Calendar overview 1670
Spain recognizes the Treaty of Madrid
, the British sovereignty over Jamaica on.
|Christian V becomes King of Denmark and Norway .||
Pope Clement X.
|1670 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1118/19 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1662/63 (September 10-11)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1075/76 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2213/14 (southern Buddhism); 2212/13 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||72nd (73rd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1032/33 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4003/04 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1080/81 (May 20/21)|
|Jewish calendar||5430/31 (14/15 September)|
|Coptic calendar||1386/87 (September 10-11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1980/81 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1981/82 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1726/27 (April)|
Politics and world events
- February 9th : On the late Friedrich III. follows Christian V as ruler of Denmark and Norway . Only shortly before the death of his father was the young king involved in the affairs of government and thus hardly prepared for his royal duties. So he initially remains dependent on advisors, among whom Peder Schumacher Griffenfeld in particular gains power and influence.
- February 17th : Agreement of an alliance between Louis XIV of France and Elector Ferdinand Maria of Bavaria .
- June 1 : With the secret Treaty of Dover , Charles II , King of England , and the French King Louis XIV conclude an agreement that provides for an alliance between the two countries against the United Netherlands and Charles' conversion to Catholicism . France promises to pay 2,000,000 livres annually and a military force of 6,000 men to support Charles II against internal uprisings.
- July 18 : The Treaty of Madrid formally ends the Anglo-Spanish War, which had been going on since 1653/54 . Jamaica and the Cayman Islands are recognized as English owned by Spain; Both parties want to tolerate the contractual partner's trade in the Caribbean .
- The criminal part of the Code Louis , drawn up by Jean-Baptiste Colbert on behalf of Louis XIV , is published.
Holy Roman Empire
- July 25 : Emperor Leopold I deports the Jews from Leopoldstadt in Vienna . The City of Vienna is obliged to buy the area, the New Synagogue is torn down and the Leopold's Church is built in its place in Grosse Pfarrgasse. This part of Leopoldstadt will be the first part of Vienna outside of the previous city walls . In the next few years, many of the expellees reached the area of today's Burgenland, some of them via detours, where the seven communities were established under the protection of the Hungarian magnate Paul I. Esterházy de Galantha .
- Under Grand Master Nicolas Cotoner the construction of the Cotonera Lines begins as part of the fortifications of Malta . In the same year, the construction of Fort Ricasoli east of the Grand Harbor begins .
- May 2nd : King Charles II of England authorizes the Hudson's Bay Company's charter to trade with Indians on all rivers that flow into the Hudson Bay . The fur trading company is one of the world's oldest existing companies. Ruprecht von der Pfalz, Duke of Cumberland , becomes the company's first governor .
- To trade with the First Nations which is based Hudson's Bay Company , the Fort Albany at Albany River .
- Saxon coin history : To promote trade in Leipzig with Hamburg and the Netherlands, the exchange thaler was issued in Electoral Saxony under Elector Johann Georg II .
- The so-called “ little Wipper time ” begins, when the illegal hedge minting flourishes again.
science and technology
- Baruch de Spinoza publishes the philosophical work Tractatus theologico-politicus in Amsterdam under a pseudonym . The writing is banned in 1674 .
- At the suggestion of its member Philipp Jakob Sachs von Löwenheim, the German Academia Naturae Curiosorum founds the journal Miscellanea Curiosa , one of the earliest specialist journals and the world's first journal with a focus on medicine and natural sciences.
- The English nobleman Samuel Morland invents the " speaking trumpet ".
- The Italian Jesuit Francesco Lana Terzi publishes a book entitled Prodromo ovvero saggio di alcune invenzioni nuove premesso all'arte maestra ( Harbinger or attempt [essay] about some new inventions in advance of the main art ) and describes in it a " flying ship ", which however is never built. His first Braille , which was developed in the same year and consisted of dots and lines, is also not used.
Architecture and painting
- June 7th : A royal decree orders the construction of wide boulevards (such as Boulevard Saint-Martin , Boulevard Saint-Denis and Boulevard Beaumarchais ) in place of the old Paris city walls .
- The church of Sant'Andrea al Quirinale on the Quirinal in Rome, designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini , is completed by his assistants after twelve years of construction. The client was Cardinal Camillo Francesco Maria Pamphilj , who died in 1666 .
- At Castle Celle renovations begin on behalf of Duke Georg Wilhelm of Brunswick-Lüneburg , in the course of which also the Castle Theater Celle is established.
Literature and theater
- October 14 : Molière's ballet comedy Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme has its world premiere at the Chateau de Chambord . The music is by Jean-Baptiste Lully .
- November 21 : The tragedy Bérénice by Jean Racine , in the Hôtel de Bourgogne premiered in Paris. The piece consists of 1506 Alexandrians . The author has dedicated it to the Finance Minister Jean-Baptiste Colbert .
- April 29 : Emilio Altieri is the conclave from 1669 to 1670 at the age of 80 years for Pope elected and takes the name of Clement X in. The new Pope leaves the current affairs of state to his adoptive nephew Paluzzo Paluzzi Altieri degli Albertoni .
