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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Landing of Japanese troops in Busan
The Imjin War begins with Japan's attack on Busan .
Pope Clement VIII
Ippolito Aldobrandini becomes Pope under the name Clement VIII .
16th century turtle ship
Korea builds the first turtle ships in the Imjin War .
1592 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1040/41 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1584/85 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 997/998 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2135/36 (southern Buddhism); 2134/35 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the water dragon壬辰 ( at the beginning of the year metal rabbit 辛卯)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 954/955 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3925/26 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 970/971
Islamic calendar 1000/01 (New Year 7/8 October)
Jewish calendar 5352/53 (September 6-7)
Coptic calendar 1308/09 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 767/768
Seleucid era Babylon: 1902/03 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1903/04 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1648/49 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events


Ranuccio I. Farnese

Korea / Japan

The Imjin War begins on April 14th with the attack on the Korean port of Busan by the Japanese ruler Toyotomi Hideyoshi . Seoul falls just 20 days later . The provinces of P'yŏngan-do and Hamgyŏng-do come under Japanese control. The Korean royal court flees to the Yalu in the city of Uiju. Part of the Japanese army remains in Seoul while the other pushes further north. On June 8 after the Battle of Chungju falls Hanseong . After taking the fortress city of Pyongyang , the Japanese stopped the advance to wait for supplies.

Statue of Yi Sun-sin in Seoul

In the meantime, however, the Korean fleet, under the command of Admiral Yi Sun-sin , has achieved decisive victories over the Japanese fleet through strategic skill and with the help of the turtle ships newly developed this year , including on June 16 in the sea ​​battle of Okpo win and thus prevent the supply routes of the Japanese. Nationwide, the Korean people, especially from the Yangban class , organize loyal armies, and the government forces are ultimately also supported by China under the Ming dynasty , as China does not want to allow its southern buffer state to be threatened. A Chinese army under General Li Ju-sung is pushing the Japanese back south. As early as autumn 1593, the Korean government was able to move back into Seoul and peace negotiations between Japan and Korea could begin.

Voyages of discovery

John Davis

The English explorer Thomas Cavendish is killed on the journey that began last year. His companion John Davis discovers the Falkland Islands after a storm , but without entering them. His return trip is also extremely lossy. Of the 76 men of the original crew, only 14 reach the home port.


A red seal ship of the Araki trading family, 17th century

In Japan under Toyotomi Hideyoshi the red seal system is mentioned for the first time. Red seal ships , armed merchant ships with a red seal patent from the early Tokugawa shogunate , sailed to Southeast Asian ports until 1635 .

For the first time in Saxony , the Dreibrüdertaler is minted with the portraits of the three underage brothers Christian II , Johann Georg and August .

science and technology

The Bishop of Malta Tomás Gargal founded the Collegium Melitense in Valletta on November 12th at the suggestion of Pope Clement VIII and the Grand Master of the Order of Malta , Hugues Loubenx de Verdale . Today's University of Malta is the oldest Commonwealth University outside of Great Britain and to date the only university in Malta .

Queen Elizabeth I founds the University of Dublin under the name The College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity of Queen Elizabeth near Dublin as the first university in Ireland .

Domenico Fontana

The architect, painter and sculptor Domenico Fontana is dismissed by the new Pope Clement VIII on charges of misappropriating public funds and goes to Naples. There he discovered inscriptions during canal construction work, but nobody was interested in them at the time. Only 150 years later does it become clear that Fontana discovered the buried Pompeii .



Coat of arms of Pope Clement VIII, modern drawing

Historical maps and views

Map of Nova Francia around 1592


January to April

May to December

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1592


January to March

The tomb of Christoph zu Mecklenburg

April to June

July to December

Grave of Johann III. in Uppsala Cathedral

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

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