in Leiden is handed over to the University of Leiden in a fully functional condition. The first book in the library is a polyglot Bible , a gift from William I of Orange.
- September 1st : Torquato Tasso completes the tragedy Il Re Torrismondo in Mantua and dedicates it to Duke Vincenzo I Gonzaga .
- Daniel Rumpius publishes the Christmas carol The Morning Star has penetrated .
- In Borlinghausen is moated castle of the Lords of mirror for Desenberg completed.
- On August 18 comes Virginia Dare was the first European child on the floor of the United States today to the world.
- In Rome , the church of Santa Maria in Traspontina is consecrated, although large parts are not yet completed. The church will not be completed until 1668 .
- The basilica of the Arkadi Monastery in Crete is built.
- Kelso Abbey isfinally abandonedin the course of the Reformation in England .
nature and environment
- July 2nd : A windpipe forms over Augsburg . Hans Schultes the Younger immortalized the unusual event on a pamphlet and thus brought out the oldest known depiction of a tornado .
Historical maps and views
First half of the year
- January 8 : Jan Pieterszoon Coen , Governor General of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in Southeast Asia († 1629 )
- January 8 : Johann Fabricius , German physician and astronomer († around 1616 )
- February 3 : Balthasar Meisner , German Lutheran theologian and ethicist († 1626 )
- February 5 : Paul Röber , German Lutheran theologian († 1651 )
- February 24 : Johann Bergius , German Reformed theologian († 1658 )
- February 24 : Antoine de Boësset , French composer († 1643 )
- February 26 : Stefano Landi , Italian singer, conductor and composer († 1639 )
- April 2 : Virginia Centurione Bracelli , founder of the Italian order and mystic, Catholic saint († 1651 )
- April 17 : Ivan Lukačić , Croatian composer († 1648 )
- April 26 : Ferdinando Gonzaga , Duke of Mantua and Montferrat († 1626 )
- April 30th : Éléonore de Bourbon-Condé , Princess of Orange († 1619 )
- May 4 : Reinhard Bake , Protestant theologian and pastor at Magdeburg Cathedral († 1657 )
- May 8 : Viktor Amadeus I , Duke of Savoy († 1637 )
- June 2 : Anders Christensen Arrebo , Danish clergyman and writer († 1637 )
- June 5 : Robert Rich, 2nd Earl of Warwick , English colonial administrator, admiral and Puritan († 1658 )
- June 21 : Kaspar von Barth , German philologist († 1658 )
- June 29 : Hermann von Wrangel , Swedish field marshal and governor of Livonia († 1643 )
Second half of the year
- July 24th : Johann Stucke , Chancellor of the Swedish Government for the Duchy of Bremen-Verden († 1653 )
- September 3 : Juliane von Nassau-Dillenburg , Countess of Hessen-Kassel († 1643 )
- September 18 : Francesca Caccini , Italian singer and composer († 1640 )
- October 4 : Raffaello Vanni , Italian painter († 1673 )
- October 22 : Joachim Jungius , German mathematician, physicist and philosopher († 1657 )
- November 4th (baptized): Samuel Scheidt , German composer, organist and court music director († 1654 )
- November 17 : Joost van den Vondel , Dutch poet and playwright († 1679 )
- December 19 : Dorothea Sophie von Sachsen-Altenburg , 33rd abbess of the Imperial Monastery of Quedlinburg († 1645 )
Exact date of birth unknown
Born around 1587
First half of the year
- January 2 : Andrzej Patrycy Nidecki , Polish humanist, philologist, publisher, royal secretary and bishop (* 1522 )
- January 21 : Juraj Drašković of Trakošćan , Cardinal and Ban of Croatia (* 1515 )
- February 2 : François de Beaumont, Baron des Adrets , French Huguenot leader at the time of the Wars of Religion (* 1513 )
- February 13th : Dorothea von Sachsen , Duchess of Braunschweig and Lüneburg, Princess of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (* 1563 )
- February 18 : Maria Stuart , Queen of Scotland (* 1542 )
- February 26 : Magdalena zur Lippe , Countess of Hesse-Darmstadt (* 1552 )
- March 1 : Jan Rubens , Flemish lawyer and father of Peter Paul Rubens (* 1530 )
- March 15 : Caspar Olevian , German Reformed theologian (* 1536 )
- April 8 : John Foxe , English writer (* 1517 )
- April 16 : Anne Seymour, Duchess of Somerset , English nobleman and literary patron (* around 1510 )
- April 22 : Matthias Colerus , German legal scholar (* around 1530 )
- April 25 : Leonhart Zollikofer , Swiss businessman and policeman in St. Gallen (* 1529 )
- May 14 : Kaspar Schlumpf , Swiss businessman and mayor of St. Gallen (* 1510 )
- May 17th : Gotthard Kettler , last Master of the Teutonic Order in Livonia and first Duke of Courland and Semgallia (* 1517 )
Second half of the year
- July 6th : Arnold Mercator , Flemish-German cartographer (* 1537 )
- July 31 : Theobald Craschel , auxiliary bishop in Cologne (* around 1511 )
- September 2 : walpurga hausmannin , Bavarian midwife victims of the witch trials Dillinger (* 1510 / 27 )
- October 19 : Franz I , Grand Duke of Tuscany (* 1541 )
- October 20 : Bianca Cappello , Italian mistress and Renaissance princess (* 1548 )
- October 20 : Anne de Joyeuse , Admiral of France (* 1560 )
- October 27 : Michael Beuther , German historian, poet, lawyer and civil servant (* 1522 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Andrea Camuzio , Swiss physician and university professor (* around 1512)
- around August 21: William Pole , English politician (* 1515 )
- Huang, Ray. 1587, a Year of No Significance: The Ming Dynasty in Decline (Yale University Press, 1982).
- Ott, Michael R. Fifteen hundred and eighty-seven: Literature, History and the Historia by D. Johann Fausten (Frankfurt am Main, 2014) online .