- July 17th : At least nine people are killed in one of the worst earthquakes in Tyrol and numerous buildings are damaged. Landslides and landslides occur in several places.
Historical maps and views
First half of the year
- January 2 : Octavio Broggio , Bohemian architect and builder of the High Baroque († 1742 )
- January 2 : Heinrich Pipping , German Lutheran theologian († 1722 )
- January 18 : Jeanne Baptiste d'Albert de Luynes , French aristocrat, lover of King Viktor Amadeus I of Sardinia-Piedmont († 1736 )
- January 24th : William Congreve , English playwright and poet († 1729 )
- January 26 : Jacob van Schuppen , court painter at the imperial court in Vienna († 1751 )
- February 25 : Maria Margaretha Kirch , German astronomer († 1720 )
- March 17 : Caspar Nicolaus Overbeck , German Protestant theologian († 1752 )
- March 31 : Louis Auguste I , Duke of Maine, illegitimate son of Louis XIV († 1736 )
- April 12 : Gustav Samuel Leopold , last Duke of Pfalz-Zweibrücken-Kleeburg and Pfalz-Zweibrücken († 1731 )
- April 24 : Christian Ludwig Boxberg , German composer and organist († 1729 )
- April 25 : Carl Graf von Ahlefeldt , German statesman and lord of the lordships of Rixingen and Mörsberg as well as liege count of Langeland at Tranekær Castle and district administrator on Langeland († 1722 )
- May 12 : August the Strong , Elector of Saxony and King of Poland († 1733 )
- June 22nd : Eva von Buttlar , mystical-libertinist sectarian and namesake of the group known as Buttlarsche Rotte († 1721 )
Second half of the year
- July 5 : Dorothea Sophie von der Pfalz , Duchess of Parma and Piacenza († 1748 )
- July 8th : Peter Cornelius Beyweg , auxiliary bishop of the Speyer diocese († 1744 )
- July 18 : Giovanni Battista Bononcini , Italian cello player and composer († 1747 )
- July 30th : Carlo Archinto , Italian nobleman († 1732 )
- August 10 : Johann Friedrich Wentzel , German painter and etcher († 1729 )
- August 28 : Wilhelm II , Prince of Nassau-Dillenburg († 1724 )
- October 20 : Jean Daniel Abraham Davel , Vaudois revolutionary († 1723 )
- October 28 : Jacob-Sigisbert Adam , French sculptor († 1747 )
- November 19 : Anselm Schnaus , Abbot of the Waldsassen Monastery († 1724 )
- November 26 : Maria Amalia von Brandenburg-Schwedt , Duchess of Saxony-Zeitz († 1739 )
- November 30th : John Toland , English free thinker († 1722 )
- December 22 : Anna Sophie von Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg , Princess of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt († 1728 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Anton III , Count of Tettnang and Langenargen († 1733 )
- José de Armendáriz , Viceroy of Peru († 1740 )
- Marie-Anne Barbier , French playwright and writer († 1742 )
- Antonio Caldara , Venetian cellist and composer († 1736 )
- Jan Albertsz van Dam , Dutch mathematician, astronomer, surveyor and poet († 1746 )
- Turlough O'Carolan , Irish national composer († 1738 )
Born around 1670
- Raphael Courteville , English singer, organist and composer († 1731 )
- Murshid Quli Khan , governor and first Nawab of Bengal († 1727 )
First half of the year
- January 18 : Andrea Vaccaro , Italian painter (* 1604 )
- January 25 : Nicholas II , Duke of Lorraine (* 1609 )
- May 21 : Johan Picardt , German-Dutch doctor, pastor and writer (* 1600 )
- 23 May : Ferdinand II , Grand Duke of Tuscany (* 1610 )
Second half of the year
- August 14 : David Mevius , German lawyer (* 1609 )
- August 24th : William Neile , English mathematician (* 1637 )
- September 6 : Cai von Ahlefeldt , German diplomat and general (* 1591 )
- September 16 : William Penn , English admiral (* 1621 )
- September 24th : Gideon Ehrlich von Ehrnfeldt , captain of the dominions Friedland and Reichenberg (* around 1607)
- October 11th : Louis Le Vau , French builder in Paris (* 1612 )
- October 12 : James Thynne , English nobleman and politician (* 1605 )
- October 22 : Friedrich Buchmann , Mayor of St. Gallen (* 1595 )
- buried November 3rd : Salomon van Ruysdael , Dutch painter (* around 1600 )
- November 15 : Jan Amos Komenský , pedagogue and theologian (* 1592 )
- November 27th : Johann Husband , South German musical instrument and organ builder (* before 1638)
Exact date of death unknown
- December: William Byam , English governor of Suriname (* 1623 )
- December: Jan Mytens , Dutch painter (* around 1614)
- Robert Hamilton, 1st Baronet , Scottish nobleman
- Hendrik Martensz. Sorgh , Dutch painter (* 1611 )
- Ernst Sonnemann , German Protestant pastor and hymn poet (* 1630 )
- Lurainz Wietzel , Swiss lawyer and translator of the Geneva Psalter and pietistic edification literature into Ladin (* 1627 )